Njira zowonetsera kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tipewe

Aliyense amadziwa kuti zomera zambiri za m'munda ndi m'munda zimayambukira kuopsa kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana. Osasamala ndi maula. Ngati simukudziwa momwe mungasamalire bwino nthawi yachisanu, ndipo musatenge chithandizo kapena mankhwala oyenera, ndiye kuti tizirombo sizikulolani kuti mutenge zipatso zabwino zokoma.

Hawthorn

Chimodzi mwa tizirombo tomwe timapulasitiki, omwe ndi gulugufe lalikulu kwambiri ndi mapiko oyera. Munthu amene sanamwalire akhoza kuzindikira popanda vuto. Thupi la mbozi la mtundu wa hawthorn ndi lofiira kwambiri ndipo limaphimbidwa ndi tsitsi lalikulu. Kumbuyo kumadzaza ndi mikwingwirima itatu yakuda ndi yachiwiri. Mbalame yotchedwa hibernate mu masamba owuma, ndipo kumayambiriro kwa kasupe amayamba kudya kutentha kwachinyamata. Chifukwa chake, iwo amawonongedwa kwathunthu, ndipo chomeracho sichimasamba.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Pali njira zambiri zowonongera hawthorn, koma chosavuta kwambiri ndizosonkhanitsa zisa zomwe zimakonzedwa kuti zikhale nyengo yozizira komanso kuwonongedwa kwawo. Njira ina yothetsera nkhondo ndi mbalame, zomwe zimakopeka kwambiri ndi malo anu. Kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe, mukhoza kujambula filimu pansi pa maula ndikugwedeza mtengowo bwino. Popeza mbozizi sizinayambe kugwira ntchito mwakhama, zidzangowonongeka kuchokera ku nthambi. Ayenera kuti azikhala pamodzi ndikuwotchedwa.

Pomwe maula atayamba kuphulika, ayenera kupopedwa ndi imodzi mwa tizilombo: Nitrafen, Metaphos kapena Actellic.

Zima njenjete

Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa timafalikira m'minda ndi malo omwe si a chernozem. Mzimayi wa njenjete yachisanu ndi tizilombo tokhala ndi mimba yotupa, miyendo yaitali ndi mapiko osapulumuka, ngati atrophied. Iye sangakhoze kuwuluka, koma mwamsanga amayenderera pa nthambi kuti akafufuze malo oti iye agone. Amuna akhoza kuthawa. Zili ndi mapiko a bulauni omwe amawoneka ndi imvi ndi mitsempha yambiri. Nyongolotsi ya njenjete yachisanu imatha kufika masentimita atatu m'litali, ili ndi mapaundi asanu a miyendo ndi mutu wa bulauni. Mzere wandiweyani umayenda kumbuyo kumbali ya thupi lonse, ndipo kumbaliko kuli mabala atatu oyera. Dzina la tizilomboli linachokera ku kayendetsedwe ka mbozi: imamangiriza mapeto a mwana wa ng'ombe kumutu, kenako imadzudzula ndi kukukwa.

Kutentha kwa mazira achikasu ndi timaluwa ta malalanje kumapezeka ming'alu mumphuno pafupi ndi impso. Kumayambiriro kwa masika, mbozi imathamangira impso, imadya mkati. Pambuyo pake, amadya masamba, maluwa ndi masamba, ndikuwatchinga ndi mabubu. Mu June, kuphulika kwa mbozi kumapezeka pafupi ndi mtengo wa mtengo. M'dzinja, pamene mazira akugwa, agulugufe amawonekera. Akazi amaika mazira m'nyengo yozizira pansi pa makungwa. Angathe kukonzedwa m'magulu kapena payekha.

Zotsatira zoletsa. M'dzinja, pamaso pa agulugufe asanakuwoneke, muyenera kuika matope apadera omwe amapezeka ndi pepala lopangidwa. Tizilombo tawonongeka pamodzi ndi malamba. Komanso, patatha mphukira, mitengo imatha kuchiritsidwa ndi infusions ya zitsamba zamtengo wapatali. Pamene nyengo imatentha kunja, chithandizo cha mitengo ndi Bitoxibacillin ndi Lepidocide chimathandiza nthawi yaphuphu.

Mukudziwa? "Nyumba "ndi malo otchuka kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Mtengo umakula mpaka mamita 12 m'litali ndipo umakhala ndi korona wochuluka. Pakati pa mitengo yonse ya mitengo, phala lakhala ndi 90%.

