Momwe mungasamalire bwino zomera za melotriya kapena mini nkhaka

Melotria - Chomeracho chimachokera ku Africa, chiri ndi zipatso zodyedwa ndipo chikufala kwambiri pakati pa okonda mbewu zosafunika.

Melotria mini nkhaka: kufotokoza za mbewu

Melotria wovuta ndi wa banja la dzungu, ndi zipatso zodyedwa ndi mizu zamasamba. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi liana-ngati zimayambira kutalika mamita atatu mamita, masamba amawoneka ngati nkhaka, mawonekedwe a katatu ali ndi mawonekedwe akuthwa, koma opanda nkhaka zovuta.

The melotria ikufalikira ndi chikasu maluwa, maluwa a nkhaka ndi melotrias amuna ndi akazi. Maluwa achikazi amakula singulu, pamene amuna amaluwa amakula kukhala inflorescences maluwa awiri.

Zipatso nthawi imodzimodzimodzi ndi nkhaka (mawonekedwe), ndi mavwende (mtundu). Amalawa ngati nkhaka, ndi khungu lowawa. Kubwereza mofulumira chipolopolo cha nkhaka, melodriya sichinthu choyambirira. Muzu masamba African nkhaka ndi kulawa, ndi mawonekedwe ofanana ndi radish yaitali.

Kusankha malo okhala

Melotria amakonda kukula mu sunlit malo, koma mosavuta amalekerera tsankho mthunzi. Nthaka ya chomera ndi yabwino komanso yowonjezera. Nkhuka izi zingabzalidwe ngakhale mu chidebe pa khonde, ndipo pa chiwembu chomwe angabzalidwe pamphepete kapena pergola, ndiye, akamakula nthawi yayitali, akhoza kukongoletsa pamwamba. Popeza zimayambira mofulumira komanso mochulukira, zomera zimatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito osati munda wokhawokha, komanso ngati mbewu yokongoletsera.

Mukudziwa? Nkhaka zapadera zimachokera ku Himalaya, ndipo dzina limene timagwiritsa ntchito limachokera ku "agouros" ya Chigriki, zomwe zikutanthauza "chosapsa". Monga chomera cholimidwa, nkhaka yadziwika kwa zaka zoposa 6000.

Akubwera

Gwiritsani ntchito mbande ndi mbewu zomwe zimakula, ndikufesa pamalo omasuka. Mu njira yachiwiri, zipatso za nkhaka zimabala pang'ono pokha kusiyana ndi njira yobzala. Kawirikawiri, nyemba zimabzalidwa pansi pamalipiro opangira zokongoletsera.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa chodzala pakati pa mapiri, chomera chokha chokha ndi choyenera - Nkhumba zozizira.

Njira ya Mbewu

Pofesa ndi njira ya mbewu, mzere wosazama umatulutsidwa, mbewu ziwiri zimafesedwa masentimita makumi awiri ndi awiri. Kenaka mtsinje umaphimbidwa ndi dziko lapansi ndipo mzerewo uli ndi bolodi, ndikuwumiriza nthaka. Ndikofunika kudzaza ndi nthaka yonyowa. Tsiku lofesa - zaka khumi zachiwiri za May.

Kubzala mbande

Melotria mini nkhaka ndi kukula mbande. Kumayambiriro kwa April, mbewu zimabzalidwa mmera mabokosi odzaza ndi michere gawo lapansi. Mbewu siidakonkhedwa, ndi yokutidwa ndi galasi. Kwa kumera bokosi amayikidwa pawindo lazenera sill.

Pamene mbande zimapanga masamba atatu olimba, zimathamanga m'magawo osiyana, ndipo panthawi imodzimodziyo, atasankha, amadyetsa nthawi yoyamba. Mbande amamwe madzi nthawi zonse, osati ochuluka.

Pamalo otseguka, mbande zimaikidwa mu theka lachiwiri la May, pamene mphukira imakula mpaka masentimita asanu. Mtunda pakati pa tchire watsala pa masentimita 40.

Malangizo osamalira

Kukula mavitamini mavwende amafunika kuthirira mobwerezabwereza. Azimwa madzi abwino ndi otentha. Onetsetsani kuti mudula udzu ndi namsongole ndikumasula mpweya wa oxygen ku mizu ya mbeu.

Dyetsani nthawi ya kukula, maluwa ndi fruiting potashi ndi phosphorous mankhwala. Zokwanira feteleza feteleza kwa mbewu zamasamba, onani mlingo molingana ndi malangizo. Mavwende a mavwende samasowa mphukira zowonjezereka, kale amawuluka bwino ndikubala zipatso.

Monga njira yothandizira matenda, spray ndi madzi soapi kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe ndi kumapeto.

Zosangalatsa Ku Igupto wakale, fano la nkhaka linagwiritsidwa ntchito mu miyambo ya maliro: fano lake linkagwiritsidwa ntchito pamapulatifomu a nsembe, zipatso zinatsala m'manda a pharao. Kale ku Greece, nkhaka inali ndi maganizo osiyana: iwo ankagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala pa ndondomeko ya Dioscoride ndi Theophrastus, asayansi a nthawi imeneyo.

Kukolola

The melotria ya mini nkhaka imakula msanga, zipatso zoyamba zimawonekera masabata awiri kapena atatu mutabzala. Popeza zipatso zimatha kuwonjezereka, zimakololedwa zikafika 2-3 cm m'litali. Mpaka makilogalamu asanu a zipatso amakololedwa kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi.

Pambuyo kusonkhanitsa nkhaka zonse, zokolola za muzu mbewu zavwende nkhaka ya melotriya ikuyamba. Kuti alawe, amafanana ndi mazira kapena radishes.

Mbewu ya maluwa ndi mnofu wazitsamba sizoyenera kusungirako nthawi yaitali. Nkhaka nthawi zambiri zimamwa ndi mchere, ndipo mizu ya masamba imadyedwa nthawi yomweyo mutatha kukolola.

Zothandiza zojambula

Melotria ndi malo osungirako zinthu, ndipo ndi zofunika kwambiri masiku osala kudya komanso zakudya zowonjezera zakudya. Kugwiritsa ntchito mini-nkhaka melothria kumalimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi ndi makoma aakulu.

Chenjerani! Sikoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito nkhaka zaku Africa za matenda a gastritis ndi matenda a zilonda zam'mimba.
Monga mbali ya nkhaka magnesiamu, chitsulo, potaziyamu, calcium, phosphorous, sodium, kuwonjezera: mavitamini B9 ndi C. Vitamini B9 ikuwonetsedwa kwa amayi oyembekezera kuti apangidwe ubongo m'mimba. Kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama kumayambitsa ntchito ya mtima, kubwezeretsa kupanikizika, kumachepetsa kuchuluka kwa cholesterol m'magazi.

Mbewu izi zimathandiza ngati mukufuna kuchepetsa ndi kuchepetsa kulemera kwanu, chifukwa pa otsika kalori (15 kcal) zingayambitse kudzimva chisoni. Kafukufuku wopangidwa ndi zomerawo amasonyeza kuti imakhala ndi tonic, yowonzanso komanso yotsutsa kutupa thupi.

Ngati mukufuna kusiyanitsa zakudya zanu ndi masamba abwino ndikukongoletsa chiwembu, pangani melotraria. Kukula kwake ndi kukula sikungakhale mavuto. Chomeracho ndi chodzichepetsa, chobala, chothandiza ndi kukongoletsa.