Mitundu ya Cherry yamva ndi kufotokoza ndi chithunzi

Tsamba yamatope - Mtengo wa chitsamba womwe umatha kufika mamita awiri mu msinkhu. Ili ndi korona waukulu, ovate kapena yaying'ono, yokhala ndi makwinya a makwinya ndi ofiira-lalanje zipatso zomwe zimapangika kuzungulira nthambizo. Mtengo wa chitsamba umakhalanso wotetezeka kwambiri kwa tizirombo ndi matenda, ngakhale, monga mitundu yambiri yambiri, nthawi zambiri amatha kuwonongeka ndi coccomycosis.

Posankha kalasi yoyenera ya kumva chitumbuwa, ambiri wamaluwa amasankha zotsatirazi.

"Phwasani"

Ngati mukufuna izi zosiyanasiyana, ndiye kuti mukudziwa kale kuti m'tsogolomu mudzapeza zipatso zazikulu zofiira, zomwe zimatha kufika 4 g. Zili ndizitsamba zokoma, zokometsera zouma-zotsekemera zamkati, zowonongeka zomwe zimagwera pa theka lachiwiri la July. Khungu la zipatso ndi lochepa kwambiri ndipo silili losiyana ndi zamkati. Zipatso zoterezo ndizoyenera kuti azidya mwatsopano komanso kupanga kupanikizana, madzi kapena vinyo.

Nthawi ya moyo wa kuwala kwa chitumbuwa "Spark" nthawi zambiri imakhala zaka 14, ndipo mpaka nthawiyo imatha mamita awiri m'litali ndi 2.8 mamita m'lifupi (kukula kwa korona). Nthambi zosatha zimakhala ndi mdima wandiweyani ndipo zimadziwika ndi flaky makungwa, pomwe pachaka mphukira ndi mdima wofiirira mu mtundu. Mphukira yaing'ono imapangidwira ku mphukira, ndipo zipatso zawo zimapangidwa pa mphukira zapachaka, komanso pafupikitsa ndi maluwa omwe amatha kuphulika (mpaka 5 cm).

"Alice"

Mitengo yamatcheri yamtunduwu imayimilidwa ndi mitundu yambiri yosangalatsa, yomwe "Alice" sali pamalo omaliza, ali ndi kufotokozera kosangalatsa. Ichi ndi shrub yapamtunda yomwe imafikira mamita awiri m'litali ndipo ili ndi korona, yamtengo wapatali. Mapazi osatha a zomera ndi owongoka, wandiweyani, opangidwa ndi imvi ndi ophatikizidwa ndi mphodza zowonjezera zambiri. Mphukira zapakale, zochepa zapasipi, zimakhala ndi zochepa, zimapangika m'magulu atatu (zowonjezera, zowonjezera zamasamba). Zonsezi ndizofalitsa pang'ono ndipo zimakanidwa kuti zisapulumuke. Mdima wandiweyani, masamba owala kwambiri amakhala ndi bicuspid m'mphepete mwa nyanja ndipo amadziwika ndi mpweya wozungulira.

Mitengo ya zomera izi, ngati mphukira, imakhala yofooka ya pubescence, imakhala yofiira maroon ndipo imafika masentimita atatu. Nyama ndi yowutsa mudyo, kukoma kwake kumakhala kosavuta pang'ono, koma mwachilendo kumakhala kosangalatsa kukoma kwake. Mu mitengo yaying'ono, fruiting imayamba pa 3-4 zaka mutabzala, koma ziyenera kunyalidwa m'maganizo kuti izi ndizosabala zosiyana, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ziyenera kubzalidwa pafupi ndi mitundu ina yamatcheri. "Alice" akutchedwa mitundu yosiyana-siyana, popeza nthawi yokolola imatha kumapeto kwa July. Mtengo wokwanira wa mtengo ndi zaka 17.

