Kodi pylorosis (typhoid) nkhuku ndi yotani kwa anthu?

Matenda opatsirana amachititsa kuti zinyama zisokoneze matendawa, komanso anthu.

Mwachitsanzo, gwero la Salmonella, lomwe limapezeka pa chakudya m'misika ndi m'masitolo, nthawi zambiri limakhala nyama ya nkhuku zogulitsa.

Choncho, m'pofunikira kudziƔa zizindikiro zazikulu, njira zothandizira komanso chithandizo cha matenda oopsa monga tizilombo.

Pullorosis- (typhoid, bacillary manyowa, mavitamini oyera otsegula m'mimba, mavitamini oyera otsegula m'mimba) ndi matenda oopsa opatsirana omwe ali ovuta kwambiri ku mbalame zazing'ono ndipo ndizosalepheretsa anthu akuluakulu.

Kodi pullorosis ndi chiyani?

Matenda omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi nkhuku: nkhuku, nkhuku, abakha (makamaka achinyamata), komanso mbalame zakutchire: zinziri, pheasants, mbalame. Kuphulika kwakukulu kwa matendawa kumapezeka nkhuku kuyambira kubadwa mpaka masabata awiri.

Pulloz-typhus inapezeka koyamba ku United States (Connecticut) mu 1900 ndi Retger. Patapita nthawi, matendawa afalikira ku United States ndi m'mayiko ena.

Ku USSR, matendawa anapezedwa mu 1924 ndi Academician Ushakov. Pulloz-typhus inalumikizidwa mu mgwirizano ndi nkhuku zogulitsa, nkhuku zobereketsa ndi mazira, mazira awo.

Matendawa tsopano amalembedwa m'mapulasi ambiri a nkhuku ndi mafakitale ogulitsa mafakitale pofuna kupanga ndi kupereka nkhuku, nkhuku mazira kumsika ndi masitolo.

Kufalitsa ndi vectors

Matendawa amalembedwa m'mayiko onse.

Mbeu ya anthu omwe ali ndi kachilomboka pakapanga mazira m'mimba mwa mazira odwala, nkhuku zobadwa kwa anthu omwe ali ndi kachilombo ka HIV zimapatsa ana wathanzi. Matendawa amadziwika bwino.

Matenda opatsirana amatha kupyolera m'mazira omwe ali ndi kachilomboka, madzi, chakudya, madontho a mbalame zodwala, mazira osapangidwira, zipolopolo, zinthu zomwe zimasamaliridwa ndi mbalame zowononga, komanso kufalikira zimalimbikitsidwa ndi mipando.

Mitunduyi ndi makoswe ang'onoting'ono, mpheta, nyamayi, mbuzi, ziboliboli, daws ndi mbalame zina zamoyo.

Chiwerengero cha ngozi ndi kuwonongeka

Popanda kuchitapo kanthu pofuna kuthetsa kuphulika kwakukulu kwa typhoid, matendawa amakhudza mbalame zonse, chiwerengero cha ana aang'ono chimafikira 70%, chifukwa chikoka cha tytonid ndi choopsa kwambiri.

Chotsani nkhuku ndi zotsatira zake 80%ngati nthawi sizitenga chithandizo ndi njira zothandizira.

Salmonella, yomwe imalowa mu thupi la munthu kupyolera mu nyama ya mbalame zodwala, zimayambitsa poyizoni m'mimba, limodzi ndi malungo, kusanza, kutsekula m'mimba, kupweteka m'mimba, kutentha thupi, ndi kuledzeretsa.

Odwala ndi salmonellosis ali kuchipatala ku madera opatsirana.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda

Matendawa amachititsa Salmonellapullorum-Gallinarum (Salmonella pullorum-gallinarum) - mabakiteriya omwe ali ochepa (1-2 microns yaitali ndi 0,3-0.8 microns wandiweyani), osapanga makapule kapena spores.

Mu zinyalala za mbalame zodwala, mabakiteriya amapitirira kwa masiku 100, nthaka - masiku opitirira 400, m'madzi - mpaka masiku 200, amatha kupitirizabe ku matupi a anthu odwala (mpaka masiku 40).

Mabakiteriya kutentha kwapakhomo amakhalabe ndi zinthu zakale zokha kwa zaka 7, koma kutentha kwakukulu kumawawononga. Choncho, kutentha kwa 60 ° C, mabakiteriya amawonongeka mu theka la ola, kufika pa 100 ° C - mu mphindi imodzi, pamene akuphika mazira - maminiti 8.

Salmonella yosavomerezeka imakhala yokhudzidwa kwambiri ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo, amawonongedwa ndi formaldehyde, bleach, carbolic acid solutions.

Zizindikiro m'njira zosiyanasiyana

Mu njira yovuta ya matendawa mu mbalame timaona kuti:

  • ndowe zoyera;
  • kupweteka;
  • kutsekula m'mimba;
  • Kusagwirizana kwa kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake;
  • mantha;
  • chiwonongeko;
  • chiwonetsero;
  • mphamvu yolephera;
  • glued fluff pafupi cloaca;
  • kutaya kwa mapiko.

Zizindikiro za maphunziro a subacute:

  • mphukira yosauka;
  • kutentha kotentha kwa ziwalo za phazi;
  • kusokoneza chimbudzi;
  • mpweya wochepa;
  • kutentha kwapamwamba kufika (45 ° C).
Zimadziwika kuti nkhuku zamoto zimachokera ku kubadwa komwe zimakhala zosiyana komanso zimawoneka mofulumira kwambiri.

Kodi mbalame zanu zimadwala ndi mliri wosalira zambiri? Ndiye m'malo mowerenga: //selo.guru/ptitsa/kury/bolezni/k-virusnye/prostogonimoz.html.

Zochitika:

  • kuchiza kukula;
  • kuchedwa kwachitukuko;
  • peritonitis (biliary kapena fibrinous);
  • salpingitis;
  • chithandizo;
  • ludzu;
  • kusowa kudya;
  • kufooka

Nthawi yosakaniza ndi masiku 20. Zodabwitsa ndizoona kuti mbalame zomwe zadwala matendawa zimalandira chitetezo chokwanira ndipo sizili kachilombo kachiwiri.

Zosokoneza

Kuzindikira kumakhala kovuta, kumaganizira zizindikiro zonse, deta, kufufuza chithunzi chonse cha chithunzi, kusintha komwe kumachitika m'thupi la anthu odwala.

Koma chidziwitso chomaliza chimachitika kokha malinga ndi zotsatira za kafukufuku wa mabakiteriya, pamene chikhalidwe cha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda chimakhala chokhachokha. Zinthu zomwe zili mu phunziroli zidzakhala:

  • mitembo ya mbalame zodwala;
  • chiwindi;
  • ndulu;
  • impso;
  • mtima;
  • mphala;
  • magazi;
  • mazira a nyama zodwala.

Pofuna kukhazikitsa matendawa, njira yamagetsi imagwiritsidwa ntchito - magazi ndi agglutination agglutination reaction (CCRA) pa galasi komanso mwazi ndi mwazi zomwe zimachitika mwachindunji ndi hemagglutination ndi erythrocyte pullore antigen (CCRNA).

Kuchiza ndi Kuteteza

Zoyamba:

  • kusamutsa anthu odwala komanso nkhuku zofooka kupha.
  • kudzipatula kwa achinyamata omwe ali ndi kachilombo.
  • kudyetsa bwino mbalame zam'madzi, zofanana ndi zaka zawo ndi maonekedwe awo.
  • chithandizo ndi njira zowonongeka zogwirizana ndi anthu odwala, monga kugwiritsa ntchito njira yovuta, yomwe ikuphatikizapo kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala a furan (sulfanilamide) kuphatikizapo maantibayotiki (chlortetracycline hydrochloride, tetracycline, etc.). Mankhwala othandiza kwambiri ndi furazolidone ndi furaltadone.
  • mwezi uliwonse kumayambitsa magazi ndi ndondomeko ya magazi mpaka zotsatira zotsutsa zimapezeka.
  • kusunga ukhondo wa malo omwe mbalame ndi mavitamini amazisungiramo, kuyeretsa kwawo nthawi zonse ndi kupatsirana.
  • Mitembo ya mabilili angagwiritsidwe ntchito mu mafakitale ngati sakukhala ndi zizindikiro zachipatala.
Nthendayi ya mbalame ndi typhus imayambitsa zowonongeka kwa nkhuku ndi minda, nyama ndi mazira, imayambitsa kuchuluka kwa chiwerengero cha ana omwe amafa (mazira ndi nkhuku zowonongeka) ndi akuluakulu, amachepetsa kubereka, amawopsyeza anthu.

Pofuna kupewa ndi kuthetsa matenda, zowonjezereka ndi njira zothandizira, matenda a bacteriological ndi chiwonongeko cha anthu omwe ali ndi kachilomboka ayenera kuchitidwa.