Mphesa zosiyana siyana - "Gala"

Kulima minda yamphesa m'munda wanga si ntchito yovuta. Kuonjezera apo, mitundu yambiri yowonjezera mkhalidwe wathu wa nyengo ikuwonekera pamsika.

Chitsanzo cha izi ndi mitundu yatsopano ya mphesa "Gala", yomwe idzakhala njira yabwino kwambiri yopangira zipatso zabwino komanso zokongoletsa malo.

Mbiri ya kuswana mphesa Gala

"Gala" inalembedwa ndi chibadwidwe cha Chiyukireniya V. Zagorulko mwa kudutsa "Kodryanka" ndi "Panopa Zaporozhye" m'chigawo chokhala ndi nyengo yozizira kwambiri.

Nthawi yomweyo atalowa mumsika, mitundu yosiyanasiyana idagulitsidwa pamtengo wapatali (kuposa Masamba a 2000 a sapling) chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake abwino.

Pakalipano, mbande zingagulidwe osati kuposa Masamba 100-200, chifukwa chakuti obereketsa amatha kufalitsa zosiyana siyana, koma sanatayike katundu wake wapadera.

Mfundo zambiri

Mtundu wa zosiyanasiyana: tebulo.

Mtundu wa Berry: buluu. Monga Augusta, zala za Witch, ndi Karmakoda.

"Gala" - kuphulika kosiyanasiyana, kumapatsa zipatso zazikulu zowutsa mudyo, ndi kukoma kokongola komanso maonekedwe okongola.

Chifukwa cha kuphulika kwake mofulumira, mphesa za Gala zili zokonzeka kugwiritsidwa ntchito kale kuposa mitundu yambiri ya mitundu, zomwe zimatsimikizira kukwera mpikisano pamsika ndi kutchuka kwa alimi omwe ali ndi zosiyana zosiyanasiyana.

Moor, Angelica ndi Valek amadziwikiranso mwachangu.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

  1. Fomu ya zipatso: ovoid.
  2. Kulawa kwa zipatso: okoma ndi wowawasa.
  3. Mtengo wa mphesa: 750 g
  4. Avereji misa ya zipatso: 9 g.
  5. Acidity - 6.8 g / l, shuga wokhutira - 16.5%.

Zipatso zimakula molimba ndi mulu, mipesa yayikulu yooneka ngati ya conic. Masamba ali aakulu kwambiri. Maluwa ndi hermaphrodites. Zipatso sizitsamba (zipatso zazing'ono ndi zosapsa sizipangidwe chifukwa cha kusowa kofiira).

Kukhalitsa nthawi: masiku 110-125 (kuyambirira msinkhu).

Kuchita: Kutsika ndi kolimba, coefficient of fruiting ndi 1.3.

Kutentha kwa mphepo: pafupifupi (chitsamba chimakhala ndi kutentha mpaka -21⁰С).

Zowonjezerapo, Kukongola kwa kumpoto ndi Flamingo ya Pinki kungadzitamandire bwino chisanu chotsutsa.

"Gala" yakucha msanga, bwanji osasowa kukoka ndi zokolola, mwinamwake zipatso zimadzaza ndi madzi ndipo zimayamba kuphulika, zomwe zimakopa mavu.

Mlingo wa chisanu kukana kwa zosiyanasiyana ndi kokwanira kukula m'madera a pakati ndi Russia ndi kuvomerezedwa pogona.

Maluso:

  • zokolola zopitilira;
  • Kukaniza matenda ndi tizirombo;
  • mu kukoma ndi maonekedwe a zipatso zimaposa mitundu yambiri.

Kuipa:

  • kumafuna kusamalira mosamala;
  • pafupifupi chisanu kukana.

Chithunzi

Zithunzi za mphesa "Gala":

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Matenda othamanga: mkulu (kutsutsana ndi mildew ndi oidium 33.5 mfundo).

Ma mphesa a Gala samakoka tizilombo, ngati mututa nthawi - nyemba imakonda zipatso zambiri zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kale.

Kupewa matenda ndi bowa ndi chimodzi mwa ubwino wambiri woperekera, chifukwa chakuti kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala opanga mankhwala sikukusowa.

Ponena za kupewa matenda monga anthracnose, chlorosis, bacteriosis ndi rubella, mukhoza kuwerenga zambiri zokhudza chidziwitsochi m'magulu osiyanasiyana a webusaitiyi.

