Mitengo ya mphesa yosasamala komanso yathanzi "Kondwerani bwino"

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mphesa Chimwemwe ndi chodziwika bwino pa makhalidwe ake enieni.

Kuwonjezeka kwake kwa fruiting ndi kusungira nthawi ndi kopindulitsa kwambiri.

Kukula mopanda manyazi kwa mphesa kumawathandiza kukula m'madera osiyanasiyana.

Ndi mtundu wotani ndipo ndi uti?

Wokondwa bwino - uwu ndi wamakono a tebulo zosiyanasiyana viticulture. Anagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zoumba zoyambirira, muesli, tirigu wouma.

Zikomo kwa ake machiritso, mukhoza kuchepetsa ma shuga a magazi, kupewa matenda a mtima, kuchiza herpes, migraines, indigestion, kusasamala ndi kutopa kwanthawi yaitali.

Msuzi wa zipatso Zokondweretsa zabwino zimatha kuwonjezera zitsulo mu thupi laumunthu, zomwe zimalepheretsa kuwonongeka kwamanjenje, malaise ndi kutopa. Ali ndi kukhalapo kofunikira kwa shuga ndi organic acid.

Russian Concord, Mfumukazi Olga ndi Krasa Severa amakhalanso ndi machiritso.

Antioxidants amathandiza kwambiri chitetezo cha m'thupi. Zipatso Zokondweretsa zabwino zimatha kuchepetsa kutentha kosaloleka kwa munthu ndikubweretsa thupi kuthupi lachilengedwe.

Kufalikira ndi Kusamalira

Maonekedwe a mphesa zokondweretsa anapangidwa ndi VNIIViV dzina lakuti Ya.I. Potapenko by kuwoloka Villars Blanc (Kupulumutsa Mitsinje) x Kukondwera.

Mawu osiyana-siyana - Oyenera, omwe amatanthauza dzina la amateur la mtundu wosakanizidwa. Kulumikizana ndi mitundu ina ndi masitima ndi zabwino.

Pakuti zokolola zambiri, cuttings ayenera kubzalidwa pamabowo, mapangidwe apamwamba kapena mawonekedwe a manja aatali. Rooting cuttings zodabwitsa, mothandizidwa ndi mphesa mosavuta zimafalitsidwa.

Zitsamba zokha zimayamba kupereka mbewu kwa 2, nthawi zina kwa chaka 3 chodzala.

Ndi uniforms kuthirira mu June ndi July - mukhoza kukwaniritsa kuwonjezeka kwa zokolola ndi 30%. Lili ndi agrobiology yabwino.

Pamene kubzala kumafuna danga lalikulu - mamita oposa 3x3 pamsana. Malo odyera ndi 3x2 mamita.

Amakonda nthaka yolemera kwambiri. Fomuyo imayankhidwa bwino ndikusamalidwa bwino. Kukondwera ndikumvera bwino feteleza ndi feteleza. Zotsatira zabwino pa ulimi wothirira. Iye ndi wodzichepetsa kukula. Mitengo ya zosiyanasiyana izi zimakhala pa amateur chilimwe nyumba zogona.

Chisangalalo chikufala kwambiri ku Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova. Nthawi zambiri amapezeka pamphepete mwa nyanja ya Caspian, Azov, Black Sea; Ku Crimea, ku Krasnodar Territory, Voronezh, Rostov, Kherson, Odessa.

VNIIViv - ndilo sukulu ya winemaking ndi viticulture. Zinali mwambo wa VNIIViv - kukula kamodzi mtundu umodzi wa haibridi pachaka. Chikhalidwecho chinathandizidwa ndi utsogoleri wa bungwe ndi Ya.I. Potapenko.

Chifukwa cha ichi, mitundu yabwino ya mphesa yakhala ikupangidwa pano yomwe yakhala yachikale kwa anthu a Chirasha ndi Chiyukireniya. Monga Amirkhan, Augusta, Karmakod ndi ena. M'zaka zaposachedwa, bungwe lili ndi antchito oposa mazana awiri - asayansi abwino ndi akatswiri pankhani ya winemaking ndi viticulture.

Kulongosola kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana Kusangalala bwino

Kukondwera kumakhala ndi masango onunkhira, okoma ndi okongola. Iwo ali otsika pang'ono kapena ocheperachepera. Amakhala ndi owerengeka ambiri.

Romeo, Chokoleti ndi Rosalind amadziwikanso ndi kukongola kwawo kwapadera.

Maonekedwewa ndi aakulu, okhwima, nthawi zina pterygoid ndi nthambi. Machenga amodzi amafika pa kilogalamu imodzi, pa mitundu ikuluikulu - oposa makilogalamu awiri.

Zipatso zili ndi fupa limodzi. Zipatsozi ndizomwe zimakhala zozungulira, nthawi zina zimakhala zofiira, kufika mamita 20x25 millimita.

