Kusamalira euonymus kunyumba

Nthawi zina timakopeka ndi shrub ndi masamba obiriwira okongola omwe amawoneka bwino. Iwo amawoneka okongola kwambiri kuti ine ndikufuna kuti ndiwayese iwo. Ichi ndi chiwonongeko. Kodi zipatso zochokera ku euonymus ndi kuti ziyenera kuti zimapezeka kuti ndi zowopsa kapena mankhwala? Euonymus ali ndi mitundu yoposa 200 ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'munda wamaluwa. Mitundu ina ya chomera ichi imakhala ndi chikasu, kirimu, masamba ofiira kapena mawanga a siliva pakati kapena pamphepete mwa tsamba, kotero zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mazenera.

Kudyetsa bwino Euonymus mbande

Musanabzala mbande za euonymus, m'pofunika kudzidziwitsa ndi zochitika za mitundu ya chidwi Mitundu yodziwika kwambiri ya euonymus ikuphatikizapo:

  • Warty euonymus ndi shrub mpaka mamita 2 kapena mtengo kufika mamita 6 mu msinkhu ndi masamba ofiira owala omwe ali ndi magudusi wakuda. Chomeracho chiri ndi maluwa a mthunzi wa brownish, zipatso za pinki ndi zofiira-bulauni prisyannikami.
  • European euonymus ndi mtengo waung'ono, nthawi zambiri kukula chitsamba. Mdima wobiriwira wa masamba a autumn umakhala wofiira. Zipatso ndi pinki ndi lalanje prisemyannik. Pali mitundu yoposa 20 yokongoletsa ya mtundu umenewu.
  • Wing euonymus ndi shrub kapena mtengo womwe uli ndi nthambi zinayi, masamba obiriwira, omwe amasonkhana mu inflorescence. Zipatso zili zofiira kwambiri. Mitunduyi ili ndi mitundu yoposa 20.
  • Forchun's euonymus - zokwawa shrub zimatanthawuza ku masamba obiriwira. Mitundu yambiri ya mitundu imeneyi imasiyana ndi masamba a masamba.
  • Japanese euonymus - amatanthauza zomera zonse zamkati ndi zamaluwa. Masamba ndi aakulu, obiriwira, obiriwira ndi mdima wowala. Chomera sichikhoza kulekerera kutentha pansi pa madigiri 5, kotero m'nyengo yozizira iyenera kusungidwa m'chipinda chozizira.
Kubzala Euonymus kumafuna kusankha malo m'munda. Ziyenera kukhala zazikulu chifukwa zomera zimatha kukula kwambiri. Ndikofunika kuti tipeze mphuno yam'munda kumayambiriro kwa masika kapena kumapeto. Kuti muchite izi, kukumba dzenje lomwe liyenera kukhala lachiwiri la mizu ya chomera. Pansi ife timayika ngalande. Pachifukwa ichi, timagwiritsa ntchito mchenga, kudula dothi, njerwa zosweka. Pamwamba pa malo osindikizira malo malo osanjikiza a humus. Ikani pulasitiki, yongolani mizu ndi kuwaza dothi lonyowa. Kuchokera pamwamba timaphatikiza pamodzi ndi kuthirira mbewu.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kusunga chinyezi m'nthaka, nthaka imagwiritsidwa ndi makungwa kapena mitengo yamtengo. Izi zidzateteza kupanga mapuloteni pamwamba ndi kumera kwa namsongole.

Kukula kwa chikhalidwe cha euonymus m'munda

Euonymus amamva bwino pansi pa kuwala kozungulira. Masamba ofiira amatembenukira chikasu padzuwa, ndipo mabala a bulauni amapangidwa ndi mitundu yambiri yamitundu. Mu mthunzi, chomera chimakula pang'onopang'ono, ndipo masamba okongoletsera amalephera kuwala. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kukula kwa Euonymus ndi madigiri 18-22. Chomeracho sichimakonda madzi ochulukirapo ndi nthaka yosavuta.

Ndikofunikira! Euonymus sakonda nthaka ya dothi.
Ambiri musanadzale euonymus musaganize ngati ndi owopsa kapena ayi. Izi ziyenera kuganiziridwa pamene mukukonzekera flowerbeds pafupi ndi masewera, monga mphukira ndi ya zomera zakupha. Mankhwala oopsa kwa munthu wamkulu amakhala 35 fetus. Popeza chipatso chili chokongola kwambiri, chikhoza kukondweretsa ana. Izi ndizoopsa!

Kudulira Euonymus Crown

Euonymus amatanthauza zitsamba, choncho, zimafuna kudulira nthawi zonse. Ndikofunika kudula chomera kumapeto kwa chilimwe ndi chilimwe. Pakatikatikatikatikati, kusungidwa kwaukhondo kumapangidwa: nthambi zowuma ndi zowonongeka zimadulidwa ndipo korona wa chomera imapangidwa. Kukoma tsitsi kwa nyengo kumakongoletsera. Amapatsa chitsamba mawonekedwe a nthawi zonse. The shrub mosavuta kulekerera youma, choncho sizitanthauza kawirikawiri kuthirira.

