Bwanji ngati Poinsettia masamba akugwa? Matenda ndi tizirombo ta Euphorbia, okongola kwambiri

Nyenyezi ya Khirisimasi, nyenyezi ya Betelehemu, Poinsettia ndi yokongola kwambiri ndi "t" ndi ziwiri - Poinsettia, ndipo potsiriza, Euphorbia wokongola kwambiri ...

Zonse zokhudzana ndi iye, zobiriwira, zofiira, zoyera kapena pinki - osati maluwa, koma masamba osinthidwa omwe amawala ngati nyenyezi pa masiku am'nyengo yozizira, nthawi ya Khirisimasi.

Kukongola ndi thanzi la duwa, maluwa ake amadalira chisamaliro choyenera ndi mikhalidwe, ngati mumanyalanyaza izi, Poinsettia akhoza kudwala ndi kufota.

M'nkhani ino, tidzalongosola mwatsatanetsatane zomwe matenda ndi tizilombo toononga tingawononge Poinsettia ndi momwe tingachitire ndi iwo.

Matenda

Masamba achikasu

N'chifukwa chiyani poinsettia masamba kutembenukira chikasu? Zimapezeka kuti masamba a nyenyezi ya Khirisimasi amasanduka wachikasu, nthawi zina amakhala ndi dzimbiri pamphepete.

Chifukwa: chipinda chili chotentha kwambiri, mpweya uli wouma kwambiri.

Zimene mungachite:spray masamba nthawi zambiri, ndi kusuntha chomera ku malo osatentha kwambiri.

Masamba amagwa

Chifukwa chiyani poinsettia masamba akugwa, choti achite? Masamba akhoza kugwa popanda ngakhale kutchulidwa.

Chifukwa 1: Chomeracho chinali chisanu kapena chimaima pang'onopang'ono.
2 kulingalira: chilengedwe. Kuyambira mu kasupe, poinsettia imachoka masamba - imayenera kupumula.

Zimene mungachite: Fufuzani zimayambira ndi theka ndikuyika maluwa m'nyengo yoziziritsa (osati pansi pa 10 ° C) ndi mthunzi wochepa kwa miyezi 1.5. Madzi moyenera. M'nyengo ya chilimwe amatembenuzira mobiriwira.

Masamba opota

Nchifukwa chiyani poinsettia masamba akutha? Masamba amauma, amawoneka opanda moyo.

Chifukwa: Kuthira mopanda mphamvu - chinyezi chochuluka kapena chochepa kwambiri.

Zimene mungachite:madzi pamene dothi lili pafupi kwambiri, koma musalole kuti liume, makamaka pafupi ndi mizu.

Enati

Masamba a nyenyezi ya Betelehemu amadzaza ndi mapiko okongola ngati mamba.

Chifukwa: sizinasankhidwe bwino. Zomwe zingatheke: zotsatira za kuzizira, mavairasi, kudya kosayenera.

Zimene mungachite:tsatirani malamulo a chisamaliro ndi kukonza.

Kupatula

Bright poinsettia bracts yokutidwa ndi mawanga oyera.

Chifukwa: mwina mwadzidzidzi kusintha kwa kutentha ndi chinyezi, kusowa kwa mchere kapena kuwala.

Zimene mungachite:bweretsani machitidwe abwino.

Mchere wamchere

Pamphepete mwa masamba ndi achikasu kapena ofiira, masambawo amauma, amawomba. Nthaka ili ndi chiguduli choyera.

Chifukwa:kumwa feteleza mopitirira muyeso, mchere wochuluka wamchere mu nthaka.

Zimene mungachite: Kutsegula ndi kukonza ngalande pang'onopang'ono kudzasintha mkhalidwewo.

Kuzungulira ndi kupotoza masamba

Zimapezeka kuti masamba amapangidwa opapatiza, opindika, opotoka.

Chifukwa: Kupanda molybdenum.

Zimene mungachite: Sinthani acid acid pH 5.8-6.2. Pangani mizu yovala, mwachitsanzo, ndi Poinsettia Mix.

Scuffs

Malo osokonezeka amawonekera pa mabala.

Chifukwa: Mwinamwake masamba osakhwima anawononga kusemphana kwa phukusi paulendo.

Zimene mungachite: ngati duwa ili patali - chitetezeni bracts kuti ikakhudze.

Chimera

Masamba aang'ono amawoneka osadabwitsa - mawonekedwe, unyinji kapena mtundu si wofanana ndi ena onse.

Chifukwa: kusintha kwadzidzidzi komwe kunayambira maselo pakadula.