Pliers

Nkhupakupa zimakhala zosadziwika bwino za zamoyo kwa wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa ambiri. Iwo sali a kalasi ya tizilombo, chotero, posankha zinthu zotetezera zomera, onetsetsani kuti mukuganizira mfundo iyi. Nkhupakupa ndi imodzi mwa akuluakulu akale a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amene akhalapo Padziko Lapansi. Mpaka pano, pali mitundu yoposa 50,000.

Mbewu yofiira mite

Ndi microorganism ndi kukula kwa 0,5 mm ya mtundu wofiira-bulauni. Nkhupakupa yaikazi ikhoza kuika mazira zana pa nthawi yake ya moyo. M'nthawi ya chilimwe, nkhuku yofiira imatha kubala ana asanu ndi atatu. Dzira la chilimwe likugwera pamphepete mwa tsamba kuchokera kumbali yake. Kumapeto kwa autumn akazi kuika mazira achinyamata mphukira. Zimazizira zimatengedwa pamwamba pa makungwa. Pambuyo pa mazira a mvula isanayambe maluwa, mazira a mazira amathyola mphutsi, zomwe zimadutsa pa siteji ya nymph kukhala anthu akuluakulu. Patapita sabata, nkhupakupa zakonzeka kubereka.

Zipatso zamtundu wofiira zimamwa madzi ndi masamba, kenako zimakhala zowuma ndi kugwa. Zipatso zikufota ndipo sizikula mpaka zofunikira kukula. Ngati kachilomboka kakukula kwambiri, ndiye kuti mutha kuperekera kwa 30% ya zokolola zonse za plums.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Kulimbana ndi mankhwalawa, mapangidwe a pyrethroid si abwino. Pa nthawi ya mphutsi, izi zikugwiritsidwa ntchito: "Fufanon", "Danadim", "Fitoverm" ndi ena. Matendawa akafika povuta, ndiye kuti muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo: "Sunmite", "Neoron", "Nissoran", "Apollo" ndi ena.

Common Spider Mite

Izi ndi mapuloteni omwe amatha kuwononga mbewu yotsekedwa komanso yotseguka. Mu kukula kwake akhoza kufika 0,6 mm. M'chilimwe, mtundu wa tizilombo ndi wobiriwira-wachikasu; mwa kasupe umakhala wofiira-lalanje. Zakudya zake ndi kubalana kumachitika pamunsi mwa masamba pansi pa chophimba cha cobwebs zoonda. Pazimenezi ndi kayendedwe kake, komweko akubisala.

Pamene kugonjetsedwa kwa kangaude kumakhala kwakukulu, webusaiti imatha kuchotsedwa ngakhale pakati pa nthambi zapafupi za mtengowu. Iwo akhoza ngakhale ataphimbidwa kwathunthu ndi zibwebwe. Pamphepete mwa mphukira ndikusiya kusuntha kwa tizilombo toononga. Ntchito ya nthata za kangaude ingadziwike ndi zigawo zazing'ono zakuda za mimba.

Nthawi yoyamba, zowonongeka zimapezeka masamba onse, pambuyo pambiri ya tizirombo tomwe timakwera kumtunda ndi kuwononga osati masamba okha, komanso maluwa ndi zipatso.

Njira zovuta. Pakati pa nyengo yokula, maula ayenera kuthiridwa ndi "Aktellik", "Altyn", "Antikleschom" ndi machitidwe ena ofanana. Ngati mwachedwa ndi mankhwalawa, azimayi adzakhala ndi nthawi yoika mazira atsopano ndikuwonjezera chiwerengero chawo. Mankhwala amtundu uliwonse ayenera kuchitidwa mwamsanga atangotulukira mtundu wa kangaude. Nkhupakupa ya webusaiti ili ndi katundu wotetezedwa madzi. Pambuyo pake chithandizocho chidzachitika, zidzakhala zovuta kwambiri kupeza zotsatira zabwino ngakhale ndi mlingo waukulu wa mankhwala.

Acacia spatula

Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa timapweteka kwambiri mitengo ya plamu. Thupi la mkazi wachikulire ali ndi mtundu wofiira wofiira. Kutalika kwake ndi 6 mm ndipo m'lifupi mwake ndi 5 mm. Thupi laling'ono liri lozungulira, pamphepete ndi lofatsa. Amuna ali ndi thupi lochepa kwambiri. Mutu wawo uli wakuda ndi maso asanu ndi limodzi, zinyama ndi miyendo ndi zachikasu, mimba ndi chifuwa ndizofiira ndipo zimaphimbidwa ndi sera yakuda. Pa mimba muli maulendo awiri ataliatali.

