Kodi chiopsezo cha kupha nkhuku ndi momwe mungapewere miseche?

Mlomo wa nkhuku si njira yokha yopezera chakudya ndi kuyeretsa nthenga. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zida zowopsa kwa mbalame zamphamvu.

Amayamba kukumba nkhuku zina, kuwapweteka kwambiri zomwe zingayambitse matenda oopsa.

Pafupifupi nkhuku zonse zapakhomo zingathe kuwonedwa kuti zimakhala zowononga kapena zowonongeka. Komabe, kaŵirikaŵiri amawonedwa m'zinyama zazing'ono, osati mwa anthu abwinobwino.

Kodi nkhuku ndi nkhuku ziti?

Peck ndi yakuti nkhuku zina zimayambira kumbuyo kwa thupi pozungulira cloaca mwa abale awo. Amagwira nkhuku zina molimba kwambiri kuti azitha magazi. Nthawi zina nkhukuzi zimakhala zowawa kwambiri moti zimatha kumangirira m'mimba.

Chithunzi cha kachipatala cha chiwonongeko n'chosaipitsa kwambiri kwa diso la munthu: nkhanza ya nkhuku ili pambali pake, ndipo okhwima amasonkhana pamodzi molimba mtima. Nkhuku zina zimayambanso kudyetsa pachigwa., ndipo izi zikudzaza ndi kufalikira kwa anthu ena. Kuwonjezera apo, chiwerengero chonse cha nkhuku chikuwonjezera chiopsezo chotenga matenda opatsirana.

Chiwerengero cha ngozi

Rasklev pakati pa sitima zazing'ono ndizofala. Pafupifupi mbalame iliyonse imayambitsa vutoli kumayambiriro kwa kubereka nkhuku, choncho zimakhala zovuta kudziwa nthawi yomwe vutoli linayamba kudziwonetsera.

Kupha nyama kumakhala ndi zoopsa zazikulu zowonongeka kwa ziweto zonse pa famu. Zoona zake n'zakuti mabala omwe amangotsala pang'ono kuluma ndi malo abwino kwambiri a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pambuyo pake, amatha kuyambitsa matenda ena opatsirana, ndipo amatha kuwononga mbalame zonse, ngakhalenso akuluakulu, ngati sali okhaokha.

Koma nkhuku zowononga, kudyetsa anzawo, zimakhalanso ndi chiopsezo china. Chifukwa cha zakudya zamapuloteni zomwe zimayamba kuwonedwa kunyoza, ndipo pang'onopang'ono dongosolo lonse lakumagawa limasiya kugwira ntchito bwinobwino. Ndi chifukwa chake obereketsa amafunika kuyang'anitsitsa mbalame zazing'ono.

Zimayambitsa matenda

Mwatsoka, zifukwa zenizeni zowonongera sizinafotokozedwe mpaka pano. Veterinarians amakhulupirira kuti chimodzi mwa zifukwa zomwe zimayambitsa ndizo kuphwanya kwakukulu kwa zikhalidwe zomwe achinyamata amakhala nazo. Choyamba, icho chingakhudze kuthamanga kwakukulu kwamtunda (mwachitsanzo, 10% apamwamba kusiyana ndi yachibadwa). Achinyamata alibe malo okwanira, kotero anthu ena amayamba kuyanjana ndi anzawo, monga lamulo, ofooka.

Chachiwiri, chiopsezo chachinyengo chimawonjezeka ngati pali mawotchi aliwonse omwe amawononga anapiye. Mbalame zovulazidwa nthawi yomweyo zimatsutsana ndi zinyama zathanzi komanso zamphamvu, choncho zimayamba kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yomwe zimawagwera. Komanso, kugawidwa kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, zomwe ndizoopsa osati chifukwa cha kuwonetsekera kotheka kwa chiwonongeko, zingathe kugwira ntchito. Zingayambitse matenda ena opatsirana.

Kuwombera pakati pa nkhuku kungabwere chifukwa cha kusintha kwadzidzidzi kwa zakudya ndi kutsika kwachinyezi. Kawirikawiri milandu yoteroyi imapezeka mwa obereketsa osadziŵa zambiri. Kumayambiriro kwa kubereketsa nkhuku, amayesa kugula chakudya chamtengo wapatali, koma ndalama zimatuluka, ndipo nkhuku zimasamutsidwa ku zakudya zambiri. Pambuyo pake, izi zimakhudza khalidwe lawo.

