Zachilendo njira kukula nkhaka

Ambiri amaluwa amaluwa nthawi zambiri amadzifunsa momwe angabzalitsire zipatso, mitengo ya zipatso, ndi zamasamba m'dera laling'ono ndipo nthawi yomweyo akukolola mbewu. Timakupatsani njira zina zosangalatsa. kubzala nkhaka.

Mukudziwa? Dziko lakwawo lodziwika nkhaka ndi madera otentha ndi madera ozungulira a India, phazi la Himalayas, kumene limakulabe m'chilengedwe.

Momwe mungakulire nkhaka m'matumba kapena matumba

Njirayi ndi yophweka. Kuti muchite izi, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito thumba lachikwama kapena thumba la pulasitiki. Iyenera kukhala 120 malita. Lembani ngakhale thumba la shuga. Mudzafunikiranso ndodo ya mtengo wamitala, mamita 30 a chingwe chowongolera kapena nsomba, masentimita atatu osapanga (mamita 30 cm), zikhomo zamatabwa (zidutswa 10), zosakaniza zadothi kuti zibzala nkhaka. Musanadzalemo nkhaka m'matumba, muyenera kuchita ntchito yokonzekera. Misomali iyenera kukhomeredwa pamwamba pa ndodo. Ndikofunika kuyika chingwe kapena nsomba. M'kati mwa chubu lililonse, mabowo ambiri amakhomerera m'litali lonse m'kachitidwe ka checkerboard. Thumba kapena thumba ziyenera kuikidwa pamtunda pa malo omwe mwasankha ndikudzazidwa ndi gawo lapansi. Ndodo yamtengo waponyedwa mkatikati mwa thumba, ndipo timabowo tomwe timakhala tikuzungulira. Pa mbali zonse za phukusili, muyenera kupunthwa ndi mpeni ndi kubzala mbande mwa iwo. Mu thumba lililonse ayenera kukhala mbande 3 za nkhaka.

Mavala omwe ali ndi mabowo adzakutumikira ngati mtsinje, ndiko kuti, iwo adzakhala njira yothirira. Iwo ali ndi madzi kapena chakudya chamadzi. Onetsetsani ngati mukufunikira kuthirira nkhaka, mutha kukhala ngati mthumba. Mu kutentha kwa nkhaka ayenera madzi nthawi zonse ndi tsiku lililonse. M'nyengo yozizira yozizira idzakhala yokwanira kamodzi pa sabata.

Thandizo la nkhaka liyenera kukhazikitsidwa pamene ayamba kutulutsa nyamayi yoyamba. Thandizo lidzakhala zikhomo za hema, zomwe zimayikidwa kuzungulira thumba lililonse. Kenaka muyenera kulumikiza mbali imodzi ya nsomba pamwamba pa mtengo, ndipo pamapeto pake pamphepete. Pa izo nkhaka tendrils ndi zikwapu zidzawomba. Ubwino wa njirayi ndi ambiri, koma chinthu chachikulu ndikuti nkhaka m'matumba amamva bwino, ndipo kubzala sikufuna khama.

Ubwino wa kukwera koteroko:

  1. Kusunga malo pa tsamba.
  2. Ndibwino kukolola ndi kusamalira nkhaka.
  3. Nkhaka zipse kale komanso nthawi zonse zoyera.
  4. Mu nthaka madzi amatha nthawi yaitali.
  5. Nkhaka zimatetezedwa ku makoswe, majeremusi ndi matenda.
  6. Nthaka nthawi zonse imadzaza ndi zakudya.

Koma palinso kuipa kwa kukwera koteroko:

  1. Kumayambiriro kwa nyengo pali mavuto ndi zomangamanga.
  2. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito nkhaka ndi matumba, matenda osiyanasiyana amatha kuyamba.
  3. Zida zofunika kubzala sizili pafupi.

Mukudziwa? Nkhaka zinkaonekera mu chikhalidwe cha zaka zoposa 6,000 zapitazo.

Momwe mungakulire nkhaka mu mbiya

Njira imodzi yatsopano yobzala nkhaka ikukula masamba m'mbiya. Njira iyi ndi yophweka komanso yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa wamaluwa. Zonse zomwe mukusowa ndi ndodo zazikulu ndi mabowo. Ngati siziri muzitsulo, mukhoza kuzichita nokha. Mabowo amenewa amafunika kudyetsa mlengalenga.