Mitengo imatha kufooka kwambiri pambuyo pa kuwonongedwa kwa mchere wa mthethe chifukwa imayamwa zakudya zonse ndipo imasungunula minofu yachitsulo ndi mankhwala ake oopsa. Pambuyo pake, makungwa a mtengo amawonongeka ndikufera ku nkhuni. Kuwombera kumawombera, kumangokhalira kuyang'ana maonekedwe, komanso kukoma. Mitengo yaing'ono, yomwe palibe njira yomwe ikuthandizira kuthetsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, imatha kufa zaka ziwiri.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Yang'anani mbande mutabzala, chifukwa mlonda wa mthethe amagawidwa pamodzi ndi mbande ndi inoculum zipangizo. Mitengo yoyera ku makungwa wakufa ndikuchotsani nthambi zowuma. Ngati nkhaniyo ikusamalidwa kwambiri, ndiye kuti mtengo uyenera kuchotsedwa ndi kuwotchedwa. Tizilombo ta tizilombo ta tizilombo tomwe timatulutsa tizilombo timene timapanga timadzi timene timayambitsa kupopera mbewu timapanga nyengo yamphongo mpaka mphukira itatha. Processing ayenera kuchitidwa ndi kukhudzana-kuchita tizirombo ndi kukonzekera zochokera mchere mafuta.

Ndikofunikira! Mankhwala ayenera kuchitidwa mosamalitsa, kutsuka nthambi za chigoba ndi tsinde, chifukwa zimatha kuphimbidwa ndi zikopa zing'onozing'ono zamatenda.
Kuchiza mankhwala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kumene kunkachitika panthawi yokhala ndi mphutsi zokwawa. Mukhozanso kupatsirana chithandizo cha mitundu ina ya tizirombo.

Listovertka rosany

Izi ndizogulugufe ting'onoting'ono ta mapiko awiri mpaka 25 mm. Mbozi za grassworms amadya masamba, chifukwa cha zomwe zimagwera pansi, kukhala zachilendo. Mbozi imakula mpaka 20 mm, ndipo mtundu wawo ukhoza kukhala wobiriwira mpaka wobiriwira.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Ndikofunika kuyamba kuwonongeka kwa timapepala tisanadze maluwa. Ngati nyengo yachisanu imakhala pamitengo, ndiye kuti kupopera mankhwala ophera tizilombo kuyenera kuchitidwa pang'onopang'ono. Ngati abusa akugonjetsa pa dzira, chithandizochi chiyenera kuchitika kumapeto kwa kutentha kosachepera 10 ° C. Zimakhala zosavuta kuyenda pamsewu, chifukwa nyengo yozizira imabisala pansi pa mapepala kapena masamba osokonekera.

Ndikofunikira! Kukonzekera kwa nthawi ya chilimwe ya plums ku grassworms kudzakhala ndi zotsatira zochepa kwambiri. Komanso, tizilombo tonse opindulitsa komanso tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.
Asanayambe kuphuka, mankhwala amatha bwino ndi tizilombo zotsatirazi: "Atom", "Ditoks", "68", "Binom", "Bi-58 Watsopano", "Rogor-S", "Terradim", "Landing", "Tagore", "Tod", "Zolon" , "Fufanon". Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa "Otsogolera", "Lannat 20 L", "Aktellik", "Calypso", "Kukambitsirana", "Samurai Super", "Sumidge", "Coragen" ndi ena.

Ngati mbozi zagwa kale maluwa ndi masamba opotoka, ndi nthawi yoti mudziwe pyrethroids, mwachitsanzo, Ivanhoe, AltAlf, Chipangano, Alfatsin, Alfashans, Tsi-Alpha, Fatrin, Fastak. Mankhwalawa angagwiritsidwe ntchito: Karate Zeon, Altyn, Lambda-S, Kungfu, Break, Sensei, Gladiator, Karachar, Samum, Lyambdek.

Ndikofunikira! Kumbukirani kuti pyrethroids imayambitsa nkhuku yobereka. Ndipo m'chilimwe pa kutentha kwa 25 ° C, mphamvu zawo zatsala pang'ono kutha.
M'chilimwe komanso pambuyo pa maula, ndi bwino kusagwiritsa ntchito tizilombo toopsa. Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo, mwachitsanzo, Fitoverm ndi Akarin.

