Chitumbuwa kulima Bess m'munda, malangizo abwino kwambiri kubzala ndi kusamalira

Bessey sandstone cherry ndi ochokera ku North America. Kumeneku kumamera pamphepete mwa mitsinje ndi nyanja, ndipo nthawi zina zimapezeka pamapiri. zitsamba wachisomo Bess akhoza kukhala ulemerero waukulu chiwembu chilichonse m'munda.

Chifukwa cha mchere wochuluka wa zipatso wotchedwa cherry cherry kwa nthawi yaitali watenga chidaliro cha wamaluwa ambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Sikofunika kuti asamalire, ali ndi chilala cholimba chakumana, alibe chidwi kutsika kutentha ndipo amatha kubala chipatso m'mavuto aakulu.

Bessey Cherry: Kufotokozera

Mitundu yonse ya Bessey yaying'ono yamakisiteri ndi yaying'ono kwambiri. Cherry imakula chitsamba chokhala ndi mphukira yolunjika, kufika kutalika kwa mamita oposa theka ndi theka. Chomeracho chiri ndi thupi lofiira mphukira, lophimbidwa ndi kutsogolo-lanceolate, kamene kakang'ono kamakongoletsa masamba, kufika kutalika kosaposa masentimita 5.

Mu autumn, masamba amasintha kuwala kowala. Besseya amasiyana maluwa zambiri ndi fruiting wopatsa. Pa nthawi ya kucha, zofiirira-zakuda zowonjezera zipatso ndi m'mimba mwake zosapitirira 1 masentimita zimapangidwa pa nthambi zake, tart kwambiri kwa kukoma.

Bessey ali ndi mbiri yabwino yokongola zomera. Ichi ndi chifukwa chakuti pa lonse maluwa chitsamba chilichonse aphimbidwa ndi pamphasa wandiweyani ya maluwa ang'onoang'ono woyera ndi stamens wofiira. Komanso, pa mbewu yomweyo angapezeke maluwa mwamuna ndi mkazi.

Zomera ndi photophilous kwambiri ndi malo omasuka umaonetsa chitukuko mwakayakaya. Chikhalidwe sichimafuna kuti nthaka ikhale yovuta, yomwe imapangitsa kuti ikhale yolimba bwino pamtundu uliwonse wa nthaka.

Kodi chitumbuwa cha mchenga ndi chiyani, mitundu ya bessey

Bessei anawerengedwa pakati pa zikhalidwe mu 1756. Chifukwa cha kulawa kwa astringent, kanali kogwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pofuna kukongoletsera, kuteteza malo kuchokera ku mphepo, kukopa mbalame za nyimbo, komanso ngati chomera.

Posachedwapa, obereketsa abweretsa mitundu yatsopano ya yamatcheri a Bessey ndi makhalidwe abwino.

M'zaka za zana la 19, Charles Bessie, pulofesa wa botani ku yunivesite ya North America ku boma la Nebraska, adafotokoza mtundu wina wa mchenga wotchedwa Cherry, womwe unatchulidwa ndi sayansi - Cerasus besseyi. Choncho besseya chitumbuwa - izi ndi chabe subspecies mchenga chitumbuwa. Besanists-taxonomists amati Bessel amapita ku mchenga wotsika kwambiri wamchenga ndipo amatchedwa Microcerasus pumila var.besseyi.

Mukudziwa? Anthu ambiri okonza masewerawa amagwiritsa ntchito yamatcheri opanda chotupitsa kuti apange mazenera pa ziwembu. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito nthawi zambiri pamene kuli kofunika kukonza makhalidwe okongola a malo pomwe miyala kapena mchenga umalamulira.
Yamatcheri ndi chitumbuwa gerbil besseya - si weniweni yamatcheri. Zonsezi ndizochokera ku ma microwaves ndipo ndi achibale ake a plums, ndipo, pambali pazi, sizizika mizu ngati scion ndipo sizimayenderana ndi cherries weniweni. Koma iwo mwangwiro intersect ndi nthuza mapichesi ndi apricots, komanso mitundu ina ya zipatso.

