Malamulo a kubzala ndi kusamalira strawberries "Russian Russian"

Aliyense amene ali ndi munda wake nthawi zambiri amaona kuti ndibwino kusankha kukula kwa strawberries. Mitengo yofiira yofiira imayikidwanso mofanana ndi ana ndi akulu, ndipo "Russian kukula" amawoneka kuti ndi wokondedwa kwambiri sitiroberi mitundu mu zoweta zolima amalima, kukhala lalikulu-wosakanizidwa wosakaniza wa sitiroberi. Zomerazi zimakopa anthu okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe ndi nthawi yaitali ya fruiting, yomwe imangokhala mu October, komanso kutentha kwa mphepo usiku.

Ndikofunikira! Nutritionists amalangiza kudya strawberries mosiyana ndi chakudya chachikulu. Chowonadi ndi chakuti mabulosi okoma awa amachititsa kuthira m'mimba, yomwe imakhudza kwambiri ntchito ya zakudya zamagazi ndipo ingayambitsenso ubongo wamkati ndi kuphulika.

Fotokozani sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana "Russian size"

Ngati mukufuna kulima strawberries a "Russian kukula" zosiyanasiyana pa munda wanu chiwembu, ndiye inu, ndithudi, ayenera kuwerenga ndondomeko yake. Choyamba, ndi bwino kudziŵa kuti zokolola za strawberries "Russian Russian" zimayambitsa chidwi ngakhale ngakhale ndi odziwa bwino wamaluwa: nthawi yakucha pa tchire yokongoletsa yowutsa mudyo, yaikulu, kufika pamtunda wa masentimita asanu mpaka asanu ndi atatu. Mwa njira, kulemera kwa sitiroberi mabulosi "Russian kukula", pansi pa zonse agrotechnical amafuna, akhoza kufika pafupifupi 50 g.

Mukudziwa? Strawberry ndi wodetsa nkhaŵa kwambiri. Mabulosiwa ali ndi mavitamini ambiri a gulu B, omwe amachititsa kuti ntchito yake ikhale yofunika kwambiri kwa iwo omwe akuvutika ndi kuwonjezeka kwa maganizo ndi mantha. Kumwa makilogalamu 150 a zipatso zotero pa tsiku kumathandiza kuti musamangokhala ndi nkhawa.
Kuwonjezera pa china chirichonse, zipatso za zosiyanasiyanazi zimakhala ndi mchere wambiri komanso zosangalatsa kwambiri, ndipo zakumwa zawo zimakumbukiridwa ndi ngakhale mwapamwamba kwambiri. Chodabwitsa n'chakuti, zosiyanasiyanazi, mosiyana ndi zina zonse, sizingayambitse zomwe zimayambitsa matenda, zomwe zimawathandiza kugwiritsa ntchito ngakhale kwa ana aang'ono ndi chifuwa.

Garden strawberries "Russian kukula" anagonjetsa mitima ya wamaluwa ndi zokolola zambiri, chifukwa ngati mupatsa tchire zinthu zabwino kuti zikule ndi chitukuko, ndiye ndi chomera chimodzi mungathe kusonkhanitsa zipatso zopitirira 0,5 kilogalamu yamatundumitundu onunkhira.

Kodi kusankha sitiroberi mbande pamene kugula

Pamene kugula sitiroberi mbande "Russian kukula", ndikofunikira kusankha zomera wathanzi. Brown, wofiira, madontho wakuda ndi mawanga pa masamba a bulu amasonyeza kuti ali ndi kachilombo ka fungal, choncho ndibwino kuti musapezeke kutero. Ngati mitengo yosungira masamba imakhala ndi masamba osakayikira, ndiye izi zikhoza kukhala chizindikiro cha vuto lochedwa necrosis la nyanga. Pulotoinfection iyi imatanthawuza kuika kwaokha ndipo ngati mutagula zokolola za kachilombo ka HIV, ndiye kuti mbewuzo zikhoza kufa. Ngati pa tchire mumapeza masamba akuda, ndiye ichi ndi chizindikiro chenicheni cha matenda ndi dothi la mite. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa tizitha kuchepetsa mphamvu ndi kusintha kwa mbeu.

