Dziwani bwino mitundu yabwino ya nkhaka pa khonde

Mukhoza kulawa nkhaka zopangidwa ndi kunyumba ngakhale kuti malo alibe dziko, kapena dacha. Zikatero, chipulumutso chokha chidzakhala mitundu ya nkhaka pa khonde, ndondomeko yodziwika kwambiri yomwe tidzachita yotsatira.

April

Mitundu imeneyi ndi yakucha kucha, yomwe imatha kuwona pa tchire la zomera izi mazira oyambirira a zipatso mkati mwa miyezi 1.5 pambuyo pa kutuluka kwa mphukira. Choncho, n'zotheka kukolola nkhaka ya April mkati mwa miyezi iwiri mutabzala mbewu. Mofanana ndi nkhaka zowonongeka zomwe zili zoyenera kulima kumalo olumikizira m'mizinda, izi zosiyanasiyana ndi parthenocarpic. Ndili ndi mphamvu yokhala ndi zipatso popanda fumbi, chifukwa maluwa okhawo amamera kwambiri pa zomera.

Izi zikutanthawuza kuti nkhaka sizimadzipitsa mungu koma si mungu wochokera ku mbeu, chifukwa chake mbewu sizimapanga zipatso zokhwima. Ndiyenela kudziŵa kuti mtundu wosakanizidwa wa madengu a April amatha kubereka zipatso ngakhale mutakula m'nyumba.

Zina mwazinthu zomwe zimakhala zosiyana siyanazi ziyenera kuwonetsedwa:

  1. Mwezi wa April ndi wochepa kwambiri nkhaka, ndi chitsamba kutalika kwa masentimita 25.
  2. Mbewu yachitsamba imapangidwa nthawi imodzi mkati mwa mwezi umodzi.
  3. Zipatsozi zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira, omwe amakhala aakulu kwambiri ndi zofiira zoyera zoyera.
  4. Nkhumba za nkhaka zakupsa zimayambira 200 mpaka 250 g.
  5. Mnofu ndi wosasunthika mu kulawa, popanda kupweteka.
  6. April zosiyanasiyana zogonjetsedwa ndi tizirombo ndi matenda.
  7. Pali chizoloŵezi chokula pamwamba pa Zelentsy, zomwe zimabweretsa chikasu.
  8. Ndibwino, zokolola za April zosiyana kuchokera 1 sq. M akhoza kufika 13 kg.
  9. Pamaso pa oyendetsera mungu ndi kubzala koyambirira, zokolola za zofotokozedwa zosiyanasiyana zikuwonjezeka ndi 25-30%.

Ndikofunikira! Pogula parthenocarpic nkhaka mitundu, ganizirani kuti nkhaka zotere sizibala mbewu. Choncho mbeu za kubzala ziyenera kugula pachaka.

Balagan

Nkhaka mabedi pa khonde la Balagan zosiyanasiyana akuyeneranso chidwi, popeza izi zosiyanasiyana amanyamula nkhaka nkhaka. Mtundu wa maluwa mwa amayi ake ambiri, ukhoza kubala chipatso popanda kupululutsa. Mitengo imakhala yaying'ono kwambiri, ndipo mbali yayifupi imayambira, yomwe ili yabwino kuti ikule mu malo olimba. Komabe, izi sizilepheretsa chomera kupanga pa mfundo iliyonse kuchokera pa 3 mpaka 6 mazira.

Zipatso za Balagan zosiyanasiyana zimasiyana ndi mawonekedwe opangidwa ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira, ndipo pamwamba pake pamakhala ndi ma tubercles. Mtunduwu ndi wobiriwira, koma palinso kuwala kwapakati. Kutalika kwa greengrass kumatha kusiyana pakati pa 8-10 masentimita, ndipo kulemera kwake kawirikawiri kumadutsa 90 g.Phindu lalikulu la zipatso za Balagan ndikumveka kwake, thupi lakuda ndi lophwanyika, zoyenera kukwera.

Mukamakula nkhaka zosiyanasiyana Balagan pa khonde, awo kukana nkhaka zithunzi, azitona banga ndi powdery mildew amadziwika. Matenda okha omwe ali ndi chisamaliro cholakwika angakhudze tchire la nkhaka izi ndi downy powdery mildew.

Balcony

Nkhaka F1 Balcony ndi yosavuta kubzala ndi kusamalira, monga izi zosiyanasiyana zinalengedwa makamaka pa kukula pa khonde. Maluwa ake amadziwika ndi digiri ya nthambi, komanso chiwerengero chachikulu cha mazira (kuchokera 2 mpaka 8), omwe amapangidwa pa mfundo iliyonse. Chinthu china chodziwika bwino cha Balcony nkhaka zosiyanasiyana zimakhala zogwirizana ndi kudzaza mazira a m'mimba mwake, chifukwa choti masamba a masamba obiriwira amawoneka osayenera ndipo amatha milungu ingapo.

