Kodi kusamalira strawberries pa maluwa, zabwino nsonga

Aliyense amadziwa zipatso zofiira, zokoma, zamadzimadzi zotchedwa strawberries. Kuti apeze bwino nthawi yokolola, amafunika kupereka chisamaliro chabwino osati nthawi yokha yokula, koma komanso pa maluwa. Kusamalira kwa Strawberry Zimakhala mu ulimi wothirira bwino, kudyetsa, kutsuka namsongole, ndevu zowonjezera, ndikulima nthaka kuzungulira tchire.

Mukudziwa? Kulemera kwa sitiroberi yaikulu padziko lapansi kunali 231 magalamu.

Mbali kudyetsa strawberries pa maluwa, momwe manyowa lokoma mabulosi

Ambiri amaluwa amalingalira kuti panthawi ya budding strawberries safuna feteleza, koma izi si choncho. Chitsamba chimatha pafupifupi zonse zomwe zimayambitsa mapangidwe a inflorescences ndi kucha kwa zipatso. M'munsimu mulembayi tidzaganiziridwa kudyetsa strawberries pa maluwa, feteleza amagwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha atabzalidwa ndi kale fruiting baka. Froberries amafunika kudyetsedwa katatu pa chaka: kumayambiriro kwa nyengo ya kukula kwa chitsamba, panthawi yamaluwa ndi kumapeto kwa fruiting. Chofunika kwambiri kwa strawberries ndi feteleza wa tchire pa maluwa ndi mapangidwe a zipatso. Kudyetsa strawberries pa maluwa kungakhale zomwe analimbikitsa wamaluwa amalangiza: zovuta mchere feteleza. Kuti feteleza zilowe m'nthaka ndikuyamwa mizu ya sitiroberi, nthaka ikuyenera kumasulidwa.

Ndikofunikira! Mineral feteleza pa budding wa strawberries amagwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi.

Zakudya za agrochemicals zosavuta sizigwiritsa ntchito strawberries pa maluwa. Pa mapangidwe a ovary baka amafuna potaziyamu wambiri. Pofuna kuthandizira potaziyamu, gwiritsani ntchito kulowetsedwa kwa nkhuku manyowa, mullein + phulusa kapena potassium nitrate. Pamene masamba ayamba kuoneka, supuni ya tiyi ya saltpeter imachepetsedwa ndi khumi malita a madzi ndi kuthirira mchenga uliwonse. Kugwiritsa ntchito mlingo pansi pa chitsamba pafupi 0,5 malita. Pamene inflorescences akuwonekera, strawberries amatsanuliridwa ndi yankho la nkhuku manyowa kapena mullein ndi phulusa pa theka la lita imodzi pamadzi khumi.

Chakudya cha Foliar cha strawberries ndi boric acid pa maluwa chimapangitsa kukula kwa inflorescences, zomwe zimakhudza kuchuluka kwa zokolola. Pakuti kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa pa tchire, 1 g ya boric acid imadzipiritsidwa ndi khumi malita a madzi. Kupopera mbewu kumaphatikizapo 0.02% zinc sulphate. Kupopera mbewu koteroko kumangodzaza sitiroberi ndi microelements, komanso kumathandiza kuti mapangidwe ovary ndi kuonjezera zokolola kuti makumi atatu peresenti.

Yisiti kuvala kwa strawberries adadziwika osati kale kwambiri, koma adakwanitsa kupeza wotchuka pakati pa wamaluwa. Dyetsani yisiti kawiri pa nyengo. Chilogalamu imodzi ya yisiti imasungunuka mu malita asanu a madzi ndipo imaloledwa kupangira maola awiri. Kuchokera pa njirayi, mtsuko wa nthenda imodzi imatengedwa ndi kuchepetsedwa mu khumi malita a madzi. Osachepera 0,5 malita a anamaliza feteleza udzathiridwa pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse. Zotsatira za kugwiritsa ntchito yisiti m'munda zimakudabwitsani.

Malingana ndi zomwe tatchulazo, aliyense adzisankhira yekha zomwe zingakhale bwino kuti adyetse strawberries pa maluwa. Chofunika kwambiri, kumbukirani kuti umuna wa tchire umakhudza osati kukula kokha kwa tchire, komanso nthawi yakucha yakucha.

Mukudziwa? Kutulutsa strawberries ndi tsinde, mumapitiriza kuwonjezera pa thalafu moyo wa zipatso zotsekedwa.