"Mfumukazi"

Zomera zosiyanasiyana "Tsarevna" ndi zomera zochepa, zomwe zimafika mamita 1.5 okha. Korona ili ndizitali kwambiri ndipo imadziwika ndi sing'anga. Gawo lalikulu la nthambi - ndi lolimba, mbali zoongoka za chomeracho ndi khungu lofiira la bulauni. The mphukira ndi pabuka pang'ono ndi pubescent pang'ono.

Masamba obiriwira amdima ndi ochepa kwambiri ndipo amakhala ndi mawonekedwe oundana, okhala ndi mapeto komanso nsonga. Amakhalanso ndi pubescence, amatha mano, ndipo amakhala ndi tsinde lalifupi. Maluwa "Tsarevna" osakaniza kukula, oyera ndi kukula ndi zidutswa 2-3 mu inflorescence imodzi. Iwo amasiyanitsidwa ndi mkulu kukongoletsa kwenikweni, popeza pa maluwa a chitsamba iwo kwathunthu kuphimba nthambi.

Pofotokoza zosiyana, sikutheka kunyalanyaza zipatso, zomwe aliyense amamva yamatcheri amayamikira. Pachifukwachi, amafika 3-4 g (amaonedwa kuti ndi aakulu), ali ndi mawonekedwe a ovunda ndipo amangofika kumunsi. Ali pa phesi lalifupi, lomwe silingakhoze kuwagwira pamene liposa. Khungu la zipatsozo ndi lochepa thupi ndipo liri ndi tsitsi looneka bwino la pinki yokongola kwambiri. Mofanana ndi ena ambiri oimira a yamatcheri, "Tsarevna" zosiyanasiyana zipatso ndi yowutsa mudyo, okoma zamkati ndi pang'ono khalidwe sourness.

Maluwa amayamba kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May, ndipo zipatso zowonongeka zimayamba kumapeto kwa July. Fruiting yoyamba "Tsarevna" imabwera zaka 2-3 mutabzala, ndipo chiyembekezo chokhalira moyo cha oimira zosiyanasiyanazi ndi zaka 17. Zindikirani kuti "Tsarevna" ndi nyengo yozizira kwambiri, yomwe nthawi imodzi imalekerera chilala bwino.

Mukudziwa? Chinthu chachikulu cha zomwe zafotokozedwa mosiyana ndi chakuti ngakhale zipatso zake zikuwoneka zofanana ndi yamatcheri, mbewu yokhayo ndi ya banja la Plum, chifukwa chake silingagwirizane ndi yamatcheri wamba.

"Amurka"

Ali ndi mitundu yolimba yomwe ili yosavuta kapena yaying'ono ya nthambi. Mpando wachifumuwo ndi wochepa. Mphukira yofiirira ya mtundu wa brownish ndi ya sing'anga makulidwe ndi pubescence amphamvu, pamene nthambi zosatha zimakhala zandiweyani, zokhoma ndipo zimakhala zakuda.

Zipatso zazitsambazo ndizozing'ono, zimayang'ana pamapeto ndipo zimapanikizidwa ku nthambi. Kawirikawiri, amapangidwa pamapangidwe a matabwa a zaka ziwiri. Oyimira a mitundu iyi ali ndi masamba obiriwira a obovoid mawonekedwe, apakati kapena aakulu mu kukula, mwamphamvu kwambiri ndipo awononga pubescence. Maluwa akuluakulu amapezeka pafupipafupi ndipo amajambula pansalu yofiira.

Ambiri a zipatso za "Amurka" ndi 2.7 g, ndipo anapatsidwa kuti chipatso cha nthambi chikhale cholimba, n'zosadabwitsa kuti pakulemera kwa zipatsozo. Akakhwima ndi kuthira, zipatso izi zimagwirizana pamodzi. Mnofu wa zipatso zimakhala zowutsa mudyo komanso zowonjezereka, zofiira zofiira ndi zowawa-zokoma, zokoma. Chifukwa cha izi, zipatsozi ndi zabwino zowonjezera mwatsopano komanso zogwiritsidwa ntchito zamakono, makina, jams, ndi zina zotero.