Miyendo imakonzedwa pasadakhale. Ayenera kudzaza 2/3 a zinyalala zakuda, zomwe poyamba zinasakanizidwa pansi, ndi kuthirira madzi. Chomera chotsiriza ndi dziko lapansi, lomwe liri ndi masentimita 10. Tidzabzala mbewu pano. Pakati pa mbiya muyenera kukumba botolo la lita imodzi popanda pansi ndi phokoso, khosi pansi. Ndicho, mudzamwetsa nkhaka ndikugwiritsa ntchito feteleza. Pamwamba pa mbiya iyenera kutsekedwa ndi kuphimba chakudya. Izi zimachitika kuti apange kutentha kwapadera. Chifukwa chake, mbewu zidzakula msanga.

Kukula nkhaka m'mitsuko yotere ili ndi ubwino wambiri:

  1. Kusunga malo pa tsamba.
  2. Chizoloŵezi chokolola ndi chisamaliro.
  3. Chipinda sichimaundana, chifukwa chiri pamwamba pa nthaka.
  4. Mankhwalawa amathandiza kwambiri nkhaka, ndipo kudya sikofunika.
  5. Mukafa, organic feteleza amatulutsa kutentha, zomwe zimatsimikizira zabwino kukula kwa nkhaka.
  6. Kukolola koyamba.
  7. Mliri ndi masharubu nkhaka sizikufunikira kumangiriza.
  8. Mbewu sizimadwala ndipo sizikusowa mankhwala mankhwala ndi mankhwala ndi zopatsa.

Palinso kuipa kwa kukwera koteroko:

  1. Palibe nthawi zonse mipiringidzo yolondola.
  2. Nthawi zonse kuthirira, monga processing ya organic feteleza kumafuna madzi ambiri.

Mukudziwa? M'Baibulo, nkhaka imatchulidwa ngati masamba a ku Aigupto.

Momwe mungakulire nkhaka mu mabotolo apulasitiki

Njirayi imalola omaluwa kuti azikolola mbewu zambiri. Komanso, pogwiritsa ntchito mabotolo apulasitiki, mukhoza kukula nkhaka kunyumba pakhomo.

Pali njira zambiri zopangira nkhaka mu mabotolo apulasitiki:

  1. Munda wamdima.
  2. Kukula nkhaka oyambirira.
  3. Kusankha kwachuma pa kukula kwa nkhaka mu mabotolo apulasitiki.
  4. Njira yapachiyambi yokula mu makapu a mabotolo apulasitiki.
  5. Njira yopanda ntchito yopanda ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito pepala lakumbudzi.

Tidzakambirana zonse zomwe tingasankhe, ndipo mungasankhe nokha yabwino kwambiri. Njira yoyamba ndi yabwino kwa munda waung'ono. Kuti muchite izi, mufunikira mabotolo apulasitiki, mawonekedwe oyang'ana pansi, pansi ndi kumanga khoma. Mabotolo a pulasitiki okhala ndi malire odulidwa amamangirira kumbali ndi khoma ndipo anadzazidwa ndi dziko lapansi. M'malo otsetsereka anabzala mbewu. Pakati pa mabotolo atambasula chingwe. Izi zidzathandiza kuti mabotolo azikhalabebe ndipo sangagwidwe ndi mphepo zamphamvu. Ndi kumadyetsa ndi kuthirira nthawi zonse, nkhaka zowonongeka zidzakubweretserani zokolola zambiri.

Kulima nkhaka zoyambirira pogwiritsa ntchito mabotolo apulasitiki, kukonzekera mbewu ayenera kuyamba koyamba. Pogwiritsira ntchito njirayi, alimi akukolola kumapeto kwa June. Nkhumba imene mungamere nkhwangwa iyenera kulowedwera pokonzekera kukula. Mbewu sichiyikidwa nthawi yomweyo, zimayambitsidwa pothetsa mpweya wa potassium permanganate kwa theka la ora.