Sawfly

Izi ndi tizilombo tosangalatsa kwambiri, zomwe zimabereka nthawi zina komanso zambiri. Sawmills amawononga mbewu zambiri ndi mitengo ya anthu, kuphatikizapo plums.

Ikani wakuda sawfly

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi mdima wakuda mpaka mamita 0,5 m'litali ndi miyendo yachikasu ndi mapiko oonekera. Mphutsi za sawfly wakuda ndi zoyera zobiriwira ndi mutu wakuda ndi miyendo makumi awiri. Amanyamula nyengo yozizira ku dothi lakuya masentimita 10. M'chakachi amaphunzira. Anthu akuluakulu amawonekera sabata lisanadze maula, ndipo poyamba amaika mazira. Mayi wina akhoza kukhala ndi masamba 30. Mphutsi imathamanga panthawi ya mapangidwe a mazira. Iwo amawadya iwo ndi kuwononga mbewu. Mphungu iliyonse imatha kuwononga zipatso zisanu ndi chimodzi pa mwezi. Kutentha kwa mphutsi kumapita pansi pafupi ndi mtengo.

Zowonongeka kwambiri zingakhoze kuwonedwa panthawi yamvula yozizira. Idyani ndi zipatso za mphutsi zimayamba kuphulika kumapeto kwa nyengo - kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe. Ngati chiwerengero cha tizirombo tifikira kuvuta, ndiye kuti plums ikhoza kuwonongeka mpaka 95%. Chizindikiro china cha kuwonongeka kwa plane ndi sawfly wakuda ndi phokoso lozungulira la chipatso, kudzera mumdima wofiira ndi fumbi ndi fungo la nsikidzi.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Sawfly wakuda amafa kuchokera ku "Intavira" ndi "Iskra". Zokwanira kutsanulira korona ya mitengo mofanana ndi piritsi limodzi pa ndowa ya madzi. Zipatso zowonongeka ziyenera kugwedezeka ndikuwonongedwa limodzi ndi tizirombo zomwe zili mkati. M'dzinja muyenera kukumba nthaka pansi pa mtengo.

Mukudziwa? Mfumukazi ya Chingerezi Elizabeth Elizabeth Wachiwiri amadya mazira awiri tsiku lililonse m'mimba yopanda kanthu, pambuyo pake amapita ku kadzutsa. Amadya zipatso zokhazo zomwe zimakula m'munda wamaluwa. Izi ndizosiyana ndi dzina lodzikweza "Brompkon".

Sawfly yamwala

Izi ndi tizirombo ta chikasu masentimenti. Akuluakulu amakhala m'mimba mwachangu pakati pa masamba. Maphunziro amapezeka pansi pa mtengo. Iwo ndi owopsa ngati mafuko awo amdima. Masamba amanena kuti phula limodzi lofiira limatha kuwononga zipatso zisanu ndi chimodzi m'moyo wake. Kugwidwa kwakukulu kwa tizirombozi kungathe kuwononga mpaka 80 peresenti ya mbeu ya plums. Komanso, mitengo yabwino kwambiri ndi yomwe imakhudzidwa.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Kuthirira kwa mitengo kuyenera kuchitidwa kumadera kumene kumakhala tizilombo. Njira yabwino kwambiri yothetsera sawfly yachikasu ndi Metaphos. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito gawo limodzi la magawo khumi "karbofos" ndi benzophosphate. Kuyambilira koyamba kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kumayambika masiku angapo isanayambe maluwa. Gonjetsani ntchito ya "Rogor", "Gardona", "Tsidial." Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza kwa plums kuchokera ku tizirombo kudzakhala cholinga cha kuwonongeka kwa mphutsi pamene ziwalozo zakhala zikugwedezeka kale. Njira zomwe zikulimbikitsidwa kuzigwiritsa ntchito - izo "Tarzan", "Insegar", "Novaktion".

Mu katatu mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito "Metaphos" kapena "Phosphamide". Ndikofunika kuwerengera chithandizo kotero kuti zokolola zachitika kale kwambiri kuposa mwezi umodzi pambuyo pa kuwonongeka kwa tizilombo.

