Monstera: Mitundu ya Tropical Flower

Monstera ndi mpesa wam'mlengalenga womwe umamera m'chilengedwe chake ndipo umakula mpaka mamita makumi awiri, kumamatira mizu ya mphepo ya mitengo ndi miyala. Masamba osakanikirana, osiyana, mazira owoneka ngati mazira. Mabala akuluakulu a masamba amawombedwa ndipo amaikidwa pamtengo chifukwa cha petioles. Watsopano watsopanoyu amachoka, pofika kutalika kwa masentimita khumi, amakhala odzaza mabowo. Maluwa amatsenga amodzi omwe amadziwika bwino. Mphukira zoyera kapena zonona zimapangidwa mofanana ndi ngalawa. Chimake ndi chobiriwira, chachilendo. Komabe, sizingatchulidwe kuti mabotolo onse okhala ndi chipinda cha chipinda amakhala ndi mawonekedwe onse, chifukwa amagawidwa m'mitundu yambiri.

Mukudziwa? Dzina lakuti Monstera limachokera ku mawu monstrosus, omwe m'Chilatini amatanthauza "zokongola".
Pakukula kwanu, duwa limakula kuchokera masentimita makumi atatu mpaka mamita asanu ndi atatu. Mitundu ya maluwa yomwe imamera mu chilengedwe chawo, pali zitsanzo zoposera makumi asanu, motero zimapatsidwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zinyama, sizodabwitsa kuti ngakhale zinyama za m'nyumbamo zimasiyana mosiyana, mawonekedwe a masamba ndi malamulo a chisamaliro.

Monstera Adanson

Flower Monstera Adansona ali ndi ndondomeko zotsatirazi. Kutalika kwa mpesa ndi mamita asanu ndi atatu. Masamba ochepa amakhala ndi mabowo ang'onoang'ono pamwamba pa mbale yonseyo. Kutalika kwa tsamba ndi 20-55 masentimita, ndipo m'lifupi umasiyana ndi masentimita 15 mpaka 40. Tsamba lokhala ngati mazira, ndipo maluwa m'mikhalidwe yolima mkati ndizosowa kwambiri. Mankhwalawa amatha kupitirira masentimita khumi ndi atatu, kukula kwake kumadutsa masentimita awiri, ndipo mtunduwo ndi wachikasu pang'ono. Mzinda wa Monstera Adanson Brazil ndi Mexico.

Monstera Borsig

Monstera Borsig - liana yotengedwa kuchokera ku liana, kotero mu malo ake omwe simungapezeke. Masambawa ndi ochepa, amawonekedwe a mtima, ndi mabala a yunifolomu. M'kati mwake, masamba amakula mpaka masentimita makumi atatu ndipo amamangiriza mwamphamvu kwambiri zimayambira. Otsatira a mtundu uwu wa Monstera ndi ochokera ku Mexico. Chimake sichinawonedwe.

Ndikofunikira! Monster ndi chomera chakupha, madzi omwe ali ndi zinthu zokhumudwitsa khungu ndi mitsempha ya munthu.

Monstera inadulidwa kapena holey

Bzalani ndi masamba a holey chilombo chotchedwa "holey" kapena "chilonda". Dziko lakumwera liana limeneli ndi nkhalango ya ku America. Maonekedwe a masamba ndi ovate kapena oblong-ovate. Kutalika kwa tsambali kumafika 90 cm, ndipo m'lifupi nthawi zambiri zimakhala pafupifupi 25 masentimita. Mapiri a masambawo ndi osagwirizana, mbali ya pansi ya pepala imakula, maenje ndi osagwirizana. Kutalika kwa mphukira kufika pa masentimita makumi awiri, kutalika kwa maziko kuli pafupi masentimita khumi.

Monstera zokoma kapena zokongola

Monstera wokongola (kapena kuti amatchedwa "zokoma") amachokera ku nkhalango zam'mvula zamkuntho za ku Central America. Masamba a mpesa ukukwera kwambiri, ndi mamita 60 cm. Maonekedwe a masamba akale ndi ofanana ndi mtima, amakhala ndi kudula, pinnate ndi mabowo ang'onoang'ono. Mawonekedwe atsopanowa amawoneka ndi mtima wozungulira. Mphukira yoyera ndi khutu lalitali, pafupifupi 25 cm.

