Mmene mungagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba pa plums, njira zabwino

Aphid - chimodzi mwa tizirombo tomwe timakonda kwambiri mitengo yamaluwa. Zimabweretsa mavuto aakulu kwa zomera, mpaka imfa yawo. M'nkhaniyi tiona momwe nsabwe za m'masamba ziliri mumtengo komanso momwe mungagwirire mliriwu.

Chowopsa ndi nsabwe za m'masamba

Chifukwa cha kufalikira kwa tizilombo, wolima aliyense ayenera kudziwa momwe aphid amawonekera pa kuzama ndi momwe angagwirire nazo. Kukula kwa kafadala sikungapola 2 mm, kuli wakuda, wobiriwira, bulauni, wachikasu, wofiira. Oimira ena ali ndi mapiko. Amachulukana mofulumira kwambiri. Mayi mmodzi amapanga ana 150 mpaka masabata awiri. Tizilombo timakhala pansi pa masamba, pa masamba. Mu zomera zomwe zimakhudzidwa, masambawo amakhala ophwanyika, kupiringa, masamba ndi masamba akugwa. Mitengo imakula pachimake ndipo imabala chipatso.

Zoopsa za nsabwe za m'masamba ndizokuti nyongolotsi zimadyetsa zowonongeka kwa zomera ndikuwononga masamba onse. Mtengowo umasiya kulandira zakudya zofunika m'nthaka, kufooketsa, kumakhala kovuta ku nyengo ndi matenda ovuta. Mphuno, yomwe imakhudzidwa ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, sumalekerera chisanu ndipo imatha kutentha pang'ono. Nsabwe za m'masamba zimasiya kusungunuka pamitengo yomwe imateteza mtengowo kutulutsa mpweya wabwino. Zisokonezozi zimapangitsanso machitidwe abwino kuti matendawa akhale ndi matenda a fungal, omwe angapangitse kufa kwa mtengo.

Mukudziwa? Aphid ili ndi zinthu zina zothandiza. Amapanga mame okoma, omwe amathandiza monga njuchi kuti apange uchi, komanso gwero la feteleza wa nayitrogeni.

Kodi kuchotsa nsabwe za m'masamba pa maula, njira zotsimikizirika

Poyamba tizilombo timapewa, ndikosavuta kuti timenyane nayo. Kuonjezera apo, tizilombo tomwe timachokera ku mtengo umodzi tidzasunthira kumalo ena, kuwononga zonse zomwe zimamera m'chigawo chawo. Lero, pali njira zambiri, mankhwala osokoneza bongo komanso zosakaniza zogonjetsa nsabwe za m'masamba. Iwo onse ali ndi ubwino wawo ndi zamwano.

Posankha chida china muyenera kuganizira zinthu zingapo:

  • chomera chomera;
  • voliyumu;
  • nyengo;
  • mlingo wa kuchulukitsa kwa kubzala m'munda.

Malingana ndi zinthu zomwe zatsimikiziridwa, njira zotsatirazi zowononga tizilombo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • choyimitsa;
  • mankhwala;
  • zamoyo.

Ndikofunikira! Mtengo - mtengo wokonda kwambiri nsabwe za m'masamba, ndipo kulimbana nawo ndikovuta kwambiri. Choncho, chomerachi chiyenera kuyesedwa nthawi zonse kuti zikhalepo.

Njira zothetsera nsabwe za m'masamba pa maula

Njira yamakono yolimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda imagwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati mtengo wafika pamtunda waung'ono ndi kuwonongeka kwa mbewu ndi nsabwe za m'masamba ndizochepa. Nthawi zina, sizingatheke. Njirayi imakhala yotchuka kwambiri pochiza ana aang'ono ndi mitengo, komanso nthawi za fruiting.

Ngati tizilombo tangoyamba kuzungulira mazira ndi malo omwe amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito akhoza kuwerengedwa pa zala, m'pofunika kuchotsa masamba omwe nsabwe za m'masamba zayamba. Masambawa amafunika kusonkhanitsidwa mumulu ndi kuwotcha. Ngati ataponyedwa pansi, tizilombo timene timapeza nyama yatsopano. Kuchokera ku tizilombo tating'amba tating'ono tingathe kutsukidwa ndi madzi amphamvu kuchokera pansi pa payipi.

Mmene mungagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba pa mankhwala a maula

Chithandizo chamankhwala ndi chimodzi mwa njira zowonongeka komanso zowonongeka kuti athetse nsabwe za m'masamba pa maula. Ndicho, mutha kuchotsa mabanja akuluakulu a tizirombo mwamsanga. Komabe, njirayi imaphatikizapo kuchiza mtengo ndi zinthu zoopsa, choncho ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati zawonongeka kwambiri komanso mosamala kwambiri, potsatira malamulo onse otetezeka. Spring processing plums ku nsabwe za m'masamba imayamba pakati pa March. Chithandizo chachiwiri chimachitika panthawi ya mapangidwe a mphukira, lachitatu - panthawi ya maonekedwe a masamba. Ngati tizirombo timayambitsa zomera ndi pambuyo pa ntchito, kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa kumapangidwanso.

Mukudziwa? Aphid pa nthawi yonse ya chitukuko akhoza kusintha mtundu wake kangapo.