Mbali za kukula mchenga chitumbuwa, kusankha malo kumunda

Musanayambe kusankha malo m'munda wa bessei, muyenera kudziwa kumene chitumbuwachi chikukula mumtunda. Mu chikhalidwe, mbewu angapezeke pafupi nyanja ndi mitsinje mu minda ya North America. Chikhalidwe sichiri chodabwitsa kwambiri pa nthaka, choncho chikhoza kulimbidwa bwino pamtundu uliwonse wa dothi.

Posankha ankafika malo Besse ayenera ankakonda dothi mchenga. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kuti mubzala mitengo ya gerbil kwambiri. Desirably, mtunda anakhalabe pakati pa tchire mamita 2 2.5.

Mbeu za Bessey zimabzalidwa bwino m'nthaka, popeza nthawi yobzala mbewu ikugwirizana ndi nthawi yomwe ikukula, yomwe imapangitsa kuti mbewuyo ikhale mizu bwino.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamagula mbande za chitumbuwa mu kugwa, ndi bwino kuti pasachedwe kukabzala baka padera ndi prikopat mpaka masika. Chowonadi ndi chakuti mphukira yomwe inalibe nthawi yokhala ndi mizu yabwino bwino asanayambe chisanu iyenera kufa.
Ngati mukuwerengera pa fruiting yopatsa mbewu, musankhe malo abwino omwe mubzala. Ngakhale lathunthu chitumbuwa mphwayi kuti zikuchokera nthaka, zinaonetsa kuti chikhalidwe limasonyeza kwambiri chitukuko kwambiri pa dothi la mchenga.

Zofuna za nyengo

Besseya chitumbuwa Chimakula mu North America. Ndipo kontinenti iyi ikudziwika ndi maiko osiyanasiyana a nyengo: apa pali wina angapeze malo osakanizidwa, otentha, otentha, otentha, amphepete mwa nyanja ndi amphepete mwa nyanja. Izi zimaimira chitumbuwa kuti chigwiritse ntchito ngati chomera chokhala ndi luso lapamwamba.

Culture mosavuta kulekerera chilala, ndi kutsitsa kutentha kwa -50 ° C. Ngakhale kuti akhoza kukhala ndi moyo wovuta kwambiri, chitumbuwa cha mchenga chidzamva bwino mu nyengo yozizira, kutentha kosapitirira kuposa +24 ° С, koma osati poyerekeza ndi -16 ° С.

Choyenera kukhala malo oti mubzala bessey

Cherry Bessey sichifuna kuti nthaka ikhale yovuta, koma koposa zonse ndizoyenera kulima mchenga wa mchenga umene uli ndi madzi abwino komanso aeration. Kulima "Bessey" kumatithandizanso pa dongo lolemera kapena dothi loamy, komabe, pakali pano, kukonza ngalande, zimalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito miyala kapena miyala yochepetsedwa, ndikumasula mchenga. Kukachitika kuti m'dera chimakhala chogwidwa ndi dothi acidic, pH wa imagwiridwa kuti kuchepetsa awo ufa deoxidation dolomite.

Zonse za bwino kubzala mchenga chitumbuwa

Bessei mbande imabzalidwa m'chaka, koma ngati mutagula ziphuphu zomwe mizu yawo imabisidwa m'mbiya yotsekedwa, imatha kubzalidwa kumayambiriro kwa autumn kapena chilimwe.

Mukamabzala mbande, nkofunikira kusamalira kayendedwe ka madzi, chifukwa chinyezi chokhacho chingayambitse matenda a mizu. Mchenga yamtengo wapatali wa mchenga amadziwika ndi kuwonjezeka muzu wopangidwe, motero sasowa zowonjezera kugwiritsa ntchito mizu yotulutsira pobzala.

Momwe mungasankhire sapling

Pofuna amadabwa chifukwa mbande Bess si anazolowera umenewu ayenera kumwedwa mokhudzika. Musanagule mosamala kuyesa mphukira. Ngati ziphuphu zowonongeka kapena zochitika za matenda opatsirana, ndipo mizu yawo yowuma kwambiri, ndizomveka kukana kugula zojambulazo. Mbande yoonongeka ili ndi mphamvu zochepa zomwe sizilola zomera kuti zikhale ndi mizu yonse.

Kukonzekera dzenje

Kawirikawiri, Bessey cherry ndi wodzichepetsa kwambiri, koma musanabzala mbewu, ndi bwino kuti mudzidziwe nokha ndi zina mwazokha. Mukasankha pa kusankha malo otsetsereka, muyenera kukonzekera dzenje. Mbande zimakhala pamtunda wa mamita awiri kuchokera kwa mzake, zomwe zimapereka malo okwanira kuti tchire likhalepo. Kenaka konzekerani dzenje lakuya masentimita 20.

