Timakonza kulera nkhuku kunyumba

Mwinamwake palibe famu kapena banja lingakhoze kuchita popanda nkhuku, chifukwa kwa anthu iwo ali gwero la nyama ndi mazira abwino, ntchentche ndi nthenga. Ndipo kuti mbalame zamtengo wapatali izi zisamasulidwe m'bwalo, muyenera kudziwa malamulo oyenera kuswana.

M'nkhaniyi tidzakambirana mwatsatanetsatane za momwe tingakhalire nkhuku ndi nkhuku, momwe mungasankhire mbalame yoyenera ndikukonzekera kuti muzisakaniza mazira, momwe mungasankhire mazira abwino ndi mtundu wanji wa chisamaliro chomwe chiyenera kuperekedwa kwa nkhuku.

Momwe mungasankhire nkhuku yoyenera ndikukonzekera kuti mutengeke

Sikuti nkhuku zonse zimakhala nkhuku. Nkhuku (yosakanizidwa) nkhuku si nkhuku, ndipo sizidzathamanga mazira okha.

Komanso, Mitundu yambiri ya nkhuku imangotaya makina awo, koma nkhuku zathu zakutchire zinasungira bwinobwino chibadwa ichi. Izi sizikutanthauza kuti onsewo adzakhala nkhuku, Pa nkhuku makumi awiri, imodzi yokha idzakhala pa mazira.

Nkhuku imawonetsa kukonzekera kwake kukhala nkhuku pasadakhale ndi khalidwe lake. Kwa pafupi sabata, amayenda, amayesa, amakhala pansi, amapewa tambala, nthenga zimagwa pamimba, zomwe zimamenyetsa chisa chake, ndipo izi ndi zizindikiro zenizeni za nkhuku.

Amayamba kuika mazira pa chisa chake chosankhidwa, amatha kuwaba nkhuku zina, ndipo ngati adakhala pansi, ndiye kuti sangathenso kuthamangitsidwa ngakhale ndi ndodo. Nkhuku yotereyo ikukhala mu chisa cha kuseketsa, itakhazikika mazira pansi pa yokha ndi kufalitsa mapiko ake, iyo imakhumudwitsa kwambiri ngati ikusokonezeka.

Thandizo: Pozindikira nkhuku, musayambe kuika mazira, choyamba muyenera kuyesa masiku 2-3 pa mazira, ndipo ngati panthawiyi nkhuku siinaponyedwe chisa, mukhoza kutsekemera mazirawo. Izi ziyenera kuchitika dzuwa litalowa kapena ngakhale usiku.

Zikuchitika kuti nkhuku imakonza chisa pamalo osayenera, pazochitika zoterozo zimayenera kusonkhanitsa zinyalala ndi mazira madzulo ndikuzifikitsa ku malo abwino. Kuti nkhuku zisathenso kuthawa, zimaphimbidwa masiku angapo ndi bokosi, kenako zimagwiritsidwa ntchito komanso zimachepetsa.

Nest ndi kukonzekera chipinda

Chisacho chimayikidwa kutali ndi mbalame zina zomwe zimatha kubzala ana amtsogolo. Pakuti nkhuku inasankha malo amdima kuti amve kuti ali otetezeka..

Nkhuku ziyenera kukhala zazikulu kumeneko, koma panthawi imodzimodziyo dera la pansi pa chisa lisakhale lalikulu kuti mazira asatuluke. Khola kapena udzu wa zogona ziyenera kutengedwa zouma ndi zoyera, mazira ophwanyika ayenera kuponyedwa nthawi yomweyo kuchoka pa chisa.

Ngati pansi kuli kozizira, kapena pali makoswe, ndibwino kuti tiseke chisa pa msinkhu waung'ono kapena kuikani mu bokosi lomwe mukufunikira kutsogolera makwerero. Sitiyenera kukhala ntchentche mu chipinda, akhoza kuika mazira mu dzira lokumba ndipo mphutsi zowonongeka zikhoza kuvulaza nkhuku.