Mbewu yakucha imadziwika ndi nkhope ya lumpy ndi michere yoyera, mawonekedwe a oval-cylindrical. Amadziwika ndi nthiti yochepa. Kutalika kwa chipatso chilichonse ndi 6-10 masentimita, ndipo pokhala ndi nthawi yambiri yokonzanso kuthengo, amatha kusunga miyeso imeneyi kwa nthawi yaitali, popanda kuwonjezereka komanso kusaphuka. Maphunzirowa amayamikiridwa ndi zokonda zake, komanso amayenera kulandira salting.

Fruiting pa tchire amayamba pafupifupi pa 40-41th tsiku kuyambira mphukira zoyamba zikuwonekera. Kuonjezerapo, ngati mukudabwa kuti mukadzala nkhaka pa khonde, ndiye kuti zofesedwazi zingabzalidwe kumapeto kwa March, chifukwa zimakhala zosagwira mokwanira. Matenda wamba a nkhaka amakhala osakhudzidwa, ngakhale kawirikawiri pali maonekedwe a downy mildew pa tchire.

Mzinda wa Gherkin

Zina zosiyanasiyana ndi zina mwa mtolo wa gherkins. Mitengo mitundu Mzinda nkhaka nthambi bwino kwambiri, oyambirira pa iwo amawoneka ovary woyamba - za 41st tsiku kukula. Nthenda iliyonse pa nthawi yomweyo imapanga 3-9 kapena ma ovari ambiri.

Chifukwa cha kukula kwa thumba losunga mazira, ang'onoang'ono, lumpy amadyera amapangidwa ndi mamita awiri mpaka 2.7 masentimita ndi kutalika kwa 12 cm. Kuchuluka kwa nkhaka iliyonse sikudutsa 90 g. Iwo amadziwikanso ndi kupezeka kwa tsinde lalitali ndi kuthekera kwa nthawi yaitali kuti akhalebe kukula pamene akukhala kuthengo. Chifukwa cha mtundu uwu ndi mawonekedwe owonda, zipatso izi zimatchedwa "nkhaka zala".

Koma kupindula kwakukulu kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhaka zoyambirira ndi zipatso zambiri zomwe zingatengedwe kuchokera ku tchire kwa nthawi yaitali. Komanso, tchire zake zimalimbana ndi mthunzi wamphamvu kwambiri, popanda kutaya mphamvu za fruiting. Mbali imeneyi imakulolani kuti mukule nkhaka zam'nyumba, ngakhale pawindo. Kawirikawiri amakhudzidwa ndi chizoloŵezi cha matenda a nkhaka.

Poyamba

Ngati mukuyang'ana nkhaka zowonongeka ndi khonde, ndiye kuti Choyamba chosiyanasiyana chiyenera kuphatikizidwa mu chiwerengero chawo. Mtundu umenewu umasiyana ndi kuphulika koyamba kwa Zelentsov, komanso zokolola zambiri. Ikhoza kukhala wamkulu pa khonde lotsekedwa, windowsill kapena mu wowonjezera kutentha. Mukhoza kufesa mu March - April, ndipo mutatha kukolola mukhoza kubwereza mbeu mu Julayi, zomwe zingakuthandizeni kupeza mbeu yachiwiri kumapeto kwa September. The shrub ya zosiyanasiyana ndi sing'anga wamtali, ndi pafupifupi digiti ya nthambi ya ofananira nawo mphukira. Ali ndi zokolola zabwino kwambiri - mpaka makilogalamu 3.5 a nkhaka kuchokera 1 mita mita. Kupititsa patsogolo.

Zipatso zili ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  • kutalika - 12-13 cm;
  • m'mimba mwake - pafupifupi 3.6 cm;
  • mawonekedwe - cylindrical;
  • pamwamba - lumpy;
  • kulemera - pafupifupi 70 g

Kukoma kwa Zelentsov Zosiyanasiyana Zambiri zimakhala zosangalatsa, thupi ndi crispy, popanda kupweteka. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, pali njira zabwino zotsutsa matenda osiyanasiyana, koma izi n'zotheka kokha posamalira tchire.

Ndikofunikira! Ngakhale kuti zonse zomwe zili m'gulu la nkhaka zosiyanasiyana zimatha kukula bwino pa khonde, ziyeneranso kulima kuthengo ndi greenhouses. Pa nthawi yomweyi, mutakula m'mabedi ogona, adzakondwera ndi mbewu zambiri.

