Mapindu ndi njira zabwino zowumitsa strawberries m'nyengo yozizira

Strawberry ndi chimodzimodzi mwa zipatso zokondedwa kwambiri. Zili ndi ubwino wambiri: zowutsa mudyo, zokoma, zonunkhira, mavitamini olemera, ma micro ndi macro. Froberries amathandiza chitetezo chokwanira (makamaka zothandiza ana ndi okalamba). Mankhwala ochepa amachititsa kuti mabulosiwa azikonda zakudya. Mwatsoka, nyengo ya sitiroberi ndi yachangu, ndipo mavitamini amafunika chaka chonse. Kukolola bwino kwa strawberries m'nyengo yozizira (kukuzira kozizira) kudzakuthandizani kuti muwonjezere nyengoyi ndikudyera zipatso zokoma ndi zathanzi mpaka nthawi yokolola.

Mukudziwa? Mabulosi, omwe tonse tinkawagwiritsa ntchito kutcha strawberries kuyambira ubwana, ndiye sitiroberi (chinanazi) sitiroberi. Ananasapule sitiroberi (Fragária ananássa) ndi kukoma kwathu kwabwino ndi fungo ndi wosakanizidwa omwe anapezeka ku Holland pakati pa zaka za XYIII chifukwa cha kuwoloka namwali sitiroberi ndi Chile sitiroberi. Mawu akuti "sitiroberi" (kuchokera ku Staroslav "Club" - "mpira", "kuzungulira") amapezeka m'mayiko a ku Russia, Belarus, ku Ukraine kuyambira zaka za XYII-XYIII. Chomwe chimatchedwa chomera chamtchire Fragária moscháta. Pamene chinanazi strawberries chinawonekera kudera lino (pakati pa zaka za m'ma 1800), adathamangitsira otsogoleredwe aang'ono ndi owawasa, ndipo anthu anayamba kutcha "strawberries".

Madalitso a chisanu cha strawberries

Ngati tilingalira funso lothandiza kwambiri la strawberries, ndiye kuti tiyenera kukumbukira kuti zipatso ndi ndiwo zamasamba zimakhala zowonjezereka, mavitamini ndi zakudya zambiri kuposa nthawi yophika, kuperewera, kuyanika, etc. Mavitamini obiridwa ali ndi vitamini omwewo, omwe amakhala ndi mavitamini omwewo. ndi mwatsopano. Pambuyo potsuka masamba omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mofanana: osadya zipatso, mukhoza kuwonjezera pa zakudya zina ndi zakumwa zina, muzigwiritsa ntchito monga zodzaza ma pies, maskiti opaka nkhope, etc. Mavitamini mu strawberries oundana amasungira katundu wawo wonse. 100 g ya strawberries ali ndi mlingo wa tsiku ndi tsiku wa vitamini C. Malinga ndi zomwe zili mu vitamini B9, strawberries amaposa mphesa, raspberries ndi zipatso zina. Mwatsopano sitiroberi amathandiza chifukwa ali ndi:

  • zotsutsana ndi zotupa komanso antiseptic katundu (bwino kumathandiza ndi chimfine ndi kutupa njira za nasopharynx, ndi cholelithiasis, matenda a ziwalo, etc.);
  • luso lokhazikitsa shuga la magazi;
  • mavitamini apamwamba a ayodini (othandiza pochizira chithokomiro);
  • zitsulo zakutchire (zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza magazi m'thupi);
Mwatsopano sitiroberi, mazira osaphatikizidwa ndi shuga, amasunga mofanana ndi caloric osasunthika - 36-46 kcal pa 100 g. Strawberries amathetsa bwino fungo losasangalatsa kuchokera pakamwa.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene mazira (makamaka mofulumira), mavitamini atsopano a strawberries sangawonongeke. Sungani zakudya zakuda zisakhale zoposa miyezi 10-12 (mutatha chaka chosungirako pamene mukuwonongeka, mavitamini ena atayika).