Mtunduwo ndi wobiriwira, pafupi ndi woyera, ndi utoto wochokera ku dzuwa. Zomwe zimakhala zokongola maluwa zokoma, zomveka bwino komanso zokometsera zamkati. Kulemera kwake kufika pa 5-6.5 magalamu.

The acidity of Delight ndi yabwino 5-7 g / dm3, shuga wokwanira 18-20 g / 100 cm3 (16-19%).

Kupsa kwa mpesa ndi kodabwitsa: kukula kwa ukalamba wonse, kupatula pamwamba. Mpesa Wopulumuka Mphamvu Yakukula 2.1-3.0 mamita.

Mofanana ndi Black Panther, pamafunika kuvomereza inflorescences. Coefficient ya fruiting Delight of the Ideal ikufanana ndi ziwiri. Choncho, normalization ndi yofunikira ndi kulondola kolingalira kwa katundu wa tchire - mbewu ndi yosavuta kulemetsa ndi zipatso. Mtolo wa mphesa ndi 35-45 maso.

Ndi chitsamba pamaso a 25, masango aphuka, akufika oposa kilogalamu imodzi. Kubala kwa maso kwakukulu pamunsi pa mphukira.

Choncho, simungathe kuchepetsa maso. Kudulira zitsamba ndizochepa kwa maso 3-4 kapena sing'anga, kufika ma 6-8. Ndi kofunikanso kupanga kudulira kanthawi kochepa pazitsulo. Pankhaniyi, kukula kwa zipatso kumakula kwambiri.

Kutentha mwamphamvu, ndi zabwino fruiting pamapangidwe akulu. 80-95% ya mphukira zonse zimabereka. Anthu oposa zana limodzi ndi makumi awiri a mbewuzo amakolola kuchokera ku hekita limodzi la nthaka.

Chithunzi

Zovuta za mphesa zosavuta "Zokondweretsa bwino" zikhoza kuwonedwa mu chithunzichi:

Kusakaniza kwa frost ndi ntchito

Kukondwera bwino kumakhala kovuta kuteteza kutentha. Ili ndi yofunikira chisanu kukana, imalola chisanu kukana mpaka madigiri 26 Celsius. Sitifunikira malo ogonjera m'nyengo yozizira.

Zinazindikiranso kuti kukana kwabwino kwa tchire kwa chilala. Zimayankha bwino kumadzi wunifolomu. Mofanana ndi mtundu wa Marcelo, ndi wa nthawi yoyamba yakucha. Kukhwima kwakukulu kumatha masiku 120-125.

M'madera ozungulira woyandikana - yakucha pa 5 August. Kum'mwera, kukula kumafikira kale - kumapeto kwa July. Kuphuka koyamba kwa zipatso za mphesa kukudziwika pa July 19, atsopano - pa August 19 Chisangalalo chabwino chimakhala ndi zokolola zabwino, ndipo chimakhala ndi zipatso zambiri.

Kukhazikika kumasiyanso Chifundo, Agat Don ndi Attica.

Chaka chilichonse amadzazidwa ndi zipatso. Akhoza kusunga chipatso pa tchire kwa masiku 30. Pa nthawi yomweyo, kukoma kwake ndi mawonekedwe ake sizitayika.

Kulawa kwa kuyang'ana kwa mitunduyi, patatha nthawi yaitali yosungirako, kunaposa zonse zomwe zinkayembekezera - inali 8.5 mfundo.

Kondwerani bwino kutsogolo kwa malonda pamsika. Zokolola zimatha kusungidwa m'minda yamphesa mpaka January. Zokonzedwa kwa yosungirako yaitali ndi zoyendetsa mtunda wautali.

Matenda oteteza matenda

Pofuna kupewa kuwonongeka, nyengo yoipa ndi mphepo yamkuntho, Akuwombera Wokondwa bwino umayenera kumangirira.

Kuteteza tchire za mitundu yosiyana ndi tizirombo, cuttings ayenera kubzalidwa khola ndi wathanzi baka. Izi zimapangitsa mpata wokolola wabwino ndi kukana matenda osiyanasiyana.

Khola la mildew - mfundo 4, moyenera kugonjetsedwa ndi oidium 2.5-3 mfundo. Okwanira kulekerera phylloxera. Matenda a anthracnose ndi bacteriosis sadziwika.

Kukondwera kwakukulu kwakhala kulimbana ndi matenda. Zosakakamizika kuti zisawonongeke. Pamene mvula yamkuntho inabvula zipatso siinali kuonedwa. Kuwonongeka kwa udzu wang'ono. Mndandanda sungakhale ndi mtola.

Kusiyanasiyana kwakukulu ndikutchuka kwambiri ndi kukondedwa ndi mibadwo yonse ya anthu. Kulima kwake kosavuta kumakopa amaluwa wamaluwa, wamaluwa.

Kuchita modzikuza pakukula sikutanthauza ndalama zamtengo wapatali komanso zakuthupi. Zake zochuluka fruiting mpaka awiri kilogalamu kuchokera gulu limodzi, chisanu kukana ndi yaitali yosungirako anapanga izi zosiyanasiyana classic wa viticulture.