Zozulya

Nkhaka Zozulya pamene ikukula pa khondeyo inasonyeza ubwino wabwino kwambiri. Chinthu chofunika kwambiri pa zosiyanasiyana ndi zipatso zake, zomwe zimatha kufika makilogalamu khumi ndi awiri (12 kg) a nkhaka kuchokera 1 mita mita. Malo okwera. Kuwonjezera apo, zipatso zake zimakhala zabwino kwambiri, komanso kuyenerera kwa pickling ndi pickling.

Zozulya zosiyana zimatcha kuphulika koyamba, monga zipatso zoyamba pa tchire zimatha kusonkhanitsidwa masiku makumi asanu ndi awiri (48) kutuluka kwa mbande. Zipatso zokha zimapangidwa pa izo cylindrical, ndi pafupifupi yosalala pamwamba ndi mdima wobiriwira. Kawirikawiri mawonekedwe oyera a maonekedwe oyera amapezeka pamwamba.

Zina mwa zinthu zomwe zikukula izi, ndizoyenera kutchula:

  1. Kuthamanga kwa matenda akuluakulu - mavairasi a nkhaka zithunzi, askohitoza ndi maolivi malo. Ngakhale ndi ochuluka kwambiri kuthirira, Zozulya nkhaka baka ndi ofooka pansi mapangidwe mizu zowola.
  2. Pofesa nkhaka izi, mungagwiritse ntchito mbeu zowuma, zomwe zimayenera kumera mu madzi ophikira. Pakapita masiku ochepa, mbande zokhwima zimatengedwa ku miphika ndi gawo lapansi.
  3. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imafuna kutentha. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti tchire sizitha kuchepetsa kutentha kwa mpweya pansipa +12 ° C. Kuonjezerapo, chifukwa cha zokolola zambiri, ndi bwino kukula mosiyanasiyana pa khonde lowala bwino ndi dzuwa.

Mukudziwa? Nkhaka pa khonde amatha kukonzekera, makamaka ngati ali ndi kuwala kokwanira ndikukula tchire. Kuwonjezera kukongoletsa kwenikweni, nkhaka obzalidwa ngati thickly, ndipo mphukira zawo zimamangiriridwa kuti zithandizire m'njira yomwe masamba amapanga khoma lamoyo.

Zokongola

Makasamba okhwima oyambirira a khonde Chokongola ndi chokha chimene chimafuna tizilombo todwalitsa maluwa. Komabe, m'zaka zaposachedwapa, mitundu yambiri ya hybrid yomwe inayamba kuonekera pamsika, chifukwa cha nkhakayi pa khondeyo inayamba kubala zipatso zambiri ngakhale popanda njuchi. Kuchokera pa 1 square. Kukula m mangoka amatha kusonkhanitsa makilogalamu 7.

Zomera za mitundu zosiyanasiyana zimakhala zowopsya, zonsezi zimapanga nthambi zisanu. Zipatso zoyamba pa tchire zimapangidwa mkati mwa masiku 44-60. Zelentsy zimasiyana mu mawonekedwe a ellipsoid ndi kutalika kwake - mpaka masentimita 13. Zipatso zonse zimakhala pafupifupi 140 g Mtundu wawo uli wobiriwira, pamakhala ma tubercles ochepa pamwamba, koma pali spikes woyera. Mphesa za mphesa zimasiyanitsidwa ndi thupi lawo lokoma, lokoma-kulawa, lomwe liribe void mkati mwake ndipo sililawa zowawa. Zipatso zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mawonekedwe atsopano komanso zamzitini. Chokhacho chawo chokha ndi khungu lolimba kwambiri.

Zina mwa ubwino wa nkhakayi ndizozitsutsana kwambiri ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa matenda osiyanasiyana, komanso kuti amatha kukhala ngati pollinator kwa mitundu ina ya nkhaka. Miphika ikhoza kuyamba ngakhale ngakhale kutentha kotsika.