Nkhungu ya cobisi imasiyanasiyana ndi 10 mpaka 20 cm ndipo, mosiyana ndi oyambirirawo, chilombochi chimabereka zipatso. Chipatso ndi mabulosi owoneka ofewa ndi fungo komanso kukoma kwa chinanazi. Kutalika kwa kukongola uku kukukula mu chipinda zinthu kufika mamita atatu. Ngati mumasamalira bwino monster wambiri, imamasula chaka chilichonse, ndipo zimatenga miyezi khumi kuti chipatso chipse.

Mukudziwa? Malinga ndi timapepala timene tizilombo timadzinso tawona ngati mvula ikugwa lero. Mvula isanayambe kugwa kuchokera pamapepala.

Monstera oblique kapena osadziwika

Mzinda wa oblique Monstera - nkhalango zamkuntho za Brazil ndi Guiana. Ndi mtundu wokwera phirili, kotero masamba a zinyama zotere ndi amphumphu ndipo amakhala ndi mawonekedwe otalika: masentimita 20, m'lifupi ndi masentimita 6. Pamphepete mwa masamba omwe ali pafupi ndi m'munsi muli osagwirizana, ndipo ngakhale mabowo omwe ali m'mamasamba amakhala ozungulira, osati ozungulira. Tsinde ndi pafupifupi masentimita khumi ndi awiri kutalika. Leaf tsamba limangokhala litakwinya. Kutalika kwa Mphukira ndi pafupifupi masentimita asanu ndi atatu, chimake chimakhala chosadabwitsa mpaka masentimita anayi pamwamba.

Monstera Karwinsky

Monstera Kravinsky kufika mamita atatu mamita. Poyamba, masamba a chomerawo amatha, koma ngati duwa limakula, mabowo ndi mabala amaonekera. Dera la masamba silimaposa masentimita makumi anai. Zina - Mexico. Chifukwa cha kukula kwake kwakukulu, nyamakazi imeneyi ndi yabwino kwa maofesi, maholo a zisudzo, masewera, mahoitilanti.

Monstera Friedrichstahl

Home Monstera Maluwa Frederick - nthawi yapadera. Sikuti alimi onse ali ndi chidwi, chifukwa ndi okwera kwambiri. Masamba akuluakulu otsetsereka amafika pamtunda wa masentimita makumi atatu, ndipo zomera zimamera ndi maluwa okongola.

Ndikofunikira! Mizu ya Monstera sitingathe kudulidwa, chifukwa imatulanso mchere mwa iwo.

Monstera analoza

Mitundu ya Monstera ili ndi mayina awo enieni, omwe makamaka amadalira mawonekedwe ndi mtundu wa masamba kapena dzina la asayansi omwe anazipeza. Mbalame zamphongo sizili choncho. Masambawo ndi ofiira kwambiri, omwe amamangiriridwa ku mitengo ikuluikulu ya kuwala kobiriwira mothandizidwa ndi petioles, omwe ali ndi masentimita 40. Pa masamba a mamita atatu, mabowo amaoneka. Mapepala a mapepala ali ndi mawonekedwe a mtima wolekanitsa, ndi mbali zopanda malire ndi mbali zopota. Pa zomera zakale, kutalika kwa tsamba ndi pafupifupi 50 cm, ndipo m'lifupi mwake ndi masentimita 20. Mu zikhalidwe za kukula kwa mmera chomera sichimasintha.

Monstera variegated kapena marble

Marble Monstera - maluwa amphamvu kwambiri. Masamba aang'ono ali okwanira, opanda mabala, koma pamene akukula, mabowo amaoneka kuti pamapeto pake amayamba kudula. Masamba ndi thunthu la maluwa ali ndi zikopa kapena zofiira zoyera, zofanana ndi zowonongeka. Masambawa ndi aakulu, osowa. Mdziko la Marble monstera South America ndi East India.