Makhalidwe a sitiroberi "Marshall": kubzala ndi kusamalira

Strawberry "Marshal" ndi imodzi mwa mitundu ndi zipatso zazikulu.

Amaluwa ambiri amasankha mitundu yokolola, chifukwa ndizotheka kukolola mosavuta ku chitsamba chimodzi kusiyana ndi kusewera ndi zipatso zing'onozing'ono pazitsamba zingapo.

Mbiri ya kuswana strawberries mitundu "Marshal"

Zosiyanasiyana "Marshal" - Zotsatira za ntchito ya American Breeder Marshall Huella. Wasayansi anabweretsa strawberries oyenera kulima kumpoto chakum'maŵa kwa Massachusetts, kumene anagwira ntchito. Strawberry "Marshal" inauzidwa kwa anthu mu 1890 ndipo mwamsanga inadzitchuka monga nyengo yozizira-yolimba, yokhala ndi ntchito zabwino za fruiting.

Kumapeto kwa nkhondo yachiŵiri yapadziko lonse, strawberries anagonjetsa misika ya ku Ulaya ndi Japan.

Kufotokozera za "Marshall" zosiyanasiyana

Strawberry Marshall ali ndi zazikulu, zonyansa zitsamba. Mapepala a Leaf - aakulu, otumbululuka, amathira mwamphamvu ndi owongoka. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yodabwitsa poyerekeza ndi kukula kwa nyengo, yozizira-yolimba ndi kulekerera kutentha bwino. Ndizochedwa mochedwa, zimabereka zipatso kwa nthawi yaitali ndipo zimapindulitsa kwambiri.

Zipatso zofiira kwambiri ndi nkhope yowala zimakhala zokoma komanso zonunkhira. Strawberry "Marshal" alibe voids mkati, ake zamkati ndi yowutsa mudyo, pang'ono lotayirira, unyinji wa zipatso ndi 90 gm.

Chifukwa cha kuchulukitsa kwa zipatso, mitundu yosiyanasiyana si yosasunthika, imayenera kusamala kwambiri panthawi yopita. Fruiting yochuluka kwambiri ikuwonetsedwa mu chaka choyamba cha moyo wa chomera, ndiye zokolola zimagwetsa pang'ono, koma siziwoneka bwino.

Strawberry "Marshal" mu kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana imadziwika ngati mabulosi onse: Ndizobwino komanso zoyenera kuzigwiritsa ntchito mwatsopano, zosungira zosiyanasiyana, kuzizira komanso kutentha kwa mchere.

Mukudziwa? Mabulosi okha m'chilengedwe, mbewu zake zomwe ziri kunja - izi ndizo strawberries. M'dziko la zomera, izi zimatchedwa mtedza, motero, strawberries --zovuta zambiri.

Kusankha malo obzala strawberries

Kwa Marshall strawberries, muyenera kusankha malo omwe dzuwa limawala bwino, ndipo dziko liyenera kukhala losasunthika, lopanda mphamvu. Nthaka ndi bwino kusankha michere ndi wabwino chinyezi chokhazikika. Madzi a pansi pa nthaka sayenera kudutsa mamita 1.

Ndikofunikira! Sitikulimbikitsidwa kubzala mitengo ya sitiroberi m'mphepete mwa chigawo chakumwera kwa chiwembu, pamene chisanu chimasungunuka mofulumira kwambiri, kuwonetsetsa chomeracho ndikuchiwombera.

Njira zokonzekera musanafike

Musanadzale strawberries, nkofunika kukonzekera chiwembu ndi mbande, zomwe zimafunika kuti chitukuko chikhale bwino, chitetezo chake ku matenda, ndi zotsatira zake, kukolola bwino.

Malo okonzekera

Musanayambe kubzala, nthaka yakumba yakuya imapangidwira kumalo osankhidwa. Malinga ndi momwe nthaka ikuyendera zimapanga kuchuluka kwa humus ndi mchenga. Mwachitsanzo, pa dothi la peat, 6 makilogalamu a humus ndi mchenga 10 wa mchenga pa 1 mamita amafunika. Pa dongo dothi - 10 makilogalamu a humus, 12 makilogalamu mchenga ndi 5 makilogalamu a zowola utuchi.

Mbande kukonzekera

Kukonzekera kwa mbande kumachepetsedwa kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Mizu ya kamwana kakang'ono kamatizidwa mu njira yothetsera potassium permanganate (kuwala kofiira) kwa mphindi zisanu kapena zisanu ndi ziwiri, kenako otsukidwa ndi madzi oyera.

