Mitundu yambiri yosiyana ndi zipatso zoyambirira kucha ndi Muromets mphesa.

Lero tikufuna kukuwuzani za mitundu yambiri yamphesa yomwe ambiri amalima ndi amalima amakonda kukula.

Dzina la izi ndi Muromets.

Ndi mtundu wanji?

Murom ndi ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana yofiira ndi zipatso zoyambirira kucha. Mphesa zikhoza kuchotsedwa masiku asanu ndi limodzi (105-110) kuchokera pa nyengo yokula (kumayambiriro kwa August).

Mitundu yoyamba kucha ndi Red Delight, Pleven ndi Lia.

Ubwino waukulu wa zosiyana ndi zokoma kwambiri ndi kuwonetsera bwino.

Zipatso zimakula kuti zisawonongeke, kuti azigulitsa nyumba, zogulitsa.

Muromets mphesa: kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

  • Mphesa yamphesa yamphamvu, ndi thunthu lalikulu ndi nthambi zamphamvu. Maluwa okwatirana. Amethyst, Moldova ndi Count of Monte Cristo amakhalanso ndi maluwa okwatirana.
  • Masamba ali apakati ndi aakulu mu kukula, zisanu-lobed (kapena katatu-lobed), serrated pamphepete, 35-40 magalamu aliyense. Chigawo chapakati chimapangidwira. Masamba ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira ndi mitsempha yopepuka.
  • Magulu a sing'anga ndi aakulu, kukula kwake, mawonekedwe apakati. Kulemera kwa mpesa uliwonse kuli pafupi 400-500 magalamu. Mukakulira m'nthaka, mu nyengo yofatsa komanso mosamala, kulemera kwa mpesa wakucha kumatha kufika mpaka 800-1000 magalamu.
  • Zipatsozo ndi zazikulu kwambiri, zozungulira, zofiirira zakuda kapena zofiira zakuda ndi zokutidwa ndi sera. Kulemera kwake kwa mabulosi aliwonse mpaka 4-5 magalamu, 2-2.3 cm mwake. Mbewu ndi yaing'ono, 2-4 mabulosi aliyense. Khungu ndi lochepa thupi, losamvekanso likagwiritsidwa ntchito. Monarch, Aleshenkin ndi Hope Early akhoza kudzitama ndi zipatso zazikulu.
  • Mnofu ndi wathanzi, wobiriwira, wokoma ndi pang'ono wowawa, fungo liri lochepa thupi ndipo silikumverera. Mphesa zabwino zimakhala ndi 17-18% shuga wokhutira ndi acidity wa 4.4 g / l.
Mbali yapadera ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yochititsa chidwi kwambiri m'munsi mwa mphukira yaikulu ndi kukula kwa mphukira za mphesa.

Chithunzi

Zithunzi za mphesa "Muromets":

Mbiri yobereketsa ndi dera loswana

Muromets anawonekera chifukwa cha ntchito ya wosankha Filippenko I.M. ndi Shtilina L.T. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imalumikizidwa chifukwa cha kupambana kwawo ndi kumpoto ku CHL iwo. I. V. Michurin mu 1962.

Anapambana mosamala, oyenera kulima m'madera osiyanasiyana a Russia ndi mayiko oyandikana nawo.

Chifukwa cha kusintha kwa chisanu, chisanu ndi kupirira, Murom mwamsanga imafalikira pakati pa amateur winegrowers ngakhale kumpoto kumene mphesa amakula.

The Alex, Isabella ndi Pink Flamingo mitundu komanso kwambiri olimba.

Malangizo osamalira

  • Murom ali ndi zokolola zambiri. Malingana ndi kafukufuku waposachedwapa angathe kusonkhanitsidwa 13-16 t / ha. Aliyense fruiting shrub amabweretsa 14-15 makilogalamu. zipatso;
  • Ndi kubereka ndi kubwereka mavuto, monga lamulo, sikuwuka;
    Chomeracho n'chosavuta kufalitsa ndi kudula.
  • Kupeza mwamsanga ndi mutabzala kumayambitsa pafupifupi mphukira zonse, zomwe ndi mapangidwe a inflorescences.

