Rogers akukula: kubzala, kugwiritsira ntchito zida za m'munda ndi zozizwitsa za chisamaliro

Rogersia - herbaceous osatha, pachiyambi ku China. Habita kunyumba - kumapiri, kumene kumamera pamabwato amchere, amchere a mitsinje ndi nyanja. Chomeracho chinabweretsedwa ku dziko lathu mu zaka za m'ma 50 zapitazo, ndipo panthawiyi adatha kupambana malo a wolemekezeka "Tenelyub" m'minda ndi m'minda yam'mbuyo.

Kufotokozera ndi zochitika za Rogers

Shy Rogers - mthunzi wolekerera, tsamba lalikulu losatha ndi mawonekedwe osangalatsa ndi mawonekedwe a tsamba. Chomeracho chikuwoneka bwino mu mono chomera komanso kuphatikizapo zina zambiri zosawerengeka. Mu mabedi a maluwa, mukhoza kuchotsa masamba akuluakulu a rogers, kubzala irises buluu, okongola mafani a ferns, kapena makutu osalemera a nkhandwe mchira pafupi nawo.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Rogers ikuphatikizidwa bwino ndi tchire loyera kapena pinki, komanso ndi mphotho kapena mphatso. Ogwirizanitsa a Rogers mu flowerbed, ndi zosiyana ndi zosazolowereka, amathandiza ndi kumeta maluwa amphamvu a chitsamba chake. Masamba a Rogers ali ndi zokongoletsera zapadera, koma paniculate, kuwala ndi kosavuta inflorescences-panicles si opanda chithumwa. Maluwa a chomerachi ali ndi fungo labwino kwambiri lomwe lingakhale losangalala kwa mwezi umodzi. Mitengo yokhala pamodzi ya Rogers ndi maluwa oyambirira a maluwa, mwachitsanzo, primroses of periwinkles ndi tiarell, amawoneka okongola. Rogersia amakongoletsa bwino munda, chifukwa amaluwa amalima mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi mitundu ya zomera.

Zimasiyana pakati pa tsamba la masamba, mtundu ndi tsamba:

(Rodgersia sambucifolia), Rogersia Elderberry - Dzina limatanthauzidwa ndi kuti mawonekedwe a masamba a mitundu iyi ndi ofanana ndi kapangidwe ka masamba akuluberry. Chitsamba ndi chachikulu kwambiri, ndipo nthawi zambiri chimakafika mamita 1.4. Zimayambira burgundy zomera, masamba obiriwira. Chomeracho chili ndi maluwa okongola a pinki omwe amamera mu June ndipo amapitirira maluwa kwa mwezi woposa.

(Rodgersia pinnata), Rogersia Feather - Masamba a mitundu iyi ndi amodzi komanso amodzi. Mitengo imakhala yotsika, osati yaikulu kuposa 50-60 masentimita. Mapangidwe a tsambali ali ndi kufanana kofanana ndi tsamba la rowan. Maluwawo ndi ang'onoang'ono, inflorescences paniculata, opangika kwambiri, mtundu wa kirimu.

(Rodgersia aesculofolia), Rogersia Bale - mawonekedwe a masamba ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi masamba a msuzi. Kutalika kwa chitsamba cha mtundu uwu kufika pa mita imodzi. Inflorescences ndi oyera kapena pang'ono pinkish ndipo amakula kufika mamita 1.2. Masamba ndi a greenish.

(Rodgersia podophylla), Rogersija - amasiyanitsidwa ndi masamba omwe amachokera kumapeto ndipo amamera pamphepete mwazitali. Masamba aang'ono amakhala ofiira, omwe amakongoletsa kwambiri munda wam'munda. Kenaka tsamba limakhala lobiriwira. Kutalika kwa tchire kumafika mamita 1.5.

(Rodgersia nepalensis), Rogersia Nepali - masambawa ali patali kwambiri, wina ndi mzake, pamapazi amphongo amphongo, omwe amathandiza kupanga tsamba lokhazikika. Mitengo ya Rogers imeneyi imakula osati mamita ndipo imafalikira osati maluwa oyera oyera ndi fungo losangalatsa.