Makamaka zoipa kwa mbalame zazing'ono zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi chakudya chosayenera. Kudya zakudya zopanda thanzi, kupezeka kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kuchepa kwa amino acid, kukhalapo kwa microtoxins, kusowa kwa mavitamini ndi kufufuza zinthu - zonsezi zikhoza kukhala zoyamba ndi zomwe zimayambitsa chiwonongeko. Nkhuku zikuyesera kudzaza zosowa zothandiza m'thupi, kupha achibale awo.

Odwala ambiri amakhulupirira kuti chifukwa chodziwika kwambiri cha kudya nyama ndi chakudya chochepa cha mapuloteni. Izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kwa nkhuku za Brahma ndi broilers, omwe amafunikira mapuloteni ambiri kuti apeze minofu mwamsanga.

Zochitika ndi zizindikiro

Kuganiza kwa kupweteka kumawonetseredwa pakati pa nkhuku za msinkhu uliwonse. Monga lamulo, zimawonekera mwamsanga pambuyo pa kusintha kwa embryonic yofewa mpaka ku mababu oyamba. Panthawiyi, nkhuku zimadziwa kwambiri za kusowa kwa zinthu zomwe zimapindulitsa, choncho pang'onopang'ono zimayamba kutenga nthenga zakugwa.

Mlimi atangoyamba kuzindikira chikhalidwe ichi cha chikhalidwe cha nkhuku, ziyeso ziyenera kutengedwa mwamsanga, mwinamwake kudandaula kungayambe posachedwa.

Nkhuku zomwe zimapangidwira kupha nyama zimatha kudziwika ndi mantha. Kusuntha kwawo kumakhala kolimba.

Anthu okwiya kwambiri amayamba kulimbana ndi nkhuku zofooka., ndipo posachedwa - kwa onse omwe ali pafupi. Pang'onopang'ono, chilakolako chofuna kulumpha mbalame zina zimakhala chizoloŵezi, ndipo chimayamba kukhala chokhazikika.

Zosokoneza

Ngakhalenso osakudziwa bwino nkhuku nkhuku amatha kuzindikira kutentha kapena kudana ndi khalidwe la nkhuku. Amayamba kubudula nthenga ndi kumangirira, kusiya mabala ang'onoang'ono.

Ngati khalidweli litapezeka, ziyenera kuthandizidwa nthawi yomweyo, mwinamwake kukula kwachinyamata kungafe.

Chithandizo

Mwatsoka, mankhwala sagwira ntchito pafupifupi magawo onse a matendawa. Nkhuku zowopsya zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti zisamalire kukhumudwitsa anzawo, ngati zili kale kale kuzichita. Komabe, anthu oterewa amatha kudziwika msanga kuchokera ku gulu lonse. Izi zimathandiza alimi kuti azilekanitsa nkhuku zofooka ndi zachikondi.

Ma vetsera ena amakhulupirira zimenezo kuleka milandu ya kuluma ikhoza kukhala mcherezomwe zawonjezedwa ku chakudya. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito chakudya chambiri, chakudya ndi oats. Izi zingathandize nkhuku zowononga kuti zibwezeretsedwe bwino, koma mpaka zitabwezeretsedwa, mbalame zofooka zingavulazidwe. Ndi chifukwa chake nthawi imeneyi muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa achinyamata onse.

Nkhuku zokhudzidwazo, mabala awo amafunika kuchitidwa tsiku ndi tsiku ndi njira yothetsera matenda. Izi zidzathandiza kuti machiritso apitirize kuchiza, komanso kuthandizira kupewa chitukuko cha chilonda.

Ngati nkhuku yowonongeka kwambiri ndi oyandikana nawo kwambiri, muyenera kuisungunula pamtundu wina kapena piritsi, kumene mungayang'ane.

Kupewa kunyoza poika nkhuku

Beak kuchepetsa

Imodzi mwa njira zothandiza kwambiri popewera ndi debrirovanie - kudulira mulomo. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, nsonga zam'mwamba ndi zam'munsizi zimachotsedwa kwathunthu ku mbalameyi. Choncho, n'zotheka kuteteza osati nkhonya zokha, komanso nthenga zowonongeka kuchokera ku nkhuku panthawi yachisokonezo.

