Zonse zokhudzana ndi matendawa, chithandizo ndi kuteteza cnemidocoptosis mu mbalame

Knemidokoptoz ndi matenda omwe amakhudza mbalame ndipo amadziwika ndi khungu lopweteka, dermatitis, kuchepa kwa zokolola, komanso muzitsamba zamtsogolo ngakhale phalanx necrosis.

Nyama ya acarias imakhala ndi zilonda za miyendo, zomwe zimachitika chifukwa chakuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timadula khungu la mtundu wina ndi kukhala mkati mwawo.

Zochita zoterezi zimayambitsa kuti masikelo omwe amavala mbalame miyendo, ayambe. Pa nthawi yomweyi, khungu pamalo a tarsus amakhala wodula.

Nthata, tizilombo ta tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa ndi zochita zawo zimangotengera kuwonongeka kwa makina a khungu, komanso zimayipitsa thupi la mbalameyo.

Kodi knnemidocoptosis n'chiyani mu mbalame?

Kneemidokoptozom ikhoza kupweteketsa nkhuku ndi mapeyala, pheasants, njiwa, mbalame zam'mimba, mbalame zam'mimba, komanso mbalame zapakatikati.

Ngakhale ali ndi thanzi labwino, matendawa ndi ochepa kwambiri, mbalame zomwe zimakhala ndi nkhawa kapena matenda opweteka zimayamba kuvutika chifukwa cha kusintha kwapadera kwapangidwe ka nkhupakupa. Kusintha koteroko kungakhudze mkhalidwe wa miyendo, beak ndi cloaca.

Kufalikira ndi zotsatira

Matendawa amatha kukhudza mbalame za msinkhu uliwonse.

Nkhupaku zimalowa mwa anthu odwala kudzera mwa mbalame zomwe zili ndi kachilombo, kapena ndi zipangizo zosiyanasiyana zimakhudza.

Nkhupakupa zimatha kuyendetsedwa chifukwa cha zovuta, kukhalapo kwa dothi ndi yonyowa pokonza, zakudya zoperewera komanso nkhawa, komanso kufooketsa chitetezo.

Matenda ndi matenda ena angayambitse chitukuko cha matendawa.

Knemidokoptoz ikhoza kutchedwa matenda a nyengoKomabe, mu mbalame zam'mimba, komanso mbalame zokongola komanso zoimbira, matenda amatha kudziwonetsera okha mosasamala nyengo. Koma nkhuku zakutchire kapena zapakhomo zimatha kuvutika ndi zovuta za knemidocoptosis mu masika ndi chilimwe.

M'nyengo yozizira, nkhupakupa zimabereka ndi kusakondwa ndipo sizichita mwachangu, kotero palibe zizindikiro zowoneka za matendawa mu mbalame zodwala.

Komabe, mbali ya nthata imatha kupambana ndi kubwereza kachiwiri. Ndicho chifukwa chake akatswiri amalangiza masika onse kuti ayang'ane nkhuku ndi kutumiza mbalame zodandaula kuti zisanthule.

Zikiti sizimasinthidwa kuti zikhale ndi moyo pa khungu la anthu, koma zimatha kukhalira kunja kwa masiku asanu ndi awiri ndipo mosavuta zimasamukira ku khungu la mbalame zathanzi pogwiritsa ntchito.

Matendawa ali ndi zotsatira zoopsa. Pamene mbalame ili ndi kachilomboka, nkhupaku imalowa m'mwamba pamwamba pa epidermis.kumene mwakhama kubalana. Poyamba, dzombe limakhudzidwa, koma ndondomekoyi siimatha pomwepo ndikupita ku miyendo ndi mlomo, dera lozungulira cloaca ndi maso, komanso malo onse a khungu osaphimbidwa ndi nthenga.

Mu khungu lopatsirana ndi matendawa, khungu limaphimbidwa ndi hillocks, ndipo mamba imadzazidwa ndi maluwa oyera. Gawo lotsiriza la matendawa lingayambitse kutupa kwa ziwalo, ndiyeno-mpaka imfa ya phalanges pa zala.