Muyeneranso kukonza nkhuku nkhuku ndi nkhuku zokha kuchokera ku nsabwe, nkhuku zakhudza iwo sangathe kuthyola bwino mazira. Kuti akhalebe aukhondo, chipindacho chiyeretsedwa tsiku ndi tsiku ndi mpweya wokwanira.

Mlengalenga kutentha kumasiyana madigiri 11 mpaka 22, mbalame imalolera nyengo yozizira bwino, koma kuzizira ndi kutentha kwapamwamba kungakhale kovulaza.

Thandizo: Ngati pali nkhuku zingapo m'nyumba ya nkhuku, ayenera kukhala pansi, kuti asasokonezeke ndi kumenyana pakati pawo.

Momwe mungaike mazira pansi pa nkhuku molondola

Pambuyo pofika poyera kuti nkhuku ikanadakhala, inali nthawi yoti aike mazira oyamwa.

Amasankhidwa malinga ndi zifukwa zotsatirazi.:

  • mazira ayenera kukhala atsopano, opanda kuwonongeka ndi zofooka;
  • Mazira amafunika nambala yosamvetseka, choncho amafalitsa bwino nkhuku;
  • chiwerengero cha mazira chimadalira kukula kwa nkhuku, ziyenera kukhala zobisika pansi pa thupi lake ndikugona pazomwezo;
  • Kuti mazira onse apangidwe, chiŵerengero choyenera cha nkhuku ndi zinyama ziyenera kuwonetsedwa; pafupipafupi, nkhuku khumi zimafuna tambala imodzi.

Mazira osankhidwa kuti asakanikizidwe sangathe kusungidwa mu zisa., muyenera kuwatenga mwamsanga mutangotsala pang'ono kuwonongeka, ndi zala ziwiri, kuti musachotse pamwamba. Simungathe kuchapa mazira amenewa. Kusungirako kuyenera kukhala kouma ndi kozizira (madigiri 12), ziyenera kugona m'malo osakanikirana. Ndibwino kuti muwabwezere nthawi ndi nthawi.

Panthawi ya kutsekemera, m'pofunika kuonetsetsa kuti nkhuku zina sizikuthamangira ku chisa cha nkhuku, kapena kuti sizingathamangitse mazira ena mwa iwo okha, chifukwa nkhuku zoyamba zikayamba kuwoneka, nkhuku imachoka pa chisa ndipo kenako mazira sadzakhala ndi nthawi yokhwima.

Kodi nkhuku imafunika chithandizo chotani?

Mu chipinda chomwe nkhuku imakhalako, onetsetsani kuti mwaika chakudya ndi madzi atsopano. M'masiku oyambirira, mbalameyi ikhoza kukhala mu chisa nthawi zonse, ndipo palibe chifukwa choyikusokoneza panthawiyi. Nthawi idzafika, ndipo iye mwiniyo ayamba kupita kukadyetsa. Ngati nkhukuyi siimasiya chisa, imayenera kuchotsedweratu ndikuyikidwa ndi chakudya.

Kuti mazira asadye pa nthawiyi, ayenera kuthiridwa ndi chifuwa chofewa. Kudyetsa nthawi sikuyenera kupitirira mphindi 20, koma nkhuku yokha imayesera kudya ndi kumwa mwamsanga, ndipo nthawi yomweyo imathawira ku clutch.

Pomwe kulibe m'chisa, ngati kuli kotheka, sintha malitala, ponyani zipolopolo zosweka ndi mazira, matope. Kuyang'anitsitsa nthenga za mbalame nthawi zonse kukhalapo kwa tizilombo kumathandiza nthawi kuti atengepo kanthu. Nkhuku zimatulutsa perojedov kusambira mumadope kapena mchenga, kotero kusambira ndi zothirazo zidzakhala zothandiza kwambiri.

