Tomato Marina Grove: kubzala, kusamala, ubwino ndi kuipa

Olima minda ndi wamaluwa akusowa kwambiri mbewu zawo ndipo nthawi zambiri sawakondwera nawo. Ngakhale akatswiri odziwa bwino nthawi zonse sangathe kuphatikizapo kukoma kwa zipatso ndi chimanga chachikulu. Izi zimagwira ntchito kwa tomato.

Matata ambiri amasangalala kwambiri akamagwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano, koma osayenera kuti asungidwe, komanso mosiyana.

Popeza n'zovuta kusankha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato yomwe ili yoyenera m'mbali zonse, zimakhala zobiriwira kubzala mitundu ingapo. Koma pakubwera kwa mtundu wosakanizidwa wa Marina Grove, nkhaniyi yathetsedwa.

Ngati mwasankha kale kuyesa tomato ya Marina Grove, mudzakhala ndi chidwi ndi zizindikiro zake ndi kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana. Tiyeni tiyese kuthana ndi nkhaniyi.

Phwetekere Marina Grove: zosiyanasiyana zofotokozera

Matimati Maryina Grove ali ndi ndondomeko zotsatirazi: Shrub imatha kufika 150-170 masentimita mu msinkhu, kotero ndi bwino kukula mtundu uwu wa phwetekere ndi zimayambira ziwiri.

Zimayambira zikhoza kuoneka ngati zamphamvu kwa inu, komabe muyenera kumangiriza, ndipo zipatso zikayamba kucha, zidzafuna zothandizira ndi zipatso.

Pamtunda wa Marina Grove muli masamba ang'onoang'ono a masamba obiriwira, omwe amafanana ndi zipatso.

Zomwe anakumana nazo wamaluwa amalimbikitsa kuchotsa m'munsi masamba pambuyo poti apangidwe. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zakudya za tomato zikhale ndi zakudya komanso zimatulutsa nthaka mumabowo.

Mukudziwa? Zimapezeka kuti tomato onse ndi madzi oposa 90%.
Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere Maryina Rosh ndi wodzichepetsa kupirira komanso kupirira kutentha.

Zomwe zimabzala phwetekere

Kubzala phwetekere muyenera kusankha tsiku lotentha mukamapesa mbande pansi. Ndi bwino kudyetsa tomato ndi mchere feteleza. Kufika pa mabedi kuyenera kuyambika pokhapokha dothi litatenthedwa mu wowonjezera kutentha. Pakukula ndikupanga mbande ayenera kudyetsedwa zovuta feteleza.

Kodi malo abwino kwambiri odzala Marina Grove ali kuti?

Mukayamba kusankha mbeu ya phwetekere Marina Grove, mudzakhala ndi chidwi chodzala nkhani.

Tomato Maryina Roscha akatswiri amalangiza kukula pa nthaka yotetezedwa. Choncho, makamaka anakonza greenhouses ndi oyenera izi zosiyanasiyana tomato. Pamabedi otseguka, tomatowa akhoza kubzalidwa m'madera akum'mwera.

Zofuna za nthaka zokolola zochuluka

Tomato sadziwika kwambiri ndi nthaka yomwe amamera, choncho nthaka iyenera kukhala yotentha. Mbewu idzamera pa kutentha kosachepera kuposa 14 ° C °, zabwino kwambiri kuti chitukuko chawo chiwonedwe kukhala + 22 ... +26 ° C masana ndi 16 ... ... Kutentha pansipa +10 ° C ndi pamwamba +32 ° C kumachepetsa kukula kwa mbewu, ndipo pamatentha pansi pa 0 ° C mbande kufa.

Pa nyengo yokula, kutentha kwa nthaka kuyenera kukhala + 18 ... +20 ° C. Tomato Maryina Rosh wamphamvu mizu, ndipo chifukwa chake amafunika kuthirira mobwerezabwereza. Dothi louma kwambiri lingayambitse maluwa ndi mazira, komanso zipatso zobala.

Kukolola kochuluka kwa nthaka yotayirira yokhala ndi mchere ndi zakudya. Komanso, tomatowa amakula bwino pa nthaka loamy yomwe imakhala yosavuta komanso imatentha mofulumira.

Dothi ndi peat ndi ozizira, ndipo dothi la mchenga limafuna feteleza zambiri, popeza zili ndi kanthu kakang'ono. Tomato sagwirizana kwenikweni ndi acidity ya nthaka ndikupereka zokolola zabwino.

Mukudziwa? Masamba a phwetekere ali poizoni.

Kubzala mbande Marina Grove

Mfundo yofunika kwa mbande ndi yokonzekera kubzala, yomwe imayamba nthawi yayitali musanayambe kubzala. Kuteteza mitundu yonse ya matenda kusamalira mbande Bordeaux osakaniza. Ndondomekoyi ndi yofunika kwambiri mutatha kuziika pansi.

