Momwe mungasankhire payipi ya ulimi wothirira: mitundu ndi zizindikiro za m'maluwa

N'zosatheka kulingalira wathanzi ndi wokongola munda zomera popanda zina kuthirira, zomwe zikuchitika mwanzeru ndi chithandizo cha hoses. Pali mitundu yambiri ya mapeyala omwe amasiyana ndi maonekedwe komanso komanso khalidwe. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana za zomwe zili bwino kusankha payipi ya ulimi wothirira, momwe tingasungire bwino ndikugwiritsira ntchito.

Mitundu yokhala madzi: Mmene mungasankhire zinthu

Alimi wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa amasiku ano akugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri ulimi wothirira, ndipo funso la bwino lomwe likukhala lofunika kwambiri. Kuti apange malo opangira ulimi wothirira pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zonse zomwe zilipo. Ponena za momwe ndibwino kuti tisankhe, tidzakambirana zambiri.

Mphukira ya mphira

Poganizira za pepala yabwino kwambiri yothirira, anthu nthawi zambiri amaganiza za mapepala opangidwa ndi mphira. Izi ndi chifukwa Zipangizo zamagetsi zili ndi ubwino wambiri kusiyana ndi zovuta, pakati pawo:

  • mphamvu;
  • kutsika kwa zinthu;
  • Kuwala;
  • kukana kutentha kutentha;
  • kulimbana ndi mavuto ochokera 1 mpaka 10 atmospheres;
  • zilipo.
Pazifukwa zolakwika, ndi bwino kukumbukira za misala yayikulu kwambiri ya payipi, ndizovuta kuzisuntha kuchokera kumalo osiyanasiyana kupita kumunda kupita kumunda. Kawirikawiri, mapepala opanga poizoni amapezeka kwambiri m'mabwibanja: sangavulaze chomera, koma chifukwa cha chitsime cha madzi akumwa kwa nyama, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito hoses ndi chizindikiro chapadera.

Mukudziwa? Powonjezera mphira yomwe payipi imapangidwira, idzakhala yotalikirapo.

PVC payipi

Kuthirira m'madzi kungapangidwe kuchokera ku phula lopangidwa ndi PVC, lomwe liribe bajeti komanso yabwino. Chinthu choyambirira choyenera kuyang'ana pamene mukusankha phula la PVC ndi chiwerengero cha zigawo. Funsoli ndi lofunika, chifukwa mapazi osakwatira amatha kupitirira chaka chimodzi, mawonekedwe awo ndi mawonekedwe awo ndi opunduka. Pokukambirana za mapepala a PVC, funso lokhala ndi payipi yowonjezeredwa nthawi zambiri limakumana. Yankho lake ndi banal: ndi piritsi yomweyi ya PVC, yokhala ndi mipiringidzo yambiri, yokhala ndipadera. Mapulogalamuwa amakhala ndi ubwino wambiri chifukwa amatha nthawi yaitali ndipo amatha kutsutsana ndi kutentha ndi kusiyana kwa kuthamanga.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mwasankha kale mapepala othandizira kuthirira ulimi, ndi bwino kugula mapepala ndi kumangiriza, chifukwa mphamvu zowonongeka pamtunda zingathe kukulirakulira.

Pulasitiki ya nylon

Ngati mutasankha payipi yomwe imakhala yabwino, inunso muzisamala mapangidwe opangidwa ndi nylon. Nylon yokha ndi chinthu chowala kwambiri, chomwe chimatanthauza kuti payipi yochokera kuzinthu izi sizingakhale zazikulu, ndipo zidzakhala zosavuta kusintha. Ubwino wina wa piritsi ya nylon ndi kusinthasintha kwake ndi kupirira kwake: ndi zophweka kupotoza. Zokhudzana ndi zofooka, chimodzi mwa zikuluzikulu ndi kusasinthasintha kwa kutentha ndi kukakamizidwa, chifukwa chake n'zotheka kuwagwiritsa ntchito kokha kwa nyengo ziwiri.

Plastic hose

Mapologalamu a pulasitiki a madzi sali otchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha kusowa kwawo: amathamanga mofulumira komanso mosavuta - atapindika pang'ono. Komanso kuchepetsa kusiyana kwa kutentha ndikutentha. Limescale ndi "satana" yeniyeni ya pulasitiki. Madzi amafufuzira pa payipi imeneyi sayenera kupitirira 5 bar. Zopindulitsa zingapo za mapulasitiki amathabe "kudzitamandira": ndizowala ndipo ali ndi mawonekedwe okongoletsera kuposa ena.

Chozizwitsa payipi

Ndikudabwa hose - mthandizi wamkulu mnyumba ya chilimwe kapena munda. Ndi zophweka komanso zosangalatsa kuzigwiritsa ntchito. Pipu iyi ndi yaying'ono kwambiri, koma pamene kugwirizana kumakula kukula mpaka katatu.

Mukudziwa? Nthawi zambiri, payipi imeneyi ili ndi mitundu 7 ya madzi.
Mphotho yozizwitsa imapangidwanso ndi zinthu zomwe sizingasokoneze, ngakhale zitayendetsedwa, sizipotoka kapena zosweka. Zimagonjetsedwa ndi kutentha komanso kuthamanga. Ndipotu, payipi ili pamtunda wambiri, chifukwa kutha kwa madzi, "kukusonkhanitsa" pokhapokha kukhala accordion. Zida zomwe zimapanga mapepala abwino kwambiri, omwe ndi: latex chubu, pulasitiki yamapamwamba ndi nsalu yopangidwa ndi polyester, musatope ndikukulolani kugwiritsa ntchito chida kwa zaka zambiri.