Kuyang'anitsitsa mazira kuti athetse chitukuko cha embryonic

Panopa pa tsiku lachisanu la makulitsidwe, n'zotheka kudziwa ngati pali mluza mu dzira kapena ayi. Ngati muyang'ana kuwala, mwachitsanzo, pogwiritsa ntchito nyali yamphamvu, pamapeto a dzira lomwe lili ndi kamwana kamene kali ndi ubongo, mkati mwake muli mdima wambiri kusiyana ndi mwatsopano komanso ngakhale gulu la magazi pa yolk.

Kenaka pali chidutswa chaching'ono - iyi ndi nkhuku yamtsogolo. Kutalika, kukula kwa mimba, choncho dzira ndi lakuda. Chizindikiro chachikulu cha kukhalapo kwa mimba - kusiyana kwa dzira lakuda ndi kuwala kwa mpweya, ndipo kawirikawiri mazira awa akugona kwambiri.

Mphuno imawonekera pomwepo - ndi dzira lakuda lakumwamba, ngati mumamva fungo, mumatha kumva fungo lochepa. Ngati mluza umayamba ndikufa, mphete ya magazi ikuwoneka bwino mu dzira. Mazira oterowo ayenera kuponyedwa panja, koma ngati pali ngakhale kukayikira pang'ono pa chisankho, ndi bwino kubwezera dzira nkhuku.

Chofunika kwambiri, kuti muyambe kukula kwa embryonic, muyenera kugula ovoscope, koma n'zotheka kuti muyitengere ndi nyali kapena tochi. Kufufuza kumachitika ngati palibe nkhuku, zonse ziyenera kuchitidwa mofulumira komanso mosamala kuti zisasokonezeke.

Kodi mazira amathyola bwanji ndi kuphulika?

Njira yoberekera anapiye pa nkhuku ndi yosangalatsa kwambiri. Nestling imapanga masiku 21 ndipo imayamba tsiku lisanafike. Kuchokera dzira, mlomoyo umagwedeza ndi kugogoda pa chipolopolocho, nkhuku imayesetsa kuchita zonsezi komanso imalankhula kwa mwanayo.

Kenaka ming'aluyo imayamba kusiyana pakati pa dzira, chidutswa cha chivindikiro chimagwa ndipo nkhuku yonyowa imapezeka kuchokera ku dzira. Maola angapo pambuyo pake, nthenga zikauma, zimachotsedwa ku chisa.

Kawirikawiri zimachitika kuti nkhuku ndi yofooka, ndipo sungathe kugawaniza chigawenga, ndipo izi ziyenera kuthandizidwa.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati nkhuku zoyamba sizimayikidwa pambali, nkhuku imatha kuponyera mazira otsalawo, kotero kuphulika kumafunika kuyang'aniridwa nthawi zonse. Nkhuku zotsirizira sizinatengedwenso kwa amayi, ndipo zitatha nsomba zonsezi, anapiye omwe aperekedwa akubwezedwa ku chisa.

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Momwe mungabzalitsire nkhuku zosakaniza pansi pa nkhuku

Chofungatira ndi chinthu chamtengo wapatali, koma sichikhoza kubwezera amayi a anapiye, omwe amatha kuteteza ndi kutentha, ndi kuwaphunzitsa momwe angafunire chakudya. Nkhawa zonse za nkhuku zowonjezera zimagwera pamapewa a mwiniwake, ndipo izi sizovuta. Choncho, ngati pali nkhuku yotchedwa nkhuku m'famuyi, ndibwino kuti tibzala nkhuku.

Kuti nkhuku ikhale ndi ana a nkhuku, iyenera kunyengedwa. Nkhuku iyenera kubisika mu dzanja lamanja kuti iwonetsetse, ndipo pang'onopang'ono muzengereza mbalame pansi pa phiko. Kuti zonse ziziyenda bwino, muyenera kutsatira malamulowa: ziyenera kuchitika tsiku lomwe anapiye ake amatha, posachedwa, pa tsiku lachitatu, ndipo muyenera kukhala pansi mumdima.

