Mitundu yobiriwira "Ambuye": zoyenera ndi zofunikira za chisamaliro

Olima munda samakonda mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya munda. Komabe, nthawi zambiri iwowo ndi omwe amachititsa kuti asakhale ndi zotsatira zoyenera, chifukwa iwo amasamalidwa bwino ndi strawberries. Koma mitundu yonse imafuna njira yake yokhayo komanso zina zotsekera m'ndende. Ndipo sitiroberi "mbuye" ndi zosiyana ndi malamulo awa.

Makhalidwe a sitiroberi mitundu "Ambuye"

Izi sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana ndi otchuka chifukwa zamatsenga kukoma ndi zokolola zambiri. Komabe, kuti musasocheretsedwe mukuyembekezera, muyenera kulingalira zina mwa maonekedwe omwe mukulima. Strawberry "Ambuye" anabadwira ku UK ndi obereketsa. Zimatchulidwa ndi mitundu yambiri yamapeto, popeza nyengo ya zipatso imakula (kumapeto kwa June - kumapeto kwa July) ndipo imangowonjezera nthawi. Madzu a zinyalalazi ndi okwera kwambiri - 60 masentimita ndipo amaimirira. Peduncles amphamvu, koma ndi zokolola zochuluka amafunika garter, chifukwa pansi pa kulemera kwa chipatso kugwa pansi. Zipatso zofiira kwambiri ndi zazikulu (80-100 g), zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe osamveka bwino ndipo zimakhala ndi zonunkhira komanso zowawa.

Strawberry "Ambuye" ndi yamtengo wapatali chifukwa cha zokolola zake, komanso pofotokozera zosiyanasiyana (malinga ndi malamulo a zaulimi zamakono) amalonjezera zipatso zisanu ndi imodzi pa inflorescence imodzi. Ndipotu, kwa nthawi imodzi, 2-3 makilogalamu a strawberries akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi. "Ambuye" ali ndi moyo wautali - posamalira bwino, izi zosiyanasiyana zimapereka mbewu kwa zaka khumi. Komanso chomerachi chikhoza kukula pokhapokha pazinthu zaumwini, komanso pa mafakitale.

Kuwonjezera pa chisanu kukana kwa strawberries "Ambuye", ubwino wake ndi awa:

  1. Pamwamba kukana kuvunda ndi sitiroberi mite;
  2. Kuyenda bwino;
  3. Zokolola zazikulu;
  4. Kukhalapo kwa nambala zambirimbiri za kubereka;
  5. Long fruiting nthawi.

Zina mwa zolakwika ziyenera kudziwika kukula kwa tchire ndi zovuta zoyenera kuthirira.

Mukudziwa? Ambiri molakwika aitanitse munda strawberries strawberries. Komabe, sitiroberi amasiyana ndi sitiroberi imodzi-unit - akazi ndi amuna maluwa ali pa chitsamba chimodzi, iye ndi wokhazikika. Choncho, strawberries ali lalikulu zipatso ndi apamwamba zokolola.

Kusankha malo obzala strawberries "Ambuye"

Ngati mutasankha malo oti mubzalitse strawberries "Ambuye", pewani malo osungunuka. Pa iwo, chomeracho sichingalandire kuwala kokwanira, kuchititsa kuti zokololazo zichepetse, ndipo zipatso zimatayika katundu wawo - sizidzakhala zokoma ndi zazikulu. Chiwembu chodzala chiyenera kukhala chosalala, ngakhale kuti ena amati strawberries amakula bwino pa uncool kum'mwera chakumadzulo.

Ndikofunikira! Kumadera otsika kukula strawberries sikugwira ntchito - sikulekerera otsika kutentha, mphepo ndi mkulu chinyezi. Ngakhalenso strawberries pa chiwembucho ndi kubereka, zidzakhala zosayenera, ndi zipatso - zazing'ono.