(Rodgersia henricii), Rogersia Heinrici - masamba ake ali ndi masamba owala kwambiri. Ndi mtundu uwu wokongola kwambiri masamba onse a Rodgers. Maluwa amaluwa ochepa amasonkhana mumapope. Maluwa ali ndi mtundu wochokera ku kirimu chofewa kwambiri. Mtundu wa phungu umadalira mtundu wa mankhwala omwe nthaka imabzalidwa. Mu zosakaniza, mitunduyi imagwirizanitsidwa bwino ndi zomera zina zokongola za herbaceous.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya Rogers pakati pa wamaluwa - Awa ndi Rogers wa Horse Rack, Rogers wa Heinrici ndi Rogers wa Pistera.

Mitundu ya Rogersia pinnate "Die Stolze", Mitunduyi imadziwika ndi pinki, yayitali, openwork inflorescences. Mmerawo ndi wamtali, mpaka masentimita 120, maluwa imayamba kuyambira zaka khumi ndi ziwiri za June ndipo imatha mwezi umodzi. Zosiyanasiyana ndi zokongola za mpendadzuwa.

Rogersia mitundu "Cherry Blush" - mitundu yambiri ya Rogers yokhala ndi dzuwa. Lili ndi masamba akulu okongoletsera omwe amasintha mtundu wawo kukhala wofiirira mu masika ndi yophukira. Zikuwoneka bwino kuphatikiza ndi hydrangea.

Young wachikondi masamba rogers jersey "rotlaub" Mungakopetse diso ndi mtundu wofiira wa bronze, ngakhale kuti masamba akuluakulu amatenga mtundu wobiriwira. Chomeracho chimamasula ndi zonona zonunkhira panicle-inflorescences, ndipo kutalika kwake kumafikira mita imodzi.

Mitundu ya elderberry ya Rogersia "Rothaut". Kutalika, chitsamba cha mita imodzi ndi theka ndi burgundy zimayambira ndipo masamba obiriwirawo amakhala obiriwira. Maluwa nthawi ya June - July. Maluwa kirimu ndi pang'ono pinish zokometsera.

Kusankha malo ogwetsera Rogers

Rogers sikuti ndi mthunzi wokhawokha, koma komanso chomera chomwe chimakonda kwambiri mthunzi. Dzuŵa lachindunji limaimitsa, choncho limangolekerera kokha dzuwa la m'mawa kwa theka la maola awiri. Ndipotu, malo olowera Rogers ayenera kusankhidwa malinga ndi zofunikirazi. Mukhoza kupanga zopanda phindu mu penumbra kapena pansi pa mtengo wamtali, womwe korona umenewo udzapitirira kuwala kwa dzuwa.

Rogersia amakhala bwino m'munda wa zomera zowakaniza ndi zomera zina za pischnolistymi, makamaka ndi kutalika kwa tchire. Zikatero, microclimate imapangidwa ndipo chinyezi cha nthaka ndi mpweya zimatha.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Rogers ndi achibale apamtima ndipo, ikabzalidwa pafupi ndi mitundu yambiri, itha pereopylitsya, kutaya gawo lalikulu la kukongoletsa kwawo. Kuti asakhale ozizira kwambiri, chomeracho sichimawombera kumayambiriro kwa masika, chifukwa chodzala ndikofunikira kusankha malo omwe mulu wa chipale chofewa amasungunuka. Kawirikawiri, malowa ali pamakona a pamtunda, ndipo ndi abwino kwa Rogers.

Kubzala ndi kubala Rogers

Posankha malo obzala, muyenera kuganizira zonse zokhudza Rogers. Mwachitsanzo, si chinsinsi choti amasankha dothi lonyowa, lomwe lingakhale pafupi ndi khoma lakumpoto la nyumba kapena pamalo othunzika pafupi ndi mpanda, mumthunzi komwe nthawi zonse mumakhala mdima, mvula komanso zomera sizikukula. Apa, ndi chisangalalo, Rogersia adzafalikira masamba ake obiriwira.

