Timadziŵa bwino mitundu yambiri ya lumbago (udzu wogona)

Mu chikhalidwe chathu pali zomera zosangalatsa komanso zodabwitsa ngati chipinda chamkati. Chipale chofewa chisanatsike, mukhoza kuona maluwa achilendo a violet-lilac omwe amawoneka ngati tulips pamapiri. Mapesi ndi masamba a chozizwitsa chimenechi ali ndi fuzz, ndipo chikasu chamkati chimakopa diso. Chifukwa cha maonekedwe oyambirira, anthu, maluwa amenewa amatchedwa "snowdrops".

Lumbago, kapena udzu wogona, ndi wamba ku Northern Hemisphere ndipo uli ndi mitundu pafupifupi 40, ena mwa iwo omwe amalembedwa m'buku la Red Book.

Mukudziwa? Anthu amakhulupilira kuti zoipa zimawopa udzu wogona ndikuthawa. Zimathandiza, malinga ndi zikhulupiliro zambiri, kuwonongeka ndi diso loyipa, ndipo ngati mutenga udzu ndi inu, mungadziteteze ku zovuta zosiyanasiyana ndi machitidwe oipa.

Alpine

Dzina lachilatini la chipinda chino ndi Рulsatilla Alpina. Amakula mpaka masentimita 20 mu msinkhu, amamera maluwa kuyambira May mpaka August ali ndi maluwa oyera, kirimu kapena chikasu. Zimasiyanasiyana ndi zina zonse za lumbago zochepetsera zochepa za inflorescence ndi mitundu yambiri yosiyanasiyana. Pali mitundu yambiri ya malo a Alpine, omwe amapezeka kokha ku lamba la Alpine ku Central ndi Eastern Europe, koma mapiri a Southern ndi Central Europe amaonedwa ngati akumeneko.

Ndikofunikira! Kugona udzu si njira yabwino yothetsera kupalesanso, kotero muyenera kuikamo pamene masamba oyambirira akuwonekera. Popeza zomerazi ndi zakumayambiriro kwa kasupe, ziyenera kubzalidwa m'magulu osiyana pafupi ndi njira. Ozungulira oyandikana nawo - Crocus ndi primroses.

Spring

Рulsatilla Vernalis - kotero mu Latin amatchedwa mtundu wa lumbago. M'dera la Russian Federation, kuthengo, amapezeka kokha ku Karelian Isthmus (Leningrad Region), kum'mwera chakumadzulo kwa Karelia komanso kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa Nyanja Ladoga.

Amagawidwa kwambiri kumpoto kwa mzere wa Primorsk-Michurinskoe-Otradnoe. South ingapezeke kokha m'malo ena (Orekhovo, Lembolovo, Kannelyarvi). Kunja kwa Russian Federation, chipinda chakumapeto kwa nyengo yachilengedwe chimakula m'mapiri a Central Europe (Alps, Pyrenees), kum'maŵa kwa Central Europe Plain, kumpoto kwa Jutland, kum'mwera chakumadzulo kwa Finland, kum'mwera kwa Scandinavian Peninsula.

Spring chipinda - chomera mpaka 30 masentimita wamtali, ndi pang'ono zokhota kumayambira. Masamba - trifoliate, kuwonekera pambuyo maluwa. Maluwa okha, mpaka masentimita 4 m'mimba mwake, mkati - woyera, pamwamba - wofiirira. Kufalikira mwa mawonekedwe a mabelu m'zaka khumi zachiwiri za May. Nthawi yamaluwa - masiku 20-25.

Pansi pa chilengedwe, duwa limeneli limakonda mapiri aatali ndi mapiri. Zomwe sizimapereka kulima, zimasankha nthaka yowonongeka ndi mchenga komanso maluwa. Ngati pali mitengo ya coniferous panthaka, maluwa a mtundu wa lumbago akulimbikitsidwa kuti abzalidwe pansi pa mapiritsi omwe sapezeka.

Chomeracho chimafalitsidwa ndi mbewu ndipo chimayamba kuphuka m'zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi kapena zisanu ndi zitatu za moyo. Ili ndi mlingo wokwanira wa hardiness wachisanu ndipo imatulutsa kutentha kwa -32 ºC.