Zimene mungachite: Palibe, kuphwanya uku sikuli koopsa.

Mtundu wosagwirizana

Poinsettia amawombera osayera, m'madera ena akubiriwira.

Chifukwa: mwadzidzidzi akudutsa kutentha mpaka kuzizira, mwachitsanzo, pamene akukwera chipinda.

Zimene mungachite: Pamene nsonga za maluwa zimatengera mtundu, zikhale zotentha.

Mayi Virus

Masamba, ngati zojambulajambula, ali ndi mawanga akuda ndi ofunika.

Chifukwa: matenda a tizilombo, nthawi zambiri kuyamwa tizilombo.

Zimene mungachite: kulimbana ndi odwala kachilomboka. Koma ngati maluwawo ali kale kachilomboka, adzafa.

Mizu yovunda

Poinsettia mizu kutembenukira bulauni, overgrown ndi yaying'ono woyera mizu. Masamba aang'ono amakhala otumbululuka, ndipo masamba akale ndi ofiira kuchokera kumbali.

Chifukwa: matenda a fungal. Kupititsa patsogolo kwake kumapangitsa kuti asakhale ndi mchere wambiri.

Zimene mungachite: Pamene mukufunika kudyetsa Euphorbia zabwino, imwani madzi nthawi zambiri, koma pang'ono ndi pang'ono. Mungathe kupopera Previkur fungicide.

Chosavuta chochedwa chakumapeto

Maluwa amauma, mizu imavunda ndi kuchepa.

Chifukwa: Bowa wa Phytophthor, umakula pamene chinyezi chimatha.

Zimene mungachite: jambulani maluwa ndi Alet, perekani madzi abwino, madzi osachepera, koma mobwerezabwereza.

Muzu ndi tsinde zowola

Mawanga a mdima wokhudzidwa pa tsinde, mizu yovunda yowola, ndi chipolopolo chosasunthika.

Zimayambitsa: bowa wa mtundu wa Pythium, amakonda dampness komanso acid acid padziko lapansi.

Zimene mungachite:kumaliza, pang'ono m'malo m'malo mouma nthaka youma ndi lotayirira, ndondomeko maluwa Ridomil fungicide.

Brown kuvunda

Zimakhudza zomera zazing'ono m'munsi mwa tsinde - zimakhala zoonda ndi zofiirira, ndiye zimatha.

Chifukwa: matenda a fungal.

Zimene mungachite: Madzi odulidwa m'munsi mwa zimayambira ayenera kuthiridwa ndi Rovral.

Grey kuvunda

Gray chipika nkhungu chimakwirira inflorescences, bracts. Mapesi odwala ndi mphukira zazing'ono zimafa ndi kufa.

Chifukwa: bowa - Botrytis cinerea, imathandiza chinyezi komanso kuzizira.

Zimene mungachite: chotsani chirichonse chomwe chawononga zowola, ndipo fufuzani poysettia ndi Readzole.

Fusarium wilt

Mphukira zina zimakhala bulauni mkati, kenako zimakhala zakuda ndikufa.

Chifukwa: bowa a mtundu wa Fusarium.

Zimene mungachite: Chotsani masamba omwe akudwala ndi mphukira, gwiritsani ntchito Baktofit kupopera mbewu.

Rizopovaya zowola

Kuvunda wakuda ndi imvi kumapha mbali zotukulidwa za poinsettia. Nsalu yovunda ya duwa imayendetsedwa ndi ukonde wotumbululuka.

Chifukwa: Bowa la Botrytis - limakhala ndi mvula yambiri.

Zimene mungachite: ngati matenda atangoyamba, Bordeaux madzi, Kuproskat, Topaz zokonzekera zidzakuthandizira.

Nkhumba zakuda

Chidutswa cha fungal, poyamba chowala, koma kenako chodetsedwa, chakuda, chimapezeka pamasamba omwe tizilombo toyamwa tazisiya zizindikiro zawo. Photosynthesis imasokonezeka m'malo awa.

Chifukwa: kachilombo kamatengedwa ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, yamatcheri, whiteflies.

Zimene mungachite: Choikapo chotsukidwa ndi madzi sosa, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Penyani kanema: kodi bowa wotchedwa sooty ndi chiyani?

Tizilombo

Maluwa amatha

Mabala pamasamba, pafupi ndi minofu ya masamba.

Chifukwa: Zambiri ndizilombo zakunja zomwe zimachokera ku zomera zina. Iwo sakhala pa euphorbia okongola kwambiri.

Zimene mungachite: gwiritsani ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda Fitoverm, Aktara, Spark. Ngati kuli kotheka, piritsani.

