Begonia Vorotnichkovaya - yokongola maluwa chomera ku Mexico

Begonia Vorotninkovaya ndi wa banja Begonese, ndi maluwa. M'dera lathu, maluwawo adayambitsidwa pakati pa zaka za XIX kuchokera Mexico.

Mmera ndi wabwino kwambiri zokongoletsera kunyumbagawo lapafupi. Nkhani zotsatirazi zimaperekedwera kusamalira maluwa.

Makhalidwe

Duwa ndi kukongoletsera chomera chomera (osapitirira masentimita 60), ndi zokwawa zakuda phesi. Masamba ali ndi zobiriwira, zosalala, ndi pubescence pang'ono pamphepete. Mbali yapadera ya masamba a Begonia - kumbali yotsatila imawoneka mitsuko yofiira.

Maluwa ndi ang'onoang'ono, ali ndi pinki yofiira, yomwe imasonkhanitsidwa pamwamba pa peduncle. Iwo amapereka chomera kukongola, kusonkhana mu openwork brush wa 2-3 inflorescences. Mmera wamkulu akhoza kunyamula 5 inflorescences. Mabomba a begonia makamaka m'nyengo yozizira, kukongoletsa malo ozungulira.

Kunyamako kwathu kwa collar begonia ndi chithunzi

Ndi ochepa omwe alimi wamaluwa samasiya kubzala zomera zokongola. Maonekedwe Begonias cuff amasangalatsa diso palokha kapena kuphatikiza mitundu ina. Chomeracho chikhoza kuganiziridwa osati mkati, chimakhala chokongoletsera ngati flowerbeds. Kusamalira bwino - chikole cha moyo wautali, mawonekedwe okongola Begonias Vorotnichkova.

Tikufika

Nthawi yomweyo mutagula, dziwani malo okhala mmunda. Mawindowa ndi abwino kwambiri kuchokera kummawa kapena kumadzulo. Begonia amakonda kuwala kwa dzuwakoma osati molunjika. Tsatirani ndondomeko yomwe ili pansipa kuti maluwa anu azisangalala nthawizonse, kuti akondweretse mamembala onse a m'banja.

Ground

Kunyumba, mukhoza kupanga njira yabwino kwambiri ya Begonia Manzhetnoy - yotayirira, yopindulitsa ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana zakuthupi m'nthaka. Duwa limakonda nthaka yokhala ndi peat, yochepa ya sphagnum, perlite + yapamwamba kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Poto


Maluwawo amachokera mu nthaka yonyowa. Muyenera kugula mphika kuti mizu isakhale nthawi zonse m'madzi. Begonia yachitsulo mu mphika waukulu, momwe mulibe malo ochepa a mizu, kotero madzi adzathamanga mofulumira.

Kuthirira

Kudya madzi kumayenera kukhala moyenera. Pa nthawi ya kukula kwa nthaka ya Begonia Yophatikizidwa mu mphika - pang'ono lonyowa, madzi monga chovala chapamwamba chimauma. Zimenezi zimapitirira mpaka m'dzinja. Kenako pang'onopang'ono kuchepetsa kutuluka kwa madzi.

M'nyengo yozizira, kuthirira movutikira kwambiri, chinyezi chokwanira kumawonetseredwa ndi powdery mildew.

Pachifukwa ichi, musamamwe madzi okwanira kwa nthawi yochepa.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Chipika cha begonia si chosangalatsa kwa chinyezi. M'nyengo yotentha, ndi bwino spray kuzungulira chomera, Simungathe kufalitsa maluwa mwachindunji. Njira ina ndiyo kuika akasinja amadzi pafupi ndi Begonia. Njirayi imasunga nthawi, imangosokoneza mlengalenga.

Kutentha kwa kutentha


Begonia Vorotnykovaya sakonda maulendo, ma drafts. Kutentha kwakukulu mu chilimwe ndi madigiri 20, m'nyengo yozizira madigiri 16 Celsius.
Kutentha kosayenera kovomerezeka Madigiri 15 Celsius. Simungathe kuika maluwa pansi pa betri.