Kusamalira nthaka panthawi ya maluwa ndikuchotsa ndevu zosayenera

Pamene strawberries akuphuka (kutha kwa April - chiyambi cha May), kumafuna chidwi ndi chisamaliro. Kumalimbikitsa bwino maluwa pakusulidwa kwa namsongole nthawi ndi kumasula nthaka kuzungulira tchire, zomwe zimapangitsa mphepo kusintha. Kuti maluwa azitha kupeza mphamvu kwa fruiting, kudula koyamba kwa ndevu ndi masamba mu strawberries ayenera kupanga. Masamba owuma achotsedwa mosamala ndi secator. Pakati pa maluwa, chotsani masharubu onse popanda kupatulapo, pamene amatenga chinyezi ndi zakudya kuchokera ku chomera. Kuwonjezera pa ndevu ndi masamba owuma, oyambirira sitiroberi maluwa akuyenera kuchotsedwa. Amakhulupirira kuti mapesi am'maluwa amatha kukhala aakulu kuposa omwe amathawa, ndipo izi zimakhudza kukula kwa mabulosi. Kuchotsa peduncles sikofunika. Pakati pa maluwa pansi pa tchire ayenera kutsanulira udzu kapena utuchi, kuti zipatsozo zikhale zoyera komanso zisawonongeke kuchokera ku nthaka yonyowa.

Kodi kuthirira strawberries pa maluwa

Kuthirira strawberries pa maluwa kumathandiza kwambiri. Chifukwa cha mizu yambiri, strawberries satha kupeza chinyezi m'matumbo a dziko lapansi, ife, wamaluwa, tiyenera kumuthandiza izi. Kuti mupeze zipatso zazikulu zowutsa mudyo, muyenera kuthirira madzi kumtunda kuti madziwo alowe kumzu. Gwiritsani ntchito kuthirira zofunika pakati pa golide.

Zomwe zimadzaza ndi kusefukira kwa madzi zimakhudza kwambiri zipatso ndi mizu. Pachiyambi choyamba, muzuwo umauma, mabulosi samatsanulira, mchigawo chachiwiri zonsezi ndi mabulosi zimayamba kuvunda. Nthawi zambiri kuthirira strawberries pa maluwa, kumadalira mphepo. Ngati nyengo imvula ndipo chinyezi chiri chapamwamba, kutsirira kwaimitsidwa. Mu nyengo yozizira, ulimi wothirira wochuluka umachitika masiku atatu, kotero kuti tchire sichigwa ndipo mabulosi amatsanulira mofanana. Kuthirira kumachitika m'mawa kapena madzulo, dzuwa likasaphika, madzi sayenera kukhala ozizira. Imwani madzi ndi kuthirira mowa kapena pansi pa chitsamba. Kuthirira pansi pa chitsamba, onetsetsani kuti mizu siyiwonekera.

Ndikofunikira! Kuthirira strawberries ukufalikira pokha pazu, madzi palibe njira sayenera kugwa pa maluwa.

Mitundu ya Strawberry Pollination

Zotsatira za kuperewera kwa sitiroberi zimapotoza zipatso zazing'ono. Chifukwa cha kuphulika kosauka kungakhale kuchepa kwakukulu m'kati mwake kutentha, utsi, mvula kawirikawiri. Pofuna kupewa zotsatira zoipa zoterezi, muyenera kuthandiza strawberries ndi pollination. Ngati bedi lanu la sitiroberi liri laling'ono, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito pollination pogwiritsira ntchito kaburashi kofewa pamaluwa madzulo. M'mawuma, nyengo yopanda mphepo m'minda yayikulu ndi m'malo obiriwira amagwiritsa ntchito fan. Nyongolotsi yomwe imagwidwa ndi mphepo ikufalikira pa bedi.

Ngati mukuganiza ngati mungathe komanso momwe processing strawberries pa maluwa pollination, yankho lidzakudabwitsani. Chida chokhacho chosawonongeka chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito polunikira masamba a strawberries ndi uchi. Supuni imodzi ya uchi imachepetsedwa ndi lita imodzi yamadzi ofunda ndi sprayed ndi tchire. Uchi umakopa njuchi, ndipo malo abwino kwambiri opanga mungu wochokera ku strawberries sapezeka. Mukhoza kupindula bwino pollination mwa kukula mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Mitundu yokhala ndi mungu wokhala ndi mungu wokhala ndi mungu wofanana ndi mungu imakhala ngati mungu wochokera ku mungu.