Ntchentche yoyera

Tizilombo timene timabweretsa mavuto ambiri ku Betelehemu. Whiteflies (awiri a iwo - fodya ndi wowonjezera kutentha) ndi ochepa - 2-3 mm m'litali, ndipo mphutsi zawo ziri zachikasu. Tizilombo timakhala pamunsi mwa tsamba, koma timayenda ponseponse, titaphimba masamba ndi zovuta. Amayamwa madzi a mbewu.

Zimene mungachite: Ngati pali tizilombo tating'ono tingathe kutsukidwa ndi madzi ndi dothi, ndipo ngati pali zambiri, zimayenera kuchitira duwa ndi Karbofos, Fufanon, Biotlin, Tanrek.

Mphutsi ya udzudzu wa bowa

Mphuno yotumbululuka, yakuda, monga ngati galasi lamdima, sichimafunika kutenga mphukira zazing'ono ndi poinsettia cuttings. Tizilombo timapezeka mu nthaka yonyowa, yomwe imakhala ndi nthaka yolemera, ndipo imachokera ku zimayambira.

Zimene mungachite: Mbewu zikamera, ndipo zidutswazo zimayambira mizu, ziyenera kupopedwa ndi mankhwala a Aktara kapena Mohoed.

Makonda

Zinyama zing'onozing'ono zowonongeka zimakoka juzi kuchokera mumphika. Amakhala mumtunda m'mitsempha ndi petioles ya masamba, mumtambo wakuda, ngati mphutsi.

Zimene mungachite: Chotsani chomeracho ndi chingwe choviikidwa m'madzi a sopo, kenaka muzitsuka ndi adyo Tingafinye kapena mankhwala omwe amachititsa calendula. Mukakumana ndi zovuta, gwiritsani ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda Aktara, Fitoverm katatu pamlungu.

Nsabwe za m'masamba

Nsabwe za m'masamba zimakhala mbali zovuta kwambiri za poinsettia, zimakhala zosavuta kuzimenya, ndipo zimatha kufooketsa kwambiri kapena kutenga matenda.

Zimene mungachite: Sambani chomeracho ndi burashi yofewa kapena musambe m'madzi a sopo. Kenaka pangani maluwa katatu ndi anyezi kapena kulowetsa fodya ndi masiku asanu. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala a Fitoverm, Spark.

Chikopa ndi chinyengo chonyenga

Tizilombo timamatira mwamphamvu ku zimayambira za zomera, ngati mvula yoyera kapena yofiirira yomwe ili ndi chikopa chotetezera.

Zimene mungachite: Mukhoza kutkovyrnut ndi tizilombo toyamwa mumadzi otsekemera, kenako nkupukuta mapesi ndi mafuta a tizilombo - tizilombo tidzakhala pansi pa filimuyo. Ngati kuwonongeka kuli koopsa, ndikofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda Biotlin, Bankol, Chiwombankhanga. Pukutani maluwa onse omwe maluwawo anaimirira ndi galasi lawindo - mphutsi n'zovuta kuzizindikira.

Zidzakhala zosavuta kuteteza poinsettia ku matenda, tizilombo toononga ndi matenda ena ngati mutenga kukongola kwa Khirisimasi mosamala ndikugwiritsira ntchito vutoli kumayambiriro. Kenaka maluwa okongola amakhala m'nyumba mwako kwa zaka zambiri, ndikukupatsani chisangalalo m'nyengo yozizira.

Zothandiza zokhudzana ndi kukana matenda a zomera zina zamkati:

  1. Hoya yaying'ono. Chomera ichi chikulimbana ndi matenda ndi tizirombo.

    Koma kokha ndi chisamaliro, zovuta zina, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena mealybugs tingayambepo. Ngati izi zidachitika, kupweteka kulikonse kuyenera kuchitidwa bwino ndi mankhwala abwino.

  2. Hawrotia. Chomerachi sichimamenyedwa ndi tizirombo kapena matenda. Vuto lalikulu lomwe limapezeka mukamakula ndilo kuthirira molakwika ndipo, motero, kuwonongeka kwa mizu.

    Mupatseni moyo wabwino kwambiri ndipo sangayesetse kuti mukhale osamala.

  3. Jatropha Ngakhale kuti mbali zonse za zomerazi zili poizoni, tizirombo tina timayambitsa.

    Koma jatropha sakhala ndi matenda a fungal. Ndipo kukonzekera bwino ndikukonzekera chithandizo kudzakuthandizani kuti muzitha kuthana ndi nthendayi.