Codiaeum yopambana (croton) - kapena yokongola: makhalidwe ndi zinthu za kusamalidwa kwawo

Codiaeum Ndibwino - n'zosadabwitsa kuti amavala dzina labwino kwambiri, tanthauzo "zokongola".

Kukongola kwake ndi kunyada kwake ndi mawonekedwe a motley omwe amawoneka ndi mawonekedwe.

Zoona, florists ali ndi dzina lina lake - Croton Excelent, koma zolakwika ndipo ndi wa wina, osati mtundu wosadziwika wa banja lomwelo la Euphorbia.

Kufotokozera

M'zinthu zam'chipindamo, chitsamba chokongola chimenechi chikutalika pafupifupi theka la mita. Masamba amafanana ndi thundu ndi mitsinje yowala kwambiri. Mtundu wawo umasintha kuchokera pansi mpaka pamwamba.

Wakale tsamba, mithunzi yofiira kwambiri, yofiira ndi ya lalanje. Masamba achimwambamwamba amakongoletsera kwambiri m'miyendo ya golide ndi yachikasu.

Zodabwitsa zovuta, Codiaum Excell, komabe sizimatayika pakati pa wamaluwa - ali okonzeka kupirira "zowawa" zake - ndi zokongola kwambiri. Mitundu yotere ya Codiaum monga Motley, Petra, Tamara ndi yotchuka kwambiri.

Ngakhale madzi a codiame omwe ali ndi poizoni, omwe angayambitse kupweteketsa kapena kukhudzana ndi dermatitis, sichikutsutsa okonda - sizili zovuta kuvala magolovesi kapena kusamba m'manja ndi sopo, mutatha kusokoneza ndi chomera.

Chisamaliro

Kutentha

Choncho, Codeieum ndi yabwino kwambiri! Kodi mungasamalire bwanji? Tiyeni tiyambe ndi mfundo yakuti mlendo kuchokera ku mvula ndi kutentha kwa ku Malaysia, duwa amafunikira kutenthandipo amamva bwino kwambiri + 21-25 ° C. Idzapirira + 18 ° С, koma sizitsitsa - mizu yake ili m'nthaka yozizira die mwamsanga.

Ikani pafupi ndi batiri m'nyengo yozizira. Zojambulajambula za sissy izi ziri zowononga - basi izo, iye amajambula masamba.

Maseŵera a kuwala

Mtundu uwu wa zoona amakonda dzuwa, makamaka m'mawa ndi madzulo - kuwala, kuwala komanso masamba obiriwira, koma pamasiku otentha kwambiri a mthunzi wotsegulira mthunzi wokhazikika.

Koma mukhoza kusiya duwa padzuwa.

Chinthu chachikulu musapopere panthawi imodzimodzi, kenako chomera chidzatentha.

M'nyengo yozizira, codiaum iyeneranso kulandira kuwala kochuluka momwe zingathere.

Kuthirira

M'chilimwe, codiaeum imakhumba chinyezi, kotero mumayenera kukwera mumphika sungani (koma osati madzi!). Mukamwetsa magalasi onse mu poto, muyenera kumangoyamba kutsanulira, Kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kumayambitsa zowola.

Tengani madzi kuti akudiridwe mwachindunji pamphati sangathe - ziyenera kuyima kwa maola 24 ndikuwotha kutentha. M'nyengo yozizira, kuthirira kumadulidwa, koma chipinda chadothi sayenera kuuma.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Codium imafuna chinyezi chokhazikika, ngati m'nkhalango zam'mlengalenga. Kukonzekera "kusambira" koteroko panyumba, mungagwiritse ntchito chidziwitso (makamaka m'nyengo yozizira). Njira ina yabwino ndi kuika maluwa pa "mtsamiro" wa miyala yowonongeka.

Kutaya tsiku ndi tsiku - madzi ofunda otentha. Pukutsani masamba pamwamba ndi pansi ndi siponji yonyowa. Kamodzi pa mwezi Mukonzereni "mvula" pansi pa madzi, ndikuphimba pansi ndi filimu.

Feteleza

Ndi May mpaka October Codiaeum imakula mofulumira kwambiri, nthawi zina imatuluka, ikuponya masamba 2-4.

Panthawiyi, amafunikira nthawi zambiri - kamodzi mu masabata 1-2 kumveka pamwamba.

Njira yabwino ndiyo madzi ovuta feteleza a mtundu wa Ideal, Oasis.

Musanayambe kudya chakudya, sungani chomeracho.

M'nyengo yozizira, kukula kumakhala pang'onopang'ono, ndipo izi zimafuna zakudya zina zowonjezera - kamodzi mu masabata 3-4.

Nthaka

Codium imakonda nthaka yamchere ndi pH ya 6.5-7.4. Nthaka ya izo imakonzedwa pa maziko a peat, humus ndi coarse mchenga, yotengedwa mofanana mbali, ndi zochuluka feteleza ndi humus.

Kusamba (pambuyo pa kugula)

Choda codiaeum iyenera kuikidwa kuchokera ku gawo lapansi la sitolo, poyeretsa mizu kale. Mphika wa iye uyenera kukhala ochepa pang'ono kuposa mizu - amakonda kukula mu zochepa.

Pansi pa mbale zowikidwa madzi ambiri. Kutenthetsa nthaka bwino kuti tizirombo tonse tife. Mungathe onjezani makalakuteteza mizu yovunda.

