Kusamba kwa Masika Kumeneko - Malamulo kwa Oyamba

Funso la kudulira yamatcheri m'chaka ndi chimodzi mwazovuta kwambiri kwa odziwa wamaluwa ndi oyamba kumene. Akumapetowa samayesetsa kukonza nthambi, chifukwa amaopa kuwononga zokololazo ndikufooketsa mtengowo.

Olima wamaluwa amaona kuti izi ndizosamvetsetseka ndipo samvetsa chifukwa chake anthu ambiri amanyalanyaza njira yofunikirayi. Malingaliro awo, kudulira yamatcheri ndi ofunika kwambiri ndipo kumapangitsa kuwonjezeka zokolola za mtengo ndikuthandizira kukoma kwa zipatso.

Mukudziwa? Ena mwa akatswiri osamalira wamaluwa pali lingaliro lakuti kudulira yamatcheri kumatsogolera ku stagnation, kufooketsa kwa mtengo ndi kukhumudwitsa zokolola. Komabe, zonsezi si zongopeka chabe, chifukwa zotsatira zoterezi zimachitika pokhapokha ngati mtengowo umanyalanyaza ndikumva ululu. Ngati mtengo wanu umasungidwa bwino, kudulira kungathandize.
NthaƔi zambiri, chifukwa chachikulu cha malingaliro olakwika pa kudulira mitengo ya chitumbuwa ndizopangidwe kosazindikira za malamulo ofunika.

Chimene mukufunika kudula chitumbuwa m'chaka

Pakuti novice wamaluwa amene akufuna kukula kwambiri maluwa ndi fruiting yamatcheri, m'pofunika kumvetsa zolinga ndi mfundo kasupe kudulira wa yamatcheri mwatsatanetsatane. Cherry, mosiyana ndi zina zipatso mbewu, ndi oyambirira kucha, chifukwa chake ndi wamba m'munda ziwembu.

Koma kununkhira kotereku kumakhalanso kovuta kwa yamatcheri: mtengo umatha msanga, kukalamba mofulumira komanso kutayika. Choncho, kuti musatayike chitumbuwa nonse, muyenera kudula nthawi yake.

Kukonza kumafunika kuti:

  • kuti apange korona wa mtengo wa mawonekedwe olondola, kuti ateteze ubwino wake umodzi ndi chitukuko chosagwirizana;
  • kuwonjezera zokolola;
  • kusintha kukoma ndi kukula kwa zipatso;
  • kuwononga nthambi zakale za matenda, motero kuchepetsa chiopsezo cha kufooka ndi kuukira kwa tizirombo;
  • Bwezerani mtengo ndikuwatchanso ku ukalamba kwa nthawi yaitali.

Kodi ndi nthawi yotani kumatchera yamatcheri mu kasupe?

Tsopano ganizirani pamene ndi bwino kudula chitumbuwa: mu kasupe kapena autumn, kuonetsetsa zotsatira zabwino kwa fruiting. Kulima, pamakhala kasupe wamba, autumn, yozizira komanso ngakhale kutentha kwa chilimwe, chomwe chiri chothandiza kwambiri.

M'chaka prune yamatcheri pamaso Mphukira kuswa. Ngati, pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira, mtengowo unawonongeka ndi chisanu, kudulira kwachitidwa patapita nthawi pang'ono, pamene masambawo amayamba kukula ndikuchotsa mphukira za frostbitten. Kawirikawiri, kasupe kudulira wa yamatcheri amagwa pakati pa March - kuyambira April, monga kutentha kotentha mtengo salola kulekerera frosts.

Ngati mumapeza nthambi zazikulu, amafunika kuchotsedwa, mwinamwake amatha kuchiza mtengo wonsewo. Komanso kuchotsani nthambi zoyandikana, kulowetsa ndi kukulitsa korona. Kuphulika kwapakati pa 20-40 cm kutalika sikufunika kudula. Kudulira mitengo yamatcheri mu kasupe ndikofunikira, kupanga korona wa mtengo, ndipo kumachitika molingana ndi ndondomeko zina, zomwe zimasiyana malinga ndi zosiyanasiyana, zaka ndi mtengo.

Ngati kudulira kumapeto kwa masika kumathandiza chitumbuwa kuti chibwezeretsedwe pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira kudula mitengo Konzani chomera kwa nthawi yaitali yozizira. Kudulira kotereku nthawi zambiri kumakhala mwezi wa September - kumayambiriro kwa November ndipo ndizochitetezo mu chilengedwe.

Kum'mwera kwa mapiri, mitengo imadulidwa nthawi yomweyo masamba atagwa. Panthawi imeneyi, kukula kwakukulu kumadulidwa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mtengo usapitike, komanso kuti ukhale ndi korona. Muyeneranso kuchotsa nthambi zowuma, zowonongeka, zodwala ndi kuziwotcha, zomwe zimapulumutsa mitengo ina ku matenda.