Mukudziwa? Strawberry - zachilengedwe "Viagra". Zogwiritsidwa ntchito mu mbewu za zipatso zamadzi zimathandiza kuwonjezera chilakolako cha kugonana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi. Komanso, zimapangitsanso mwayi wopanga mwana ndi 25 peresenti.
Mbewu zapamwamba za Russian Kukula sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana ziri:

  • masamba obiriwira amdima;
  • makulidwe a nyanga kuchokera ku 0,7 mpaka 0,8 millimita;
  • Mitambo ya fibrous (kutalika kwa mizu sayenera kukhala yosakwana masentimita 7-8);
  • maonekedwe abwino;
  • yonyowa, osati zouma mizu.
Kumbukirani kuti kukula kwa tsogolo labwino kumadalira mtundu wa mbande zomwe zinapezedwa, choncho chisankho chodzala chiyenera kuchitidwa moyenera monga momwe zingathere.

Pamene chodzala mbande za munda strawberries pa chiwembu

Kuti dziko la Russian Size sitiroberi likhale lokondwera ndi zokolola zake zopatsa malire ndipo kulima kwake kunapangidwa popanda chochitika, ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti zitsulo zabwino kwambiri zapamwamba ndi masewera zimaonekera pa tchire kumayambiriro a nyengo yachisanu kapena kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe, chifukwa panthawi imeneyi kutentha sikukwera kwambiri ndipo chinyezi chiri kuposa kokwanira. Malingana ndi zosowa za tchire la sitiroberi, tikhoza kuganiza kuti nthawi yoyenera yopatsirana mu nthaka ndi nthawi yoyambira pofika pa April 15 ndi May 5 kapena kuchokera pa July 25 mpaka pa September 5. Kum'mwera zigawo, kubzala wa tchire m'nyengo nyengo ikuchitika kumayambiriro March, ndi kumapeto - kumapeto October. Inde, August amalingalira kuti ndi nthawi yabwino yobzala baka pansi.

Iyi ndi nthawi yabwino kwambiri pa zifukwa zambiri:

  • pa nthawi ino zambiri zobzala;
  • nyengo yabwino chifukwa chachangu chomwe chimatha kuphuka;
  • zomera zimakhala ndi nthawi yokwanira kuti zikhale zolimba.

Kusankha malo obzala strawberries

Tsamba la Strawberry limakonda kuwala, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti kubzala kwawo ayenera kusankha malo abwino omwe anyezi, nyemba, mbewu zakuda kapena adyo amakula.

Ndikofunikira! Chofunika chokhudza kukula kwa sitiroberi fruiting ndi nthaka acidity. Ngati dothi la acidic likupezeka pawebusaiti yanu, ndiye kuti mupange zinthu zabwino kuti mukhale ndi strawberries. Pachifukwa ichi, phulusa kapena laimu likugwiritsidwa ntchito.
Momwemo, bedi lodzala strawberries linasankhidwa pasadakhale: kumapeto kwa kasupe udabzala ndi manyowa obiriwira, omwe anagwedezeka mu August, ndiyeno anachitidwa ndi njira yothetsera EM. Mbewu yabwino yobiriwira ya strawberries ndi lupine. Ndikofunika kwambiri musanadzalemo tchire la sitiroberi pamtengowu kuti muuyeretse namsongole ndikukonzekera bwino. Zindikirani: strawberries ndi owopsya, kotero mukakonzekera mabedi mumasowa kompositi, phulusa, biohumus ndi manyowa. Pakuti mbande kukonzekera mabowo aakulu ndi aakulu. Mtunda wa pakati pa mabowo suyenera kukhala osachepera 30 kapena kuposa masentimita 50, ndipo pakati pa mizera ikhale yofanana ndi masentimita 40.

Musanadzale mbande, zakudya zowonjezera zimaphatikizidwa pa chitsime chilichonse, kukonzekera kamodzi ka kompositi ndowa, chidebe chimodzi cha manyowa, chidebe cha dziko lapansi ndi magalasi awiri a phulusa ali osakaniza. Pakati pa phando lirilonse, kamtengo kakang'ono kamapangidwa kuchokera ku gawo lokonzekera, lomwe mbuto zimayikidwa.