Berry kucha kumapezeka pakati pa July, ndipo pazipita zipatso pa chitsamba ndi 14.5 makilogalamu. Zina mwazinthu zabwino kwambiri za "Amur" zimatulutsa mpweya wabwino wa nyengo yozizira, zipatso zamwaka wapatali ndi zipatso zazikulu zokoma. Zowononga kukula kwa zosiyanazi ndizosauka kusunga khalidwe la zipatso ndi madzi amkati.

"Khabarovchanka"

Sizinsinsi kuti kuphunzira kwa yamatcheri monga mtundu watsopano wa zitsamba zokhudzana ndi zipatso zimachokera ku Khabarovsk, kumene mitundu yambiri yosiyanasiyana ya zomerazi inalengedwa. Iwo ndi angwiro pa nyengo ya ku Siberia, Urals, dera la Moscow ndi lamba la pakati.

Zina mwa mbewu zomwe zikuyimiridwa lero zimakhala zosiyana, zomwe zimatchedwa - "Khabarovsk". Ali ndi zazikulu (masekeli 3 g), zipatso zonse, zomwe zimakhala zochepa pang'ono m'mphepete mwake. Zimasiyana ndi pinki ndi zokoma zokoma, zomwe amaluwa ambiri amawakonda kwambiri. Kale m'chaka chachiwiri cha kukula kwa scion, zambiri zafruiting zimatchulidwa, ngakhale kuti kuyambira nthawi yobzala mbewu mpaka zipatso zoyamba zikuwoneka, zimatenga nthawi yaitali.

"Apainiya"

"Mpainiya" - imodzi mwa mitundu yoyamba yamatcheri, yomwe idapangidwa ndi asayansi ku Institute of Research Scientific Research Institute. Mitengo ya shrub ili kutalika kufika 1.5-2 m. Nthambizi ndizoonda, koma zimakhala ndi matabwa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kuthana ndi mbewu zambiri. Masambawa amadziwika ndi kukula kwake, kapangidwe kake kofiirira komanso mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira. Korona ndi wandiweyani, wophimba kwambiri ndi wokutidwa ndi makungwa obiriwira. Chifukwa cha mazirawa, amawonetsera pamwamba pa masamba, izi zimakhala ndi zokongoletsera zokongola, makamaka kuyambira pamene masamba a autumn amatha kusintha mtundu wa chikasu kapena utoto wofiira. Komanso, nthawi ya fruiting, pamene nthambi zokhutidwa ndi zipatso zowala, zimakhalanso zokongoletsera. "Mpainiya" amawoneka ngati awiri, ndipo pagulu akukwera.

Zipatso zozungulira zimakhala zofiirira, zimakhala ndi khungu lofewa komanso kosalala, ngakhale kuti panthawi imodzimodziyo imachotsedwa mosavuta. Mnofu wokha umadziwika ndi kuwala kokongola, juiciness ndi kukoma kokoma. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti madzi "Pioneer" akuonekera bwino, ndipo fupa liri kumbuyo kwa zamkati. Zipatso za maluwa amenewa zimakhala ndi masentimita asanu 5. Maluwa a shrub samakhala nthawi yaitali kuposa masiku 7-10, ndipo amayamba kubala zipatso m'chaka chachitatu kapena chachinayi (kukolola kumapeto kwa July).

"Ocean virovskaya"

Zosiyanasiyana "Ocean virovskaya" zikuyimiridwa ndi shrub wamphamvu yomwe imakhala mamita 1.8 mamita. Ikhoza kutchedwa mwachangu chomera chokwanira ndi sing'anga thickening. Masamba obiriwira amdima ali ndi mawonekedwe akuluakulu ndipo amakhala concave mkati.

Mafuta ophika a mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi minofu yofiira ndi kulemera kwa 3.6 g ndiwodziwika kuti amakopeka. Nthambi zonse za pachaka ndi zosatha zimakhala ndi mkulu wa chisanu chokaniza, ndipo maluwawo saopa masika a chisanu.