Kupita patsogolo, matendawa amachititsa kusintha kwa kapangidwe ka mlomo, omwe ali olumala ndi omasuka. Mavuto akuluakulu amachititsa kuphulika kwa mtheradi, womwe umayambitsidwa ndi chivundikiro chake, mwachindunji kumalo okula.

Amayambitsa matendawa

Knemidokoptoz ndi matenda a parasitic omwe amapezeka mwa mbalame ndipo amayamba ndi nkhupakupa za mtundu wa Knemidocoptes.

Kawirikawiri, mu labotale, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timatchedwa Knemidocoptes mutanskoma amapezanso Knnemidocoptes gallinae. Maonekedwe a nkhupakupawa ndi ovalo, ndipo pamwamba pa thupi ndi utoto wofiirira ndi msuzi wachikasu.

Anthu aakulu kwambiri sakhala oposa 0,5 mm kukula, pamene akazi ndi aakulu kwambiri kuposa amuna. Chitini mu nkhupakupayi ili ndi mizere yofanana ndi yosavuta yochepa.

Nthenda yaikulu ya nkhupakupa ndi minofu yamadzi ndi maselo a khungu, omwe amadya, amapewa mavesi awo mwachindunji mu epidermis.

Azimayi amaika pang'onopang'ono. Zinyama zinyama zimadutsa muzigawo zingapo za chitukuko, ndikukhala munthu wamkulu mu masabata angapo, kawirikawiri 3-4. Nkhupakupa imakhala yosagwira kuti ipulumuke m'deralo ndipo imatha masiku 9, malingana ndi kutentha ndi chinyezi.

Zizindikiro ndi zotsatira

Nthawi zambiri, zizindikiro za cnemidocoptosis zimapezeka pamlomo, paws, ndi pamphuno, komabe nkhupakupa sizimadetsa khungu pamutu ndi thupi.

Kulikonse kumene amapita mkati mwa khungu ndikuyamba kudula lonse labyrinths. Pamene miyendo ya mbalame imamenyedwa, izi zimawoneka kuchokera ku masikelo okwera kwambiri ndi khungu la chifuwa mu tarsus.

Pokhala pansi pa mamba a mapazi kwa nthawi yaitali, nthenda yowonongeka ya matendawa ikhoza kubweretsa mbalame kutentha ndi minofu ya necrosis, kenako miyendo imatheratu pansi pamphuno ya nsalu ya imvi.

Makhalidwe a mbalame pamphindi ino amasiyana kwambiri, nthawi zonse imagwedeza miyendo ndikusinthasintha pa nsonga. Kupanda chithandizo pakadali pano kungayambitse kudwala kwa miyendo.

MaseĊµera am'tsogolo amadziwika ndi zilonda zamtundu ndi zikopa, zomwe zili m'dera la cloaca. Osati kuchiza mbalameyi, mukhoza kuibweretsa ku imfa ya zala komanso ngakhale nthambi yonseyo.

Lilime laling'ono lili ndi mawonekedwe enieni. Alimi ena a nkhuku amawakonda, koma osati onse.

Nkhuku ya nkhuku yayamba kugunda mbalame zambiri ... Dziwani mdani pankhope! Sungani zosangalatsa zanu mwa kuwerenga matenda awa apa.

Pamene nthata zimafika pamlomo, zimayamba kuyenda molunjika m'matendawa, zomwe zimawatsogolera. Ndalamayi panthawi ino ikuwonjezeka kwambiri mu kukula ndi kupotoza pansi..

Njirayi iyenera kuimitsidwa mwamsanga, chifukwa pambuyo pa siteji ina kusintha sikungasinthe. Nthatazi zikakhala bwino pamtunda wa mbalamezi, nthenga zimachokera mmenemo, komanso nthendayi zimakhudzidwa.