Kusankhidwa kwa strawberries kwa kuzizira

Pofuna kuzizira ndikofunika kusankha zipatsozo molondola. Zilibe kanthu kuti muzitha kufalitsa bwanji strawberries m'nyengo yozizira (zonse, monga mawonekedwe a sitiroberi puree, ndi shuga, etc.), ziribe kanthu kuti mumagula sitiroberi m'msika kapena mukakolole m'munda mwanu, pali malamulo omwe simuyenera kunyalanyaza ofunika. Amatsimikiziranso kuti mazira a sitiroberi adzakhala okoma, ndipo phindu lake - lalitali. Pakuti kuzizira ayenera anasankhidwa strawberries:

  • Chokoma, koma osati mopitirira muyeso komanso mopanda kuwononga (strawberries yapamwamba yomwe imafalikira idzafalikira panthawi ya thawed, imapatsa "zakumwa zoledzeretsa." Mwinanso, mphukira zakuda (koma popanda masamba ovunda) ndizofunikira kupanga ndi kuzizira sitiroberi puree);

  • wandiweyani ndi wouma (madzi osachepera - osachepera, omwe amachepetsera madzi a sitiroberi panthawi yomwe amatsitsa, amakhudza kukoma);

  • kukula kwasinkhu (kumasula mofulumira ndi bwino);

  • zonunkhira ndi zotsekemera (pambuyo poyipitsa mumakhala ndi kukoma ndi zokoma). Kuzindikira izi sikovuta - muyenera kumununkhiza ndi kuyesa;

  • mwatsopano. Zatsopano zimasonyeza ndi elasticity wa zipatso, luster, wobiriwira mchira pa zipatso ndi sitiroberi kukoma. Anthu okhala ndi dachas ndi minda akulimbikitsidwa kuti asankhe strawberries m'mawa kwambiri (mpaka mame agwa) kapena madzulo dzuwa litalowa.
Ndikofunikira! Frozen strawberries ndi osatetezeka (zosayenera zosokoneza zingabweretse mavuto aakulu mavitamini ndi zopindulitsa katundu wa strawberries), kotero muyenera kudziwa momwe mungayankhire bwino. Sizingatheke kuteteza ma strawberries mu microwave (amawononga mamolekyu ndi kupha mavitamini) kapena m'madzi otentha (vitamini C idzavutika). Kutsekeka koyenera kumapita pang'onopang'ono, choyamba pa friji (pamwamba pa alumali), ndiye kutentha.

Kukonzekera strawberries pamaso yozizira koopsa

Pamaso yozizira kozizira strawberries ayenera kukonzekera: zipatso zowonongeka, zowola komanso zowonongeka. Kukhalabe - kusamba. Amaluwa ena adalangiza kuti asamatsuka zitsamba zowonjezera okha, koma aziwombera ndi zowuma, kuti asawononge filimu yotetezera pa zipatso zomwe zimateteza strawberries kuchokera ku mabakiteriya. Komabe, zoona zake ndizoopsa kwambiri osati mabakiteriya, koma mazira a helminth omwe angakhale pansi ndikumwa madzi kapena mvula pa zipatso. Ndikofunika kusamba majeremusi m'madzi ambiri, mu mbale yayikulu (kutsuka mu colander pansi pa pampu ndi kosayenera - zipatso zidzawonongeka, madzi amatha) muzipinda zing'onozing'ono (kuti asaphwanyane). Pa kutsuka, chotsani tsinde. Ngati mukufuna kukometsera zipatso zonse, ndiye bwino kusiya izo - strawberries adzasunga mawonekedwe awo bwino ndipo sadzataya madzi.

Mafuta okonzedwa amaikidwa bwino kwambiri pampukutu kapena pamapepala kuti aziuma (pamapepala kapena nkhuni ndibwino kuika pulasitiki).

Kusankha ndi kukonzekera mbale yowola

Zakudya zapulasitiki ndizofunikira kwambiri kuzizira ma strawberries (chakudya chokwanira cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi kukula kwake zogulitsa). Cellophane kapena polyethylene ndizoyenera, koma zimachotsedwa mosavuta. Chofunikira chachikulu cha mbale:

  • palibe fungo;
  • choyeretsa;
  • wouma.

Kukula kwa mbale kumadalira chiwerengero cha ogula. Ndizofunika kufalitsa magawo - mu chidebe chimodzi chiyenera kukhala ndi kuchuluka kwa strawberries, zomwe zingadye nthawi imodzi. Kubwereza kozizira sikuloledwa.

Njira Zowonongeka kwa Strawberry

Strawberry chisanu - Sizowoneka zosavuta monga zikuwonekera: zopangidwa ndi strawberries mu thumba ndi kuziyika mufiriji. Inde, n'zotheka kufomerera motere, koma zotsatira zake sizidzakhala zofanana ndi zomwe tingafune. Pali njira zosiyanasiyana zowonjezera strawberries, mothandizidwa ndi zipatso zomwe zimapangidwanso, zopangidwa ndipadera, zonunkhira ndi kukoma.

Mukudziwa? Mudziko muli mitundu yambirimbiri ya strawberries (zaka 200 za ntchito yopanda ntchito ya obereketsa sizinali zopanda pake). Mitundu yonseyi imachokera ku mtundu umodzi wosakanizidwa - chinanazi sitiroberi.