Ntchito yokonzekera musanafike

Kuti sitiroberi ikhale yosangalatsidwa ndi zokolola zake, nthaka yomwe ikukonzekera ikuyenera kukhala mchenga kapena loamy ndi 5.5-6.5 pH. Pa nthaka ya mchenga ndi dothi, zipatsozo zidzakhala zazing'ono - sizikhala ndi chinyezi chokwanira. Zokolola zochepa za strawberries "Ambuye" zidzakhala pa miyala yamchere, nthaka ya saline komanso ndi acidity.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati pali madzi apansi kumbuyo, mabedi amayenera kukwera..

Dothi lachonde kwambiri la strawberries limatengedwa kukhala humus ndi lolemera mu zinthu zakuthengo. Dothi lotero lingapangidwe palokha: mu kugwa, masamba omwe amasonkhanitsidwa ndi manyowa amadzipangidwira komanso amathiridwa m'magawo angapo a dziko lapansi, odzazidwa ndi madzi ndipo amatha kuyenda mpaka masika.

Mu teknoloji yaulimi ya kukula kwa strawberries "Ambuye" amagwiritsa ntchito zofunikira zowonjezera za nthaka, zosiyana ndi kusankha zigawo zina:

  • sawdust;
  • humus;
  • peat;
  • mchenga

Pofuna kupewa kuwononga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, nthaka imatsuka ndi kuthiridwa ndi madzi ammonia musanadzalemo, komanso kuti mukhale ndi njira yothetsera udzu. Mabedi a "Ambuye" ndi othandiza kupanga sabata musanadzalemo. Pa nthawi yomweyo, m'lifupi mwake ayenera kukhala masentimita 80, ndipo mtunda uli pakati pa tchire - 80-100 cm.

Malamulo odzala strawberries mitundu "Ambuye"

Kuti mabedi ndi strawberries asatembenuzidwe kukhala m'nkhalango yakuda, pamene kubzala baka ayenera kuikidwa mozungulira, osati mu mzere umodzi. Kenaka chomeracho chidzakhala ndi malo okwanira okula, ndipo chipatso - mpweya wochuluka wokwanira ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa. Strawberry mbande "Ambuye" pamalo omasuka omwe anabzala mu August. Pamaso pa chisanu, chomeracho chidzakhala ndi nthawi yomanga mizu ndikuzika mizu. Amaluwa ambiri amaganiza kuti nthawi yabwino yobzala strawberries ndikumayambiriro kwa masika. Panthawiyi, sizingasungunuke, ndipo m'nyengo ya chilimwe idzakhala ndi nthawi yakukula ndi kupeza mphamvu. Komabe, pa kasupe kubzala kwa mbande, mapesi a maluwa ayenera kuchotsedwa pamtundu woyenera kuti strawberries asawononge mphamvu zawo pa iwo. Musanabzala, dothi sayenera kuthiridwa ndi madzi - liyenera kukhala lochepetsedwa pang'ono.

Mabowo kwa mbande ayenera kukhala 30 cm chakuya. Iwo ali ndi humus ndi supuni ya superphosphate, theka la galasi la phulusa ndi supuni ya supuni ya potaziyamu sulphate. Zonsezi zimagwirizanitsidwa, ndipo pokhapokha timabzala timabzala. Kubwera bwino kumachitika pa "pansi pa filimuyi." Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kuyala pabedi ndi pulasitiki (makamaka chakuda) ndikupanga mabowo mmenemo kutsogolo kwa mabowo. Mizu akubisala pansi pa filimuyi, ndipo zotsitsimula zimakhalabe pamwamba. Mukamadzala strawberries, yesetsani kupeza mizu pansi.

Ngati mbande zili ndi masamba ambiri, zimachotsedwa, ndipo zimangokhala 3-4 zomwe zili pakatikati. Mizu yayitali imachepetsedwa mpaka masentimita asanu ndipo musanadzalemo choviikidwa mu oyankhula pogwiritsa ntchito dothi, kenaka anaikidwa mu dzenje, akuwongolera bwinobwino mizu, ndi kuwaza dziko lapansi. Pakati pa mbande pangani kanyumba kakang'ono koti madzi asafalikire pakamwetsa madzi. Ngati webusaiti yanu nthawizonse imakhala yonyowa nthaka ndipo simungapeze malo a strawberries, mungagwiritse ntchito njira yobzala zitsamba. Kuti muchite izi, yesani kukula kwa masentimita 100, pambali pake yomwe imayikidwa pamadzi owonjezera.

