Frost-resistant grade ya black currant ya Bagheera

Black currant - mabulosi amadziwika kwa onse, ndipo chidwi cha chomera chodabwitsachi n'chosavuta kufotokoza ndi ntchito zake zambiri.

Ichi ndi chuma chenicheni kwa a phytotherapist, zinthu zothandiza zili ndi masamba, ndi nthambi, ndi zipatso, mizu imangotsika, sinapezebe ntchito yoyenera.

Pakatikati mwa chidwi ndi mabulosi omwe ali ndi kukoma kwake kosayerekezeka ndi fungo.

Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane zosiyanasiyana za mtundu wa Bagheera, kuphatikizapo kufotokozera kwa mbewu ndi chithunzi.

Kwa mitundu yoposa mazana awiri yomwe ili ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimakhazikika m'minda yamaluwa, currant imapezeka pa zokoma zonse, ndipo kawirikawiri mumunda wamaluwa ndi chomera chosiyana. Kawirikawiri ndi currant kuyambira kumayambiriro mpaka kucha.

Kufotokozera za Bagheera

Bagheera - kalasi ya black currant ya pafupifupi nthawi ya kukhwima. Ili ndi chitsamba chosakanikirana cha kukula, kuchokera pa theka ndi theka kufika mamita awiri, masamba a zowonjezereka za kudayirira, zowonongeka, zokhala ndi masamba asanu, zochepetseka zimadziwika - masamba achisamba m'nyengo yozizira ndi masamba.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yachonde, yabwino chifukwa mabulosiwa ndi aakulu, mpaka mamita atatu, ndi ofanana kukula kwake, mtundu wake suli wakuda, koma wakuda wakuda, womwe umapangitsa mabulosiwo kukhala okongola kwambiri. Berry amasonkhanitsidwa mu maburashi kuyambira masentimita atatu mpaka asanu ndi awiri kuchokera pa zinayi mpaka zisanu ndi ziwiri mu mphuno, ndipo kuphulika mu ziphuphu kumakhala kawiri kapena katatu.

Pereka Mitundu ya Bagheera ndi yabwino, mpaka makilogalamu asanu kuchokera ku chitsamba, kumayambiriro, m'chaka chachiwiri kapena chachitatu mutabzala, lowetsani fruiting siteji. Peel ili ndi kuchulukana kwapakati ndi kowuma, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zitheke osati kusungirako mabulosi, komanso kuti zinyamule popanda kutaya. Kukoma kokoma ndipo kukoma kwa mabulosi kumateteza kwa nthawi yaitali, kumakula bwino.

Kukoma kwabwino kwa mabulosi kwapangidwira kupanga kupanikizana. Makamaka mogwirizana ndi chilimwe mitundu ya maapulo: Augustus, Hornist, Papirovka, Robin, Bely Thirani.

Mtengo wofunika kwambiri wa zosiyanasiyana ndi kukana kutentha kutentha m'nyengo yozizira komanso kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Anthracosis ndi powdery mildew ya chomera cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana Bagheera sakhudzidwa kawirikawiri, nthawi zambiri amavutika ndi dzimbiri ndi impso.

Chithunzi






Mbiri yobereka

Mitundu yambiri ya black currants Bagir yotengedwa ndi njira yosakanikirana ndi mitundu Minay Shnyrev ndi Bredtorp obereketsa Onse-Russia Research Institute iwo. I.V. Michurin.

Kulima ndi kusamalira

Kawirikawiri mtengo umakonda kuwala shading, kupereka dzuwa kwambiri ngati n'kotheka kwa onse, ndipo currant limapindula kokha kuchokera mumthunzi wawung'ono, kutentha kwa dzuwa sikuchitika, ndipo khalidwe ili silidalira zosiyanasiyana.

Nthaka pafupifupi zomera zonse zimakonda zowononga, zosalowerera, ndi currants sizili choncho pazinthu izi, koma ngati dera lakumudzi lanu ndiloti, sikuti ndibwino kwambiri, liri ndi mphamvu zanu kuti muzisinthe.

