Mitundu yambiri ndi mitundu ya amondi

Amondi ndi mtengo kapena shrub wa mtundu wa plums. Dziko lakwawo limatengedwa kuti ndi Mediterranean ndi Central Asia. Masiku ano amalimidwa ku China, USA, ku Crimea ndi Caucasus, ku Russia, Slovakia ndi Czech Republic, ku Moravia.

Amondi wamba

Ammwini wamba amagawidwa m'magulu awiri a subspecies: Amondi am'maluwa (owawa) ndi amondi ali okoma.

Ma almond a m'nyanja ali ndi prussic acid m'maso, choncho amakula pokhapokha pofuna mankhwala.

Kudya amondi akuluakulu ndi okoma.

Pali mitundu ina ya amondi, yomwe imamera ndi chitsamba, ndipo pali mitundu yomwe imakula ndi nkhuni. Mitundu imeneyi imakula kufika mamita asanu ndi limodzi mu msinkhu.

Makungwa pa mtengo wa almond ali ndi ubweya wonyezimira, pa nthambi zokhala ndi imvi, muzitsamba zazing'ono. Masambawa ndi opapatiza, okhala ndi petiole yaitali ndi nsonga yakuthwa, pamphepete mwa tsamba la tsamba. Maonekedwe a masamba ndi ovundu.

Maamondi, malingana ndi mitundu yosiyana siyana, amasamba kuchokera mu February mpaka April, zomwe zimakhala zosangalatsa - masamba asanatuluke. Ali ndi maluwa akuluakulu oyera kapena oyera omwe amamera maluwa.

Zipatso za mbewuzo zipsa mu June - July. The drupes akukonzekera ndi mulu wa imvi kapena mtundu wobiriwira, mbewu ndi nati mu chipolopolo chochepa. Maonekedwe a fupa ndi ofanana ndi msomali: mbali imodzi - yozungulira, pambali inayo - yosankhulidwa bwino. Mtedza ndi aakulu, mpaka 2 cm kutalika.

Mukudziwa? Ku Igupto wakale, machiritso a amondi amatha kukhala ndi thupi la amayi apakati. Zipatso za mbewuzo zinkagwiritsidwa patebulo la olemekezeka ndi aparao.

Amondi otsika (steppe, cobbler)

Amondi amchere otsika imakula mpaka mamita imodzi ndi theka mamita. Mitundu imeneyi ndi shrub yotchedwa deciduous shrub. Ili ndi korona wandiweyani, yopanga mpira, ndi nthambi zowongoka kwambiri. Makungwawa ndi imvi ndi reddish tinge. Amasiya mitundu yambiri, ya minofu, ya oblong, ya lanceolate. Leaf kutalika mpaka masentimita 6, mtundu - utoto wakuda pamwamba pa mbale ndi kuunika pansi.

Pa bobovnika yobiriwira, koma maluwa ochepa. Amondi maluwa otsika kumapeto kwa March - oyambirira April. Mphukira yaying'ono ya burgundy hue ili pa mphukira zasafupi. Kuphulika maluwa m'mimba mwake mpaka 3 masentimita, kulemera kwa pinki ndi pfungo lowawa.

Mtundu uwu wa amondi umathera limodzi ndi masamba. Maluwa imatha masabata osachepera awiri. Chipatso chouma mu mawonekedwe a dzira mpaka masentimita 2, chitetezedwa ndi pubescent. Kuphuka zipatso kumapezeka mu July. Mbeuyi ndi yambiri, ndi mikwingwirima yaitali, imadyedwa. Mitunduyi imayimilidwa ndi mitundu yomwe imakhala ndi maluwa oyera.

White Sail

Mtengo wa amondi White Sail - Mtengo uwu ndi wamondi wamaluwa. Maluwa pamphukira amawomba kwambiri, ndizosemphana ndi iwo. Dera la maluwa liri pafupi 10 mm. "Ngolo yoyera" kwa nthawi yaitali ikhoza kuchita popanda ulimi wothirira: chomera ichi chakumwera chikulimbana ndi chilala.