Ndikofunikira! Mitundu yambiri ya sitiroberi yabwino imabzalidwa, kotero kuti iyo isasunthidwe.

Chisamaliro choyenera ndicho chinsinsi chokolola chabwino.

Strawberry "Ambuye" ali ndi matenda abwino ndipo samakhala ndi tizirombo. Ngakhale ngati chomera chikudwala, icho chikhoza kupulumutsidwa. Pofuna kupewa matenda, m'pofunika kuti nthawi zonse musamalire strawberries, chotsani masamba owuma, mulch pakati pa mizere, mungu ndi potaziyamu phosphate feteleza.

Kuthirira, kupalira ndi kusula mabedi

"Ambuye" akusowa madzi ambiri. Izi ndi zofunika kwambiri panthawi yopanga masamba ndi maluwa. Kuchuluka kwa madzi kumadalira kukula kwa dothi. Pafupipafupi, pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse muyenera kuthira madzi okwanira lita imodzi. Panthawi yomweyi, kuchepa kwa chinyezi komanso chinyezi kumakhudza kwambiri kukoma kwa strawberries "Ambuye" ndi kulemera kwa zipatso. Njira yoyenera - kuthirira kwa microdrop. Pafupi nyengo yonse ya zomera zamasamba imatulutsa mphukira yapadera - zinyama. Iwo amazika mizu, ndipo chitsamba chaching'ono chikuwonekera. Mvula yamvula, zimalimbikitsa kubisa strawberries ndi zojambulazo.

Mukudziwa? Garlic, radishes, kaloti, anyezi, katsabola, beets ndi nyemba ndizomwe zimapangidwira mabulosi a sitiroberi, koma pambuyo pa kabichi, raspberries, nkhaka ndi solanaceae simungabzale strawberries ndi strawberries - mbeuyo idzakhala yosafunikira.

Kupeta ndi kumasula kumapangitsa kukhala kosavuta kuti chinyezi chilowe muzu. Mukamaliza ntchitoyi mugwiritsire ntchito zipangizo zamaluwa.

Feteleza

Strawberry "Ambuye" ndi ovuta kwambiri ku feteleza ndipo muyenera kudyetsa kasanu pachaka pa nyengo.

Gawo la chitukukoKodi kudyetsa strawberries "Ambuye"
Musanabzala kapena musanakhazikitsidwe mapepala oyambirira (pazomwe anabzala nyengo zapitazi)
  • peat ndi humus - pa mlingo wa makilogalamu 5-8 pa 1 sq.m;
  • Mitengo ya fetereza yomwe ilibe chlorine (superphosphate, urea) - 50 g 1 mita mita;
  • chisakanizo cha humus (2 ndowa) ndi phulusa (galasi) - ochepa pa 1 sq.m;
  • Sakanizani 30-50 g wa humus, spoonful wa superphosphate ndi ¼ chikho cha phulusa ndi kutsanulira mu chitsime - pa chitsime chimodzi;
  • 30-50 g wa kompositi, 15 g wa potaziyamu mchere, 30 g wa superphosphate, 15 g wa urea - kusakaniza ndi kutsanulira mu chitsime;
  • Zomera zowonjezera kale zimamera ndi njira yothetsera urea ndi monosodium glutamate (1 tbsp pa 10 malita a madzi) - 0,5 l pa chitsamba chilichonse.
Pambuyo pakuyamba kwa masamba oyambirira mu sitiroberi "mbuye" kuonjezera zokolola
  • zitsulo zamadzimadzi (ndizofunika kuti zisapitirire mlingo);
  • nitroammophoska (supuni pa 10 malita a madzi);
  • kupopera mbewu urea (supuni 0,5 mpaka 2 malita a madzi).
Mwamsanga zipatso zikayamba
  • potaziyamu nitrate (supuni 2 pa madzi 10 malita);
  • yankho la phulusa (supuni ziwiri. Thirani madzi okwanira ndi kuumirira maola 24).
Pamaso pa winteringPofika pakati pa September, manyowa ng'ombe ndi phulusa (makapu 0,5 pa chidebe cha manyowa). Pambuyo masiku 14, tsitsani yankho la phulusa (kapu), sodium sulfate (30 g), nitrophoska (supuni 2), madzi (chidebe). Nthawi yomweyo chisanu pansi pa tchire kuika humus kapena mullein.