Mukamabzala, zimakhala zofunikira kuti muteteze malo osasunthika, chifukwa chinyezi chomwe chimakhalapo m'nthaka chimayambitsa kuvunda kwa mizu ya mbeu ndi imfa yake. Rogersia mofulumira akuzemba, kotero kulima kwake sikutheka kumalo okhala ndi madzi pansi.

Zitsambazo zimabzalidwa patali kwambiri kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake ndi zomera zoyandikana nawo, popeza rogers zidzakula kukula kwambiri ndi kumbali, ndipo pafupi kwambiri zidzangowononga oyandikana nawo.

Gawo la rhizomes

Momwe mungakhalire rogers m'chaka? Mwachidule, mu Meyi chomeracho chingabzalidwe pokhapokha mutagawanitsa chitsamba. Pamene chomera chachikulu chimakula kale mapesi (mpaka 5-15 masentimita pamwamba), chitsamba chikhoza kugawanika ndi kudula ndi fosholo lakuthwa pakati kapena magawo atatu. Mbali yaikulu ya chitsamba sichimasokonezeka, koma imangolanda zidutswa zachitsamba ndikukhala pansi. Kubereka kwa Rogers pakugawanitsa chitsamba kumakhudza kwambiri zomera, chifukwa chitsamba chomwe chakula kwambiri chimadzipondereza: chimasowa kuwala, chinyezi ndi zakudya. Choncho, kukula kwa tchire kuyenera kusintha nthawi ndi kukumba.

Mukadzala chitsamba china cha Rogersky, muyenera:

  • kukumba dzenje lakugwa musanagule chitsamba;
  • onetsetsani phosphorus-potaziyamu feteleza, kapena kutsanulira bokosi la ammophos (feteleza akuphatikizidwa ndi nthaka pansi pa dzenje lakudzala).
  • kutsanulira chidebe cha madzi mu dzenje lakukwera;
  • dulani mbali ya chitsamba cha Rogers ndikugawira pamalo okonzeka;
  • Chitsamba chobzalidwa chimachotsedwa kuchokera pamwamba ndikudikirira kuti madzi asakanike, kenako nthaka pansi pa chitsamba ikhoza kugwedezeka ndi humus kapena peat moss.

Kubzala kwa Roger kumayambira kumapeto kwa September ndi kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa October. Pogawanitsa zitsamba zazitsamba, nthaka yonse ya mbewuyo idakonzedweratu. Ma Rhizomes amafulidwa, ogawikidwa, oviikidwa mu pinki yothetsera potaziyamu permanganate kwa disinfection kuchokera ku fungal matenda, zouma padzuwa ndikumala malo atsopano. Kuyala maenje, komanso panthawi yopuma kasupe, tikulimbikitsidwa kudzaza ndi zinthu zakuthupi.

Ma rhizomes omwe adakulungidwa mu kugwa ndi kukonzekera kubzala akhoza kusungidwa mosungira m'chipinda chapansi mpaka masika (ngati firiji ili pamwamba pa zero). Pachifukwachi, ma rhizomes amalembedwa mabokosi ndi mchenga wothira pang'ono, pambuyo pake pang'onopang'ono nthawi zambiri m'nyengo yozizira komanso mchenga umene amasungidwawo amawaza madzi. Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May, rhizomes ndi kale zikumera zimayambira m'malo osatha. Ndipo pano mmunda muli kukula maluwa, ndipo kubzala kwake ndi kusamalidwa kumunda sikungatenge mphamvu zambiri kuchokera kwa iwe.

Mukudziwa? Gulu la Rogersia limatha kukula pamalo amodzi kwa zaka khumi.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Pamene wamaluwa amafalitsa mbewu za Rogers, nthawi zambiri zimakhala kuti zotsatira zake si zomwe akuyesera kukula. Chifukwa chiyani? N'zotheka kuti Rogers pereylis pakati pawo kapena munagwiritsa ntchito mbewu za zomera zosakanizidwa (zogwira ntchito kuposa mitundu yosiyanasiyana). Mbewu zosonkhanitsidwa kuchokera ku hybrids, ndi kulima kwina kungapatulidwe kukhala machitidwe a makolo.