Chizindikiro chofala kwambiri ndi kuwonjezereka kwa epidermis crusts pansi pa nthenga ya nthenga. Munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka amayamba kubudula khungu lake ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhudzidwa ndi mlomo wake kuti magazi ayambe kuyenda. Kawirikawiri timadontho timeneti timatulutsa nthenga m'madera okhudzidwa.

Kuwona chowopsa cha matendawa, chongani, ndi maso anu ndi ovuta, chifukwa ali aang'ono kwambiri. Kuzindikira knemidokoptoz pa gawo loyambirira ndizovuta, chifukwa chakuti matendawa ali ndi nthawi yowonjezera nthawi yaitali.

Pokhapokha panthawi yomwe matendawa amatha, omwe amadziwika ndi mapangidwe a mtundu wa laimu pa pews ndi sera ya mulomo, kodi tingathe kufotokozera molondola tanthauzo la matendawa?

Kukula kotereku kumakhala kofanana ndi maukonde omwe amamangirirana ndipo amakula kumalo amodzi kapena pakati pa zala. Pocheka ndi kukula komweko, mukhoza kuona chipangizo chapadera chofanana ndi siponji kapena thovu.

Matenda opitirira

Knemidokoptoz imapitirira motere:

  • Gawo loyamba. Apa zizindikiro zimasiyana kwambiri, koma mbalame ikhoza kuchepetsa chitetezo chokwanira;
  • Gawo losavuta. Panthawiyi, zizindikiro zimayamba kuonekera kwa munthu yemwe wamukhudza. Ndi panthawi imeneyi kuti matendawa akuchiritsidwa. Panthawiyi, ntchito ya nkhupakupa imayambitsa kusintha kwawoneka, monga: kukula komwe kumapezeka pamphepete mwa mlomo, pamapeto kapena pammimba;
  • Middle stage, zomwe zimayambitsa kuwonongeka kwa thanzi la mbalame, ndipo zizindikiro za matendawa zimawoneka kwa maso;
  • Zovuta kwambiri. Iyi ndiyo gawo lomaliza la matenda, momwe mbalameyi imadziwika ngati yanyalanyazidwa kwambiri. Pakhoza kukhala zotsatira zoopsa ngati chifuwa chopunduka kapena kutupa kwa ziwalo, necrosis zala kapena paws. Khungu lakhala losauka, nthenga nanso. Ngati mbalameyo sichichiritsidwe, imafa.

Zosokoneza

Kusanthula knemidokoptoz kungakhale kovuta kuphunzira ma laboratory.

Ndi kafukufuku wa kachipatala komanso kafukufuku wamkati mwa khungu.

Malo okhudzidwawo ali ndi mapangidwe okongola omwe amadziwika bwino, omwe amayamba chifukwa cha kupezeka kwa zing'onozing'ono zamabowo, zomwe zimawoneka bwino ngakhale ndikulitsa.

Gawo loyamba la mphere ndi losavuta kuzindikira ndi kuyang'anitsitsa kawirikawiri kwa mbalame, makamaka kusamala mosamala kuyenera kulipidwa kwa mlomo ndi cropper, yomwe iyenera kukhala yopanda pake ndi yosalala pamwamba.

Zimalimbikitsanso kufufuza malo osakhala amodzi pafupi ndi miyendo ndi cloaca.

Chithandizo

Masiku ano, njira zogwira mtima ndi zowonongeka zimazindikiridwa aversectin kapena novertin mafutazomwe siziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza.

Sizimene zimayambitsa zovuta ndipo sizothandiza kwambiri. Ikani mafuta pa malo okhudzidwa ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito swab ya thonje, kubwereza njirayi masiku angapo. Komabe, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta tsiku lililonse, makamaka ngati nkhaniyi ikusamalidwa kwambiri.

Chinthu chachikulu - osaphimba ndi mafuta onunkhira khungu, kupaka malo okha omwe nkhuku yakhazikika. Malangizowa akugwirizanitsidwa ndi mankhwala enaake ophera mankhwala, omwe, ngati atagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, angapangitse mbalame kuti iwonongeke.