Pakatikati mwa mwezi wa April, muyenera kuyika chizindikiro cha bedi, kulimba ndi kuthirira madzi ndi yankho la nkhuku manyowa. Patatha masiku angapo, mtsuko wa lita imodzi wa phulusa unafalikira m'munda ndipo nthaka imakumbidwa. Pakati pa mabedi muyenera kupanga pulasitiki ndi masentimita 10 ndi kupitirira masentimita 30. Pa mtunda wa masentimita 20 kuchokera kumunda muyenera kupanga mabowo ang'onoang'ono ndikutsanulira njira yotentha ya potaziyamu permanganate. Zitsimezi zimafalikira pa mbewu zitatu za nkhaka. Pamwamba mwa iwo amafunika kuwaza ndi nthaka ndi mitengo ya kanjedza. Kenaka muyenera kudula mabotolo apulasitiki ndi kuziyika bwino. Mbewu ziyenera kukhala mkati mwake. Kuchokera pamwamba pa mabotolo amenewa ndikutenthedwa ndi lutrasil. Ndiye mumayenera kuika arc ndikukoka filimuyo. Ndi kuthirira bwino ndi kuvala mu sabata, mphukira yoyamba ikuwonekera. Izi zitatha, muyenera kutsegula makapu ndi kutsanulira madzi otentha padziko lonse. Filimuyo iyenera kutsegulidwa. Pambuyo maluwawo amakula kuti asathenso kulowa mu botolo, amachotsedwa.

Njira yopezera ndalama ndi njira yodabwitsa kwambiri yolima nkhaka, monga momwe zingakhalire wamkulu ndi ndalama zochepa. Kuti muchite izi mudzafunika wowonjezera kutentha chimango ndi chingwe. Amafika ku chitsulo chimango cha wowonjezera kutentha ndikukwera pamwamba. Pansi pa wowonjezera kutentha mumayenera kukumba ngalande ndikudzaza ndi zitosi za nkhuku. Kuchokera mmwamba, ngalandeyi ili ndi dziko la masentimita 10. Pansi penipeni mumapangidwanso, yomwe imayenera kudzazidwa ndi madzi otentha.

Pambuyo pa dziko lapansi, mbeu imabzalidwa. Mu botolo la pulasitiki muyenera kuthira madzi otentha ndi kuika pansi pambali pa mbewu zofesedwa. Ndiye mumayenera kupangira mabotolo a prikopat pang'ono, ndi kuphimba mbewu pamwamba pa filimu yakale. Mphukira yoyamba idzawoneka mkati mwa sabata ndipo idzafulumira kukula ndi kupota pamodzi ndi zingwe.

Mabedi oyambirira a nkhaka akhoza kupezeka pogwiritsa ntchito makapu a mabotolo apulasitiki. Njirayi ndi yabwino chifukwa ndi yabwino kusamalira zomera. Musanabzala, muyenera kukonzekera pansi. Pamalo amakumba dzenje lalikulu 70 cm ndikudzaza ndi udzu. Pamwamba pa nthaka kuthirira madzi otentha ndi kutsanulira dothi losakaniza. Kenaka muyenera kupanga dzenje ndi mbali, zomwe zimapangitsa phulusa ndi manyowa. Pa phando lirilonse muyenera kuika mphukira ziwiri mu makapu ndi mabowo pansi. Zimazama kwambiri kuti mpweya wa chikho ukhale pamwamba pa nthaka. Mipando imathandiza mizu kukhala ndi zakudya ndi chinyezi m'nthaka.

Pamwamba pa bedi muyenera kuyika arc ndikukoka filimuyi. Amachotsedwa mu theka lachiwiri la June. Pamphepete mwa mabedi mumakhala mipiringidzo yamatabwa ya mamita awiri. Zingwe ziwiri zokha zimamangirizidwa kwa iwo. Mmodzi ayenera kuikidwa pambali, ndipo winayo ayendetse pambali. Muyenera kukhala ndi katatu yolondola. Kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake, slats zokhala ndi katatu zimayikidwa patalika masentimita 35. Chojambula chiyenera kukhala chofanana ndi makwerero. Makango atangoyamba kupota, amangirizidwa ku masitepe a "masitepe". Izi zimalola nkhaka kuti zibwere kunja. Njira zopanda pake pogwiritsa ntchito pepala lakumbudzi zimakuthandizani kukula nkhaka ndi masamba ena m'nyumba yanu pawindo. Mudzafunika pansi pa botolo la pulasitiki, filimu yamapulasitiki, pepala la chimbudzi ndi botolo lamatsitsi.

Firimuyi iyenera kudulidwa kuti ikhale yodutsa masentimita 15. Ikani pepala la chimbudzi pazitsulo iliyonse ndikuyambani ndi madzi kuchokera ku sprayer. Kufalitsa mbewu pamwamba pa mtunda wa masentimita 2.5 kuchokera kwa mzake. Afunika kuphimba ndi pepala lakumbudzi ndi filimu. Chojambulachi chikugwiritsidwa bwino kwambiri mu mpukutu ndikuikidwa mu botolo lochepetsedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Mpukutu suyenera kukhala pansi pa botolo, koma pamwamba.