Kuti tichite zimenezi, timadzaza chidebe chachikulu cha humus, magalamu mazana atatu a superphosphate, mazana atatu magalamu a potassium sulphate, makumi asanu a magalamu a potassium sulphate, ndi fosholo la phulusa la nkhuni; , sungani dothi pang'onopang'ono, mutenge maluwa awiri kapena atatu.

Ntchitoyi yachitika, timasamalira ndikupeza zotsatira zomwe takhala tikudikira kwa nthawi yayitali, koma ngati simunapulumutse pazomwe munabzala ndipo simunagule kwa wogulitsa mosavuta, ndipo ngati izi zichitika, dikirani zodabwitsa.

Currant Sitikufuna kuyanika kwa nthaka, imayenera kuthirira pamene imalira, kenako imatsitsimula komanso imalira nthawi zonse.

Izi ndi zophweka agrotechnical njira, popanda zomwe, komabe, n'kosatheka kuchita.

Shrub mitundu Bagheera Ali ndi mphamvu ya mphulupulu, yomwe imatuluka, ndipo chaka chachisanu chitatha, ziyenera kukhala ndi mphukira zitatu kapena zinayi chaka chilichonse cha kukula. Chitsamba chingamere pamalo amodzi kwa zaka khumi ndi zisanu, ndipo monga zaka, mphukira yakale imadulidwa ndi mapangidwe a achinyamata omwe amapita kukatenga.

Chitsamba cha busasi chokhala ndi mizu yabwino, yomwe imakhala yosiyanasiyana, imakula mofulumira, monga mphukira imakhala mizu pamalo oyanjana ndi nthaka. Kuti tipewe kukula kosalamulirika, mphukira ziyenera kukwera pamwamba pa nthaka.

Currant imafalitsa ndi kuika ndi kuphuka, ndi kuwombera pang'onopang'ono ndi kophweka kwambiri.

Mphukira zabwino zimadulidwa ndi masentimita khumi ndi asanu ndikukhazikika mu nthaka yokonzeka kubzala pa mphambu makumi anayi ndi zisanu ndi ziwiri kapena zitatu pamwamba pa nthaka. Kusamalira cuttings mwachidule.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Zosiyanasiyana Bagheera osagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthracnose ndi powdery mildew, koma akhoza kukhudzidwa ndi dzimbiri ndi nthata. Nkhupakupa zimayenda mozungulira maluwa kuchokera kumayambiriro a masamba mpaka kumapeto kwa maluwa, ndipo panthawiyi ndi omwe amakhala osatetezeka ku zotsatira za mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Pofuna kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo Neoron, Actellic, Acarin.

Pa webusaiti yathu mukhoza kudziwa zambiri ndi zizindikiro zazikulu za matenda omwe amapezeka m'munda. Werengani zonse za anthracnose, bacteriosis, chlorosis, rubella, oidium ndi mildew, //selo.guru/ptitsa/bolezni-p/gribkovye/parsha.html ndi dzimbiri, khansara ya bakiteriya ndi bakiteriya yotentha.

Kuchokera ku njenjete pamaso pa maluwa chomera ndi sprayed ndi shag kulowetsedwa. Mukawona mphukira zowonongeka ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono, chotsani ndi kuziwotcha kwenikweni, ndi kuwaza chitsambacho ndi Karbofos mutatha maluwa, kotero muwononge kapu yamadzi. Nsabwe za m'masamba zimatha kugonjetsedwa ndi kuwononga nyerere, madzi otentha amatha kuwathetsa - ndizosavulaza komanso zothandiza.

Mitundu ya currants Bagheera anagwedezeka kumapeto kwa zaka makumi asanu ndi awiri zapitazo ndipo adapambana nthawi yoyesera, pokhalabe okondedwa a wamaluwa ngakhale kuti chiwerengero cha mitundu yatsopano chikukula.

Komabe, wina sayenera kupeĊµa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya currant yakuda: Chimera cha Belarus, Chachikulu, Nyumba ya Chilimwe, Dobrynya, Venus.