Ndikofunikira! Madzi a mbewuyo ndi owopsa. Choncho, pamene mukudulira, tetezani manja anu ndi magolovesi.

Euonymus chomera chomera

Kuika kwa achinyamata zomera kumachitika kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa February. Musamaphatikizepo kuziika zomera ndi anti-kukalamba kudulira. Tchikulu wamkulu kuposa zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri, ndibwino kuti musabwerere. Ngati kuli kofunikira kusinthitsa chitsamba kumalo atsopano, ndiye kumapeto kwa kasupe kamasungidwa mosamalitsa ndikusamutsidwa ndi nsalu ya pansiyi kumalo atsopano. Kuthirira zomera ayenera kukhala nthawi zonse mpaka masamba asungunuke.

Zima za Euonymus

Zomera zozizira za akuluakulu Euonymus zomera ndi zapamwamba. Achinyamata amafika zaka zitatu akhoza kutetezedwa m'nyengo yozizira ndi masamba owuma, ndipo akulu sakhala ndi mantha otentha, choncho safuna malo ogona. Pofuna kupewa kutentha kwa mizu mu chisanu chopanda chipale chofewa, bwalo la thunthulo limadzazidwa ndi utuchi kapena masamba ogwa.

Kuberekera kwa euonymus kunyumba

Ganizirani njira zoberekera, kulima ndi kusamalira chisokonezo.

Mbewu

Ngati mukufuna kufalitsa mphutsiyi pogwiritsa ntchito mbewu, muyenera kudziwa kuti ndikofunika kuti mutenge masabatawo mutatsegula mabokosi. Mbewu iyenera kubzalidwa mwamsanga mutatha kukolola. Ngati mumachedwa nthawiyi mpaka masika, zidzakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti zichite, chifukwa zimayenera kuwedwa masiku atatu ndipo zidzakonza zolimira zomwe zilipo m'chilimwe komanso m'nyengo yozizira. Izi zimatchedwa stratification. Kwa akatswiri sikovuta, koma kwa mafani sikovuta komanso ovuta.

Mukudziwa? Mankhwala a lalanje a euonymus prillaries amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi amayi a ku India kuti apeze malo pamphumi.
Mwachilengedwe, euonymus imafalitsa ndi mbewu mothandizidwa ndi mbalame. Amadya zipatso za mbewu, ndipo mbewu zovuta sizimagwedezeka ndipo zitosi zimagwa pansi ndikukula.

Kugawa chitsamba

Njira yoberekera imagwiritsidwanso ntchito kwa mitundu yochepa ya euonmus. Izi sizowopsya, chifukwa mizu ya mbewuyo ndi yopanda pake. Ndikofunikira kuti mulekanitse bwino gawo la mbeu ndi mphukira zazing'ono ndi rhizome. Musanadzalemo, mphukira imadulidwa, kusiya 1/3 gawo.

Cuttings

Njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito mu June - July. Pa ichi, chomera chosapitirira zaka zisanu chingakhale choyenera. Ndikofunika kudula cuttings ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 7 ndi imodzi yokha ya mphukira ya mayi. Pofuna kupangitsa mizu kupangidwe, kudula kwa kudula kumachitidwa ndi mizu. Cuttings anayikidwa mu mini-wowonjezera kutentha kapena pansi, Manga kumene bwino feteleza. 3-4 masentimita a mchenga amatsanuliridwa pa dziko lapansi, izo zidzasunga chinyezi bwino. Zotsatira zimapezeka mwezi ndi theka.

Muzu ana

Kubalana kwazu suckers anachita kumayambiriro kasupe. Pochita izi, dulani mbali ya mizu ndi dothi la earthy, ndipo kutalika kwa mphukira sikuyenera kupitirira 50 masentimita. Kutalika kwa mizu ya mbeu iyenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita imodzi ndi hafu, ndi kutalika kwake - 30 cm.

Matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda a euonymus, njira zolimbana nazo

Euonymus amakonda kwambiri tizirombo. Amadziwika ndi njere za apulo, nkhono, nsabwe za m'masamba, nthata zamagulu, ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana. Kawirikawiri mphamvuyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati nyambo kwa tizirombo m'minda ya zipatso za apulo. Nyongolotsi zonse zimasonkhanitsidwa pa eosklet, ndipo zimawonongedwa ndi mankhwala, koma mitengo ya zipatso imakhala yopanda mankhwala. Ganizirani momwe mungazindikire matenda a zitsamba ndi njira zothetsera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

