"Lia" - mawonekedwe a mphesa oyambirira kucha

Mitengo yonse ya mphesa imakhala ndi makhalidwe ena.

Ndipo nthawizina amasankha kalasi yabwino kwambiri ndizosatheka.

Otsatsa malonda ndi amateurs okha amapanga mitundu yatsopano chaka chilichonse.

Imodzi mwa mafomu atsopanowa ndi Leah.

Mbiri yobereka

Mitundu yambiri ya mphesa imeneyi ndi ya V.Zagorulko. Panalibe nthawi yochita masewera, koma tsopano amadziwika bwino pakati pa owa vinyo.

Posachedwapa, pakudutsa mitundu ya Arkady ndi Atlant Zaporozhye, iye adayambitsa mitundu yatsopano yodziyesera, Lia.

Vitaly Vladimirovich akuwonetsera chikhalidwe chake m'mudzi wa Kamenka, womwe uli pa banki ya Dnieper. Dzanja lake ndilo la Asya, Ruta ndi Vodogray.

Ndi mtundu wanji?

"Leya" amatanthauza mphesa yoyera ya mphesa yoyera. Mafotowo amawongolera mowa.

Mawu okhwima ali ofulumira kwambiri, zosiyanasiyana ndizoyamba kucha. Chikhalidwe ndi champhamvu ndipo chimapereka mosavuta kutentha kufika pa -21 ° C, choncho imatengedwa kuti ndi yopanda chisanu.

White Delight, Amethyst Novocherkassky ndi Amirkhan ndizo za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tebulo.

Mphesa "Lia": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Zipatso za mitundu yosiyanasiyanazi zimakhala zotuwa ndi pinki kapena mthunzi wobiriwira. Maonekedwe a oval, ovoid, komanso ngakhale ozungulira. Ukulu wa chipatso ndi waukulu. Zipatso zili ndi masentimita 18, ndi mphamvu ya 30x35 mm.

Zipatso zazikulu zingadzitamande ndi Karmakod, Ataman Pavlyuk ndi Anyuta.

Zipatso zamtundu zimadziwika ndi kuuma kwake, kuchuluka kwake komanso juiciness. Khalani ndi vuto lachikhalidwe. Tsamba sizingawonekere pamene idya.

Mpesa pa chitsamba chimakula mwamsanga. Masango omwe ali pamwamba pake ndi aakulu, okongola, mawonekedwe a 400-900 magalamu. Nthawi zina, pakuchita, kulemera kwake kunkafika pa 2 kilogalamu. Mu chaka chimodzi, chomera chimapereka kukula kwa mpesa ndi 1.5-3 mamita.

Mavitamini ndi okoma kwambiri, kukoma kwa zipatso za "Leah" kumadalira mwachindunji masiku a dzuwa. Kutentha kwa chilimwe, kwambiri shuga mabulosi amanyamula.

Bazhena, Red Delight ndi Purple Early akudziwikiranso ndi kusungunuka kwa shuga.

Zipatso zili ndi mapepala a mphesa zakuda, popanda zolaula. Zokoma, zotsitsimula, ndi zowawa pang'ono.

Chithunzi

Tawonani maonekedwe a mphesa "Lia" akhoza kukhala pa chithunzi pansipa:

Zizindikiro

Mphesa zimafalitsidwa ndi cuttings, mphukira zimakula palimodzi mwamsanga. Zitsamba zosagwirizana ndi nyengo.

Ngakhale kusintha kwa nyengo kumvula ndi kuzizira, palibe polka yodziwika.

Kujambula pazitsamba zosiyanasiyana kumapereka mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zipatso, kuchokera kumphepete mwa nyanja mpaka pamtunda.

Tchire ndi mizu yake, choncho mphukira zazing'ono zimakhala ndi zofanana zomwe zimakhala ngati mayi wa chitsamba.

Masiku okhwima mu mphesa ali oyambirira kwambiri. Zipatsozi zimakula mwakuya masiku 110-115 chiyambi cha kukula kwa mphukira zomwe zimapsa popanda mavuto. Mitundu yoyamba ikukula ikuphatikizapo kusintha, Gordey ndi Julian.

Maluwa amitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi amzawo, omwe amalola kuti mbewuyo idzipeputse popanda vuto.

Malingana ndi Mlengi wa mawonekedwe, Zagorulko, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitunduyi imakhala yovuta kwambiri ndi matenda omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito, monga mildew ndi oidium, pafupi ndi mfundo 3.5-4. Koma kumwa vinyo amakhala ndi matenda ambiri.

Frost kukana, kulengeza mu makhalidwe a "Lee", mpaka -21 ° C. Izi zimayesedwa ngati chizindikiro chabwino, koma mbewu iliyonse ya mphesa iyenera kuti ikhale yozizira. Ndi kuzizira kotero, zomera sizidzafa, koma gawo la mpesa lidzaonongeka ndi kuzizira.

Mitundu yamagulu imanyamula bwino, osati kuonongeka panthawi yosungirako. Zizindikiro zomwezo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Wachidule, Count of Monte Cristo ndi Muscat Dievsky.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yovuta kwambiri kuthirira madzi ndi mvula yambiri. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa chinyezi m'nthaka, zipatso zimathamanga ndi kukopa mavu, zomwe sizikuwonetsedwa konse ndi kukhulupirika kwa chipolopolocho.

Kusamalira ndi kukwera

Kubzala "Leah" kumakhala bwino pamalo a dzuwa, panthaka yochepa, kuchokera kumbali ya nyumba kapena mpanda, kuteteza mphesa kuchokera kumphepo zakumpoto.

Mpesa ndi kukula kwa cuttings zipse popanda zovala zinazake zapadera, koma chifukwa cha ubwino ndi kukoma kwa zipatso, zakudya za nthaka ndizofunikira. Kuperewera kwa zinthu zakuthupi kumapereka mphamvu yakupera zipatso ndi zowawa.

Monga mitundu ina, Lia amafunika kudulira pachaka, komwe kumachitika pa kugwa kwa maso 8-10. Izi zimakula bwino khalidwe ndi kukula kwa zipatso ndi masango.

Kuteteza tizilombo ndi matenda

"Lia" amatha kukaniza imvi yovunda ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya powdery mildew. Processing zomera ndi wapadera njira ayenera kuchitidwa pachiyambi kukula, pamene maluwa ndi kutsanulira zipatso.

Mphuno ndi mbalame sizikonda mitundu iyi ya mphesa, koma mpaka zipatsozo zamasweka. Choncho, ndizosapindulitsa kubisa mphesa ndi ukonde ngati zipatso zimapachika.

Zopindulitsa winegrowers musanyalanyaze njira zothana ndi matenda monga rubella, chlorosis, bacteriosis, anthracnose ndi khansa ya bakiteriya.

Chomeracho chimachitikira kuwukira kwa phylloxera mphesa, otchedwa mphesa aphid. Pofuna kupewa izi, yesani kupewa kupopera mankhwala katatu.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya "Lia" imaphunziridwabe pang'ono ndi anthu a m'nyengo ya chilimwe komanso a vinyo, koma kukula kwake kwakukulu kwa zipatso, zomwe zimafika poyerekezera ndi mpira wa tenisi, kukana chisanu ndi matenda kumapangitsa kuti anthu azidziwika chaka ndi chaka.