Mu zaka 3-4 zoyambirira Codiaum ili ndi mizu yokula mofulumira. Pa nthawiyi ayenera kuikidwa. chaka ndi chaka. Chomera chachikulu sichimasokonezeka nthawi zambiri pamene mizu imayamba kutuluka mumphika; nthawi zina zimangopanganso nthaka.

Kuswana

Kodiya ekselent kunyumba imafalitsidwa mu kasupe ndi cuttings otengedwa kuchokera pamwamba pa chomera.

Mphukira zazikulu, 15 masentimita wamtali, amasankhidwa, kudula ku tsinde ndikuikidwa m'madzi kuti athetse magawo a madzi owopsa kwambiri.

Chitani izo mwa njira zonse mu magolovesi. Ndiye cuttings amafunika kuti ziume. Kuti asatayike chinyezi, masambawo akhoza kutsekedwa ndi kukonzedwa.

Wokonzeka mphukira obzalidwa miphika ndi yonyowa peat, yokutidwa ndi zojambulazo ndi kuvala ofunda batire. Mu yotentha mini-hothouse ya chomera iwo adzazulidwa mu mwezi.

Zopeka, codiyaeum ikhoza kufalitsidwa ndi mbewu, koma njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi akatswiri pakabereka mtundu wosakanizidwa.

Kudulira

Kuti apange maonekedwe okongola kwa codiaum - kudulira kukonzekera kungathe kuchitika, pena palifunikira. Kwa iye, njirayi si yopweteka.

Ngati chomeracho chimakhala chochepa kwambiri ndipo masamba ena ataya masamba, pamtunda pamwambazi ziyenera kudulidwa mpaka masentimita 15 (phesi ili likhoza kukhazikika) ndipo "tsinde" yotsala iyamba kuyamba.

Mdulidwe uyenera kukonkhedwa ndi makala kuti asawononge madzi. Komanso kumapeto kwa nyengo kumakhala mphukira zazing'ono - izi zimapangitsa codiaum kukhala yodabwitsa kwambiri. Muyenera kudulira ndi magolovesi.

Maluwa

Ngati mutasamalira bwino zinyama zotenthazi, zidzasintha m'chilimwe, koma maluwa ang'onoang'ono okongola samasiyana ndi kukongola kwake, ndipo magulu a zomera amapanga zambiri.

Kotero ndi bwino kuposa iwo. phunula pomwepo.

Lifespan

Kodiya - chomera chosatha, m'manja mwa wolima bwino, akhoza kukhala ndi moyo Zaka zoposa 10, koma oyamba kumene kulimbana nawo ndi ovuta, ndipo moyo wa chomera nthawi zambiri umakhala pa nyengo imodzi.

Matenda a tizilombo (zowononga)

Chomera ichi chimatulutsa kachilombo kawirikawiri, chifukwa cha madzi owopsa. Koma zosayenera zosamangidwa zingathe kufooketsa kwambiri codiaum, kuti zikhale nyama zowonongeka.

Kangaude mite

Mbalame yofiira, yaing'ono imakhala pansi pamunsi mwa masamba ndipo imawatsanulira ndi yoonda mphutsi yoyera. Zingwe zoyera zimawonekera pa masamba, kenako zimakhala zowala zazikulu - ndi pepala imamwalira.

Pa codiyaeum, nkhuku ikhoza kuyamba ngati masamba kawirikawiri amasamba, ndipo mpweya wozungulira uli wouma kwambiri.

Zimene mungachite:

  1. Sambani masamba, makamaka kuchokera kumbali ya pansi pa fodya yofooka ndi kuwonjezera sopo. Pambuyo pa "kusamba sopo" pambuyo pa maola 2-3, tsambulani masamba ndi madzi ofunda.
  2. Kuyenera spray codiaeum ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Yoyenera Akarin, Fitoverm, Vermitek.

Shchitovka

Izi kuyamwa majeremusi atenge zitsamba za mmera ndikukhala chete, ataphimbidwa ndi chishango chonga ngati sera, ndipo mphutsi zawo zazing'ono zikukwawa kulikonse.

Kumene amamwa madzi, mawanga oyera amaoneka pamasamba.

Chochita: Mukusowa zishango Oyera ndi nsalu yonyowa kapena botolo lakale la mano, ndikupukuta masamba a codiaum ndi swab oviikidwa mu mafuta a masamba - mphutsi zidzakwanira pansi pa filimu ya mafuta.

Ngati zowonongeka ndi zazikulu, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amafunikira. Oyenera: Aktara, Biotlin, Chimwemwe, Bankol.

Kuwonongeka kwa mphukira

Kuwonongeka kwa mizu ya codiaum ikhoza kutsogolera kupuma kwa madzi m'nthaka kapena pamphuno - ake sangaloledwendi matenda a fungal. Iyo ikasiya kutayika, kuwala, kufota, mizu imafewetsa, imatulutsa.

Chochita: kuthirani maluwa pansi pazu ndi chokonzekera Alirin-B kapena Fitosporin-M.

Chomera chonsecho chikuwoneka cholimba kwambiri, koma kwenikweni ndi sissy - maluwa otentha. Kwa Coleléum Eklelent, chisamaliro cha kunyumba chimafuna kutsatira zofuna zoyenera ndipo kenako zidzakhala zabwino tsiku ndi tsiku.