Pansi pa botolo muyenera kutsanulira madzi kutalika kwa masentimita 2.5 ndi kuvala pazenera sill. Madzi ayenera kusinthidwa kawirikawiri kuti asawonongeke. Mu sabata, mphukira zoyamba zidzamera, ndipo pamene masamba oyambirira akuwoneka, mbande zikhoza kuikidwa pamalo otseguka. Mpukutu izi zisanachitike, mzere wapamwamba wachotsedwa.

Kukula nkhaka m'mabotolo ali ndi ubwino wambiri:

  1. Izi zimapulumutsa kuthirira, chifukwa madzi amatha kufika ku cholinga chake ndipo samafalikira m'munda.
  2. Mpunga wa botolo umateteza mizu ya nkhaka ku matenda.
  3. Namsongole samasokoneza chitukuko cha nkhaka.

Mukudziwa? Agiriki ankaonetsa nkhaka pazitsamba zamakedzana akale kwambiri, monga nkhaka zodyerako zinalimbikitsidwa ndi Theophrastus ndi Dioscorides. Ndipo monga Avicenna adalemba, iwo ndi othandiza kwambiri popewera matenda m'mimba ndi chiwindi, bwino kuposa ena kuthetsa ludzu ndi kuthetsa malungo.

Kukula nkhaka muhema kapena nyumba

Lingaliro lotsatira la kukula nkhaka ndi loyambirira. Poyamba bedi limeneli limafanana ndi kama, ndipo amakumbutsa nyumba yaing'ono. Nkhaka mbewu zimayenera kubzalidwa mumabowo pa bedi la mita. Zingwe zazing'ono kapena zokopa zimayikidwa pafupi ndi dzenje lililonse. Pakati pa bedi la maluwa muyenera kukumba chubu ndi kutalika kwa mamita 3 kufika mamita 1. Pamwamba pa nkhono za pomba ziyenera kulumikizidwa. Kuchokera kwa iwo kupita kumunsila zikhomo amatambasula chingwe chochepa kapena waya. Phiri ili liyenera kukhala ndi filimu yowonekera, yomwe imachotsedwa pambuyo kumapeto kwa nyengo. Chihema chotero cha nkhaka sivuta kuchita ndi manja anu, ndipo zotsatira zake zidzakhala zokolola zochuluka. Komanso, idzakhala malo okongoletsera malo onsewa.

Tenti iyi ili ndi ubwino wotsatira:

  1. Iyo imakhala yokongoletsa pa webusaitiyi.
  2. Nkhaka zili bwino kwambiri, zimakhala zokonzeka kuzidula ndipo siziyenera kusambitsidwa.
  3. Hut amapulumutsa malo pa tsamba.

Palinso kuipa kwa kulima kotere:

  1. Amafuna ndalama zina kugula zipangizo zina.
  2. Msonkhano wa chipangidwe umafuna nthawi yambiri ndi khama.

Kukula nkhaka pa trellis

Njira zodziwika za kulima nkhaka zikuphatikizapo kugwiritsa ntchito trellis. Njira imeneyi ndi yothandiza kwambiri ndipo amatsimikiziridwa ndi wamaluwa ambiri. Timayamba ndi kubzala mbewu pa mabedi. Ayenera kukhala osiyana wina ndi mzake pamtunda wa mamita 1.5 Pakati pawo, masentimita 25 ayenera kumasiyidwa. Makango atakula mpaka masentimita 10, amayamba kukhazikitsa trellis. Zitha kupangidwa ndi matabwa, zitsulo kapena kugwiritsa ntchito tayala ndi magudumu. Mitengo imapangidwa ndi nthambi zosinthasintha kapena vystugannyh. Zikuwoneka ngati khoma la Sweden. Kuchokera pa slats timapanga maselo 15 cm. Slats ayenera kukhala osachepera 4 masentimita, ndipo zipilala zopingasa ziyenera kukhala ndi masentimita 6. Zitsulo zowonongeka zimakhala 5 cm kukula. Kenaka amaikidwa pamunsi mwa mipiringidzo. Njirayi idzakongoletsa malo alionse.