Ganizirani zomwe mungathe kuchitira maula a nsabwe za m'masamba m'chaka. Mankhwala othandiza kwambiri ndi awa:

  • "Sharpay";
  • Karbafoss;
  • "Kutayika".

Mankhwalawa ndi ndemanga zabwino, musayambitse matendawa. Yokwanira ntchito zambiri. Mankhwala osokoneza bongo ayenera kukhala omvera molingana ndi malangizo. Wood processing ikuchitika ndi kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa. Pankhaniyi, onetsetsani kuti mumagwiritsa ntchito magolovesi, mabanki kapena maski. Kukonza kumachitika chimodzi kapena chimodzi ndi theka miyezi isanakwane yokolola.

Kugwiritsira ntchito zowonongeka

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda sizimakhudza nthawi yomweyo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Izi ndizo patsogolo pa mankhwala omwe amachita kwenikweni tsiku lachiwiri. Pakuti mphamvu ya biologics imatenga pafupifupi masiku asanu ndi awiri. Komabe, ali ndi ubwino wambiri. Zamagetsi zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuchotsa nsabwe za m'masamba pamphuno pambuyo pa maluwa. Mankhwala amagwiritsidwa ntchito mpaka pano komanso m'masiku ochepa atatha maluwa. Zakudya zamakono zilibe vuto kwa anthu, njuchi, zingagwiritsidwe ntchito panthawi ya fruiting.

Ndikofunikira! Zipatso sizingadye mkati mwa masiku atatu mutatha mankhwala ndi kukonzekera kwachilengedwe.

Mankhwala othandizira kwambiri ndi awa:

  • "Fitoverm";
  • "Akarin";
  • "Tanrek";
  • "Entobacterin".
Zida zamagetsi zimapangidwira pazinthu zachilengedwe. Inde, ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri kusiyana ndi mankhwala, koma ubwino wawo ndi wakuti iwo alibe vuto kwa anthu ndipo sangawononge poizoni ndi zipatso.

Yabwino kwambiri yothetsera nsabwe za m'masamba pa maula

Kuwonjezera pa kugula, pali njira zambiri zotchuka zokhudzana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba. Njira yothandiza kwambiri imatengedwa kuti ntchito ya plums tincture ya masamba a phwetekere. Pofuna kukonza mankhwalawa, masamba ochepa a phwetekere ayenera kudulidwa ndi kuthiridwa usiku. Ndiye kukanika, kutsanulira mu chidebe ndi utsi. Nsabwe za m'masamba zimawopa adyo. Ndikofunika kutenga 4 cloves ndi finely kuwaza. Kenaka onjezerani 20 g wa mafuta a masamba, theka la lita imodzi ya madzi ndi supuni ya supuni ya sopo madzi. Musanayambe kusakaniza kusakaniza muyenera kuchepetsedwa m'madzi (supuni 2 pa madzi asanu malita). Ndemanga zabwino zimasangalatsanso tincture. Mankhwala a anyezi omwe ali pamsana ayenera kudulidwa, zilowerereni maola asanu mu lita imodzi ya madzi, kuwonjezera 5 g sopo. Kusakaniza ndi kokonzeka. Katemera wa pepala wa citrus amachita bwino kwambiri pa nsabwe za m'masamba. Pokonzekera izi, 100 g ya peel youma imatsanulidwa ndi lita imodzi yamadzi ofunda ndi kuyika kwa masiku atatu.

Mukudziwa? Kulimbana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mowa Coca-Cola. Kuti muchite izi, tengani botolo la lita ziwiri, kuvala utsi ndi kupopera nkhuni.

Mmene mungapewere maonekedwe a nsabwe za m'masamba pachitetezo cha maula

Ndikovuta kwambiri kumenyana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, choncho ndi bwino kuteteza matenda kusiyana ndi kuchotsa kwa nthawi yaitali. Pofuna kupewa zochitika za tizirombo, musadwale-fetereza fetereza kunthaka. Nkhumba sizikonda zomera (calendula, adyo, anyezi, chamomile). Kuwabzala pafupi ndi maula, mukhoza kuteteza mtengo ku nsabwe za m'masamba. Ngati nsabwe za m'masamba zimapezeka pa zomera zomwe zili pafupi ndi maula, ndibwino kuti muzitha kuika nthunziyi mu kulowetsedwa kwa adyo kapena anyezi.

Ndikofunikira! Aphid - chithandizo cha nyerere. Musati mubzale mtengo pafupi ndi mtengo. Adzasamutsira tizirombo ku zomera.

Imodzi mwa njira zofunika kwambiri zothandizira ndi kuyeretsa bwinobwino namsongole kuzungulira mtengo. Kudyetsa nthaka ndi phulusa kumathandiza kuteteza zomera ku chiwembu cha nsabwe za m'masamba. Kuonjezerapo, muyenera kuchotsa mphukira zakuya, ndipo kugwa kuchotsa zidutswa zakufa za khungwa pamtengo. Tsopano iwe ukudziwa momwe ungadziwire mwanawankhosa pa dzenje ndi momwe angagwirire nazo. Ndi bwino kuchita chithandizo choletsa chitsamba ndi mtundu wa anthu kapena mankhwala omwe amachitikira masika ndi yophukira pofuna kupewa kutayika kwa mbeu.