Komabe, n'zotheka kukula chitsamba chachikulu cha Rogers kuchokera ku mbewu. Kwa izi:

  • Mbewu imafesedwa m'nyengo yozizira mu chidebe ndi nthaka yodzala ndi zinthu zakuthupi. Mbewu imafesedwa ku kuya kwa masentimita 1, kenako zitsulo zimakhala zowonjezereka mu chipinda chozizira, chouma. Mu February, matanki ndi mbewu zofesedwa amabweretsamo m'chipinda chofunda. Mbewu zomwe zadutsa mu stratification ozizira zimakula bwino. Pamene zimamera, mphamvu ya mbande imakonzedwanso pazenera.
  • Kusamalira kwina ndiko kuthirira nthawi ndi kumasula nthaka. Pamene mbande za Rogers zimafika kutalika kwa masentimita 15-17, iwo amadzika, amakhala pansi miphika.
  • Pakati pa masamba asanu enieni, mbande zazing'ono zimayenera kudyetsedwa ndi feteleza zovuta kwambiri (feteleza zoyenera azaleas). Okonzeka kugwiritsira ntchito matumba a feteleza akhoza kugula m'masitolo ogulitsa.
  • Pa kuyambira kwa khola yabwino kutentha, miphika ndi Rogers imayikidwa kunja kwa penumbra, kumene iyo idzala mpaka autumn. Kugwa, zomera zakula zimabzalidwa pansi pa malo osatha.

Mukudziwa? M'nyengo yozizira, achinyamata masimangidwe amanyamula mochuluka kwambiri kuposa zakale zakale.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji Rogers?

Kusamalira rojercia ndi kuchotsa nthawi yowuma kapena masamba owonongeka, pamene amachepetsa kwambiri zomera zokongoletsera. Pamene rogersia imamasula, ma testes omwe amawonekedwe amadulidwa. Ngati mbewu za chomerachi zikufunika, ndiye kuti mbeu imodzi kapena ziwiri zimasiyidwa kuthengo mpaka mbewuzo zatha. Zimalangiziranso kuti mbeu zomera, zomwe siziwoneka bwino, siziyenera kutsalira pambali pa bedi la maluwa.

M'nyengo yozizira, m'pofunika kuonetsetsa kuti madzi a Rogers akuyendetsedwa nthawi yake, komanso mizu yofiira nthawi imodzi kapena foliar. Kusamalidwa kwa autumn kwa rojersia kumaphatikizapo kuchotsa masamba omwe amamera ndi omwe amafalikira, kufesa nthaka pansi pa tchire, ndikuphimba nthaka kudera lakumapeto kwa nyengo ndi nyengo. M'chaka, ziphuphu zomwe zimawonekera ziyenera kutetezedwa usiku, ndipo zimaphimbidwa ndi zinthu zopanda nsalu.

Kusamba madzi

Chomera chikufuna kwambiri kuthirira. M'chilimwe, miyezi yotentha, Rogers ayenera kumwa madzi osachepera kawiri pa sabata. Chifukwa cha mvula kapena nyengo yamvula yambiri, nthawi ya ulimi wothirira ikhoza kusinthidwa. Rogers saopa kuthirira madzi ozizira, choncho akhoza kuthiriridwa mwachindunji kuchokera ku payipi.

Pofika nthawi ya autumn, koma asanayambe chisanu, mpaka ntchito yogona yobzala m'nyengo yozizira idachitidwa, mvula yambiri yoperekera madzi imapangidwa: osachepera matabwa atatu a madzi ayenera kugwa pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse. Kuchuluka kwa autumnal ntchito yamadzimadzi zimadalira ngati mbewu adzakhala pachimake masamba kapena ayi. Ndi zofunika kuchita chimodzimodzi madzi okwanira mu spring, kumayambiriro April.