Magawo amafunika kupatsidwa chithunzi ndi utoto kapena munda wamaluwa. Kudulidwa kwadzinja kumachitika nthawi 1 m'zaka zitatu. Simungathe kutchera mitengo musanayambe chisanu, chifukwa izi zidzathetsa kuuma kwa mtengo ndikuzifooketsa.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati apeza nthambi yokhudzana ndi matendawa, iyenera kuchotsedwa mwamsanga ndi kutenthedwa, ngakhale nyengoyi itatha. Izi zidzathandiza kupulumutsa mtengo ndikupewa matenda a munda wonsewo.
Amaluwa ena akupanga korona wa mtengo wa chitumbuwa. m'nyengo yozizira. M'nyengo yozizira, mitengo yokhwima yokha imatha kudulidwa, imalola kuti chisanu chikhale bwino kuposa ana. Mitengo ikadalira, imachira mofulumira komanso mosavuta mutatha kudulira kuposa kugwa kapena kasupe. Kuwonjezera apo, m'nyengo yozizira pali ngozi yochepa ya makungwa opondereza.

Pambuyo kudulira, kudula kumayenera kupangidwa ndi kupotoka kapena utoto. Pa chisanu choopsa, makungwa a mtengo amakhala ofooka kwambiri, ndipo amatha kuonongeka pamene akudulira, kotero n'zosatheka kuzidula m'mikhalidwe yotereyi.

Ndipo potsiriza processing summer mitengo yamtengo wa chitumbuwa, yomwe ili yothandizira, monga kudula chitumbuwachi imayenera kokha m'chaka.

M'nyengo ya chilimwe, mtengo ukakhala wovuta kukula, kudula kumakhala kolimba kwa nthawi yaitali komanso mopweteka.

Choncho, panthawi imeneyi, kokha kukonzekera kokha korona ikuchitika, kuchotsa matenda matenda ngati anazindikira.

Zofunika kudulira achinyamata yamatcheri oyambirira

Kudulira mitengo yamatcheri kumayambiriro kwa kasupe iyenera kukhala yosiyana ndi mtundu ndi msinkhu wa mtengo, kotero kwa alangizi wamaluwa amatha kukhala ndi phindu kudziwa kusiyana pakati pa zosankhazi.

Ndikofunikira! Choyenera kudulira - zida zowonongeka zomwe sizikuwononga mtengo.

Momwe mungadulire chitumbuwa chaching'ono

Kudulira mtengo wachangu umachitika mwamsanga mutabzala, kumakupatsani inu kupanga mawonekedwe abwino a korona ndikuthandizira mizu kuti ikhale yabwino pamalo atsopano. Kudulira kumachitika musanayambe kuphuka masamba kotero kuti nthambi zisanu zamphamvu, zotukuka bwino zikhalebe pa mbeu. Nthambi zosankhidwa zikhale pamtunda wa osachepera 10 masentimita kwa wina ndi mzake ndikukula kumbali.

Zina zonse zimachotsedwa, mabalawo ali ndi utoto kapena otentha. Pakatikatikatikati a masika, zimawonetseka kuti chitsamba sichitha, ndipo korona ikukula bwino. Nthambi zonse zomwe zimayamba kukula mkati, ziyenera kuchotsedwa pamodzi ndi mphukira zatsopano zomwe zimapangidwa pa thunthu la mtengo.

Pamene mtengo umakula, nthambi zatsopano zamatsamba zimasiyapo mpaka zoposa 15. Ntchitozi zimafunika kuchitidwa mosamala kwambiri, chifukwa kudula mbande yamatcheri m'chaka chabwino ndi ntchito yovuta. Zolakwa zomwe zimapangidwa panthawi yochepetsera mitengo zimapangitsa kuti mitengo iwonongeke m'tsogolomu.

Ndikofunikira! Mbewu zazing'ono pambuyo poyamba kukula nyengo sizinakonzedwe kudulidwa mu kugwa. Mtengo wofooka sungathe kupirira kuzizira kwachisanu.

Kodi kutchera fruiting yamatcheri

Kudulira zipatso za chitumbuwa kumachitika kamodzi pachaka m'chaka, izi zikwanira ngati ntchitoyo yachitidwa molondola. Kuti mtengo ukhale wofikira dzuwa, ndikofunikira zaka 5 mutabzala, pamene mtengo umawoneka kuti wapangidwa, korona iyenera kudula molondola.

Choncho, kasupe kudulira zipatso yamatcheri amachitika malinga ndi muyezo chiwembu:

  • kuchotsedwa kwa nthambi zonse zomwe zimayambitsa korona wa mtengo, kupatula nthambi zomwe zimagwirizana ndi nthaka;
  • kuchotsedwa kwa nthambi zomwe zimalepheretsa kukula bwino ndi chitukuko cha chimango chachikulu;
  • Ngati thunthu lalikulu liri lalikulu kuposa masentimita 20 kuposa nthambi za chimango, liyeneranso kukonzedwa.