"Ocean virovskaya" imatanthawuza mitundu yosagonjetsa chilala yomwe silingalekerere madzi (pakakhala chinyezi, maluwa ndi zipatso zimakhudzidwa ndi moniliosis). Kuonjezera apo, chomeracho chimagonjetsedwa ndi coccomycosis ndipo chimagwira bwino ndi mitsempha. Mbeu zowonongeka zimayambira fruiting m'chaka chachiwiri, ndi zitsanzo zomwe zili ndi mizu yawo m'chaka chachitatu kapena chachinai mutabzala. Moyo wa zomera zoterozo ndi zaka 17.

Ndikofunikira! Mofanana ndi mitundu yambiri yamatchetechete, "Ocean Virovskaya" ndi chomera chopanda mphamvu chomwe chimafuna kupezeka kwa mungu.

Cherry maluwa imagwa mu theka lachiwiri la May, ndipo zipatso zimapsa pafupi ndi theka lachiwiri la mwezi wa July. Zokolola (pansi pabwino, ndi 9 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba) ndizofunikira kwambiri pokonzekera ndi kuzigwiritsa ntchito mwatsopano.

"Natalie"

Monga ena oyimira kale a yamatcheri akumva a mitundu yabwino yamakono, "Natalie" ndi shrub yolimba yomwe imatha kufika mamita 1.8. Ili ndi korona yayikulu yowoneka bwino, yomwe imapangidwa ndi masamba osatha, owongoka, ofiira ndi owopsa kwambiri omwe ali ndi mphodza zowonongeka (poyerekezera, mphukira pachaka ili ndi mtundu wofiira ndi pubescence).

Masamba a tchire "Natalie" ali obiriwira, odzaza ndi maolivi, opangidwa ndi mpweya wozungulira, wokhala ndi nsonga yachitsulo. Kumbali imodzi ya mbaleyo muli tsitsi lalifupi, ndipo kumbali ina anamva nsonga. Flower zomera sauta-zoboola, ndi pafupifupi kukula kwa masentimita 2.5 (awiri a corolla). Zili ndi zisanu zoyera pakatikati.

Koma gawo lofunika kwambiri la chitsamba - zipatso, zolemera zowonjezera zimafikira 4 g, mawonekedwe ake ndi ovundala ndi pang'ono pamwamba. Zipatso zimasiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu wofiira wamdima, khungu laling'ono la pubescent ndi lofiira, lachitetezo, mnofu wambiri wambiri. Mtundu wofiira umakhalanso ndi mtundu wa madzi a chitumbuwa. Maluwa a mtundu wa chitumbuwa "Natalie" amapezeka kumayambiriro kwa May, ndipo zipatso za zipatso zimakhala pafupi pakati pa July. Zipatso zonse zipse nthawi yomweyo, zomwe zikutanthawuza kuti mukhoza kuzisonkhanitsa nthawi yomweyo.

Ndikofunikira! Mlimi uwu sagonjetsedwa ndi coccomycosis ndipo amakhala bwino kwambiri ndi kleasteriosis, yomwe imathandiza kwambiri kusamalira zomera.

Mbeu zowonjezereka zimayambira fruiting m'chaka chachiwiri pambuyo katemera, ndipo zidabzala mwamsanga pamtunda m'chaka chachitatu kapena chachinai (mpaka 9 kg ya zipatso akhoza kukolola kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi). Poyerekeza ndi mitundu yapitayi yamatcheri, moyo wa oimira Natali zosiyanasiyana ndi woposa chaka ndi 18.

"Kummawa"

Zosiyanasiyana "Kum'maiko" zimayimiridwa ndi tchire lamasinkhulidwe, omwe amatha kutalika kwa mamita 1.5 ndipo amadziwika ndi mawonekedwe awo ovundukuka ndi osakanikirana thickening. Nthambi zosatha - imvi, yowongoka, yandiweyani ndi yobaya, yothandizidwa ndi mphodza. Mphukira pachaka, mwachizolowezi, ndi yofiira ndipo posachedwa imafalitsa. Masamba ofiira ali ndi mawonekedwe ophimba ndi nsonga yachitsulo komanso maziko ozungulira. Mphepete mwa tsambalo ndi lalikulu, ndipo imasindikiza ndi tsitsi lalifupi.