Kuthamanga kwa nthaka

Dothi lodzala rogers likhale lolemera mu nayitrogeni. Zokwanira izi, masamba a chomera amakula, amakhala ndi okongola kwambiri. Pofuna kupindulitsa nthaka ndi zosakaniza ndi nayitrogeni amawonjezera humus ndi nthaka yotengedwa pansi pa masamba. M'malo otere ndi tsamba la humus osati masamba ovunda. Mwa kusakaniza izi zigawozikulu, kuwala, kumasuka ndi nthaka yowonjezera imapezeka. Sizitha kukhala ndi chinyezi chowonjezereka komanso mpweya wabwino ku mizu ya zomera.

Kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, pamene mbande ya roger imakwera pamwamba pa 5 - 10 cm, nthaka pansi pa chitsamba imadulidwa. Mulch imateteza kutuluka kwa chinyezi, kukula kwamsongole ndipo nthawi zina imamera chitsamba chokha.

Mukudziwa? Monga mulch wa zomera ukhoza kutumikira: utuchi, peat ufa, dongo, pepala, miyala, udzu, singano zapini kapena pine cones.

Zimene mungathe kudya

Rogers akhoza kukula pa dothi losauka la nayitrogeni. Koma, ngati mukufuna kuona chomera champhamvu kwambiri komanso chokongola m'munda wanu, muyenera kudyetsa. Pakati pa nyengo, zomera zimadyetsedwa kawiri ndi feteleza zovuta zofanana ndi potaziyamu, nayitrogeni ndi phosphorous. Choyamba chodyetsacho chimachitika asanayambe maluwa a Rogers, ndipo yachiwiri atangomaliza kutha. Zovala zimagwiritsa ntchito mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya feteleza: mullein, zitosi za mbalame kapena zokopa zamadzi (mungathe kuzigula m'masitolo apadera).

Pogwiritsira ntchito zachilengedwe, wolima minda ayenera kuyamba kuthira feteleza kuchokera pamenepo ndipo pokhapokha, kuwafalitsa ndi madzi, afunseni zovala:

  • Korovyak watengedwera motere: Mitsuko 0,5 yatsopano mullein imathiridwa pamwamba ndi madzi, osakaniza ndi kutsekedwa. The swill ndi thovu kwa milungu iwiri. Kwa ulimi wothirira mu chidebe cha madzi, onjezerani 2 malita a slurry okonzeka.
  • Madontho a mbalame amagwiritsidwa ntchito motere.: 1/3 gawo la zowonongeka kapena zowuma zimayikidwa mu chidebe ndikudzaza madzi pamwamba, kenako zimatsegulidwa ndi kutsekedwa mwamphamvu. Kutsekemera kwa mafuta kwa masiku osachepera khumi. Kuthira madzi okwanira 0,5 malita okonzeka kugwiritsira ntchito madzi ndi kuchepetsedwa mu chidebe cha madzi.

Ndikofunikira! Mukakonzekera kupaka feteleza, feteleza sayenera kusokonezeka. Ngati mupitirira mlingo wa feteleza -Mukhoza kuwotcha mizu ya zomera.

Rogers amagwiritsa ntchito popanga malo

Rogers m'mapangidwe a malo akugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga malo osungirako mapaki. Chomeracho chobzala chophatikiza ndi zina zokongoletsa maluwa ndi zitsamba. "Heinrici" wamkulu wothamanga ndi Rogers omwe adabzala pafupi ndi woyang'anira amawoneka bwino. Mothandizidwa ndi Rogers, minda yamaluwa ndi malo odyetsera amapangidwa ndi kugwirizanitsa tchire la mbewu ndi Brunner kapena Darmer.