Pachigawo chotsatira, phiri lamtsinje lomwe limapangidwa ndi njerwa kapena zidutswa zowonongeka, zomwe zimapangidwa ndi nthaka 15-20 masentimita osakaniza ndi mchenga, humus, sod kapena dothi la mbeu mu chiŵerengero cha 1x1x1, ndilopangidwa pakatikatikati mwa dzenje, ndipo kuphatikizapo feteleza omwe ali ndi gawo lofanana superphosphate, phulusa ndi kompositi.

Momwe mungamere mmera Bessey

Pambuyo pokonza dzenje, sungani dothi mmenemo ndikuyika kudula pamwamba pa phiri. Ndiye mphukira owazidwa lapansi ndi mopepuka tamped nthaka owazungulira. Mutabzala, ndi cuttings amamwe madzi ofunda. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ozizira chifukwa chowaza, chifukwa izi zingayambitse matenda a mizu ndi matenda a fungal.

Njira Zokwirira Mchenga

Mitengo yonse ya mchenga yamatcheri imabereka bwino kwambiri ndi cuttings, layering ndi mbewu. Pachifukwa chachiwiri, mbewu za chikhalidwe ndizokhazikitsidwa mwachindunji kuchokera ku zipatso. Ngati mukukonzekera kusunga zinthu zakutchire kwa nthawi ndithu, izi siziyenera kuchitika m'makina apulasitiki kapena matumba apulasitiki, koma mu galasi kapena mitsuko yachitsulo, malinga ake omwe sayenera kudyedwa ndi makoswe.

Mukudziwa? Kutentha kwakukulu ndi vuto lalikulu pamene chitumbuwa cha mchenga chimatuluka pachimake, komanso kuti pakhale mvula yowonongeka pa nyengo yamvula, 20 g uchi mu lita imodzi ya madzi iyenera kuchepetsedwa ndi kupopedwa ndi chisakanizo cha tchire. uchi fungo kukopa tizilombo omwe amathandiza manyowa zomera.
Mbeu za Bessey zimakula kwambiri, zomwe zimakuthandizani kuti mukhale ndi mphukira zamphamvu, zomwe zidzasanduka tchire.

Kufalitsa mbewu

Kubalana Bess mbewu sadzatenga nthawi yambiri. Mbewu za Culture pansi lotseguka ndi zofesedwa kasupe kapena autumn, pambuyo stratification, powapatsa zambiri mwamtendere kumera.

Stratification ndi kutsanzira nyengo yozizira. Pakuti stratification kunyumba bwino kugwiritsa ntchito Moss: lili aeration kwambiri ndi Esitere lofotokozabe chinyezi.

Choyamba, mbewu zotupa zimayikidwa pa moss mu chidebe chokonzekera kale ndipo chodzaza ndi dothi lochepa. Kuti mbeu izimbe, zimayikidwa pamalo amdima ndipo zimakhala kutentha kuchokera ku +3 mpaka +6 ° C.

Pamene naklevyvanie zimachitika, kutentha anali adatchithisira kuti 0 ° C, amene amalola kulamulira chitukuko ndi kuchenjeza anachedwa kumera. Asanadzalemo mbewu mu nthaka ndi masiku ochepa ndi mkangano pa kutentha osati choposa 18 ° C.

Kudula mtengo

Bessey njira yobereketsa kwambiri ya Bessey ndi cuttings. Ana kubzala zakuthupi leafy mphukira wa mapesi chitumbuwa ankadula kutalika masentimita 10 ndi 15. M'munsi mwachitatu mwa mphukira mosamala kuchotsa masamba onse.

Rooting cuttings anachita mu zikhalidwe zapamwamba chinyezi ndi zolimbitsa zozungulira kutentha mu yapadera substrate. Mphukira imabzalidwa muzakonzedwe zisanayambe kukonzedwa ndi nthaka yosakaniza yokhala ndi sod land, humus ndi mchenga, yotengedwa mu magawo ofanana.

