Zakale za ku French zakuda - mphesa ya Chardonnay

Chardonnay (kapena Chardonnay) - mitundu ya mphesa yoyeraAmagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri winemaking popanga vinyo oyera.

Imodzi mwa mitundu yofala kwambiri padziko lapansi, imakula ku Ulaya ndi Asia, North ndi South America, Australia, South Africa - ndipo paliponse kuchokera ku madzi a mphesa za Chardonnay zimakhala ndi vinyo woyera. Zitha kukhala zonyezimira komanso "zotonthola", za mphamvu zosiyana, ndi zokonda zambiri.

Mphesa ya Chardonnay - imodzi mwa mitundu itatu ya mphesa yomwe imapereka kwenikweni French champagne.

Kumudzi kwawo - France, chigawo cha mbiri ya Burgundy ndi Champagne. Kuchokera kwa akatswiri, vinyo wa mbali zonsezi ali ndi khalidwe lake, ndipo n'zosavuta kusiyanitsa Chardonnay kuchokera ku Champagne yozizira komanso Burgundy yotentha kwambiri.

Kuwonjezera pa France, mphesayi imakondedwa ndipo imakula kwambiri ku Northern Italy ndi mayiko ena a Kumadzulo ndi Kum'mawa kwa Ulaya. Pafupifupi dera lonse la vinyo muli minda ya mphesa za zosiyanasiyana.

Ku United States, ku California, minda ikuluikulu ya mphesa ya Chardonnay, ndi vinyo wa California wakhala akudziwika padziko lonse ndi akatswiri.

Mmodzi mwa mitundu yotchuka ya vinyo, Merlot, Malbec ndi Sangiovese ndiyenso akuyenera kuzindikira.

Mphesa ya Chardonnay: malongosoledwe osiyanasiyana

Chardonnay amatanthauza mitundu yoyera mphesa. Mitengoyi imakhala yobiriwira mobiriwira pamene imasintha mtundu wawo kuchokera ku mdima wofiira (bluish) kuti ukhale wotentha, golide.

Mitundu yoyera imatchuka kwambiri ndi Lancelot, Bianka ndi Husayne White.

Nthaŵi zina pa zipatso zabwino zobiriwira mumatha kuona madontho ofiira, ngati mabala. M'mayiko otentha, masango opangidwa a Chardonnay angakhale ndi mithunzi yonyezimira ndi ya lalanje.

Burashi imakhala yochuluka kwambiri, ikhoza kukhala ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira. Msola wa gululo ndi wovuta. Kuchuluka kwa kulemera masango 90 mpaka 100 magalamu.

Zipatsozo ndizozungulira, ndi khungu lakuda ndi fungo labwino. Kaŵirikaŵiri kophimbidwa ndi malaya a matte. Mukhale ndi mbewu 2-3.

Masamba ndi wobiriwira, ndi zooneka bwino. Pansi pa tsambali ndi lopepuka, kusindikiza pang'ono. Pa mbali ya pansi, mitsempha imawonekera kwambiri kuposa pamwamba. Pofika m'dzinja, masamba a mphesa a mtunduwu amatembenukira chikasu mofanana ndi kutembenuza mandimu, nthawi zambiri ndi m'mphepete mwauma.

Kawirikawiri pepalali lili ndi masamba asanu omwe amatha mano opitirira atatu. Pamphepete mwake, tsamba limadulidwanso ndi mano ang'onoang'ono, katatu kapenanso kanyumba kakang'ono.

Chithunzi

Zowonjezereka bwino ndi mphesa za Chardonnay zitha kupezeka mu chithunzi pansipa:

Chiyambi

Zosiyanasiyana za Chardonnay, monga asayansi amadziwira, ndi zotsatira za kudutsa kwachilengedwe kwa mitundu ya Pinot Noir ndi Gue Blanc.

Zizindikiro

Chardonnay zosiyanasiyana ndizo kuloleza nyengo chisanukoma amasonyeza kwambiri kutengeka kasupe chisanu.

Komanso saopa chisanu cha Aleshenkin Dar, Rumba ndi Senator.

Kumayambiriro kwa masika, masamba akamayamba kuphulika, ndibwino kuti mutenge zowonjezera kuteteza mipesa ku chisanu.

M'chilimwe, kutentha, tchire nthawi zambiri amafunika kuthirira. Njira yabwino yodzikhalira ndiyo kuthirira madzi.

Lamulo lalikulu lodzala mipesa yamtundu uwu ndi: m'madera okhala ndi nyengo yoziziritsa, zolima zimakhala zosavuta komanso zowonjezereka, ndipo kumadera otentha, tchire liyenera kubzalidwa wina ndi mzake, ndiko kuti, kuchuluka kwake kuyenera kukhala kochepa.

Zamasamba Kutha masiku 138 - 140.

Matenda ndi mayendedwe

Mafunde a Windy, kutentha kwa nyengo yamvula ndi mvula kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe amachititsa kukhetsa maluwa ndi mazira.

Zosiyanasiyana zimasonyeza kusakaniza kwa oidium ndi mildew.

Poletsa matenda a mphesaKuchokera ku madzi, tikulimbikitsanso kubzala mphesa m'malo opuma mpweya wabwino.

Musaiwale za kupewa matenda monga anthracnose, chlorosis, bacteriosis, rubella ndi kansa ya bakiteriya. M'kupita kwanthawi, iwo athandiza kupulumutsa zomera zokha, ndi zokolola.

Maonekedwe a tchire amathandizanso kwambiri, koma amasiyana ndi dera.

Mavinyo opangidwa kuchokera ku mphesa ya Chardonnay ali ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zokoma ndi zonunkhira. Kwa kukoma ndi maluwa a vinyo zizindikiro zotsatirazi ndi zofunika kwambiri:

  • nyengo ndi nyengo ya kukula;
  • nthaka;
  • makina opanga;
  • mawu ofunika.
Vinyo wa Chardonnay akulimbikitsidwa kuti atumikire chilled kwa 10 до ± 2˚С. Ndi zabwino kwambiri ndi nyama zonenepa komanso nkhuku, nsomba, saladi zamasamba, masamba ambiri.

Idyani mitundu ya mphesa Chardonnay ili ndi zolembera zofewa. Zina mwazo ndizo zida za citrus, maapulo obiriwira, mandimu. Zakale za nkhokwe za oak zimaphatikizapo mchere wokoma ndi vanilla ku maluwa okoma. Zowonongeka zachilendo zimatha kudzitamandira mitundu yambiri ya Chokoleti, Romeo ndi Ruta.