Choyenera kubzala sitiroberi mbande "Marshal"

Kwa Marshall strawberries, kumayambiriro kwa nyengo ndi nthawi yabwino yobzala. Pamene chodzala mu autumn, zokolola zingagwe kwambiri. Ngati, komabe, ndondomekoyi inachitika mu kugwa, ndiye kuti iyenera kubzalidwa pasanathe masiku khumi ndi anayi isanakhale isanayambe chisanu.

Pamene chodzala, kupatsidwa mphamvu ya tchire kukula bwino, Iwo amafesedwa mozungulira, kusiya mtunda wa masentimita 25. M'tsogolo, baka wamkulu sudzalepheretsa wina ndi mnzake, ndipo mizu yawo idzagawidwa momasuka.

Sayansi yamakono yopanga strawberries "Marshal"

Kusamalira strawberries "Marshal" imayamba nthawi yayitali musanabzala, makamaka, ndi kusankha osadalirika. Izi ndi izi: kaloti, anyezi, adyo, parsley ndi katsabola. Strawberry imakula bwino pambuyo pake sipinachi, nyemba, radishes ndi udzu winawake wambiri.

Osati fruiting pambuyo pa maluwa: tulips, marigolds, daffodils. Ngati chiwembu ndi nthaka yosauka, iyenera kubzala chikhalidwe mmalo mwa kampani ya mpiru ndi phacelia.

Ndikofunikira! Simungakhoze kubzala strawberries pambuyo pa tomato, eggplant, tsabola (okoma), mbatata ndi nkhaka.
Strawberry "Marshal" sagonjetsedwa ndi matenda, koma kusungidwa kwa kusinthasintha kwa mbeu kumathandizira chitetezo cha mbeu ndikuchiloleza kuti chikhale ndi chipatso.

Kuthirira ndi kumasula nthaka

Froberberries amafunika kuthirira kuyambira masiku oyambirira a May, ndiko kuti, pakukula kwawo. Kuthirira ndi kofunikira nthawi zonse mpaka nthawi yokolola. Izi zimachitika m'mawa kapena madzulo, kotero kuti madontho a chinyezi pamasamba, atuluka mu dzuwa lotentha, samatentha minofu.

Malo ozungulira tchire ayenera kukhala omasuka nthawi zonse, pamene mizu imafuna mpweya ndi chinyezi. Pa nthaka yowuma, fumbi, fruiting idzakhala yochepa kapena ayi.

Feteleza

Pakatha nthawi ya manyowa a strawberries, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza, popeza mbeuyi ndi yosakanikirana, ndipo simungaganizire ndi mlingo wa mchere, zomera zingathe kuwotchedwa.

Manyowa ndi zinthu zakuthupi monga slurry, kulowetsedwa kwa nkhuku manyowa, kulowetsedwa kwa namsongole, nettle, phulusa. Strawberries ayenera kudyetsedwa pa kukula, maluwa ndi mapangidwe apangidwe.

Mukudziwa? Mu mzinda wa Nemi (Italy) chikondwerero choperekedwa kwa strawberries chimachitika chaka chilichonse. Chophimba chachikulu mwa mawonekedwe a mbale chidzaza ndi strawberries ndi kutsanulira mkaka. Alendo onse a tchuthi ndi omwe akudutsa amatha kuyesa.

Kukolola strawberries

Strawberry "Marshal" wakhala akusiyana kwambiri ndi zipatso zake. Kuchokera ku chitsamba china nthawi zambiri amasonkhanitsa zipatso zokwana makilogalamu imodzi ndi theka. Iwo amakhwima kumayambiriro kwa June. Ndizochititsa chidwi kuti m'madera otentha ndi nyengo yozizira, mbeu ziwiri ndi zitatu zikhoza kukololedwa.

Zipatso za zosiyanasiyanazi ndi zazikulu komanso zokoma ndi shuga pinki mtundu wa zamkati, popanda voids. Ndibwino kuti musonkhanitse mbewu kumadzulo madzulo. Mabulosi amchere sadzasungidwa, ndipo m'mawa mumakhala mame pa zipatso. Zipatso za Marshal zili ndi kuchulukitsitsa, kotero pamene kunyamula ndikofunika kusamalira "zokhazokha" za mbewu zokolola.

Strawberry ndi zipatso za dzuwa ndi zathanzi, zolimbikitsa ndi mtundu umodzi wa zipatso zofiira kwambiri. Zimathandiza mwatsopano, madzi ake ndi okoma, pamene mazira, sitiroberi amasungira katundu wawo wonse, ndipo zipatso zimatha kusungidwa, zouma kapena kusungidwa monga zipatso zowonongeka.