Pamaso cuttings rooting analimbikitsa mopepuka mthunzi kuti angawateteze ku mavuto obwera chifukwa cha dzuwa. Ngati inu kuchita izo, ndiye pambuyo 10 - 14 masiku, zikumera kuoneka mizu.

Pambuyo panthawiyi, zidutswazo zimakumbidwa ndipo zimatumizidwa kumalo osungiramo nyengo yozizira, popeza kale zikulunga mizu yawo mvula, koma osati mvula yonyowa. Pomwe kufika kasupe, tchire amabzalidwa pamalo osatha.

Kubalanso poyika

wamaluwa odziwa zambiri zimafalitsidwa ndi layering Bess. Kumapeto kwa nthambi, nthambi zotsikazo zimagwedezeka pansi. Pamene mphukira kukula, iwo kuphimba wosanjikiza wa lapansi, wothira manyowa, zimene anatengedwa mu magawo ofanana. Pambuyo pa kugwa kwa tchire, masambawa amalekanitsidwa ndi kholo lachitsamba ndikugawidwa m'magawo ndi mizu ndikubzala pamalo osatha. Cuttings sakulimbikitsidwa kusungidwa, pakuti izi zimachepetsa mphamvu zawo zowonongeka ndikuchepetsetsa mapangidwe a mizu.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji chitumbuwa cha mchenga?

Ngakhale kuti Bessey chitumbuwa chiri modzichepetsa, kutsatira malamulo osavuta odzala ndi kusamalira kudzakuthandizani kukula zomera zathanzi komanso zamphamvu zomwe zidzakondweretsani inu ndi zokolola zopatsa. Kusamalira mbewu sikungotenge nthawi yambiri, chifukwa ngakhale simungamwe madzi tchire masiku angapo, zomera sizidzatha, chifukwa zimakhala ndi kulekerera kwa chilala. Chikhalidwe sichisamala kuchepa kwa kutentha ndipo chimateteza kwambiri chitetezo cha phytoinfections.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa chakuti bessey ndi chikhalidwe chodzikonda chomwe sichifunikira zoonjezerapo, kuti uwonjezere zokolola, nkofunika kudzala tchire zingapo pafupi.
Zomwe zimachitika popanga tchire zimafunika nthawi zonse kudulira mitengo, zomwe zidzatetezera ukalamba ndipo zidzasunga zoberekera pamtundu woyenera. Kuthirira mwadongosolo komanso kudyetsa nthawi zonse kudzakuthandizani kuti mukhale ndi zokolola zochuluka chaka chilichonse.

Kusamba malamulo

Pamene mukukula mchenga wamchenga musadalire kupirira kwake kwachilengedwe ndikudalira kuti chomeracho chingathe popanda kuthirira. Kuperewera kwa chinyezi kumachepetsa kwambiri zokolola za chikhalidwe. Gulu la kuthirira kwapamwamba ndilofunika kwambiri pa siteji ya mapangidwe a zipatso: tchire, amene ali aakulu yochepa madzi, zipatso ang'onoang'ono.

Zowonongeka ndi kulima bessei mu mvula yambiri, chifukwa izi zimayambitsa nkhungu matenda a tchire. Kuthirira tchire ndikofunikira pamene malo apamwamba a nthaka atha kale bwino ndi masentimita angapo, komanso ngati iphwa pansi ndipo ilibe mawonekedwe pamene ikuyesera kufinya phula la dziko lochokera pansi pa chitsamba.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji nthaka?

Kuti Bessey akule ndi kukula bwino, tchire tiyenera kuchita mosavuta agrotechnical magawo:

  • Kupewera kwadongosolo la phesi ndi kuchotsa namsongole;
  • tithe kumvetsa kumasulira pafupi-wellbore dera kuonjezera aeration makhalidwe nthaka;
  • kuthirira;
  • feteleza za nthaka nthawi ndi nthawi.

Bessey Cherry Fertilizer Tips

Feteleza amachitikira kumayambiriro kwa masika, pamaso pa maluwa. Panthawiyi, ndibwino kuti tipeze fetasi kapena feteleza okhala ndi nayitrogeni m'nthaka, zomwe zidzalimbikitsa chitukuko cha zomera ndikuwonjezera kukula kwa tchire. Pakati pa zamasamba ndi maluwa, mukhoza kusangalatsa mbewuyo ndi njira yothetsera mullein ndi phulusa, zomwe zingathandize kupanga mapangidwe akuluakulu. Pambuyo yokolola, pamaso nyengo yozizira, mukhoza kuwonjezera chitetezo cha magetsi ndi kulowa pansi feteleza zovuta.