Masabata awiri isanachitike, mbande imayamba mkwiyo. Kuti muchite izi, mu greenhouses nthawi zonse chotsani chimango. Ngati mbande zowumitsidwa bwino, ndiye zimakhala lilac.

Masiku angapo musanabzala pa mbeu iliyonse, ndi zofunika kuti mudule mapepala awiri. Izi zidzathandiza mbande kukhala bwino pamalo atsopano. Ngati mbande yanu yayamba kale kukonzekera, ndipo simungathe kuigwiritsa ntchito panthawiyi, ndiye kuti musamamwe madzi ndi kuchepetsa kutentha kwa mpweya - izi zidzasiya kukula kwa mbeu kwa kanthawi.

Pofuna kusunga masambawa pa burashi yoyamba, perekani ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo masiku asanu musanadzalemo (1 g ya boric acid m'madzi okwanira 1). Mbeu, yokonzeka kubzala, ili ndi mphukira pa dzanja, phesi lakuda, masamba akulu ndi mizu yotukuka.

Ndi bwino kubzala mbande nthawi zambiri. Popeza ndi zofunika kuika malo otchedwa Marina Grove pamalo otetezedwa, nthawi yobzala imadalira mtundu ndi malo a nthaka.

Ndi kasupe wofunda mungathe kubzala mbande mu magalasi amodzi ofunika greenhouses m'masiku otsiriza a April. Mu wowonjezera kutentha popanda kutenthedwa, koma ndi chivundikiro choonjezera cha mbande ndi zojambulazo - pa May 5-10, komanso mu wowonjezera kutentha popanda kutentha komanso popanda pogona - pa May 20-25. Koma mawu onsewa ndi osiyana - nyengo imakhalabe malo aakulu.

Choncho, pofuna kuteteza kuopsa kwa kubzala koyambirira ngati mawonekedwe a chisanu, muyenera kuphimba wowonjezera kutentha ndi mafilimu awiri pamtunda wa masentimita angapo pakati pawo.

Kukonzekera kwa nthaka ndi mbewu kwa mbande

Kukonzekera nthaka yobzala kumayenera kugwa. Kukumba mabedi kwa tomato pasadakhale ndikudzaza manyowa ndi kompositi kapena humus. Posakhalitsa musanadzale, onjezerani mchere feteleza kunthaka, monga superphosphate kapena potaziyamu kloride. Pa kukula kwa phwetekere nthaka ikufunika kumasula, kuthirira ndi kupalira.

Popeza zosiyanasiyana Marina Grove ndi wosakanizidwa, kukonzekera mbewu kumayenera kukhala koyenera. Mitundu yambiri ya tomato yapangidwa kuti idzalemo mu wowonjezera kutentha. Kufesa kuyenera kuchitika pa February 15-20 mu mabokosi kapena mabokosi okhala ndi kutalika kosaposa 10 cm.

Mukhoza kugula kapena kukonzekera nthaka nokha:

  • Tengani nawo ofanana gawo la humus, peat ndi sod. Pa chidebe cha osakaniza, onjezerani supuni imodzi ya phulusa la nkhuni ndi supuni 1 ya potaziyamu sulphate ndi superphosphate;
  • Muli ofanana mbali peat wothira humus, ndiye mu chidebe cha osakaniza, onjezerani mtsuko wa lita imodzi wa mchenga wa mtsinje ndi supuni ya phulusa kapena ufa wa dolomite, ndi supuni ya superphosphate.

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbeu za phwetekere

Mbeu za phwetekere Mariyaina Grove asanayambe kutuluka sikofunikira. Kusakaniza kulikonse kuyenera kusakanizidwa bwino sabata musanafese. Iyenera kukhala yonyowa. Musanafese kusakaniza mumatsanuliridwa mu bokosi, lokhazikika ndi lopangidwa. Mutatha madzi ndi njira yothetsera sodium humate, yomwe imayenera kukhala ndi kutentha kwa 35-40 ° C komanso mtundu wa mowa.

Ndiye ndikofunikira kupanga grooves iliyonse masentimita 5-8, ndi kuya osaposa 1.5 masentimita. Mbewu zofesedwa m'maguluwawa ali patali pa masentimita awiri. Ndiye iwo ali ufa. Mabokosi ogwirira ntchito ayenera kuikidwa pamalo otentha kwambiri. Mu sabata, mphukira zidzawonekera.

Mbali imatenga Maryina mitengo

Saplings ndi masamba awiri kuthawa (kuziika) mu 8 x 8 masentimita. Mbande zidzakula mmenemo masiku osachepera makumi awiri. Pachifukwachi, mabokosiwa ali ndi nthaka yosakaniza ndi kuthirira ndi njira iyi: 0,5 g ya potaziyamu permanganate yowonjezera 10 malita a madzi ndi kutentha kwa 22-24 ° C. Pamene mukunyamula mbande, nkofunika kupatulira zitsanzo za matenda kuchokera ku thanzi labwino. Ngati mbande ikulongosoledwa pang'ono, tsinde likhoza kukhala lopangidwa ndi theka, ndi masamba omwe amatsalira pamwamba.