Kukhazika kwa beak kuyenera kuchitidwa ali wamng'ono.kotero kuti nkhuku sizikhoza kuwonongana wina ndi mzake ngakhale masabata oyambirira a moyo. Njirayi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito masamba otentha. Sizimapweteka mbalameyi, choncho njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa minda yambiri ya nkhuku.

Njira ina yochepetsera mlomo ndi njira ya infrared. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa nkhuku zoswana. Kuwala pang'ono kumayendetsedwa kumlomo wa mbalameyo. Zili ndi zotsatira zoipa pa nsonga ya mulomo, kotero zimangowonongeka pang'onopang'ono, popanda kuvulaza mbalameyo.

Kusankha kwa majini

Nyama iliyonse ya nkhuku imakhala ndi malo ake enieni kuti imve ndikulira. Monga lamulo, izi zikugwiritsidwa ntchito ku nkhuku zautali, zomwe zimadziwika kuti anthu ambiri amafa. Chofunika ichi chiyenera kuganiziridwa pamene mukusunga mbalameyi, chifukwa achinyamata a mitundu ina sangathe kupulumuka popanda mulomo wokonzedwa.

Otsatsa amasiku ano akupitirizabe kugwira ntchito yobereketsa nkhuku zopanda mphamvu, zomwe sizidzafuna kudulidwa kwa mlomo m'tsogolomu. Izi zidzakuthandizani kuthetsa mbalameyo kupsinjika komanso zovuta.

Zakudya zabwino

Chakudya chosakwanira ndi chimodzi mwa zifukwa zomwe zimawoneka kuti zikuwombera nkhuku. Ndicho chifukwa chake mlimi akuyenera kupanga "menu" yoyenera nkhuku zake. Choyamba amafunika kuyang'anira mapuloteni okhudzana ndi chakudya.

Mukhozanso kuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa fiber: digiri, tirigu ndi oat bran. Zakhala zikutsimikiziridwa kuti chiwopsezo chingathetsere ngakhale nkhuku zowononga kwambiri.

Njira inanso yothetsera kuyamwa ndiyo kudyetsa tirigu wobiridwa. Ngati mbalamezi zimakhalabe pakhomo, pamalo osungirako mungapangire nsonga za masamba, zomwe mbalame zimasokoneza chiwawa chawo.

Maseŵera a kuwala

Nkhuku zonse zili ndi masomphenya, ndipo zimayankha bwino kusintha. Mtundu wobiriwira ndi wabuluu umachepetsa kukula, koma nthawi yomweyo msinkhu umachepa. Chofiira, chikasu ndi lalanje, m'malo mwake, chititsani kuchapa mofulumira, komanso kuonjezeretsa dzira kupanga nkhuku.

Pofuna kuteteza milandu yonse yowononga, Nkhuku ziyenera kuwonetsedwa mu buluu kapena kuwala koyera. Pakati pa mapepala ena, kuwala kotere kumatontholetsa mbalame, ndipo kumalo ena, mbalame siziwonekerana bwino kuti ayambe kumenyana.

Nkhuku za Phoenix zimatchuka padziko lonse chifukwa cha mchira wawo wokongola, womwe ukhoza kufika mamita angapo.

Kuti mudziwe momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito salpingitis mu mbalame, werengani nkhaniyi.

Kugwiritsira ntchito abrasives kwa mulomo

Otsatsa ena amawonjezera abrasives ku chakudya cha nkhuku kuti amuthandize kupukuta mitsinje yawo. Patapita nthawi, mtheradi umakhala wovuta kwambiri kuchokera kumapeto, kotero ndi chithandizo chake zimakhala zovuta kubwezera nkhuku ina. Ngati mbalame zidzalandira chakudya choterocho, chiopsezo cholira chimakhala chapafupi.

Nkhuku zowonongeka

Nkhuku iliyonse imayenera kukhala ndi malo ang'onoang'ono omwe nkhuku zimatha kufalitsa mapiko awo, kuthamanga ndi kufunafuna chakudya pansi. Izi zidzawalepheretsa kulakalaka achibale awo, komanso kupereka malo akuluakulu kuti azitha kuyenda.

Kutsiliza

Kudya nkhuku ndi chinthu chosasangalatsa kwambiri, chomwe chimadza ndi zotsatira zoopsa pa gulu lonselo. Kuti tipewe matendawa, ndikwanira kusunga achinyamata komanso kuyang'anira khalidwe la anthu omwe ali otanganidwa kwambiri.