Mukudziwa? Pambuyo pa plums simungabzalidwe fodya, mbatata, tomato, biringanya ndi nightshade zina, pamene zimayambitsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Gypsy njenjete

Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa sikumakhudza maula, komanso zipatso zina zomwe zimakhala ndi zikhalidwe, kukhala tizilombo tosiyanasiyana. Mosiyana ndi zina, zowonongeka zooneka bwino, mbozi zimenezi zimafika masentimita asanu ndi atatu. Chinthu chosiyana ndi mtundu wa ziphuphu kumbuyo kwa tizilombo. Gypsy moth masamba a bulbles. Mazira amaikidwa pamatope ndi makoma a nyumba.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Fufuzani mosamala malo omwe mukufuna kuti muyendeko ndikuchotsani dzira. Musanamalize maluwa, maulawo ayenera kuchiritsidwa ndi Inta-Vir.

Plum moth

Zipatso za mitengo yobiriwira zimasonyeza kuti zowonongeka ndi tizilombo. Ntchentche wamkulu ndi butterfly, yomwe ntchito yake yovulaza imabwera kumapeto kwa April. Nthawi zambiri amaika mazira madzulo a 16 ° C. Mbalame zakukwawa zimakhazikika mu zipatso zomwe zimakhala chakudya ndi kunyumba. Manyowa oterewa amatha ngakhale asanakwane. Nkhumba, amadya njenje, yokutidwa ndi chingamu.

Njira zovuta. Choyamba, zipatso zakugwa zasonkhanitsidwa, misampha imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo nthaka ikumba pamtengo. Ntchito yapangidwa ndi "Aktar" ndi "Confidor". Ndiyeneranso kuwonetsa anthu oterewa monga Bitoxibacillin kapena Lepidotsid. Mukhozanso kukonzekera chotsitsa chakuwawa chowawa.

Aphid

Ili ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso timadzi timene timadya timadzi timene timadya. Motero kuwonongeka kosawonongeka kwa mbewuzo kwachitika: kukula kwake ndi chitukukocho ndizotsedwa, maluwawo akugwa, ubwino wa zipatso umachepa. Pachifukwachi, aphid sanakondane ndi wamaluwa, omwe nthawi zonse akuyang'ana njira zogwira mtima kwambiri zothetsera vutoli.

Pulumu yophika nsabwe za m'masamba

Tizilomboti timakhudza pafupifupi mtengo wonse. Pambuyo pa tsamba lochepa la masamba, lagwa pansi kenako limalira mofulumira. Za zipatso, zimaphuka, zowola ndi kugwa. Nthambi za mitengo zimalumikizidwa ndipo zomera zonse zimafooka. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, madzi amadzimadzi okhala ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, amachititsa kuti ziphuphu zitheke.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Musanayambe kumenyana ndi tizirombo ta plums, njira zingapo zothandizira ziyenera kutengedwa m'chaka. Choyamba, nkofunikira kuchotsa mphukira zonse zomwe zimapangidwa kuzungulira mizu. Komanso mu March muyenera kupopera mitengo ya plamu ndi Nitrafen. Pamene masambawo atha, amayenera kutengedwa ndi fodya, kuphatikizapo njira yothetsera sopo. Thunthu palokha ndi nthambi za pristvolnye zimafunika kuvala ndi tizilombo topezeka.

Lembani aphid

Zakazi za tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa zimakhala pafupifupi 2.5 mm ndipo zimakhala ndi thupi lobiriwira. Pambali ndi m'mimba muli mdima womveka bwino. Diso la tizilombo ndi lofiira. Mphutsi imakhala ndi maonekedwe a mano.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Nthawi yomwe masamba ali ndi nsabwe 10, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito Bitoxibacillin. Kuteteza plums kuchokera ku tizirombo ndi chida ichi kumalepheretsa maonekedwe a nsabwe za m'masamba, komanso mabala ochulukirapo ambirimbiri ndi stem moths. Njira zabwino - "Bi-58", "Karate", "Siren" ndi "Dursban".

Ndikofunikira! Pambuyo pa maluwa, mbozi imakula 300%. Choncho musanyalanyaze njira zothandizira.

Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito

Ichi ndi tizilombo toyipa ndi chikasu chachikasu. Mphutsi imatha kufika theka la sentimita kutalika. Mkazi amaika mazira ake mkati mwa chipatso chosadziwika cha zipatso. Ndipo mu maluwa omwe agwa kale, nyengo yozizira ya mphutsi imapezeka. Odyera mitengo amatha kugunda mitengo kwambiri mpaka pakati pa chilimwe pali kugwa kwakukulu kwa zipatso.

Njira zovuta. Zipatso zowonongeka ziyenera kukololedwa ndikuikidwa m'manda mozama pafupifupi theka la mita. После начала пиковой активности вредителя нужно опрыскать деревья инсектицидным средством "Инсегар". Это происходит через декаду после цветения растения.