  • Chishango pa masamba chimakhudza zimayambira za chomera. Ma protiberances a mdima wofiira kapena woyera amatha kufika pa 2 mm m'mimba mwake. Shchitovki imayamwa madzi kuchokera masamba a chomera, ndipo chikasu chachikasu chimapezeka pa tsamba la chiyanjano chake, chomwe chimapitirira nthawi yambiri ndipo chimatsogolera tsamba lakufa, kenako mbewu yokha. Kuteteza tizilombo tingathe kuchitidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda (monga Aktara, Aktellik, Bankol, Karbofos, etc.) Koma kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa sikudzabweretsa zotsatira zabwino, chifukwa chiphuphu chimateteza tizilombo toopsa. Ndikofunikira kupanga makina opangira masambawo ndi tsaya kapena burashi.
  • Ntchentche ya Apple imathera pa zimayambira pamtundu wa zisa, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mumatumba. Pakatikati pa chisa pali mbozi, zomwe zimawononga masamba a chomera ndipo zingayambitse vuto losalephereka. Nkhondoyo ikuchitika ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Zitsamba zamagulu zimadulidwa ndi kutenthedwa, ndipo chomeracho chimachizidwa ndi mankhwala.
  • Hawthorn ndi gulugufe lalikulu loyera lokhala ndi mizere yakuda pamapiko ake. Iye, mofanana ndi njenjete ya apulo, savulaza. Koma mbozi yofiira, ya mamita 4-5 masentimita, imawonekera kuchokera mazira omwe iwo amakhala. Ndikofunika kulimbana nawo mothandizidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kuwononga zisala. Mbozi ya hawthorn imadya zakudya zokhazokha.
  • Aphid amatanthauza tizirombo tating'ono m'munda. Tizilomboti ndi chakuda kapena chobiriwira mtundu ndi maiko omwe akukhazikika pa mphukira zachitsamba kapena pansi pa masamba. Aphid imamwa madzi kuchokera ku chomera ndipo imatulutsa mankhwala okoma - dontho. Nyerere zimadya pa chinthu ichi. Musaganize kuti nyerere zimadya nsabwe za m'masamba. M'malo mwake, iwo ali mu chiyanjano. Mukhoza kumenyana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba m'njira zosiyanasiyana: mothandizidwa ndi sopo (2 magalasi a madzi, masupuni awiri a sopo madzi), komanso mothandizidwa ndi azimayi, koma njira yowonekera kwambiri ndi mankhwala - mothandizidwa ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo ndi tizilombo tophera.
  • Kukhalapo kwa chofiira chofiira cha mite chikhoza kutsimikiziridwa pa chomera ndi zinthu zotsatirazi: poyamba, mawanga owoneka amaoneka pamasamba, ndiye timawona kupotoka kwa pamwamba ngati mawonekedwe. Pofuna kuthana ndi nkhupakupa, muyenera kuchotsa masamba onse omwe akukhudzidwa ndi kuwotcha, ndikukonzekeretsa nthenda iliyonse ya tizilombo. Pambuyo pokonza, chomeracho chimafuna kuthirira kwina, chifukwa chiyenera kuyambitsa chikhalidwe cha kubwerera msanga kwa masamba.

Ntchito ndi zothandiza za euonymus

Euonymus ndi chomera cha mankhwala. Ndi cholinga cha mankhwala pogwiritsa ntchito makungwa ndi nthambi za zomera. Lili ndi organic ndi mafuta acids, alkaloids, chakudya, flavonoids, zomwe zimakhudza thupi.

Mukudziwa? Euonymus mizu ya makungwa imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga gutta percha. Gutta-percha ndi chinthu chofanana ndi khungu chofanana ndi labala lachilengedwe, limene linagwiritsidwa ntchito kale mu makina a wailesi, makampani a nsapato, mazinyo, kupanga mapulogalamu a golf.
Evonimine, yomwe ili mu chomera, imakulolani kuti muwonetsetse ntchito ya mtima wamtima. Nthendayi imakhalanso ndi zotsatira zochiritsira ku ziwalo za m'mimba, normalizes kuthamanga kwa magazi, kupweteka kwa mutu, kuwonjezera mphamvu ya amuna, kumenyana ndi matenda a fungal a khungu ndi misomali ndi helminths. Msuzi wa euonymus bark amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala ofewetsa tuvi tolimba.

Koma chomera chiri ndi contraindications. Sungatengedwe kwa anthu odwala matenda otsekemera komanso kutupa kwa m'mimba. Popeza kuti mankhwalawa ndi owopsa kwambiri, makamaka zipatso zake, ndizofunika kuzigwiritsa ntchito pochiza ndi kupewa matenda pa mlingo woyenera malinga ndi maphikidwe ena. Samalani, chifukwa kugwiritsa ntchito chomerachi kungachititse kusanza, kutopa, kupweteka.

Mukudziwa? Mapensiti a Fuzien amapangidwa ndi euonymus. Kuti muchite izi, temani nkhuni za euonymus, ndikuyiika mu zitsulo zamkuwa. Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mosavuta zimachotsedwa, koma zimapereka maonekedwe a mdima wakuda, choncho amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa zojambula.