"Annie"

"Annie" imamasula kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April, kuphimba korona ndi yowala pinki mpaka 2.5 masentimita awiri. Kuphuka zipatso kumayamba kumayambiriro kwa autumn, kumapeto kwa September. Mtedza ndi aakulu - mpaka masentimita 6 m'litali, mbewu ndi zonunkhira zokoma komanso zokoma zokoma.

"Maloto"

Mtengo wa amondi "Maloto" amakonda kukula m'madera otseguka, amatha kutentha kwambiri dzuwa. Amamva bwino penumbra. Chomeracho chikuwopa mantha ndipo kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha. "Maloto" amamasuka ndi maluwa okongola a pinki oposa 2 masentimita awiri.

"Flamingo ya Pink"

"Flamingo ya Pink" - Awa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya masamba ochepa, amamasula pafupifupi mlungu umodzi kuposa mitundu ina. Maluwawo amatha kutentha, ang'onoang'ono, mpaka masentimita awiri, pinki maluwa. Zosiyanasiyanazi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga maonekedwe, komanso azitsulo amachikonda.

Ndikofunikira! Mavitamini owawa amondi, chifukwa cha poizoni wawo, amatha kufa imfa. Mwana wosapitirira zaka khumi ndi ziwiri amafunika kudya mbewu khumi zokha, ndipo wamkulu amakhala pafupi makumi asanu.

"Chigoba cha pinki"

Sakani "Chigoba cha pinki" imakhalabe mthunzi mumthunzi, ndipo mochulukira kwambiri mwa dzuwa lonse. Mitunduyi imakhala yaikulu, mpaka 2.5 masentimita awiri, yowala maluwa okongola.

Almond Chijojiya

Almond Chijojiya - yang'anani ndi malo ochepa ogawidwa, ikukula ku Caucasus. Imamera chitsamba, chowoneka mofanana ndi bauber. Mitunduyi ili ndi nthambi zochepa, koma mizu yambiri imayambira.

Masamba, malingana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana, akhoza kukhala ochuluka ndi oblong, mpaka masentimita 8 m'litali. Maluwa aakulu, makamaka pinki, amatha pachimake mu May. Zosiyanasiyana sizibala chipatso chochulukira, zipatso zimakhala zofalitsa, zobiriwira ndi imvi.

Maluwa a amondiwa ndi otentha kwambiri, kusagonjetsa chilala ndi kutsika pansi. Makhalidwe amenewa amapangitsa zomera kukhala ofunikira pa kuswana. Kuwonjezera pa zizindikiro zapamwambazi, zomera zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toononga. Ndi chisamaliro chabwino ndi choyenera chimakhala ndi makhalidwe okongoletsa mpaka zaka makumi atatu.

Zosangalatsa Pakati pa maluwa a amondi amakondwera ndi kukongola kwake kosatha. Mtundu wake unkaimbidwa ndi ndakatulo, olemba, ndi ojambula. Malingaliro omwe akufalikira a almond anagwidwa ndi Garsevan Cholokashvili, Frida Polak, Konstantin Paustovsky. Maluwa a amondi anauzira Vincent Van Gogh kuti apange chithunzi ndi dzina lomwelo.

Amondi a Ledebura

Malo osakaza Almond Ledebour - Altai. Zimakula m'mapiri, m'mphepete mwa nyanja ndi m'madzi. Chomeracho chimakonda mochepetsera nthaka chinyezi, bwino mungu wochokera ndi tizilombo.

Mtedza wa Ledebura wosasuntha, wokonda kuwala ndi ukuphuka. Mwachilengedwe, mtundu wa almond wa mitundu iyi imapanga mitsinje yonse ya masamba ndi masamba akuluakulu obiriwira.

Chomerachi chimamera patsogolo pa maluwa ena a pinki, maluwa amatha masabata atatu. Zipatso za maluwa a amondi omwe ali ndi zaka khumi. Zosiyana kwambiri ndizo Moto wa Moto ndi reddish maluwa mpaka 3 masentimita awiri.

Almond Petunnikova

Almond Petunnikova - otsika shrub, osaposa mita. Malo ogawa - Central Asia. Nthawi zambiri nthambi zimakhazikitsa korona wandiweyani mofanana ndi mpira. Nthambi za makungwa zinkavala imvi ndi bulauni kapena bulawuni.