Kubzala sitiroberi mbande "Russian kukula" pa tsamba

Strawberry zosiyanasiyana "Russian kukula" wodzichepetsa, koma kudzala tchire wamng'ono anali bwino kwambiri, muyenera kuchita kudula pa tsiku la mitambo kapena madzulo. Kuonjezera apo, kuti tchire likhale mofulumira, musanaziwatsenso, m'pofunikira kuwamwa bwino, kapena kuumitsa mbande musanabzala pansi maola angapo m'madzi ndi kuwonjezera biostimulator. Komanso, alimi ena amaluwa asanadzalemo sitiroberi m'nthaka akulangizidwa kuti alowetse mu adyo kulowetsedwa okwana 150 milliliters a adyo kulowetsera madzi okwanira 10 malita - zosakondweretsa adyo fungo zidzawopseza tizirombo.

Mukudziwa? Kudya strawberries nthawi zambiri kumakupulumutsani ku mutu komanso kumachepetsa kutentha kwa thupi. Chinthuchi ndi chakuti zipatso zili ndi zinthu zofanana ndi zomwe zimapangidwa ndi aspirin.
Musanadzalemo zomera pansi, mosamala mosamala tchire: ndi zofunika kuti aliyense ali ndi masamba 3 kapena kuposa, ndipo ena onse ayenera kuchotsedwa mwamsanga. Ngati mizu ya zomera kutalika ifika pamtenti mamita 10, iyenera kudulidwa. Tsopano tikuyika chitsamba chilichonse pamwamba pa phiri pakatikati mwa dzenje motero mtima (kukula kwa chitsamba) ukugwedeza pamwamba pa bedi, ndipo mizu ya mbewuyi imayikidwa bwino pamapiri. Gwirani shrub chowongolera, chowaza ndi gawo lokonzekera ndipo panthawi yomweyi muthe madzi madzi. Izi zidzakuthandizani kuyanjana kwa mizu ndi nthaka ndikufulumizitsa mapangidwe a cornea. Mukamabzala tchire, m'pofunika kuonetsetsa kuti kukula kwake sikuikidwa m'manda, koma nthawi yomweyo sichikwera pamwamba pa bedi.

Mbali za kukula sitiroberi mitundu "Russian kukula"

Kusamalira strawberries "Russian kukula" sikutenga nthaŵi yambiri ndi khama lanu. Kuti muthe kulimbikitsidwa kwambiri ndi tchire chomwe chinabzalidwa kumapeto kwa nyengo, muyenera kuchotsa mapesi ndi ndevu. Kuchotsedwa kwa zinthu izi kudzalola mbewuyo kutsogolera mphamvu zonse ku rooting, osati kuti apangidwe zipatso ndi kubalana.

Kuonjezerapo, muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti zomera zimalandira chinyezi chokwanira komanso kudyetsa, kumamenyana namsongole ndikusintha nthaka, komanso kuteteza tchire ku matenda ndi tizilombo toononga.

Kupopera mankhwala motsutsana ndi matenda ndi tizirombo

Pofuna kuteteza sitiroberi ndi nkhupakupa ndi matenda (zofiira ndi zoyera, komanso powdery mildew) ndi kuyamba kwa nyengo yoyamba yozizira masiku, masamba onse okhudzidwa ndi owuma ayenera kuchotsedwa ku zomera.

Choyamba kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa kumachitika pamaso pa zizindikiro za tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi zotupa za tchire ndi imvi zowola, powdery mildew ndi spotting kumayambiriro kasupe, masamba atsopano asanakula, pogwiritsa ntchito 3% yothetsera Bordeaux osakaniza. Ngati tchire chikuonetsa zizindikiro za matenda ndi bulauni kapena zoyera, ndiye pa siteji ya kukula kwa zomera zimapangidwa ndi Euparen. Pa nthawi ya mapangidwe amphamvu a masamba, zomera zimachiritsidwa motsutsana ndi pyrexia, Galitsa, komanso tizilombo tina tating'onoting'ono kudzera mu Actellic pamtunda wa 15-20 ml yokonzekera pa 10 malita a madzi. M'dzinja, mutatha kukolola, zimalimbikitsidwa kugwira ntchito ya strawberries ndi Topaz, Switchem kapena Euparine, kuti kuchepetsa kuwonjezeka kwa matenda, komanso pamaso pa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizirombo, mankhwala a Actellic.

