Mphesa zomwe zimabweretsa chisangalalo - zosiyanasiyana "Kuwala"

Zimakhala zovuta kutsutsa chisangalalo cha chisangalalo pamene akukupatsani inu kuti mudye mphesa zamakono za Zarevo zosiyanasiyana.

Zipatso zazikulu kwambiri, zofiira za pinki ndi lilac, zokoma zokoma popanda shuga zokoma sizidzasiya aliyense.

Ndi mtundu wanji?

Kuwala kwa mphesa ndi mchere wofiira womwe umakula mosiyanasiyana.

Maina otheka a mphesa: Kumsewu, Masewera-2. Mitundu ya pinki imaphatikizaponso Angelica, Original, Gurzuf Pink.

Kuwala kwa mphesa: kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Mipesa ili ndi mphamvu, ikukula mwamphamvu, ikukula ndi 2/3. Mukamabzala chubukov ayenera kudziwa kuti m'tsogolomu chinthu chimodzi chikhoza kufunikira mamita awiri mamita awiri mbali iliyonse ya thunthu. Pa mpesa umodzi muli maso atatu ndi anayi.

Mtundu wa makungwa pa mpesawo ndi nut bulauni, pa zigawo zing'onozing'ono ndi zofiira ndi zachikasu, mtundu wa cuttings wa maburashi ndi wobiriwira. Masambawa ndi obiriwira, obiriwira, ndi zowonjezereka m'mphepete mwa mitsempha yooneka bwino.

Kuchokera pa 100% ya mawonekedwe amawombera 50-65% kubala zipatso.

Maguluwa ali otupa, akuwonda pansi, osasunthika, koma mosapita m'mbali "mabala a maluwa" chifukwa chosakhala ndi zipatso. Mulu wambiri wa gulu lotsekemera ndi 700-800 g. Maburashi onse amatha kufika 2 kg wolemera.

Chimwemwe, Merlot ndi Bazhena akhoza kudzitamandira magulu akuluakulu.

Mphesa:

  • ndi khungu lakuda;
  • ndi zofowoka zofooka;
  • papillary;
  • lalikulu;
  • chotsutsana;
  • kumapeto kumapeto;
  • zipatso zosapsa theka ndizobiriwira, m'munsi mwake ndi pinki ndi mthunzi wa lilac kumapeto;
  • Masango ophulika bwino amakhala ndi zipatso za mtundu wa pinki wobiriwira ndi mtundu wa lilac-brown;
  • pafupifupi misa ya zipatso 10-14 g;
  • kukula kwake kwa mphesa ndi 38.5 x 23.1 mm;
  • acidity 7-8 g / l;
  • shuga wokhutira 15-16%;
  • zolawa zokoma - 8.6 mfundo.

Chikopa cha mphesa Kuwala:

  • palibe kukoma "zest", koma kosangalatsa;
  • wokoma popanda mantha;
  • choda;
  • wandiweyani;
  • zokometsera.

Ngati mukufuna mphesa ndi kukoma kodabwitsa, ndiye mverani Bulgaria, Gordey, Ruta ndi Chokoleti.

Chithunzi

Zithunzi zingapo za mphesa "Kuwala":

Mbiri yobereka

Zikuganiza kuti mitundu ya mphesa ya Zarevo inayamba kubzalidwa ndi abambo a Moldova.

Mabala a mphesa: Moldova x Kadinala.

Masiku ano, mitundu yosiyanasiyana yayambira mu minda ya kum'mwera zigawo za Russian Federation ndi Ukraine, popeza nyengo yofunda yotentha ndi yofunika kuti ikhale ndi zipatso zokoma zokoma, zomwe sizingatheke m'madera omwe ali oyambirira, mvula ndi ozizira m'dzinja.

Zosamalira

Ndi kuchotsa kwa nthawi yake kumasonyeza zabwino ndikusunga khalidwe.