Phiri

Mtundu wa lumbago (Latin - Pulsatilla Montana), komanso Alpine, ndi wa zomera zam'mphepete mwa nyanja. Nthawi ya maluwa ndi masiku 30, ndipo kuyamba kwa maluwa kukugwa pa theka la mwezi wa May. Amasiyanitsa mabelu ambiri osindikizira a mdima wonyezimira komanso masamba okongola kwambiri. Simakula pamwamba pa masentimita 20.

Pansi pa chilengedwe, chimakula ku Central ndi kum'mawa kwa Ulaya, kumapiri.

Mukudziwa? Lumbago ali ndi wamaluwa omwe ali ndi khalidwe lawo losangalatsa. - kusiyana. Zimakhala zosavuta kusakaniza, ndipo zitsanzo zatsopano zikhoza kuwonekera pa tsamba.

Golden

Sunny Pulsatilla Aurea nthawizonse imawoneka yayikulu kuposa kukula kwake. Kukula mpaka masentimita 35, imasiyanitsidwa ndi masamba owala, a fluffy, otsatidwa ndi masamba aatali. Komabe, masamba owala ndiwo maziko a maluwa okongola masentimita asanu ndi limodzi a golide wowala kwambiri. Chipinda cha golidi mu June, kukhala mtsogolomu ya pores yotentha. Pa nthawi yomweyi, maluwa ndi masamba amavumbulutsidwa panthawi yomweyi. Golide wa Lumbago umagonjetsedwa ndi kukongola kwake, makamaka m'malo omwe amamera mumzinda wa Caucasus.

Ndikofunikira! Mtundu uliwonse wa udzu ndi woopsa, kotero muyenera kusamala kuti musamve madzi ake pakhungu. Zingayambitse kupsa mtima komanso kuziwotcha, koma muzouma chipinda chapamwamba chimataya katundu wake woopsa.

Makhalidwe a Bell

Dzina lachilatini la chipinda choyambirira ichi ndi Pulsatilla Campanella. Ngakhale akuwoneka ndipo amawoneka ngati belu wamba, koma maluwa ake amakhala ochepa kwambiri, osungunuka pang'ono ndi kuyang'ana pansi. Kufikira masentimita awiri okha awiri, zimayang'ana zogwira mtima chifukwa cha mawonekedwe awo okongola komanso osakhwima. Maluwa am'maluwa amamaluwa mu April ndi May. Masambawa amasokonezeka kwambiri ndipo amawala kwambiri.

Pansi pa chilengedwe, kumtunda kwa lamba la nkhalango kwambiri kumadzulo ndi kumapiri.

Crimean

Mwana wokongola uyu ali ndi dzina losiyana - chipinda cha Haller (Latin - Pulsatilla Halleri). Kumtchire, umakhala ku Crimea pa nsonga zapamwamba zopanda pake, m'mapiri a miyala, m'mapiri ndi ku Central Europe. Pamene lotolo limasula udzu, ndizosatheka kuthetsa mawonekedwe ake. Kumapeto kwa mwezi wa April - kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May, chipinda cha Crimea chimayikidwa ndi maluwa ofiira okongola kwambiri omwe ali ndi chikasu kwambiri komanso masamba akuluakulu akufika dzuwa.

Malo

Mtundu umenewu wa lumbago, umene dzina lake lachilatini ndi Pulsatilla Pratensis, umakhala ndi maluwa ochepetsedwa-mthunzi wofiira wofiirira pozungulira pamtunda mpaka masentimita asanu. kumakhudza chabe. Zimayamba kuphulika kumapeto kwa April ndipo zimakondweretsa diso kwa masiku 20-30. Mtundu wotchuka kwambiri wa Lugovoy lumbago ku Nigeria udzakukondani ndi mtundu wochuluka wa inky-purple.

Mphepete mwa mundawu, womwe kutalika kwake kufika pa masentimita 30, umapezeka mumapiri a pine komanso pamapiri otsetsereka a m'nkhalango.