Kuthamanga ndi kuchuluka kwa ulimi wothirira

Nthawi zambiri kuthirira kwa strawberries kumadalira nyengo ndipo zimatsimikizika ndi kuuma kwa dothi. Nthawi yabwino yopanga njirayi ndikumayambiriro m'mawa. Mpaka maluwawo awoneke, tchire tikhoza kuthirira madzi. Madzi oterewa amafanana ndi mvula ndipo amatsuka pfumbi lomwe limakhalapo masana. Ngati kuli kotentha kwambiri, zomera ziyenera kuthiriridwa kamodzi pa sabata, ndipo malita 10 mpaka 25 a madzi ayenera kutsanuliridwa mu mita imodzi ya lalikulu. Pambuyo kuonekera kwa zipatso pa tchire kuchepetsa kuthirira. Pakuti ulimi wothirira sitiroberi umagwiritsa ntchito madzi ofunda okha, kutentha kumene kulibe kuposa 20 ° C. Kuthirira strawberries ndi madzi ozizira kungachititse chomera kuipitsa ndi powdery mildew kapena imvi nkhungu, zomwe zimayambitsa imfa ya mbewu yonse.

Kutulutsa udzu ndi nthaka kumasula

Udzu wamsongo umayamba kutsogolera kubzala kwa mbande pansi. Koma pofuna kupewa kutayika kwa bedi ndi namsongole, zomwe zimachotsa chinyontho ndi zothandiza zinthu kuchokera kwa ziweto zanu, nkofunika kuti mukhale ndi nyemba nthawi yonse yokolola zipatso komanso mutatha kukolola. Kutsegula mabedi kumachitika kamodzi pa masiku asanu ndi atatu. Kuchuluka kwa kumasula kumayenera kukhala masentimita 10, ndipo pamene namsongole achotsedwa, ndibwino kuti mukolole, koma kuti mutulutse pansi pamodzi ndi mizu yanu, muisunge mu chidebe ndikuchotseni m'munda.

Top kuvala sitiroberi baka

Nthawi yoyamba mutabzala strawberries, kuyambitsidwa kwa chakudya kumachitika mu kugwa. Izi ndizimene zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga tchire. Feteleza imathandiza tchire kupuma ndipo zimapatsa mphamvu kuti zipirire nyengo yozizira. Pambuyo pomaliza fruiting, maluwa amamera pa zomera, choncho nthawi yokolola imadalira kwambiri kuchuluka kwa zakudya zomwe zimapezeka panthawiyi. Kuwonjezera apo, sitiroberi baka amadyetsedwa mu offseason pambuyo kuika, kubzala ndi kubalana pogawa tchire.

Manyowa kapena nkhuku zowonongeka zimakhala pakati pawo pa nthawi yophukira pakamera feteleza ndi feteleza organic, chifukwa m'nyengo yozizira zidzakhala ndi nthawi yopita perepret, ndipo nthawi yachisanu imakhala ngati gwero la nayitrogeni, komanso mulch, kuchenjeza kukula kwa namsongole.

Manyowa akhoza kubweretsedwa pansi komanso pokhapokha palipakati pazitsamba: Amakonzekera mphukira, yomwe imatsanulidwira m'mabowo ndi rosettes yomwe idabzalidwa mmenemo. Nkhuku ya nkhuku, yatsopano, siyikuvomerezeka, chifukwa ikhoza kuyambitsa mizu chifukwa cha mchere wambiri. Podyetsa zomera zimayenera kuchepetsedwa ndi madzi. Njira yothetsera vutoli imayambira mkati mwa mabowo ndi mizere ya strawberries.

M'chaka, umuna umachitika pambuyo poyamba kumasula. Panthawi imeneyi, zotsatira zabwino zimapangidwa ndi kuyambitsa manyowa omwe amadzipitsa kwambiri. Pofuna kukonza njirayi, mbali imodzi ya chimbudzi cha nkhuku imatengedwa ndi kuchepetsedwa m'magawo 20 a madzi. Komabe, sikuvomerezeka kugwiritsa ntchito kavalidwe kawiri kawiri kamodzi pachaka, popeza kuwonjezera kwake kumathandiza kuti pakhale nitrate m'nthaka, yomwe idzagwa m'mitengo ndipo simudzakhala ndi malo abwino.

Yachiwiri kudya ikuchitika pambuyo maonekedwe a zipatso. Pa zolinga izi, gwiritsani ntchito Diluted mullein, chifukwa amamuona kuti ndi woyenera kwambiri fetereza kwa strawberries. Korovyak ili ndi zowonjezera zowonjezera zakudya zonse zofunika kuti chitukuko chikhale chonchi. Pofuna kukonzekera chakudya chimenechi muyenera kutenga kotala la chidebe cha mullein ndikuchidzaza ndi madzi, kusakaniza ndi kuthira malo otentha kwa masiku atatu. Chotsatiracho chimalingalira, isanayambe, zimalimbikitsa kuchepetsa chiŵerengero cha 1: 4 ndipo pokhapokha mugwiritse ntchito kutsanulira tchire.