Momwe mungatetezere yamatcheri kuchokera ku tizirombo ndi matenda

Mu chilengedwe, mchenga chitumbuwa ndi kwambiri kawirikawiri amadwala matenda. Komabe, pamene chomera chikulimidwa pansi pa mikhalidwe yapamwamba chinyezi, mwayi wa matenda opatsirana ndi fungal phytoinfections kwambiri ukuwonjezeka.

Kupewa chitukuko cha matenda a mafangasi adzathandiza kukhazikitsa malamulo losavuta:

  • kuchotsedwa kwa masamba ogwa kuchokera pa webusaiti mu autumn;
  • kudulira nthawi zonse za mphukira zakuwonongeka;
  • kulandira zomera ndi 3% njira ya ferrous sulphate musanayambe maluwa;
  • kupopera tchire pamaso Mphukira 1% njira Bordeaux osakaniza;
  • Kuchiza zilonda kuchokera ku mankhwala a chingamu.

Cherry besseya kwambiri kawirikawiri amadwala matenda tizirombo; Chowonadi n'chakuti panthawi ya maluwa zomera zimapanga fungo labwino kwambiri moti tizilombo sitikukonda kwambiri.

Malamulo a Sandry Pruning

Kudulira mchenga yamatcheri sikumasiyana ndi kudulira mbewu zina za zipatso. Kudulira Bessi - chochitika chofunika kwambiri chomwe chimalola zomera kuti zikhale bwino komanso malinga ndi kuthekera kuti zisunge mphamvu zawo za fruiting.

Ndikofunikira! Kumbukirani kuti nthambi zakale zotchedwa gerbil zomwe zafika zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi zidzakupatsani zochepa zokolola, ndipo zipatso zawo zidzakhala zochepa komanso zochepa.

Malamulo ofunika kuti apangidwe mabasiketi a Bessey:

  • m'chaka choyamba cha moyo wa mbande, mphukira imadulidwa 5-10 masentimita kuchokera pamwamba;
  • kawirikawiri kuchotsani nthambi zomwe zafika zaka zapakati pa chomera, chifukwa ndi mphukira zazing'ono zomwe zimapereka zipatso;
  • kuwonjezereka kwa mphukira kumaonekera mu mphukira kufika kutalika kwa masentimita 50, choncho yesetsani kusiya nthambi za kukula uku pa tchire.

Kukolola

Culture kukula kwathunthu mwa mwezi kapena mapeto a August, koma zipatso zake zokha osati kutha, kukhala pa nthambi. Zipatso zowonongeka ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa zimayamba kutaya nyenyezi ndipo zimapukuta pang'ono, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale ndi makhalidwe abwino ndipo zimapatsa kukoma kwa piquancy.

Cherry besseya: ubwino ndi kuipa kwa mchenga chitumbuwa

chitumbuwa kulima Bess ali ndi ubwino ndi kuipa. Choncho, n'chiyani kwenikweni kukopa chikhalidwe cha wamaluwa:

  • ali ndi makhalidwe okongoletsera okwezeka;
  • ali ndi mphamvu zabwino kwambiri;
  • Osatengeka ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndipo ali ndi chitetezo chokwanira chotsutsana ndi phytoinfections;
  • safuna chisamaliro chapadera;
  • akhoza kukula bwino ndi kubala chipatso m'mavuto ovuta;
  • Amadziwika ndi kulekerera kwa chilala komanso kukwanitsa kutentha kwa -50 ° C.
Chomera chachikulu chomera ndicho kukula kwa astringency ya chipatso. Koma sangathe ichi mosavuta inasanduka khalidwe labwino, ngati mukhala chipatso pa nthambi kwa nthawi yaitali kuchokera kusasitsa wathunthu.

Besseya - chikhalidwe kwambiri kuti chifukwa cha chisamaliro ndi chithandizo kuti tiyankhe wokongola ndi zipatso zokoma. Ndipo kupatula izi, zimapulumuka mwakuya kulikonse kwa nyengo, chifukwa ngakhale omwe akukhala kumpoto adzatha kulima m'minda yawo.