Zowonongeka zonse strawberries

Choyenera kwambiri ndi kugwiritsa ntchito kusanunkhira: Zipatso zouma zowonongeka zimafalikira umodzi pa thireyi kapena mbale (sayenera kugwirizana). Kenaka sitimayi imayikidwa maola 2-3 mufiriji mu njira yozizira kwambiri ("Super Freeze").

Pambuyo pake, zipatsozo zikhoza kuikidwa mu matumba kapena zitsulo ndikuyika mufiriji kuti ziwonjezere kuzizira ndi kusungirako. Mitengo yotereyi siidzatha.

Ngati mukufuna kukongoletsa galasi la champagne kapena vinyo wonyezimira, mukhoza kufungula mabulosi onse mu ayezi. Mitengo yokonzeka iyenera kuikidwa m'mapangidwe a ayezi, kutsanulira madzi abwino ndi kumira.

Strawberries ndi shuga

Pamaso pa kuzizira strawberries ndi shuga, muyenera kusankha njira yomwe ingavomerezeke kwa inu (m'kupita kwanthawi, kugwira ntchito mwamphamvu, kuchuluka kwa shuga):

  • kuzizira zipatso zonse ndi shuga. Per kilogalamu ya zipatso idzasowa magalamu 300 a shuga (osweka pang'ono mu blender kapena khofi grinder) kapena ufa. Mitengo yokonzeka (yopanda tsinde) iyenera kuikidwa pansi pa chidebe, kutsanulira ndi shuga wofiira. Siyani maola 2-3 mu firiji ndikusamutsira strawberries ku chidebe china, ndikutsanulira madziwo kumalo omwewo. Pambuyo pake, mutseka chidebecho ndi kuzizira mufiriji;

  • njira yomweyo, koma popanda madzi. Thirani mavitamini kukhala ufa ndipo mwamsanga muwaunditse;

  • Zowonongeka shredded strawberries ndi shuga. ChiĆ”erengero cha strawberries ndi shuga ndi 1 x 1. Kukonzekera kwa strawberries (zipatso zopangidwa bwino kwambiri ndizofunikira). Zimatsanulidwa ndi shuga ndi kuphwanyika ndi blender.

Kusakaniza kumaikidwa m'makina (makapu apulasitiki, mafinya a ice) ndi mazira. Iyenera kunyalidwa mu malingaliro kuti zakudya zamtengo wapatali wa strawberries chisanu motere kumawonjezera kwa 96-100 kcal.

Ndikofunikira! Kutentha kwa kutentha kwa kuzizira kwa strawberries kumachokera ku -18 mpaka -23 madigiri Celsius. Frobberries yozizira pa kutentha uku amasungidwa kwa miyezi 8 mpaka 12. Zowonongeka pakati pa 5 mpaka 8 digiri pansi pa zero, zipatso zimasungidwa miyezi itatu.

Strawberry Puree Frost

Kuyambira strawberries akhoza kuphika ndi amaundana sitiroberi puree. Kukonzekera strawberries (popanda zipatso zomumera) ziyenera kukhala pansi ndi blender (mince, pogaya kupyolera mu sieve, etc.). Mphungu umayikidwa mu zitsulo (makapu) ndi kuzizira. Shuga ikhoza kuwonjezeredwa pambuyo poyipitsa. Kuti asinthe, amayamba kutsanulira masamba okongoletsera pa mbatata yosakanizika ndi kuzizira. Msuzi wofiira ndi wodalirika kwambiri pa maski, nkhope ndi zitsamba.

Mukudziwa? Mwachidziwitso, kuzizira kwa katundu kunayamba kumbuyo mu 1852, pamene choyambirira choyambirira chokhala ndi mankhwala oundana pamchere wothira mchere chinaperekedwa ku England. Zipatso zinayamba kuundana mu 1908 ku USA (Colorado) okhala ndi zitsulo zamatabwa zazikulu. Mu 1916-1919 Wasayansi wa ku Germany K. Verdsey adayambitsa njira yozizira zipatso m'zinthu zazing'ono. Mu 1925, United States inali njira yovomerezeka ya "mantha", yomwe inapatsa K. Berdsay ("anamuyang'ana" kuchokera ku Eskimos, yemwe adawotcha nsomba zosachepera 35 digiri Celsius mu mphepo yamphamvu). Mu 1930, kampani yake, Birds Eye Frosted Foods, inayamba kugulitsa nyama, zipatso ndi ndiwo zamasamba pansi pa njira yatsopano. Kuyambira m'ma 1950s. Pakubwera mafakitale apanyumba, zakudya zakuda zinayamba kufalikira.