Kukongola kwa munda wanu - sedum wotchuka

Kuwona kutchuka Lili ndi dzina la sayansi la Hylotelephium, lomwe liri m'Chilatini limatanthauza kukongola.

Kukana kukongola kwa chomera ichi n'kovuta kwambiri.

A pafupifupi palibe chifukwa chomusamalira iye.

Nkhaniyi pansipa ikufotokoza za stonecrop (Sedum) yotchuka, komanso mitundu yake, chisamaliro, kubzala ndi chithunzi cha chomeracho.

Kufotokozera

Kuwona kutchuka adalandira dzina lopanda chifukwa. Iye amaonekera osati variegated maluwa, koma wamtali (kuchokera 30 mpaka 50 cm), molunjika ndi minofu mphukira.

Musati muzindikire kuti ndizovuta kwambiri. Masamba obiriwira otchedwa bluish omwe ali ndi masamba obiriwira omwe amawonekera kwambiri pamphepete mwawo amakhala pamtunda.

Maluwa okongola a pinki onetsetsani 5 ma phala ndikupanga maambulera onama. Muzu unakhuta ndi tuberiform.

N'zosavuta kusokoneza malingaliro ameneŵa ndi stonecrop wamba (wofiira). Kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 2000, onsewa adasankha mtundu wosiyana wa Ochnitnik, womwe unaphatikizapo mitundu yina 26.

Mmene mungasiyanitse ndi stonecrop yomwe imawonekera kuchokera ku stonecrop wofiirira? Chifukwa cha mtundu wa maluwa. Pachiwiri, ndi yoyera kwambiri kuposa yoyera.

Kumayambiriro kwa maluwapamene mitundu yonse iwiri ili ndi maluwa oyera, n'zosatheka kuwasiyanitsa ndi munthu wopanda nzeru zakuya za botani.

Mzere

Motley inflorescences, tsinde laling'ono ndi lalitali linakopa chidwi cha obereketsa padziko lonse lapansi.

Choyamba mitundu ya stonecrop imatchuka anachotsedwa kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la makumi awiri. Mitundu yotsatirayi inadzitchuka kwambiri pakulima:

Diamondi


Zokongola Inayambidwanso mmbuyo mu 1913. Malingana ndi izo, obereketsa apanga mitundu yambiri yamakono. Mphukira zambiri (kuyambira 15 mpaka 20) zimapanga tchire wambiri ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 30 mpaka 40.

Maluwa amayamba pakati pa mwezi wa August ndikupitirira mpaka chisanu choyamba. Bright pinki maluwa apange corymbose inflorescences mpaka 15 masentimita awiri.

Xenox


Xenox imakula chitsamba chodetsa komanso chachikulu.

Mimba ndi kutalika kufika 50 masentimita. Masamba ndi ofiirira. Maluwawo amapanga zofiira zofiira zofiirira.

Diamondi m'mphepete


Diamondi m'mphepete ali ndi kukula kwakukulu poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina. Kutalika kwa chitsamba sikudutsa 25 cm, ndipo kutalika kwake ndi masentimita 35.

Masamba ofunika kwambiri - wobiriwira wobiriwira ndi kirimu malire. Kuwala kofiira inflorescences - mpaka 15 masentimita awiri.

"Frosti Morne"


Frostymorn (pamasulira "frosty morning") amatsimikizira bwino dzina lake.

Maluwawo ndi oyera obiriwira, ndipo masambawa ndi obiriwira obiriwira omwe ali oyera. Kutalika ndi kutalika kwa chitsamba sikudutsa 40 cm.

Herhstfreude


Herhstfreude amafika kutalika kwa masentimita 40-50, ali ndi masamba a masamba obiriwira ndi mawanga a pachimake ndi maluwa ofiira-lilac.

Mfumu yamtundu


Mfumu yamtundu imakula chitsamba cholimba cha kutalika kwa masentimita 60 ndi chodabwitsa chachikulu cha masentimita 80

Masamba akuluakulu oundana a mthunzi wofiira amamangidwa bwino kwambiri ndi lalikulu pinki inflorescences, ikufalikira kumapeto kwa July.

Wapamwamba woyera


Wapamwamba White amasiyanitsidwa ndi zazikulu, zozizwitsa zoyera za inflorescences. Chitsamba chakuda - 50 cm.

Kudzitamandira kumeneku


Kudzitamandira kumeneku ali burgundy maluwa, zofiirira zimayambira ndi masamba. Kutalika kwa mphukira kumafikira masentimita 40.

Tsabola wofiira


Tsabola wofiira imakula mofooka kuposa mitundu ina. Kutalika kwa mphukira ndi masentimita 40. Masamba ovala amakhala ndi mtundu wofiirira, ndipo maluwa okongola a pinki amasonkhanitsidwa mumagulu ang'onoang'ono.