Pipeni lasiksi

Mapulogalamu a silicone a ulimi wothirira amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'munda chifukwa chopezeka komanso kutsekemera. Mtengo wokongola wa silicone hoses kwa ulimi wothirira m'munda ndi munda wamaluwa ndi mphamvu ya makoma a payipi kuti ikule dzuwa. Mapulogalamu a silicone angagwiritsidwe ntchito pa kutentha kuchokera -20 mpaka +40 ° C. Pipeni lasikoni yomwe imakhala ndi mphamvu ya madzi imatha kuphulika, choncho ndibwino kuigwiritsa ntchito kuthirira mabedi "ndi mphamvu yokoka."

Ndikofunikira! Musanapange payipi kuti mukamwe madzi m'munda kapena m'munda, muyenera kudziwa kusiyana kwa tsamba lasilicone kuchokera ku PVC. Pakati pao pali kusiyana kwakukulu: payipi ya silicone siyikidwa.

Makhalidwe abwino a payipi yamadzi

Kusankhidwa kwa payipi ya ulimi wothirira sikutha kokha posankha zinthu zabwino zomwe payipi imapangidwira, komanso zikuphatikizapo zizindikiro zina, monga:

  • m'mimba mwake ndi kutalika kwake;
  • chikhalidwe cha kutentha;
  • mphamvu yachinyengo;
  • kuwonekera.

Kodi mungasankhe bwanji kutalika kwake kwa munda wamtunda?

Kutenga kutalika kwa payipi ya ulimi wothirira ndi losavuta: mumangoyenera kuyesa mtunda kuchokera kumadzi kupita ku malo owetsera ulimi, ndikukwaniritsa chiwerengerocho. Kukula kwa payipi ya ulimi wothirira, apa ndi kofunika kupitilira kukula kwa pompu pomwe madzi adzaperekedwa. Maluwa othamanga ndi mamita 13 mm kapena 1/2 inchi, kapena 19 mm, kapena 25 mm amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri. Gwiritsani ntchito mapulogalamu oterewa ndi adapita.

Mukudziwa? Sankhani mamitala akuluakulu kuposa momwe akufunira, musati: sichikufulumira kuthirira madzi, ndipo ngati madzi ayamba kufooka, amangowonjezera kupeza madzi.

Kusamalira nyengo ya kutentha, zomwe muyenera kudziwa posankha payipi

Miphika iliyonse ingagwiritsidwe ntchito pa kutentha kwake. Mwachitsanzo, mapangidwe opangidwa ndi PVC angagwiritsidwe ntchito panthawi ya kukula kwa zomera, ndipo tsopano pa kutentha pansi pa madigiri asanu ali opunduka. Mipira ya mabulosi imakhala yolimba kwambiri ndipo imatumiza kutentha kutentha -30 mpaka +90 ° C.

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito kupirira kwa ntchito kwa ulimi wothirira

Kuti muwone molondola ntchito yolimbikira ulimi wothirira, muyenera kudziwa momwe kuchulukira pamapulo kumatulutsira. Pano pali vuto lalikulu posankha momwe chiwerengero cha zigawo. Payipi iliyonse imayika mipiringidzo inayi ku mphamvu zake.

Ndikofunikira! Zosagonjetsedwa kwambiri ndi mapulaneti ophatikizira osiyanasiyana, amatha kupirira zovuta mpaka 40 bar.

Kodi kuwonetsetsa kwa payipi kumakhudza bwanji kuthirira?

Kuwonetsetsa kwa payipi kumakhudza kwambiri njira yothirira mofanana ndi momwe madzi amachitira madzi. Mitsuko yowonekera, madzi amawonekera kutentha kwambiri kuposa m'matope akuluakulu, opaque, ndi algae ndi madipu omwe amapanga mkati mwa phula, zomwe zimawononga madzi ndi kutulutsa fungo losasangalatsa. Choncho Ndi bwino kusankha malo opaque kuti amwe madzi.

Zomwe zimakhala ndi moyo komanso zosungirako zamasamba

Moyo wautali kwambiri ndiwo mabala a mphira, omwe, ngati akusungidwa bwino, angagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa zaka pafupifupi 20. Zomwe zimakhala zosavala kwambiri ndi mapulitiki apulasitiki ndi mapiritsi a PVC, omwe ali ophweka kwambiri. Pogwiritsira ntchito, kukakamizidwa kovomerezeka kwa payipi sikuyenera kudutsa, komanso kusintha kwake kwakukulu. Kuti mazira asakukondweretseni ndi mabowo m'chaka, nthawi yozizira amafunika kubisika pamalo otetezedwa ndi makoswe. Ndi bwino kuti payipi ikhale yoyenera pa alumali, yomwe ili pamtunda wa 30-50 pamwamba pa nthaka, ndibwino kuti ikhale yosiyana, ndipo mulimonsemo musaike zinthu zolemetsa pa payipi. Ndi bwino kusungira phula, chifukwa cha izi mungagwiritse ntchito mankhwala opangira kunyumba kapena kugula zopangidwa kale.

Monga momwe mukuonera, pakukonza bwino, ngakhale zinthu zopanda pake, monga phindu la munda, zingathe kutumikira mokhulupirika kwa zaka zambiri, ndipo kuchokera pa mitundu yambiri mungasankhe zomwe zimakuyenererani.