    Timapereka chidwi kwambiri pa izi, chifukwa panthawi yopititsa patsogolo mpesa, m'pofunika kuchotsa zina zambiri pa nthawi. Kukula kwawo ndi kuchuluka kwake kungakhale kwakukulu kwambiri.

  • Kuphuka kwa mphukira ku Murom kawirikawiri kumachitika mpaka kumapeto kwa kukula kwa pachaka.

    Timafotokoza chidwi cha wamaluwa kuti patsiku lililonse musakhale oposa 40-45. Kudula mitengo yowonongeka kumapangidwira maso 9-10.

    Ndikofunika kuyang'anira katundu umene umagwa pa chitsamba chilichonse. Nthambi zazikuluzikulu zimatha mosavuta pang'onopang'ono. Nthawi zina zomera sizikhala ndi mphamvu zokwanira kuti mpesa ukhale wolimba. Izi zimakhudza zokolola ndi kukoma kwa zipatso;

  • Amaluwa ambiri amakonda Muromtsu osati zabwino zokha, koma chifukwa cha kukongola kokongola. Masamba akulu ndi osiyana siyana.

    Pankhaniyi, wolima munda ayenera kumvetsera kuti phindu lake lidalira mkhalidwe wa nyengo, kubereka kwa nthaka, chiwerengero cha kuvala ndi chinyezi chochuluka.

    Ngati mukufuna kukongoletsa malowa ndi khoma lokongola muyenera kuyesetsa kumalima ndi kusamalira.

  • Samalani nthawi ndi nyengo pamene mukukonzekera kukolola. Kuyenda bwino komanso kusungidwa kwa mphesa kwa nthawi yaitali kumafunika kuchotsedwa mu nyengo yozizira.

    Nthawiyi ndi yabwino kuyanika mphesa (kukonzekera mphesa). Mvula yamvula, zipatso zimatha kusonkhanitsidwa pokonzekera zokonzekera. Zipatso zomwe zimasonkhanitsidwa pamtunda wotere zimatha kusokoneza panthawi yopitako ndipo sizikusungidwa bwino.

  • Muromets imakhala yabwino kwambiri kutentha kwa chisanu ndipo imatha kupirira kutentha kwa madzi mpaka madigiri -25 -27. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, tikulimbikitsidwa kukula mphesa pamtundu wathu ngati chikopa.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mitundu yambiri imakhala yotsutsana ndi matenda a fungal (mildew, oidium), koma imatsutsana kwambiri ndi imvi zowola.

Wofesa munda ayenera kusamalira njira zothandizira kupewa mavuto pamene akukula mphesa.

  • Onetsetsani kuti mukuchita mankhwala opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala. Chisamaliro chapadera chiyenera kuperekedwa ku processing popanda kuvunda kwa imvi;
  • Samalirani mosamala zomera: madzi mochuluka, azidyetsa, kulima nthaka, ndi kudulira nthambi kawiri pachaka (mu kasupe ndi yophukira);
  • Sungani zipatso zakugwa ndi masamba m'munsi mwa tchire ndi kuziwotcha, monga momwe zingathere kukhala tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizirombo;
  • Samalani kutetezedwa ku zilonda zakutchire. Konzani misampha, kupopera, kuwononga zitsulo za wasp.

Musaiwale kupewa matenda wamba monga anthracnose, bacteriosis, chlorosis, rubella ndi khansa ya bakiteriya. Momwe mungachitire zochitikazi pazinthu zokha.

Murom - malo okongola omwe amatha kulima m'nkhalango. Iye amakonda kukonda bwino, kuwonetsera, kukongola kokongola, chisanu chachisanu.

Mitundu yotere monga Romeo, Tayfi ndi Sofia ikhoza kukopa kukongola kwake.

Zopweteka za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi zofooka zolimbana ndi matenda (makamaka motsutsana ndi imvi zowola).

Wogulitsa munda ayenera kutsimikizira mosamalitsa chisamaliro choyenera ndi chithandizo chodziletsa cha zomera ku matenda.

Kukula kwa phokoso la chitsamba mu kanema:

  • Gawo 1
  • Gawo 2
  • Gawo 3
  • Gawo 4
Okondedwa alendo! Tchulani zojambula pambali za Muromts mu ndemanga pansipa.