Zimasiyana ndi mitundu ina ya mphesa:

  • pa coefficient of fruiting - 1-1.3;
  • malinga ndi kutentha kwakukulu (chisanu kukana): mpaka - 220C;
  • chizoloĆ”ezi chokumana ndi kuchuluka kwa chinyezi m'nthaka;
  • Kusakanikirana ndi imvi yovunda, yonyenga ndi yeniyeni ya powdery mildew, yochepetsera kuti ikhale yosakaniza.

Kuwoneka kuti ukuphwanyidwa ndi Dunav, Mphatso Zaporozhye ndi Victoria.

Iyenera kukumbukiridwa:

  • Panthawi yake ikani masango, zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri shuga mu zipatso;
  • Ngati padzakhala ulimi wothirira, ayenera kusamala kwambiri nthawi yakucha - samalola pang'ono kusefukira ndi kusweka;
  • Kukolola msanga kwa mbewu kumasonyezedwa ndi kukoma kwa zipatso (kukoma kudzakhala kowawa).

Malo okondweretsa nyengo kuti mukolole bwino:

  • palibe mphepo nthawi ya maluwa;
  • nyengo yotentha yotentha;
  • youma ndi kutentha nthawi yophukira ndi masiku abwino kwambiri mu September ndi October.

Hadji Murat, Husayne White ndi Montepulciano amafunanso kutentha.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mpesa umatha kutetezedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ngati zimakhala zowonongeka ndi zomera zoyandikana, nyumba, ndipo zili pa malo otsika.

Pamene zizindikiro za mildew zimakula (mawanga obiriwira pa masamba ndi pachimake choyera pamalo a zilonda, koma kumbuyo, "ufa" woyera pamanja ndi maluwa kapena mazira oimba), ntchito:

  • kuchotsa zowonongeka ndi zotsatira zowonjezera;
  • mankhwala ndi mankhwala (Kuproksat, Bordeaux osakaniza, mkuwa wa chlorine, Antracol).

Kupewa ndi matenda omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga oidium, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kuvunda, anthracnose, bacteriosis, ndi chlorosis zingafunike.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda nthawi zambiri - mphesa zamphesa zamphesa. Mbozi yake yomwe ili ndi voracity yomweyo imagwirizana ndi maluwa, masamba, masamba ndi mazira.

N'zotheka kuwoneratu chiwopsezo cha tizilombo pamene makolo ake akuwoneka - agulugufe omwe ali ndi mapiko apamwamba, okongoletsedwa ndi mikwingwirima yofiirira, ndi kumbuyo kwake utoto wofiira.

Njira zowononga ndi zowonongeka motsutsana ndi mbozi za mitundu iyi:

  • kuwotcha masamba otsala, makungwa akugwa ndi kudula zigawo;
  • kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi yankho la mkwiyo, Zolon, Bi-58, Talstar patatha masiku 12 chilimwe cha agulugufe. Ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa pambuyo pa nthawi yomweyi pambuyo poyipiritsa.

Malingana ndi wamaluwa ena omwe amakonda kukula mphesa, Kuwala ndizosamvetsetseka woimira chikhalidwe..

Popanda mphamvu pa kuchuluka kwa madzi otsekedwa ndi mpesa, ntchito yonse yopopera mbewu mankhwala, kudyetsa, kudulira chitsamba silingathe kulipira: mvula imodzi yokha yomwe imakhala ikuphulika pa masango, chifukwa nthawi yomweyo adzakhala okonzekera kukhala chinkhupule.

Komabe, alimi apamwamba omwe adzipanga makonzedwe abwino a zowonongeka, ngakhale nyengo siidzakhoza kusokoneza zokondweretsa iwo okha ndi okondedwa awo ndi Kuwala kokongola.

Tikukuwonetsani kanema kochepa pamtundu wotchulidwa pamwambapa:

Okondedwa alendo! Siyani malingaliro anu pa "Zarevo" zosiyanasiyana (kumbali ya msewu) mu ndemanga pansipa.