Kalendala

Mitundu ina yodziwika bwino ya nkhaka zomwe zimalimidwa pa khonde, zomwe zimasiyanitsidwa ndi malo a mazira ozungulira mwachindunji pa mfundo za chitsamba. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, nthambi za shrub zimafooketsa, koma kuchokera 2 mpaka 6 mavairasi amapanga pa mfundo iliyonse. N'zochititsa chidwi kuti fruiting lateral mphukira ndi yogwira ntchito kwambiri kuposa chapakati. Zipatso za kalendala zosiyanasiyana zimasiyanitsidwa ndi mawonekedwe a oval-spindle ndi tuber-pafupipafupi pamwamba. Mtundu wa iwo ndi wobiriwira wobiriwira, palinso longitudinal kuwala mikwingwirima. Kutalika kwa nkhaka zakupsa ndizochepa ndipo zimakhala pafupifupi masentimita 10, sizilemera kuposa 90 g. Zelentsy za kalasiyi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popereka zakudya zatsopano komanso zamchere. Pa kulima, kulimbana kwakukulu kwa matenda osiyanasiyana kumatchulidwa. Nthawi zambiri, zimakhudzidwa ndi downy mildew. Komanso, tchire chake silingalole kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamakulitsa nkhaka pa khonde, musaiwale kuti tchire lawo ndi losasunthika ndipo likhoza kuonongeka ndi mphepo yamphamvu. Choncho, pasanapite nthawi, taganizirani chithandizo kwa iwo ndipo musaiwale kumangiriza aliyense kuthawa.

Hummingbird

Manyowa a f1 F1 ndi mtundu wa kornishonnuyu ndipo ali ndi zochuluka kwambiri fruiting. Pa mfundo iliyonse ya chitsamba cha cultivar wa nkhaka 2 mpaka 10 losunga mazira amapangidwa, imene yaing'ono amadyera ndiyeno anapanga.

Makhalidwe a zipatso za Hummingbird ndi awa:

  • nkhaka pamwamba ndi lumpy, ndi zochepa zazing'ono za mtundu woyera;
  • mtunduwo ndi wobiriwira, koma pamwamba pa chipatso chilichonse pali mikwingwirima yowonjezera;
  • kukula kwa masamba aliwonse obiriwira ndi ochepa, kutalika kwake kumatha kusiyana pakati pa 5 ndi 8 masentimita;
  • nkhaka ikhoza kulemera kuchokera 60 mpaka 80 g;
  • mawonekedwe a Zelentsi ndi ofanana ndi maonekedwe osiyana siyana;
  • Zipatso za nkhaka za hummingbird zimagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka kwa salting, ngakhale zili zoyenera kudya mofulumira.

Mu kulima, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yodzichepetsa, imatha kukula ngakhale penumbra, komabe imasonyeza zotsatira zapamwamba zokolola zikafika pamtunda wokhala ndi khonde kapena mawindo. Kulimbana ndi matenda ambiri a nkhaka, kuwonongeka kwa tizilombo sikunayambe.

Mukudziwa? Nkhaka kwambiri chinyezi wokonda zomera. Kuthira kosakwanira kwa tchire sikungathandize kokha kukulira kwawo kosauka, komanso kuoneka kwa kulawa kowawa mu chipatso.

Machaoni

Makhaon nkhaka ndi yotchuka pakati pa mitundu yoyenera kukula pa khonde. Kachilombo kameneka kamakhala ndi zizindikiro zonse zofunikira pa ulimi womwewo, kupatulapo uli ndi zokolola zambiri.

Machaoni osiyanasiyana amadziwika ndi chitsamba chachikulu chomwe chimakhala ndi mbali zambiri, pambali iliyonse yomwe 2 mpaka 11 mazira amakhala. Kuchokera ku mazirawa, m'malo mwake timakhala timene timayambira. Iwo amasiyanitsidwa ndi lumpy pamwamba yokutidwa ndi ma spikes woyera, komanso kukhalapo kwa kuwala kotentha kotenga pamwamba pa nkhope yonse. Kutalika kwa chipatso kumakhala pakati pa 7 mpaka 11 masentimita, ndi kulemera - kuyambira 60 mpaka 110 g. Iwo akhoza kusunga kukula kwake kwa nthawi yaitali, ngakhale kukhalabe kuthengo kwa nthawi yaitali.

Zipatso za zosiyanasiyana za nkhakazi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito zosiyanasiyana - zatsopano saladi, pickling ndi nayonso mphamvu. Zokolola za mitundu yosiyanasiyana nthawi zonse zimakhala zapamwamba, pamene zimakula bwino ngakhale mthunzi wa tsankho, ndipo matenda a nkhaka pafupifupi samakhudza tchire.

Monga momwe iwe umatha kuwonera, ngakhale pa khonde lokhala ndi malo ochepa ndipo popanda kuunikira mungapeze nkhaka zabwino kwambiri. Pa nthawi yomweyo, mitundu yambiri ya pamwambayi ikhoza kukulirakulira ngakhale pawindo, yomwe, pogwiritsira ntchito magwero ena ounikira, idzatulutsa nkhaka zatsopano chaka chonse.