Nthambi za pachaka za mitengo yopatsa zipatso sizifupikitsidwa, chifukwa izi zimapangitsa kuti ayambe kuyanika. Mu mitengo yazitsamba, mizu ya mphukira imachotsedwa kuti isachepetse zokolola za chitumbuwa. Nthambi za mtengo wamakhwa ziyenera kufupikitsidwa mpaka pamene mapangidwe a nthambi zatha. Kuwonjezera kukalamba kokalamba kumachitika kwa zaka 2-3.

Ndikofunikira! Pochita kudulira, ndikofunikira kuti muchite izi mtengo usanayambe mwamphamvu kwambiri. Apo ayi, mtengo udzakhala wovuta kuchira ndipo ukhoza kudwala.

Zizindikiro zimakongoletsa nkhuni zakale

Kwa oyamba kumene kumalima, sizingatheke kuti apeze ngati n'zotheka kutchera mitengo yakale yamtengo wapatali m'chaka ndi zomwe zimagwira ntchitoyi. Kudulira mitengo yakale kumachitika pofuna kubwezeretsa chitumbuwa ndikubwezeretsanso zipatso zake.

Pachifukwachi ndi bwino kuchepetsa chiwerengero cha nthambi ndikufupikitsa iwo mpaka theka kapena theka la kutalika kwa mphukira. Kuwonjezera pa mphukira, muyenera kuchotsa chigoba nthambi kwa impso kapena anayamba ofananira nawo nthambi. Kukula kwa chaka chakale sikungathe kuchotsedwa.

Kubwezeretsa kwa korona kumachitika pokhapokha pamene mafupa a mtengowo amawonekera m'munsi, ndipo pachaka ma increments safika 15 masentimita m'litali. Pankhani ya kuyanika kwa nthambi pakati pa korona, nthambi zodulidwa pambali ya nthambi.

Mukudziwa? Pamene mukudula nkhuni zakale za chitumbuwa, simungathe kuchotsa nthambi zambiri panthawi imodzi. Izi ziyenera kuchitika mu magawo, patapita zaka zingapo.

Chitsamba ndi mtengo: ndi chosiyana kudulira yamatcheri

Kudulira koyenera kwa chitumbuwa kwenikweni kumapereka njira zosiyanasiyana za mtengo ndi mitengo ya nkhuni. Mu mtengo chitumbuwa zipatso zili pa pachaka kukula ndi maluwa nthambi, kubala chipatso kwa zaka zingapo, ndipo chitsamba-mtundu yamatcheri zipatso zipatso chabe pachaka.

Kudulira Cherry

Kudulira utsi wa chitumbuwa umachitika pamene malekezero a nthambi zake ayamba kuwonekera. Ndikofunika kufupikitsa nthambizi kuti zikhale ndi theka kapena lachitatu la kutalika, ndi nthambi za chigoba ndi chigoba - kugona mphukira kapena nthambi zowonongeka. Kupanga korona m'mitengo yachitsamba, 7-8 zigoba zatsamba zatsala.

Ndi bwino mu chaka chimodzi kukonzetsa zigoba nthambi, ndi lotsatira - theka-chigoba. Ndikofunikira kuti mtengowo ukhale ndi nthawi yobwezeretsa ndi kubereka zipatso chaka ndi chaka. Simungathe kuchotsa kuchuluka kwa pachaka komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha kudulira, mwinamwake nthambi ikhoza kuyuma.

Mitengo ya Mbewu

Ganizirani momwe mungathere kukotayira bwino. Ntchitozi zimaphatikizapo kufupikitsa pang'ono kwa mphukira zapachaka, zomwe zimabweretsa zipatso zamaluwa.

Pamene mphukira pachaka sichifikira masentimita 15 m'litali, ndipo nthambi za chigoba zimakhala zolimba, zimayambitsanso kudula mtengo wa chitumbuwa.

Mtengo wa mtengo ukafika kutalika kwa mamita 3.5, kukula kwake kuyenera kukhala kochepa pa kusamutsa nthambi za chigoba ndi mtsogoleri wamkulu ku nthambi zamphamvu. Mu mtengo chitumbuwa, 5-6 zigoba nthambi otsala kupanga korona.

Choncho, kwa chaka ndi chitetezo kudula yamatcheri adzakhala ndi nthawi ndi khama. Komabe, zotsatira za njira zoterezi ndi zokolola zabwino zitha kuwonedwa kale chaka choyamba chodulira. Choncho, ngakhale oyamba kumunda, omwe adachita ndondomeko yoyenera, adzathetsa ngati kuli kofunika kutchera yamatcheri m'chaka.