Maluwa a maluwawo ndi 2.3 cm (diameter of the rim), ndipo imadziphatikiza ndi pinki yosakanikirana. Zipatso za mitundu yosiyanasiyana "Vostochnaya" zimafika pamtunda wa 3.3 g ndipo zimadziwika ndi mawonekedwe a oval ndi top beveled pamwamba ndi maziko ozungulira, ophatikizidwa ndi ndodo yaikulu. Maluwa a burgundy amadzikongoletsera pakhungu, amatha kusindikiza ndi tsitsi losaoneka. Mnofu wamkati uli wofiira kwambiri, wandiweyani komanso wamadzi wambiri. Madzi ndi wofiira.

Mukudziwa? Mwala wa zipatso za wamtengo wapatali wamatcheri a Natali zosiyanasiyana zimapangitsa 6.6% ya chiwerengero cha misa ya chipatso ndipo sichikanasiyana kwambiri ndi zamkati.

Maluwa a Cherry amagwa kumapeto kwa May, pamene zipatso zimabala mkatikati mwa mwezi wa July. Zomera zoterezi zimakhala ndi zokolola zambiri, popeza 8.7 makilogalamu a zipatso akhoza kukolola ku chomera chimodzi. Zina mwa ubwino wa Vostochnaya chitumbuwa pali semi-youma zipatso kulekanitsa ndi mkulu yozizira hardiness.

"Ana"

Malinga ndi kukula kwake, chitumbuwa cha "Watoto" cha chitumbuwa sichinali choyambirira, pamene chimakula kufika mamita 1.8 m'litali, pamene chimadziwika ndi mawonekedwe akuluakulu a oval ndi ausinkhu wambiri wa korona. Monga momwe zinaliri kale kale, nthambi zosatha zimakhala zofiira kwambiri, zoongoka ndipo zimakhala ndi mphodza zambiri.

Masamba ndi obiriwira, ovunda ndipo ali ndi nsonga. Tsamba pamunsi ndi lalifupi, limakhala lamasentimita 0,4 m'litali ndipo limaphatikizidwa ndi zigawo ziwiri zakuthwa, mapepala a pubescent. Maluwa a maluwa oyera amakhala osasamala. Zokolola zidzaimiridwa ndi zipatso zazikulu, kulemera kwake komwe kumafika pafupifupi 3.5 g (kupitirira - 4 g). Maonekedwe a zipatso ndi ozungulira, ochepa pang'ono kuchokera kumbali, ndipo pamwamba pawo pali mulomo wokhala bwino kwambiri. Malingana ndi mtundu, zosiyanazi sizimasiyana ndi zina, popeza zipatso zake zimakhala ndi zofiirira komanso khungu loyera. Mtundu wa zamkati ndi madzi ndi wofiira.

Nthawi ya maluwa - May 17-23, ndipo zipatso zakucha zimadziwika pakati pa July. Ndi chitsamba chimodzi mungathe kusonkhanitsa mpaka 10 makilogalamu a zipatso. Kukoma kwa zipatso, kukula kwake kwakukulu, zokolola zambiri (kawirikawiri zimapambana kuposa zinyama zina) ndi nthumwi zowuma zingathe kukhala ndi zotsatira zabwino za kulima yamatcheri a "Ana" osiyanasiyana. Komabe, n'zosatheka kusazindikira kuti pamene mbeu yadzaza, zipatso zikhoza kukhala zozama.

Monga momwe mukuonera, chitumbuwa chinagwidwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana komanso kufotokozera mitundu, zambiri zomwe zimakhala zofanana kwambiri, chifukwa nthawi zina zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti zithetse vutoli. Zizindikiro za makhalidwe abwino ndizo kuchulukitsa kwa fruiting ndi kulumikiza kwa zipatso, monga mwa chisamaliro, pafupifupi zomera zonse zimasiyanitsidwa ndi zofanana.