Chinyengo chimenechi chimagwira ntchito ngati nkhuku siyendayenda ndi ana ake, choncho musachedwe ndi nkhani yofunika kwambiri.

Kodi mungachite chiyani ndi achinyamata?

Nkhuku zitatha, m'pofunika kuti muyambe kuyendera. Nkhuku zonse zamasamba zimagwira ntchito ndipo zimayankha bwino phokoso m'nyumba.

Kawirikawiri, kulemera kwa munthu ndi 35 g. Zinyama zazing'ono ziyenera kukhala ndi mimba yofewa, phokoso loyera la pinki ya pinki ndi chingwe chotsekedwa. Thupi limadziwika bwino.

Zizindikiro zina za nkhuku yathanzi:

  • miyendo yamphamvu;
  • mutu waukulu;
  • maso owala bwino;
  • mulomo wochepa;
  • kukanikizidwa ku mapiko a thupi.

Nkhuku zitatha, ziyenera kusunthira pamodzi ndi nkhuku kulowa m'nyumba yotentha. Kutentha kwapakati pa mlingo wapansi ayenera kukhala osachepera madigiri 22. Kukula kwachinyamata kumafuna kutenthetsa kwambiri, choncho imayenera kutetezedwa ku zoledzeretsa.

Nkhuku zimamangirizidwa ku nkhuku, choncho nthawi yoyamba nkhuku imayikidwa limodzi ndi anyamata omwe ali m'deralo ndi matabwa kapena matabwa.

Kwa achinyamata kukhazikitsa chawo chomwa chakumwa ndi kudyetsa. Pothirira madzi ndi bwino kusankha mbale yopanda pake kapena chakumwa chapadera chomwe anapiye sangathe kumira mwangozi. Malo odyetsera amasiyanitsidwa ndi mpanda wa picket kuti akuluakulu asakwere kumeneko.

Dyetsani m'malo oyamba nthawi zonse perekani nkhuku. Ndi iye yemwe amapanga phokoso limene limathandiza achinyamata kuti apeze zida zodzaza. Masiku angapo oyambirira mungathe kudyetsa nkhuku ndi mkate, tchizi kapena mazira owiritsa. Pakapita nthawi, mapira ndi oatmeal amawonjezedwa ku zakudya.

Pamene kutentha kwa kunja kudzafikira osachepera 18 C, ndipo nkhuku zidzakhala ndi masabata awiri, mukhoza kuwasiya kupita ku bwalo lakuyenda.

Malingana ngati achinyamata sakugwiritsidwa ntchito pa izi, ayenera kubwereranso kunyumba yotentha nthawi iliyonse. Izi zidzawathandiza kuthawa mphepo yozizira kapena mvula. Popanda nkhuku, nkhuku zimatha kutulutsidwa patangotha ​​masabata 4 okha.

Nkhuku zimakulira pansi pa nkhuku kwa masiku 30-40., kenako moyo wodziimira wachinyamata ukuyamba. Izi zikufotokozedwa ndi kuti pafupifupi mwezi umodzi nkhuku ikhoza kukhala yansanje ndipo imataya chibadwa cha amayi.

Mu nkhuku zogwedeza, kuyamwa kwa dzira kumatha, motero, sikuyenera kukhala ndi nkhuku zowonjezera. Pofuna kuchotsa mwadzidzidzi chidziwitso cha makulitsidwe, ndibwino kuyika mbalameyi mu bokosi. Iyo imayikidwa pa ndondomeko mu bwalo poyenda. Pambuyo masiku 3-5, nkhuku imabwereranso kunyumba. Patapita milungu ingapo, amayamba kuthamanga.

Kukula nkhuku ndi nkhuku kuli ndi ubwino wambiri. Choncho, nkhuku imateteza nyama zinyama kuchokera kuzilombo, zimawatsitsa komanso zimawathandiza kuyenda padziko lapansi.