KuthaYoy


KuthaYoy Ali ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 50, masamba a masamba obiriwira, ndi zikopa zazikulu zamdima zamaluwa.

Mediovariegatum


Mediovariegatum imakula, koma chitsamba chochepa (mpaka 20 cm). Zimayambira zosiyana ndi mitundu ina - yoonda kwambiri komanso yopanda malire.

Masamba ndi obiriwira, koma ali ndi pakati. Choposa capricious kuposa kuyang'ana koyambirira ndipo kumafuna kudulira nthawi zonse zobiriwira.

Aliyense yemwe akufuna kuti akule mitundu yeniyeni, ndi bwino kudziwa kuti iwo ndi ochepa kwambiri kuposa okalamba awo.

Chisamaliro

Sedum ndi wodzichepetsa kwambiri mu chisamaliro. Ndibwino kwa anthu omwe alibe nthawi.

Tikufika

Kudyetsa Sedum Ndibwino kuti izi zikhale bwino kumapeto kwa nyengo yomwe ikuyamba kukula.

Mukhozanso kutero m'chilimwe kapena m'dzinja musanayambe chisanu. M'nyengo yozizira, kukwera kungatheke pokhapokha muzinthu za chipinda.

Monga mamembala onse a mtundu wake, stonecrop imakhala yotsika kwambiri ndipo itatha kugula, simungathe kubwezeretsanso.

Komabe, kuti azindikire matenda a mizu (ngati alipo) m'kupita kwanthawi, kuziikabe kumakonzedwabe.

Ground

Miyala yayitali, kuphatikizapo mitundu iyi, mosiyana ndi achibale awo, amakula bwino m'nthaka yachonde. Zakudya zabwino kwambiri zimakhala ndi kuwonjezera kwa kuchuluka kwa kompositi kapena humus.

Kuopa kwambiri Sedum malo otchuka.

Ground ayenera kupatsirana bwino madzi ndi mpweya. Mbewu zomwe zimabzala mu mphika zimafuna mpweya wosanjikiza.

Kudyetsa kulimbikitsidwa pa kufufuza kulikonse. Kukhala pamodzi ndi udzu wosiyana ndi kotheka, koma panthawi yomweyi kukula kwa stonecrop kumachepetsanso kwambiri, ndipo sikutheka.

Feteleza

Sangathe kunena zimenezo kumveka pamwamba zofunika. Koma ngati nthawi zina zimamera ndi mchere ndi zinthu zina, zotsatira zake zidzakhala zochititsa chidwi kwambiri ndipo zidzawonekera kale.

Pa nthawi yomweyi, overfeeding ndi yoopsa - chirichonse chikhoza kubvunda mizu ndi imfa.

Kuthirira

Madzi akuthirira madzi zokhazokha mu chipinda. Chipinda chobzala pansi, chiyenera kuthiriridwa kokha ndi kusowa koyera kwa chinyezi.

Madzi okwanira mobwerezabwereza ndi owopsa, chifukwa amatsogolera mosavuta ku mizu yambiri komanso yovunda. Matenda ambiri amabwera makamaka chifukwa cha ulimi wothirira.

Kupanda chinyezi kumachitika kawirikawiri, chifukwa sedum imasungira chinyezi osati m'magazi amtundu, komanso mumatenda ambiri pansi pa nthaka.

Kuunikira

Mtambo wowala kwambiri - Mmodzi mwa zinthu zochepa zimene simungathe kuchita.

Pritenyat sikofunikira ngakhale maola masana pamapeto a chilimwe. Nthaŵi ndi nthawi zimalimbikitsa kupukuta masamba ku fumbi ndi nsalu yonyowa.

Phulusa limatha kumangirira kwambiri kuwala kwa dzuwa komwe kuli kofunika kwambiri ku chomera ichi.

Kutentha kwa kutentha

Lembani momveka bwino mndandanda wa oimira olimba kwambiri a mtundu.

Mabasi akuluakulu amamva bwino pa kutentha kulikonse.

M'nyengo yozizira, mbali ya mlengalenga imatha, koma m'chaka imakula nthawi zonse.

Palibe kukonzekera kwa wintering n'kofunika. Palibe chifukwa chokhalamo pogona.

Kuwaza

Zaka zisanu zilizonse muyenera kubwezeretsanso chitsamba, pamene ikuyamba kutaya katundu wake wokongoletsera.

Chomeracho chinagawidwa mu magawo 3-4 ndipo chinabzala pamtunda wa 30-40 masentimita (malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana) kuchokera kwa wina ndi mnzake. Ndi bwino kuchita izi kumayambiriro kwa masika.