Medicamentous

Nkhuku zapakhomo zimakhala ndi chithandizo chamankhwala chapadera mothandizidwa ndi mankhwala a acaricidal omwe angathe kuwononga osati anthu akulu okha, komanso mphutsi.

Pachifukwa ichi, malo osambiramo amapangidwa kuchokera ku madzi otentha a 0,1% permethrin kapena 0,5% ya kukonzekera kwa cyodrin, kumene mapazi a mbalame yodwala amaimirira kwa mphindi zingapo.

Ndibwino kuti tigwire mutu ndi mapiko. Chida chabwino chochokera pa utsi umatchedwanso Frontlay, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito khungu ndi thonje. Choncho ndikofunikira kuti khungu lizikhala tsiku kapena awiri, mpaka maonekedwe a matendawa atha.

Mankhwala a anthu

Matendawa amachiritsidwa komanso mankhwala ochiritsira. Mwachitsanzo, mungagwiritse ntchito birch tar, kaya mu mawonekedwe oyera kapena kuphatikizapo mafuta.

Mapazi a mbalame yodwala amamizidwa mu kusamba ndi wothandizira kwa mphindi zingapo pa sabata. Chithandizo choterocho chikhoza kuchitika kawiri kapena katatu. Amapha nkhuku ndi kutentha kwa birch tar, yomwe ndi yabwino kugwiritsa ntchito khungu la mbalameyi ndi burashi.

Ngati mulibe phula, mutha kulisintha ndi ayodini yokhala ndi glycerin mofanana, ndipo muzitha kuika malo osokonezekawo kamodzi pa sabata. Gawo loyambirira la cnemidocoptosis likuyendetsedwa bwino ndi madzi osamba, omwe ali ndi madzi 72% a sopo.

Kupewa

Pofuna kudziletsa kuti musapitirize kudwala matendawa, mumayenera kuchotsa zida zonse zonyansa ndi zipangizo zosiyanasiyana zamatabwa, komanso miyala yamchere.

Zonsezi ziyenera kugulidwa kachiwiri, ndipo khola lokha liyenera kukhala losambitsidwa mosamala, ndikupatsidwa maulendo angapo ndi madzi otentha.

Komabe, miyeso iyi ikhoza kutsogolera kulikonse ngati mawonekedwe a selo akuphatikizapo nkhuni zosungira, momwe ming'alu yaying'ono ikhoza kukhalabe nthata.

Chipinda chimene nkhuku zodwala zinali, ayenera kutetezedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi 5% komanso kangapo kuti agwiritse ntchito malowa ndi madzi otentha kuti azipha nkhupakupa ndi mphutsi zawo. Kuyezetsa mosamala ndi kawirikawiri za ziweto kuti athe kusiyanitsa mbalame zodwalayo kuchokera ku thanzi labwino kudzawathandiza kuchepetsa chiopsezo cha mliri.

Pamene mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda akuyendetsedwa bwino, sitepe yotsatira imakhala yoyera ndi laimu watsopano. Pambuyo pomaliza ntchitoyi, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tifike panyumba kwa masiku angapo. Ndizowonjezereka kuti muzitha kuchiza poche, oledzera ndi feeders. Kuti muchite izi, mungagwiritse ntchito "Domestos", pambuyo pake muyenera kuyesa malo onse opatsirana ndi madzi otentha.

Zotsatira zoterezi zidzathetsa kuledzera kwa nkhuku. Nyumbayo iyenera kutsukidwa nthawi ndi nthawi komanso kusintha nkhuku.

Pofuna kupewa matendawa, chakudya chokhazikika komanso chotsimikizirika chiyenera kuperekedwa. Nkhuku zatsopano ziyenera kukhala mosamala, poyamba kufufuza maselo a khungu lake ndi chithandizo cha mankhwala.

Nkhuku zomwe zaka zawo zapita kwa theka la chaka ziyenera kufufuzidwa kawirikawiri chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa zizindikilo zooneka bwino.