Mukudziwa? Слива в Китае - символ зимы. Mitengo isanu ya maluwa imatanthawuza mtendere, chimwemwe, mwayi, moyo wathanzi ndi chuma.

May West Hrusch

Mphutsi ya polymorphid tizilombo imatengera mizu ya achinyamata maula. Anthu achikulire ali maluwa okongola kwambiri, omwe amatha kufika masentimita atatu kukula. Elytras ndi ofiira ofiirira a bulauni ndi black edging. Pa mimba pali conical ligidium, yomwe imapangidwira pansi ndipo imagwa pansi. Mowirikiza, Mayr Khrushchev ndi owopsa onse mu mawonekedwe akuluakulu ndi mawonekedwe a mphutsi. Young zomera, kuonongeka ndi yotsirizira, kufota, yayitali mu kukula ndi kufa. Anthu akuluakulu amadula masamba a mitengo ya plamu.

Zotsatira zoletsa. Njira yosavuta yowononga mphutsi ya Khrushchev ndiyo yokopera kwawo komanso chiwonongeko chowonjezereka. Pogwiritsa ntchito makina a May May, mungathe kugwedeza filimuyo, kufalitsa pansi pa korona wa mtengo, ndi kuwononga. Izi ziyenera kuchitidwa m'mawa kwambiri, pamene nyongolotsi zimakhalabe zovuta.

Kuteteza motsutsana ndi tizirombo

Mfundo yosatsutsika yakuti mitengo yamphamvu ndi yathanzi imachira bwino chifukwa cha zoopsa za tizirombo kusiyana ndi zofooka. Choncho pamapeto pake sitiyenera kutenga "zida zolemetsa", ndikuwonetsa chomera kuti tilimbikitse, koma kulimbikitsa. Mkulu wa agrotechnical umathandizira kukula ndi kukula kwa mitengo yokha, komanso zomera zina.

Choyamba, m'pofunika kuchepetsa chiopsezo chotenga mbewu musanabzalidwe pansi. Pachifukwa ichi, mbande ziyenera kugulidwa pa malo osungirako ndi masitolo. Ndikofunika kupeza mitundu yomwe imakhala yosagonjetsedwa ndi zotsatira zovulaza za tizirombo zomwe zikupezeka m'deralo. Kuwonjezeka kwa kukana kwa zomera kuti tizilombo tizilombo timene timapangidwira komanso kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Manyowa a potash-phosphorus ndi oyenerera, koma owonjezera zakudya zamchere, m'malo mwake, amachepetsa chitetezo cha mitengo ndipo amachepetsa alumali moyo wa zipatso zokolola. Manyowa opangidwa ndi feteleza amathandizanso kuti zamoyo zizikhala bwino m'nthaka.

Kulima maluwa pamtunda, pamodzi ndi kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza panthawi imodzi kumathandiza kutetezedwa ku tizirombo zosiyanasiyana. Kukumba nthaka, mumalepheretsa kuzizira m'nyengo yozizira.

Kudulira ndi kupanga mapiritsi a mtengo kumaphatikizapo kuchotsedwa kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, masamba ndi nthambi ndi kuchotsedwa kwawo. Iyi ndiyeso yowonjezera yomwe imayambitsanso mbewu ndikuipatsa mphamvu ndi thanzi. Pamodzi ndi kudulira, mutha kuchotsa makungwa akale. Pamodzi ndi izo, tizirombo tomwe timakhala mmenemo zikuwononganso.

Koma pali funso lomveka bwino ponena za kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza matenda. Njira zonsezi zapamwamba ndizomwe zili zochepa kwambiri pakugwira ntchito kwa mankhwala. Pachifukwa ichi, musawope kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Ndikofunikira! Musagwiritse ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo, makamaka ngati sakuwoneka pamtengo. Makamaka, ngati chaka chatha mundawo unali wathanzi. Zidzakhala zosavuta kuti zitsogoleredwe ndi malingaliro "lolani kuti zikhale ngati zili choncho."
Chaka chilichonse pali mankhwala omwe amasinthidwa kwambiri motsatira njira zothandiza ndi chitetezo. Koma musaiwale kuti pali nthawizonse kutsimikiziridwa tizilombo kulamulira zinthu. Mitengo iyeneranso kusamalidwa pokonzekera, ngakhale zogwira mtima, koma zokhudzana ndi zinthu zomwe zimavulaza anthu. Izi zikuphatikizapo Nitrafen, Karbofos ndi Polycarbacin.