Kuunikira

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, maluwa amakonda kuwala, kosavuta. Ikani chomera kumadzulo / kumadzulo mawindo. M'nyengo yozizira, ikani chomera kumbali ya kumwera, kubwezeretsa kusowa kwa kuwala. Patsiku lotentha, nyani masamba a Begonia Manzhetnoy, makamaka masana masana, popewera zitsamba.

Popanda kuunikira, Begonia amasiya mtundu wake, masamba amaoneka otumbululuka.

Feteleza / kudyetsa

Manyowa amaonedwa kuti ndi zakudya zosakaniza m'nthaka. Kawirikawiri, zochita zoterezi zimachitika pamene Begonia imafuna chakudya china (nyengo itatha nyengo yozizira). Zaka 1-2 kusintha dziko lotopetsa.

Zokonzedweratu zopangidwa ndi zakudya zowonjezera zingagulidwe mu sitolo Zolembazo zikufotokozera kuchuluka kwake, zowonjezera zowonjezereka kwa mbeu ndi zakudya.

Lifespan

Moyo wa Begonia kunyumba umasiyana kuyambira zaka 1 mpaka zitatu. Zonse zimadalira chisamaliro, nyengo ya kukula.

Kuwaza

Poto lalikulu limafunika pamene mphika wonse uli ndi mizu ya maluwa. Kawirikawiri kusindikizidwa kumachitika kawiri pachaka. NthaƔi yabwino ya zochitika zoterezi ndi masika, nyengo isanayambe. Ngati mwasankha kusuntha pa nthawi ya maluwa, khalani odeketsa bwino, musasokoneze gawo la mizu. Mu nthawi yomweyi, mungagwiritse ntchito ndi kufalitsa Begonia mwa kugawa mizu.

Chithunzi

Kenaka mungathe kuona chithunzi cha colonia begonia:

Njira zoberekera kunyumba

Yambani Begonia ya Collar tsinde, tsamba la cuttings kapena kugawa. Dulani cuttings kuchokera 3-5 masamba, owazidwa ndi malasha, anaikidwa bwino bwino gawo lapansi, anapitiriza kutentha osapitirira madigiri 20. Pasanathe mwezi umodzi, timadula timadula mizu, kenako amaikamo miphika ndi gawo lomwelo.

Kudulira

Zochita zoterezi zimapangidwa kupanga korona wokongola. Kuchotsa mphukira pamwamba kumalola mphukira zotsatilapo kupanga mawonekedwe abwino kwambiri a korona. Izi kawirikawiri zimachitika kumapeto kwa nyengo.

Matenda / njira zothandizira tizirombo


Pali zina mwazofala kwambiri mitundu ya matenda, njira zosavuta kuzichitira:

  • Begonia akutsikira masamba - kusowa kwa chinyezi m'nthaka, kamng'onoting'ono kakang'ono. Ndikofunika kuwonjezera kukula kwa ulimi wothirira.
  • Mbalame yoyera imapezeka pamasamba, tsinde, masamba ali opunduka, amauma - zotsatira za bowa. Kuthetsa vuto la mpweya wokwanira m'chipinda, kuunikira kwina, kudya nthawi zonse;
  • Kuda imvi kumawonetsedwa ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa maluwa, mphukira, masamba - matenda a fungal. Kuthetsa matendawa kumathandiza kuthetsa nthawi zomwe zakhudzidwa ndi mbeu, chithandizo ndi fungicides (zikhoza kugulidwa pa shopu la maluwa), kupopedwa kamodzi pamwezi.

Chikho cha Begonia - chomera chodzichepetsa, chiri ndi mtundu wokondweretsa, chimakondweretsa eni eni okongola pinki maluwa. Kusamalira maluwa ndi kophweka, tsatirani malamulo osavuta omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa.