Mmene mungagwirire ndi matenda ndi tizirombo aronii (phiri phulusa), zipatso zakuda

Chokeberry Ali ndi chitetezo chabwino, choncho matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zimasokoneza kwambiri. Komabe, mwayi wa matendawa ukhoza kusiyana kwambiri ndi malo, nyengo, kuyandikana ndi zomera zina ndi zina. Choncho, ndikofunikira kudziƔa kuti ndi tizirombo ndi matenda ati omwe angakumane nawo pamene tikukula chokeberry kuti tipewe mavuto ndi zomera. Kupewa chokeberry ku matenda ndi tizilombo toononga ndi njira yosavuta, ndipo njira zina zimathandizira kulimbana ndi tizirombo zingapo kamodzi, motero ndi bwino kutsatira ndondomeko zonse kuti muteteze chomeracho mochuluka.

Mmene mungagwirire ndi matenda a phiri ash

Aronia sakhala ndi matenda. Komabe, nthawi zina, zomera izi zimadwalabe ndi matenda omwe ali ndi zomera zina ndi zipatso za mabulosi.

Brown malo

Matendawa ndi owopsa makamaka kwa achinyamata ndi ofooka. Pachiyambi choyamba, mawanga aang'ono amaoneka pamasamba, ndipo maluwa amatha kukhala pamunsi mwa tsamba. Ngati mutayambitsa matendawa, masambawo adzauma bwino ndikugwa. Ngati mutapeza zizindikiro za matendawa pazomera zanu, ndiye kuti ziyenera kutsukidwa ndi 1% ya Bordeaux osakaniza. Masamba onse ogwa ndi owonongeka ayenera kuchotsedwa mwamsanga, kusonkhanitsidwa ndi kuwonongedwa.

Septoria Spotting

Mtundu woterewu umakhala ndi mabala ofiira otsekemera ndi malire a mdima. Zingawoneke pakati pa chilimwe ndipo zimayambitsa kuyanika kwa minofu mkati mwa mawanga. Mofanana ndi mitundu yina ya mawanga, pofuna kupewa ndi zizindikiro zoyamba, mankhwala a Bordeaux akuchitika, ndipo masamba onse oonongeka amasonkhanitsidwa ndikuwonongedwa. Kukonzekera kumagwiritsidwanso ntchito pa nkhondoyi. Chitsamba ndi nthaka pansi pake zimapangidwa ndi mkuwa oxychloride ndi Abiga-Pik chifukwa cha matendawa.

Bakiteriya necrosis, kapena khansa ya khungwa

Matendawa amachititsa kuti anthu ambiri azifa ndi miyala. Aronia savutika ndi matendawa nthawi zambiri monga, apricot, chitumbuwa, kapena pichesi. Zizindikiro zimakhala zofanana ndi maonekedwe a kansa ya bakiteriya pa mbewu za mchenga. Mu kasupe, amafanana ndi zotentha, koma matendawa amakhudza ziwalo zonse ndi ziwalo za shrub, kotero mitundu ya mawonetseredwe ikhoza kukhala yosiyana.

Ngati matendawa ndi ochepa, zipatso, mphukira ndi maluwa m'malo mwamsanga zouma ndi kutembenukira bulauni, koma musagwe, ndipo pangani pa mtengo kwa nthawi yaitali. Simudzawona zilonda pamakungwa, koma poyengedwa ndi poizoni zomwe zimatulutsa mabakiteriya, makungwawo amadzaza ndi chinyezi, amasanduka bulauni, kenako amasanduka wakuda ndikufa. Pankhaniyi, khalidwe limapangitsa fungo lochokera ku makungwa, lomwe limafanana ndi madzi opaka.

Chithandizo cha matenda ngati amenewa a phiri ash, mwatsoka, n'zosatheka. Ngati mukupeza matenda pachigawo choyambirira, ndiye kuti kudulira nthambi zonse zokhudzana ndi kudulidwa kumapangidwa ndi kuthandizidwa kwa nkhuni zabwino 8-10 masentimita pansipa.

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa, muyenera kupiritsa mankhwalawa ndi mankhwala a 5%, ndipo m'pofunikanso kuyaka malo odulidwa ndi mchere. Ngati matendawa agunda kwambiri mbewu, ndiye kuti chitsamba chiyenera kuchotsedwa ndi kutenthedwa, kupewa malo atsopano pafupi ndi malo ano.

Zojambula zamagetsi

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi mphete zachikasu pamasamba, zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri, zimaphatikizapo kupanga maonekedwe a zithunzi. Pakapita nthawi, masamba a phulusa la mapiri ali opunduka, amakwinya, kenako amatembenukira wakuda ndikugwa. Pofuna kuthana ndi matendawa, nkofunika kuchotsa mwamsanga masamba omwe akukhudzidwa ndi kuwawononga.

Sakanizani

Matenda a fungal omwe amalimbana ndi matenda amakhudza mizu. Zomwe zimayambitsa matenda ndi nyamakazi yochokera muzu zowola, zomwe zimafooketsa zomera. Ili ndi mawonekedwe a mbale zofiirira zofiirira zofiirira. Kupewa kumaphatikizapo chithandizo choyenera ndi matope a Bordeaux m'chaka ndi m'dzinja, komanso mkuwa oxychloride ndi Abigak-Pik.

Zipatso Zokongola, kapena Moniliasis

Matendawa amafanana ndi apulo zipatso zowola. Amapita patsogolo pa chinyezi. Ngati nyengo yowuma ndi yotentha, minofu yowonongeka idzauma ndipo chiwonongeko cha mwanayo chidzaima. Koma ndi chinyezi chowonjezeka, njirayi ikupitiriza.

Mukudziwa? Chifukwa chachikulu cha matendawa - kututa mochedwa. Sungani zipatso nthawi, ndipo matendawa sangasokoneze mbewu yanu.

Peripheral Wood Rot

Rowan akhoza kudwala ndi matenda monga piritsi yovunda ya nkhuni, yomwe imayambitsidwa ndi bowa. Kulimbana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito Bordeaux madzi kapena fungicide. Kasamba okhudzidwa kwambiri ayenera kuchotsedwa ndi kuwotchedwa, ndi mizu.

Mame a Mealy

Izi fungal matenda a chokeberry amakhudza achinyamata masamba ndi mphukira. Patapita nthawi, mawonekedwe oyera a mphutsi amawoneka pa iwo, ndipo m'dzinja amatha kukhala mabala a bulauni - mumtunda uwu bowa overwinters. Matendawa amatha kufoola kwambiri zomera, makamaka ngati nyengo imakhala yofunda komanso yozizira. Polimbana ndi powdery mildew m'nyengo ya kukula, chokeberry ayenera mungu wochokera pansi pa sulfure ndi laimu (mu chiƔerengero cha 2 mpaka 1) pa mlingo wa 0,3 g / sq. m) Onetsetsani kuti mutolera ndi kutentha masamba osagwa.

Kutupa

Chokeberry nthawi zina amadwala matenda otchedwa dzimbiri. Mmodzi wodwala matendawa amachititsa maonekedwe achikasu pamasamba. Mawanga onse ali ndi madontho ofiira - bokosi la bowa lili pamtunda wa masamba. M'tsogolomu, bowa limapanga mkungudza, choncho ndizomveka kuteteza kubzala kwa chokeberry ku chomera ichi. Monga chithandizo cha dzimbiri, chomeracho chimayambitsidwa ndi njira yothetsera Bordeaux madzi, ndipo nthambi zomwe zakhudzidwa zimachotsedwa kwathunthu.

Mmene mungagwirire ndi tizirombo ta phulusa

Aronia akhoza kuthandizidwa ndi tizilombo ta zipatso zina. Koma chomeracho chili ndi chitetezo chabwino, choncho musadandaule kwambiri. Komabe, ngati pali mitengo yambiri ya zipatso pafupi, ndiye kuti ndi bwino kuyang'anitsitsa aronia wanu kuti muchotse tizirombo ngati kuli kofunikira.

Hawthorn

Kukula kwa gulugufe uyu kumatha kufika masentimita 7. Mbozi zake zimawononga masamba a zomera. Zimapezeka m'chaka, panthawiyi tizilombo timayambitsa ntchitoyi. Pa masamba, mphutsi za mphutsi zimawadya, ndikuwononga masamba ndi maluwa. Pakati pa chilimwe, tizirombo timene timayika mazira, nthawi zambiri kumtunda kwa tsamba.

Mukudziwa? Mayi wina amatha kukhala mazira 500.

Asanayambe, arion akhoza kupopedwa ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, monga:

  • Zolon;
  • "Metathion";
  • "Nexion";
  • "Dursban";
  • "Gardona";
  • "Antio".

Musanafike masamba, mitengo imatha kupepetsedwa ndi Olekupri, Nitrafen.

Ndikofunikira! Kawirikawiri, agulugufe a chakudya cha hawthorn pa mungu wa zomera zamsongole, choncho sayenera kuloledwa kuthamanga m'munda.

Weevil

Pa chokeberry nthawi zina mumapeza masamba omwe amadya masamba. Polimbana nawo, gwiritsani ntchito karbofos (10 g pa 10 malita a madzi) kapena Chlorofos (20-30 g pa 10 malita a madzi).

Sawfly yamtengo wapatali

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo timeneti timatha kutulutsa tsamba lonse, ndikusiya mitsinje ikuluikulu yokha. Zikuwonekeratu kumapeto kwa mwezi wa July, zimathamanga pa mbeu kwa mwezi, ndikupita kunthaka. Mphutsiyi imakhala yoboola kwambiri ndipo imaphimbidwa ndi ntchentche yakuda.

Pofuna kuthana ndi sawfly ya mucous gwiritsani ntchito njira yotsatirayi:

  • yankho la "Chlorofos" kapena "Malathion";
  • Njira yotchedwa Entobacterin suspension solution;
  • soda phulusa.