Masamba okhala ndi mapepala osalala, mawonekedwe a lanceolate ndi nsonga yakuthwa. Maluwa amayamba ali ndi zaka zitatu, mwezi wa May. Maluwa am'maluwa amawomba pinki, pachimake amatha milungu iwiri. Ali ndi zaka zisanu za amondi amayamba kubereka zipatso. Zipatso ndizochepa, zapasipi, za lalanje kapena zachikasu.

Chipatso cha atatu cha amondi

Chipatso cha atatu cha amondi - Ichi ndi shrub wamtali wokhala ndi korona waukulu komanso kufalikira.

Dzina la amondi limachokera ku mawonekedwe a masamba, kupanga mapulogalamu atatu.

Masambawa ali ndi mulu pamunsi mwa tsamba la tsamba, lopangidwa m'munsi mwa mano. Maluwa amitundu yosiyana ndi m'mimba mwake, okonzedwa awiri awiri pa mphukira.

Pali ma subspecies awiri okongoletsera:

  • "Kutengako" - ndi maluwa awiri, lalikulu - mpaka masentimita 4. Mafuta a pinki amasamba pambuyo pa masamba. Chitsamba chimakula mpaka mamita atatu m'kukwera;
  • "Kiev" - mpaka mamita 3.5 mamita, maluwa obiriwira. Maluwa a pinki amasamba pamaso pa masamba, maluwawo ndi aakulu, matalala.
Mitunduyi imayimilidwa ndi mitundu yambiri komanso yambiri.

"Svitlana"

"Svitlana" - zosiyanasiyana zofalitsidwa ndi Chiyukireniya breeders. Zosiyanasiyana ndi chisanu chopinga, kudzichepetsa. Maluwa mu "Svitlana" mthunzi wotsika kwambiri. Amamasula kwambiri, ngakhale osasamala kwenikweni.

"Tanya"

"Tanya" - Amondi okhala ndi mizere iwiri ikuluikulu yokhala ndi mamita atatu mpaka masentimita 3.5. Zilonda zamaluwa zikuoneka kuti zasokonekera. Zosiyanasiyana ndi chisanu chopanda mphamvu, sizifa pa -25 ° C. Kukhalitsa kokhakokha ndi kusowa kwa chivundikiro cha chisanu kungawonongeke. Pa nthawi yomweyo amondi amafa.

"Kumbukirani Makhmet"

"Kumbukirani Makhmet" - Zosiyanasiyana zimamasula maluwa asanayambe pachimake. Ali ndi maluwa awiri a pinki yokongola. Maluwa amatha pafupifupi masabata awiri. M'malo kawirikawiri amamera zomera zowonjezera pafupi ndi izo.

"Mkazi Wachikaina"

"Mkazi Wachikaina" - zosiyanasiyana ndi maluwa okongola a pinki, osati a maluwa. "Mkazi wachi China" amamva bwino m'mapaki, midzi ndi madera.

Chenjerani! Amondi amtengo wapatali atatu amatenga "monilia" (bowa), matendawa amakhudza achinyamata ofooka omwe amawombera. Pofuna kupuma mankhwala, kudulira pachaka kumachitika pambuyo pa maluwa.

"Snow Wimura"

"Snow Wimura" - Almond atatu-blade terry. Maluwa akuluakulu a pinki otumbululuka ndi mapeto a maluwa, amasintha mtundu ndi kirimu. Chomeracho chimakhala bwino m'madera otsekemera ndi mitengo yokongola.

"Ruslana"

"Ruslana" - mtundu wosakanizidwa, kusintha mthunzi. Kumayambiriro kwa maluwa, zimakhala zofiira.

Amondi ndi chomera chodziwika bwino. Zipatso zake sizigwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha mu mankhwala ndi cosmetology, mtedza wa amondi amathandizira ndi njira ya zakudya zochepetsera mankhwala kapena zolemera.

Maamondi amakhalanso odziwika pophika, ndipo mikate yowonjezera yowonjezera, mikate, mousses, zokometsera ndi zina zotere zimapangidwira. Amondi amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mowa. Maluwa otchedwa almond okongoletsera mapaki, minda ndi madera.