Kuwonjezera pa organic, kwa feteleza sitiroberi baka mu April, ntchito ndi mchere feteleza. Ammofosc ndi ammonium nitrate ndizofunikira kwambiri pa ntchitoyi pamlingo wa 2: 1. Kusakaniza kumeneku kumapindikizidwa m'madzi ndikujambulidwa m'nthaka.

Chinthu chofunikira kwambiri cha sitiroberi, pakupanga zipatso, ndi potaziyamu, kotero kutsegulira kwa chinthu ichi chiyenera kuchitika pa maluwa a tchire. Pofuna kudyetsa zomera, mungagwiritse ntchito potaziyamu monophosphate pa mlingo wa supuni imodzi pa 10 malita a madzi, koma kuyambitsirana kwa feteleza m'nthaka kuyenera kuchitika kokha mutatha madzi okwanira a tchire. Thupi limateteza mizu ya zomera kuchokera ku moto.

Kukula mbande strawberries "Russian kukula" mbewu

Alimi ambiri amaopa kupanga mbewu, chifukwa sakudziwa momwe angabwerere strawberries bwino. Ndipo mwachabe! Mbeu zowonjezereka bwino zimasiyana ndi fruiting yopatsa, ndipo, kuwonjezera apo, imakhalabe ndi makhalidwe ake osiyanasiyana. Chovuta chachikulu pakukula sitiroberi mbande kuchokera ku mbewu ndi kuti mbewu zake zimakhala ndi zobvala zowonjezereka kwambiri, zomwe sizingatheke kupyola popanda kuwonjezera zina.

Kunyumba, njerezi zimayikidwa pamalo ozizira ndipo zimayikidwa mufiriji popanda kutentha pang'ono.

Kusonkhanitsa nokha mbewu za sitiroberi zomwe mukufuna:

  • Tengani zipatso zazikulu kwambiri, zokongola ndi zokometsera kuchokera ku tchire wathanzi;
  • kudula nsonga ya chipatso (zomera zamphamvu zimakula kuchokera ku mbewu zomwe zimapezeka pakati pa atatu mwa mabulosi);
  • dulani mzere wambiri wa zamkati pamodzi ndi nyembazo ndi kuuma pamapepala;
  • nyemba zouma ziyenera kusamalidwa bwino kuti zimasule mbewu;
  • Wokonzeka kulandira zinthu kuti muzitsanulira mu thumba la pepala kapena mtsuko ndi kutumiza kusungirako.
Kuti mbewu zizitha, zimakhala stratified kwa miyezi iwiri. Asanaikidwe m'firiji, zokololazo zimaperekedwa ndi njira yothetsera potassium permanganate, yomwe ndi yofunikira kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi potaziyamu tiyambe kudya. Mbeuyi imapangidwira m'thumba lathumba ndipo imayikidwa mu chidebe ndi potassium permanganate. Pambuyo pake, mbewuzo zimabzalidwa mu gawo la peat ndipo zimayikidwa mufiriji. Pakati pa stratification, m'pofunika kuti nthawi zonse uzimitse nyembazo ndi kuwaza madzi.

Kumapeto kwa mbeuyi, mu March amafesedwa mu gawo lokonzedweratu lomwe liri ndi magawo ofanana ndi mapepala, komanso mchenga.

Mu chidebe chilichonse, perekani mbewu imodzi, sprayed ndi madzi kuchokera mu botolo la kutsitsi, lophimbidwa ndi zojambulazo ndikuyika malo otentha. Patapita sabata, mutha kukhala ndi amodzi owopsa. Panthawiyi, zomera zidzafunika kupereka kuwala kokwanira kwa UV. Pambuyo pofika timapepala m'mphuno (mpaka masentimita asanu m'mimba mwake), amakotira mu chidebe chachikulu. Mbeu itangoyamba kukula, imakhala yovuta ndikubzala pansi.

Frobberries ndi chomera chodzichepetsa, koma mukuyenera kuyesetsa kuti mupeze zipatso zobiriwira komanso zokoma.