Maluwa

Maluwa amapitirira kuyambira July mpaka September.. Ngati m'dzinja youma ndipo mulibe chisanu chochuluka, chimatha kuphuka mpaka ku December ndipo ngakhale kuyima kwa kanthaŵi kochepa mu chipale chofewa. Kununkhira - kosangalatsa, chinachake chofanana ndi duwa.

Pambuyo maluwa mapesi ayenera kudula, kuti asawononge chomera cha mphamvu zomwe zikufunika kukonzekera stonecrop yooneka m'nyengo yozizira.

Chithunzi

Kuwona kutchuka:



Sedum wotchuka:


Kuswana

Pokhala wolimba kwambiri, stonecrop imatchuka Mitundu mu njira zambiri zodziwika.

Njira yosavuta ndiyo Kuwonjezeka kwa miyala ya stonecrop yotchuka kwambiri, masamba. Nthaŵi yoyenera ya njirayi ndi pakatikati pa chilimwe.

Cuttings kapena masamba mutadula zouma pamalo ochepa, koma ozizira. Kenako kumizidwa pansi. Ngati akudula, ndiye kuti aikidwa m'manda 1 masentimita m'nthaka. Mphepo yaing'ono yamadzi ndi mthunzi kuchokera ku dzuwa.

Cuttings akhoza kubzalidwa yomweyo lotseguka pansi. Njirayi idzakhala yabwino kwambiri, chifukwa chomera chimakhala chosasintha.

Kuwombera pamalo otseguka kumachitika pasanapite nthawi ya September, kotero kuti chisanu chodzidzimutsa sichipha stonecrop.

Ndikoyenera kuzindikira chimodzi choyimira stonecrop. M'nyengo yozizira, mbali yake yamlengalenga imamwalira, koma imakula kachiwiri mu kasupe. Choncho, musachite mantha pakuwona mphukira zakufa.

Mofanana kwambiri ndi chitsamba chogawanika. Mitundu yamtali yotereyo imayambitsidwa ndi njira iyi.

Gulu lakale lazaka zisanu (5) lakale linakumbidwa mu kugwa kapena kasupe, kenaka kudula pamodzi ndi rhizome mu magawo anayi (payenera kukhala osachepera kamodzi pa gawo lililonse). Mbali zogawanika zouma pamalo ozizira ndikubzala pansi.

Kufalitsa mbewu Sikuti nthawi zonse zimapereka zotsatira zabwino, koma n'zotheka. Mbeu za stonecrop zimabzalidwa mabokosi kumayambiriro kwa masika kapena autumn.

Pambuyo pake, amatha kukumba m'munda kuti asapatsire. Kuti mbewu izibwera zimayenera kutentha ndi kutentha kwa dzuwa.

Pambuyo pa masamba 1-2, achinyamata amakhala pamtunda wa masentimita 30 kuchokera kwa wina ndi mnzake.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Matendawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi hare hare kabichi kawirikawiri.. Ngati simugonjetsa ndi kuthirira ndi feteleza, chirichonse chikhala bwino ndi thanzi ...

Pambuyo pozindikira matenda Mipanga imakumbidwa, ziwalo za mizu zimadulidwa, zigawozi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi fungicidal kukonzekera ndi zouma. Pambuyo pake ndikuikapo. Kuthirira kwaletsedwa kwa nthawi yaitali.

Mwa tizirombo timakhudza sedum wotchuka kwambiri, aphid, weevil. Tizilombo timachotsedwa pamanja. Masamba owonongeka amadulidwa, ndipo masamba ena onse amachiritsidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Zothandiza

Sink osadziwika kuti ali ndi mayina otchuka monga achinyamata, zhivuchka ndi udzu wamoyo.

Bzalani kuyambira kale amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala osokoneza bongo komanso opaleshoni.

Masiku ano mankhwala ochiritsira, stonecrop amagwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza. Pa maziko ake, yophika infusions. Iwo amakhulupirira kuti amathandiza ndi matenda a mtima, kuperewera kwa pulmonary, mavuto a chimbudzi (kupatulapo gastritis ndi zilonda).

Ndithudi ife tikhoza kunena izo Kutsekemera kwa miyala kumatulutsa thupi ndi kuthetsa kutopa.

Koma ngakhale kutchuka konse kwa zaka mazana za mankhwala a stonecrop otchuka, kudzipiritsa sikoyenera. Musaiwale kuti stonecrop zambiri ndizoopsa.

Aliyense angathe kukongoletsa munda wake ndi stonecrop kwambiri. N'zovuta kupeza wokongola kwambiri.