Chisamaliro

Popeza "Gala" idzapereka zipatso zosalekeza, mipesa iyenera kumasulidwa, kudulira kuti asatayike kuti zipatso za zipatsozo zisamayende bwino komanso kufulumira kwa kucha.

Izi zimachitika mu kugwa, musanaphimbe nyengo yozizira yomwe ikudza.

Mukakongoletsa chitsamba, nthawi zonse muzisiya 35-40 masamba, ndi kufupikitsa mipesa osaposa 8 masamba.

Zitsamba "Gala" sizikusowa chitetezo ku tizirombo chifukwa chotsutsana ndi chirengedwe, koma kuti tipewe tchire tingachiritsidwe ndi fungicides kapena Bordeaux madzi 1% ndondomeko.

Processing ikuchitika nthawi yomweyo maluwa.

Dothi losungirako nyengo yozizira: tangirirani tchire, tiike pazomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, tumizani, tumizani zitsulo zazitsulo pamwamba, zomwe zimatambasulidwa ndi polyethylene.

Chitsamba chachikulu "Gala" chidzafuna feteleza zambiri kuposa sapling wamng'ono.

Tikufika

Kubwera bwino kumachitika kumapeto kwa kasupe - pamene chimfine chafika pomaliza.

Musanadzalemo, mmerawo uyenera kudulidwa - mizu yonse ndi mphukira (olumala akudulidwa nkomwe). Izi zidzakuthandizira kukula kwa chitsamba choyenera.

Gombe lodzala liyenera kuyesa kuzungulira 80 masentimita 80 kutalika, m'lifupi ndi kuya, ndi nthaka yachonde yomwe imasakanikirana ndi hafu yakuya 2-3 ndowa za feteleza.

Mtunda wa pakati pa maenje a tchire zosiyanasiyana ndi mamita awiri.

Pakati pa nyembazo zimayikidwa m'dzenje muyenera kupanga dzenje kuti mupange mulch (masamba, humus, udzu), zomwe ndi zofunika kuti asunge chinyezi. Zosanjikizidwazo zimasinthidwa mpaka kubisala m'nyengo yozizira.

Kuthirira

Kuthirira moyenera kumachitika kokha kupyolera muzitsulo zopanda malire ndizitali mpaka masentimita 40 - amakumba patali kuchokera ku chitsamba.

Njirayi ikukuthandizani kuti muyambe kuyendetsa bwino madzi a nthaka ndi kusasuntha chitsamba.

Mulingo wothirira - Ndowa 1-2.

Chiwerengero cha ulimi wothirira chimatanthauzidwa bwino.

Kuthirira koyamba kumachitika mutabzala (kapena pambuyo pa garter).

Kuthira kwachiwiri - patangopita kanthawi, atatha kudulira - pasanathe sabata.

Madzi okwanira atatu amafunika kukulitsa kukula pamene mphukira yakula mpaka mamita 30 cm wamtali.

Madzi okwanira anayi amatha kusanayambe maluwa.

Chakumapeto, chachisanu, kuthirira ndi pamene zipatso zimakwanira pafupifupi 0,5 masentimita awiri.

Kuthirira kwachisanu ndi chimodzi kumachitidwa kuti zipangitse ubwino wa mbeu, posachedwa kukolola.

Madzi otsiriza amatha kusanafike pobisala m'nyengo yozizira.

Pamaso pa pogona, ulimi wothirira madzi umagwiritsidwa ntchito - mlingo wa ulimi wothirira ukuwonjezeka ndi malita angapo, makamaka kuwonjezera pa superphosphate.

Kutsiliza

Kuti tifotokoze mwachidule, tiyeni tiwone mwachidule ubwino ndi zovuta za "Gala" zosiyanasiyana.

"Gala" ndi mitundu yatsopano yamphesa yatsopano, yomwe ingakhale imodzi mwazokolola mlimi wodzala mphesa, komanso ndi yabwino kwa iwo omwe akufuna kuti adzichepetsere tchire la munda wawo. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imabzalidwa m'mayiko otentha ndipo sichimasinthasintha, koma izi zimapindula ndi zochuluka za fruiting.

Chokongoletsera chabwino cha zokololacho chidzakhala mitundu ya Giovanni, Moor ndi Baikonur.