Pofuna kupanga chitsulo chosungunula, muyenera kukumba miyeso iŵiri pansi pambali zonse za bedi (iliyonse imakhala 2 mamita kutalika). Kuyikira kwazitali kumakhala pafupifupi masentimita 40. Kuti chithandizo chikhale cholimba pansi, chiyenera kuthamangitsidwa pansi ndi masentimita 20 ndi nyundo. Pambali ziwiri za munda amayendetsa m'thumba ndikutambasula chingwe. Kapangidwe kawo kophimbidwa ndi primer kuteteza dzimbiri. Mphuno imatha kupangidwanso kuchokera ku gudumu ndi kutopa. Mbali imodzi ya tayala imakonzedwa ndipo imayikidwa pamalo otsetsereka. Momwemo muyenera kuyika mizere iwiri. Ayenera kukhala okhwimitsa kunja. Mkati mwa tayalali muyenera kudzazidwa ndi dothi ndikuphimba ndi thumba. Mphepete mwa thumba akhoza kutembenuzidwa pansi pa gudumu. Dulani mabowo mu thumba ndi kubzala mbewu mmenemo. Ndiye amadzazidwa ndi agrofibre.

Ndikofunikira! Pa ulimi wothirira kapena kumasula, agrofiber ikhoza kukwezedwa.

Makango akangokhala 30 masentimita, thumba ndi agrofibre zikhoza kuchotsedwa. Pakatikati muyenera kukhazikitsa mtengo wokhala ndi magudumu osasunthika. Kuchokera kubasi kupita kwa iye kukoka waya.

Njira iyi ili ndi ubwino wambiri:

  1. Zokolola zimatha kusonkhanitsa, ndipo nkhaka nthawi zonse zimakhala zoyera komanso zowuma.
  2. Bedi la nkhaka liri pamalo otseguka ndipo liri ndi mpweya wokwanira.
  3. Mabedi a m'munda nthawi zonse amaperekedwa ndi kutentha ndi dzuwa.

Pali zovuta za kapangidwe kameneka:

  1. Ndalama za ndalama zimayenera kugula matope, splits, slats ndi mitengo.
  2. Zimatengera khama lambiri komanso nthawi yaulere.
  3. Malo ogona amafunika kumasula nthawi zonse.

Kukula nkhaka pansi pa filimu yakuda

Kukula ndiwo zamasamba, kuphatikizapo nkhaka, pansi pa filimu yakuda idzatulutsa zosangalatsa zambiri ndikubweretsa zokolola zambiri. Kuti muchite izi, mufunikira filimu yakuda ya pulasitiki, zowonongeka, nthambi zazing'ono, phulusa, EM-kukonzekera, mchenga ndi humus. Mu wowonjezera kutentha, nkhaka imakula mu mbande.

Mabedi ayenera kukumba pasadakhale. Ayenera kukhala otalika masentimita 60. Mchere wamchere umagwiritsidwa ntchito kunthaka. Pakati pa mabedi muyenera kupanga mzere wothirira ndi chithandizo cha rake. Bedi lopanda manyowa silingapereke zokolola zabwino, choncho ndi bwino kuwonjezera chinthu chilichonse pamwamba pa kama. Bedi liri ndi filimu yomwe ili ndi mamita 1. Pansi pa filimuyi kumayambiriro kwa bedi muyenera kuika botolo pansi ndikudula mkati. Mudzasowa madzi okwanira. Mphepete mwa filimuyo yakuda ndi dziko lapansi. Pa filimuyi iyenera kuchitika mu mizere iwiri yocheka. Amathiriridwa madzi, ndipo madzi akamalowa, mbeu imodzi ya nkhaka imabzalidwa mu dzenje lakuya masentimita 2. Kenaka mabowo ayenera kukumbidwa ndi manja awiri. Makombero amadzi ayenera kukhala kamodzi pa sabata. Kuti mupeze zokolola zoyambirira mu April kapena May, muyenera kupanga kukonzanso kachiwiri, konzekerani chithunzi cha filimu pamwamba pa arc.

Ubwino wa filimu yakuda ndi iyi:

  1. Kusungira mankhwala ophera tizilombo.
  2. Pansi pa filimuyo imakhala ndi microclimate yabwino, yomwe imathandiza kuti mukolole msanga.
  3. Namsongole samapanikila zokolola.
  4. Kusunga madzi mowa kuthirira mbewu.
  5. Zogulitsa zachilengedwe zakula.

Mukudziwa? Pa July 27, chikondwerero cha International Day of Cucumber chimakondweretsedwa. Pa tsiku lino, phwando la nkhaka linakonzedwa koyamba ku Suzdal.

Njira izi ndizopachilendo komanso zachilendo, koma zimakuthandizani kusunga malo pa tsamba ndikupeza zokolola zochuluka za nkhaka.