Masiku atatu oyambirira pambuyo pa kusankhidwa, kutentha kwa mpweya kumafunika + 20 ... +22 ° С masana ndi + 16 ... +18 ° usiku. Pamene mbande imakhala mizu, kutentha kumachepetsedwa kukhala + 18 ... +20 ° С masana, ndipo usiku mpaka 15 ... +16 ° С. Kuthirira mbande kamodzi kamodzi pa sabata, koma kuti nthaka ikhale yonyowa. Kwa madzi okwanira, dothi liyenera kuuma pang'ono, koma lisalole kuti liume.

Masabata awiri mutatha kusankha, mbande ziyenera kudyetsedwa. Pochita izi, 10 malita a madzi ayenera kuchepetsedwa ndi supuni ya nitrophoska. Kugwiritsa ntchito - pogwiritsa ntchito galasi pamphika.

Pakatha masabata atatu, mbande zimayenera kuikidwa kuchokera mabokosi ang'onoang'ono mpaka lalikulu (12/12 cm). Musati muzikumba mu mbande. Mutangoyamba kubzala, tsitsani madzi ofunda pamwamba pa nthaka kuti ikhale yonyowa. Musanamwe madzi.

M'tsogolo, nthaka imafuna kuthirira moyenera, kamodzi pa sabata kokwanira. Mmera uliwonse umathiriridwa payekha. Njirayi imaletsa kukula ndi kutambasula kwa mbande.

Ndikofunikira! Tomato amazisungira bwino kwambiri mumdima, chifukwa atakhala ndi dzuwa, amataya vitamini C. mwamsanga.

Masabata awiri mutabzala mu miphika yayikulu mbande ayenera kudyetsa. Pa 10 malita a madzi, tengani supuni ziwiri za phulusa ndi supuni ya superphosphate. Kugwiritsa ntchito - chikho chimodzi pa mphika.

Pambuyo pa masiku khumi, mbeu zimayenera kudyetsedwa ndi osakaniza: 10 malita a madzi kuphatikizapo supuni 2 za nitrophoska. Kugwiritsa ntchito ndikofanana ndi kudyetsa koyambirira. Kuthirira kuphatikiza ndi kuvala.

Mmene mungasamalire zosiyanasiyana mitundu ya phwetekere Maryina Rosha

Munagula tomato Marina Grove ndipo simukudziwa kusamalira iwo? Zophweka: zosiyanasiyana Marina Grove ndi modzichepetsa ndipo safuna chisamaliro chapadera. Palinso nsonga za kukula kwa hybrids izi.

Kufika pa mabedi kuyenera kuyambika pokhapokha dothi litatenthedwa mu wowonjezera kutentha. Pakukula ndikupanga mbande pamafunika feteleza zovuta feteleza.

Momwe mungamwetsere chomera

Madzi amafunika madzi ofunda kuti nthaka ikhale yonyowa, ndipo onetsetsani kuti siuma mpaka mvula yotsatira.

Pamwamba kuvala kwa tomato

Marina Grove akukula ndikupanga chipatso kumafuna feteleza zovuta kupanga feteleza.

Matenda aakulu ndi matenda omera

Tomato Marina Grove ali ndi chipiriro chachikulu.

Zimagonjetsedwa ndi mavairasi ambiri, monga fusarium, cladozpirioz ndi fodya.

Kukolola Marina Grove

Marina Grove ali ndi zokolola zambiri. Ngati tchire zitatu ziikidwa pa mita imodzi, ndiye kuti chotsaliracho chidzakhala pafupifupi 6 kilograms. Izi ndi zachilendo kwa mitundu yambiri ya tomato. Kusiyana kokha ndiko kukula kwa maburashi ndi zipatso.

Ndikofunikira! Musasunge tomato m'malo ozizira. Kenaka amataya mwamsanga thanzi lawo ndi kulawa.

Marina Grove: ubwino ndi zoipa za zosiyanasiyana

Ubwino wa Marina Grove ndizoyambirira kucha zipatso, kuchala kwa tomato, kukolola kwa nthawi imodzi, kusungidwa bwino panthawi yopititsa, kukana nyengo zosiyanasiyana ndi matenda ofala.

Zowonongeka zikuphatikizapo kuti zosiyana sizinayenere kuti kulima kumalo otseguka.

Pambuyo poyang'ana phwetekere la tomato, malongosoledwe ake, zozizwitsa za kulima ndi kusamalira, mudzatha kulikulitsa nokha ndikusangalala ndi zipatso zonunkhira ndi zathanzi.