Ndikofunikira! Dyetsani "Ambuye" akufunikira zokhazokha zokhazokha, chifukwa Mizu yake ili pafupi kwambiri ndipo pali ngozi yotentha.

Mulching pakati pa mizere

Kuphimba mulching kumawathandiza kwambiri kusamalira strawberries - m'nyengo yozizira imateteza ku chisanu, m'chilimwe chimateteza zipatso ku chiwonongeko, imakhalabe ndi chinyezi ndipo zimamasula nthawi zambiri. Mphepo imatha kuwononga strawberries, kotero muyenera kuyendayenda. Pochita izi, mungagwiritse ntchito singano zapaini: masentimita 10 masentimita amatha kuteteza chomera chosasunthika kuzizira. Masingano a mulch amalimbikitsidwanso kuti azitsata udzu. Pamene chiopsezo cha chisanu chadutsa, masamba akale amachotsedwa ku tchire la sitiroberi, ndipo atangooneka masamba atsopano, mabedi amakhala ndi masentimita asanu a masentimita auma owuma.

Kukolola strawberries

Popeza zipatso za "strawberries" "Ambuye" zimawonongeka, ndiye kuti kukolola ndi kusungirako kuyenera kuyandikira moyenera. Ngati mukufuna kusunga zokolola kwa kanthawi, ndiye kuti muzisankha zipatso ziwiri kuti zikhwime, pomwe zipatso zidali zobiriwira. Mu mawonekedwe awa, mukhoza kusunga strawberries m'firiji masiku 2-3. Zipatso zoyendetsedwa ziyenera kuchotsedwa ku chitsamba pamodzi ndi sepals, kusiya mchira wawung'ono. Nthawi yokolola - mame amalira mmawa kapena dzuwa litalowa madzulo.

Ndikofunikira! Popeza "Ambuye" ndi zosiyana zomwe zimabala chipatso nthawi yonseyi, zipatso zake ziyenera kusonkhanitsidwa nthawi zonse.

Kololani bwino kuikidwa m'mabasi kapena mapulasitiki (matabwa), okhala ndi nsalu ya thonje kapena mapepala a porous. Kuti strawberries sanalole madzi, ayenera kuikidwa limodzi wosanjikiza. Sungani mufiriji. Pamaso musanagone, kusamba ndi kusankha zipatso sizinayamikiridwe. Kuti muzisangalala ndi kukoma kokoma kwa zipatso m'nyengo yozizira, mungagwiritse ntchito kuzizira koopsa. Kuti muchite izi, zipatso zabwino zimayikidwa pamtunda umodzi ndikuyika mufiriji. Pambuyo pozizizira, timadontho ta strawberries timayikidwa mu chidebe kapena thumba ndikuyika mufiriji.

Mukudziwa? Froberberries ndi malo osungirako zakudya zamagetsi ndi mavitamini. Ali ndi vitamini C wambiri (mu zipatso zisanu ndi chimodzi - monga mwalanje imodzi) ndi folic acid (kuposa ma raspberries ndi mphesa). Kuwonjezera pamenepo, kugwiritsa ntchito strawberries kudzathandiza kuonetsetsa ntchito ya m'matumbo, kulimbitsa makoma a mitsempha ya magazi, kuchepetsa chitetezo cha mthupi.

Aliyense amadziwa choonadi chosavuta: kukolola bwino kumadalira momwe mtengo umakhalira bwino. Kusamala kwa strawberries "Ambuye" amalola zoposa chaka chimodzi kuti amasangalale ndi mabulosi awa okoma.