Rogersia, wodzala ndi maluwa a geraniums kapena oyendetsa minda - adzakhala malo apakati, okongola kwambiri mumunda wanu. M'malo okhala ndi shading pang'ono kuchokera ku dzuwa, Rogers Nepalese amabzalidwa, omwe, kuphatikizapo zipsinjo za kuphulika kwa delphinium, wand, Veronica, buzulniki, daylilies ndi badan amapanga chisokonezo chosiyana.

Barberry Turnberg ndi maroon-mkuwa kapena beige masamba kuphatikizapo siliva sucker bwino pamodzi ndi zobiriwira masamba a rogers. Mu chomera chimodzi, chomera ichi sichiwoneka choyipa kuposa gulu, losakaniza flowerbeds. Pokonzekera maluwa okhala ndi rogers, mumatha kusinthanitsa ndi zitsamba zakuda ndi zokongola, monga nthanga za mitundu yosiyanasiyana, mbalame zamkuntho, meadowsweet kapena olshanka. Komanso muzokongolayo adzawoneka bwino kapena miyala yayikulu yosalala. Rogersiya akugwirizanitsa chokongola chobiriwira cha masamba akuluakulu ndi modzichepetsa kwambiri wa maluwa oopsya. Zingabzalidwe ngati mpanda, zomwe zimakhala zovuta kukoka nyanja zamadzi ndi nyanja zopangira. Rogersiya anafika ku gazebos, mabenchi kapena kusinthana.

Kukana kwa tizirombo ndi matenda

Rogersia mwachizolowezi samadwala. Nthawi zina dzimbiri zimatha kuoneka pa masamba ake okongola. Mbali zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi bowa ziyenera kudulidwa ndipo chomeracho chimachitidwa ndi fungicide iliyonse. Kupopera mbewu kumapanga bwino m'mawa kapena madzulo, pa tsamba lakuda komanso kutentha kosapitirira 25 ° C. Pamene chitsamba cha Rogers chimafesedwa m'mapiri otsetsereka, zomera zowola zowola zimatha kuchitika.

Pofuna kuthetsa vutoli, kungokhalira ku malo ouma kapena kukumba chitsamba chokhala ndi chipangizo chotsatira mu dzenje losambira kudzathandiza. Pozilenga, mungagwiritse ntchito zidutswa za nthambi zakuda, zidutswa zadothi, zidutswa za potengera. Pamene makonzedwe akukonzekera pansi pa dzenje kukhetsa chinyezi chowonjezera, mukhoza kubzala chitsamba kubwerera.

Slugs ndi misomali ndi tizirombo ta Rogers. Pofuna kulimbana nawo, masamba ndi nthaka pansi pa chomeracho zimawazidwa ndi mpiru wouma. Mpiru wa mpiru umapangidwa m'mawa kwambiri, kotero kuti mankhwalawa ali ndi nthawi yokonzera masamba, ophimbidwa ndi mame a m'mawa.

Kodi kuteteza ku chisanu ozizira ndi nyengo frosts

Kwa nyengo yozizira, mtundu wobiriwira wa Rogers umadulidwa pafupi ndi nthaka. Ngati nyengo yozizira imakhala yovuta komanso chivundikiro cha chisanu sichimazama, mizu ya chitsamba imadzazidwa ndi tsamba lachapa kapena zowonongeka. Peat ndiyenso chifukwa chaichi. Зимостойкость роджерсии весьма сомнительна, и ранние сорта могут пострадать от майских ночных заморозков.

Поэтому их лучше укрывать на ночь агроволокном или спанбондом. Поздние сорта роджерсии не так подвержены вымерзанию, ведь первые их ростки появляются только в конце мая, когда возвратные заморозки уже не страшны. Izi zikuphatikizapo Die Schone, Die Stolze, Die Anmutige, Nthenga za Spitzentanzerin kapena White. Chomera chokongola choterocho sichitha kuiwalika m'mapangidwe a minda ndi mapaki. Ndi ubwino wake ndi kukongola, ziyenera kutenga mbali yowonjezerapo ku malo odyetserako zomera, ndipo mawonekedwe ake ogwira ntchito akhoza kungowonjezereka mwaluso poyandikira ndi zomera zina.