Kupopera mbewu kumapanga kwa nthawi yoyamba pambuyo pa maluwa, ndiyeno 2 nthawi zambiri sabata iliyonse yotsatira.

Ndikofunikira! Mwezi umodzi usanakolole, kupopera mbewu kulikonse kuyenera kuyimitsidwa. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito yankho la soda phulusa.

Aphid wobiriwira apulo

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timayambitsa masamba ndi nsonga za mphukira, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti azizizira ndi kuziuma. Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono ting'ono, mpaka mamita 3.5 masentimita m'litali. Mitengo yaing'ono imadwala kwambiri aphid wobiriwira. Pa nthawi yofalikira komanso isanafike maluwa, amachiritsidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuti athetse mphutsi za apulo aphid. Pofuna kulimbana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, m'pofunikanso kupopera ndi "Nitrafen", "Karbofos", "Olekuprit", ndi zina zotero.

Zipatso za Brown ndi apulo zofiira

Izi tizirombo wa chokeberry kuonekera pa Mphukira yopuma. Larvae molt, akusiya zikopa zazitsulo pamphuno la nthambi. Chifukwa cha izi, nthambi zimapeza mpweya wa siliva, kotero n'zosatheka kusokoneza mtundu uwu wa tizilombo ndi ena.

Ndikofunikira! Pakakhala zilonda zoopsa, kupopera mbewu ndi "Olekupkrit" ndi "Nitrafen" kumachitika, koma izi ziyenera kuchitika musanayambe mphukira.

Mu kasupe Aronia ayenera kupopedwa ndi iliyonse ya acaricides ("Zolon", "Malathion", "Tedion", etc.). Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa mankhwala osiyanasiyana n'kofunikira chifukwa pogwiritsira ntchito kamodzi kokha, nkhuku imapangidwira. Pofuna kuchepetsa chiwerengero cha nkhupakupa, nkofunikira kukumba nthaka pansi pa zomera, komanso kusonkhanitsa ndi kuwononga masamba osagwa.

Makungwa a kachilomboka

Chikumbuchi chaching'onoting'ono choterechi chimagunda pamphuno, kuyesera kuyandikira nkhuni zokoma. Zigawo zonse za ntchito yofunikira ya kachilomboka zimachitika mwamsanga maluwa atalowa mu makungwawo. Poyamba, masamba a Aronia rowan amatembenukira chikasu, chifukwa chakuti zakudya sizichokera ku nthambi.

Pofuna kuthana ndi tizilombo tizilombo tomwe tikufunikira kuti tipange mbewu yonse kwathunthu: thunthu, nthambi ndi masamba. Pofuna kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala awa:

  • Aktara;
  • "Confidor";
  • "Lepidocide".
Kupopera mbewu kumaperekedwa pambuyo pa maluwa, ndondomeko imabwerezedwa pambuyo pa masabata awiri.

Njenjete za Rowan ndi migodi

Izi tizirombo zimakhudza zipatso za chokeberry. Nkhumba zimayamba kudya nyama, zikuthamanga m'magawo ang'onoang'ono. Kuchokera pamabowo, madontho a madzi amathira, kenako mawanga akuwonekera, ndipo zipatso zimawawa. Aronia sangawonongeke kwambiri, koma zipatso zomwe zakhudzidwa sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito, motero pakuwonekera kwa tizilomboti, zokolola zachepa. Pofuna kuthana ndi rowan ndi miner minhs, ndikofunikira kukumba nthaka pansi pa mitengo, kuwotcha masamba omwe anasonkhanitsa, kuyeretsa makungwa kuchokera ku lichens ndi kukula.

Ndikofunikira! Kusonkhanitsa ndi kuwononga mbozi kumakhala kofunikira pamodzi ndi zisa za akangaude, mwinamwake njirayi sichidzakhudza.

Kuthetsa moth rowan kumenyana ndi chithandizo cha kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa motsutsana ndi tsinde la apulo. Polimbana ndi apulo mgodi moth, m'pofunika kutsitsa aronia ndi tizilombo tisanayambe maluwa. Komabe, ziyenera kukumbukira kuti nthawi zambiri mankhwalawa amakhala othandiza polimbana ndi mbozi.

Mbalame

Tsoka ilo, mbalame zimakonda kudya zipatso zosiyanasiyana, kotero ngati ziwona munda wanu, muyenera kumenyana nawo. Njira yothandiza kwambiri ndi ming'alu yapadera ya mbalame, pali, ndithudi, njira zina zopangidwa, koma mphamvu zawo sizitsimikiziridwa. Zida zimenezi zimagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zowala (monga CD / DVD), zomwe zimawonetsera dzuwa ndikuwopsya mbalame poyandikira tchire. Kuwonjezera apo, zoopsa zimagwidwa ndi mantha ku mbalame, komanso zinthu zomwe zimagwirizana, zimakhala zowomba (mwachitsanzo, zida za aluminium), koma zimatheka kuti mbalamezo zisatuluke, ndipo zinyama zosasangalatsa zimakukhumudwitsani.