Ndikofunikira! Pa banja lonse la chisanu cha buttercups, chombo cha Lugovoy ndi chakupha kwambiri. Madzi ake pa khungu amachititsa kuti mitsempha ikhale yotsekemera, ndipo kumeza kumadzaza ndi kutupa kwa tsamba la m'mimba, impso, komanso kumapuma kupuma.

Zachilendo

Mphukira ya mitunduyi imakula mpaka masentimita 20 ndipo imakhala ndi maluwa amodzi a maonekedwe a belu ndi zozizwitsa zomwe zimadula masamba. Lumbago Ordinary - mawonekedwe osiyana kwambiri, kufotokozera mitundu yomwe ingatenge masamba angapo. Choncho, tsopano tizisonyeza mitundu yabwino kwambiri:

  • Amoena - amadziwika ndi maluwa akuluakulu, ofiira-ofiira ndi maluwa oyambirira;
  • Atrosanguinea - amasiyana maluwa ofiira ofiirira ndi masamba ofunda;
  • Grandis - wokongoletsedwa ndi zazikulu (mpaka 8 masentimita awiri) maluwa;
  • Amayi van der Elst - mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maluwa okongola a pinki;
  • Papageno - subspecies ndi maluwa akulu akulu ndi zidutswa zapadera;
  • Papageno Black - yodziwika ndi mitundu ya mtundu wowala wa lilac;
  • Gote la Glocke ndi yofiira zosiyanasiyana.
Mitundu imeneyi imamera mu April, imakhala ndi mphepo yamkuntho yothamanga (imatha kupirira mpaka -23 ºC), ndipo imapezeka ku zachilengedwe ku Western Europe (kupatula kumwera).

Zaphimbidwa

Lumbar Opened (lat. - Pulsatilla Patens) - mpikisano waukulu wa Common Orb. Mitengo yosiyanasiyana kwambiri (7-50 cm) ndi mtundu wa maluwa. Masamba amawonekera mwamsanga mutatha maluwa ndipo ali ndi mawonekedwe ofiira. Maluwawo ndi oyera, a lilac kapena a buluu-violet, omwe amadziwika ndi dzina lake - kukula kwake kumadutsa masentimita 8. Poyambirira, kachitidwe ka belu kamasintha ku calyx yooneka ngati nyenyezi. Popeza duwa likuyang'ana mmwamba, mungathe kuona mosavuta zonse.

Iyo imamera mu April ndi May, imamasula mpaka maluwa 50 pa chitsamba.

Kumtunda, chipinda cha lumbago Chinatsegulidwa ndi kukula kwakukulu: gawo la Ulaya la Russia, Western Siberia, Central ndi Western Europe. Amapezeka m'malo amodzi ozizira ndi owuma pa nthaka yosauka ndi yolemera, komabe, ndi yovuta kuunika.

Amabereka mbeu ya backache, komanso amadziwika zochitika za kubereka.

Mosakayikira

Khoti Lokayikira (Pulsatilla Ambigua), kulikonse kumene likuchitika, limasiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu wa blue, saturated ultramarine. Mabelu owoneka bwino ali ndi kakang'ono (masentimita awiri okha), koma nthawi yomweyo amawoneka okongola kwambiri. Iwo amalowa mu masamba, ndipo, pang'onopang'ono akukwera, kutseguka. Amamera kumapeto kwa April m'dera la nkhalango ndipo kumapeto kwa May-kumayambiriro kwa June kumapiri. Masambawa amatambasulidwa, amapanga rosette wa masentimita 30, ndikugogomezera peduncles. Chilengedwe cha chilengedwe - Siberia ndi Mongolia.

Mukudziwa? Olemba ntchito amagwiritsa ntchito urchin kukayikira ngati chakudya chakumayambiriro kasupe chomwe chimathandiza kubwezeretsa mphamvu zofooka za ziweto.
Kuwona bakacheche kamodzi panthawi ya maluwa, mudzakondwera nthawi zonse chifukwa cha kukongola kwawo, chifukwa m'dziko lapansi zimakhala zovuta kupeza chodabwitsa choposa cha chikhalidwe cha kuwuka. Mwamwayi, mitundu ina ya kugona-zitsamba zalembedwa mu Bukhu Loyera ndipo zimapezeka zochepa lero.