Mphesa zosiyanasiyana "Libya"

Mphesa ndi mabulosi othandiza komanso okoma kwambiri.

Komanso, pakati pa mitundu yake mungapeze mitundu yambiri yokonda, komanso kukula, mawonekedwe ndi mitundu.

Koma kwa vinyo ambiri, chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndi nthawi yakucha ya mphesa.

Izi ndizofunikira makamaka ku madera ozizira, pomwe mitundu yambiri ingakhalebe nthawi yokhwima.

Pachifukwa ichi, mitundu yabwino kwambiri yoyenera kwambiri, yomwe ndi mphesa "Libya".

Pambuyo pake, mtundu wosakanizidwawu ulibe ubwino panthawi yoyamba yakucha, komanso umakhala wotetezeka kwambiri ku matenda.

Choncho, kukula mphesa zotere ndi zophweka. Zambiri zokhudza iye pansipa.

Zambiri pazochitika zosiyanasiyana za mphesa "Libya"

Zosiyanasiyanazi ndizochepa kwambiri. Mu register ya mphesa mitundu ya Ukraine mphesa "Libya" anaonekera kokha kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa 2011. Anagulidwa chifukwa cha kudutsa mitundu ya mphesa ngati "Flamingo" ndi "Arcadia" ndi wofufuza V.V. Zagorulko. Amapeza kutchuka chifukwa cha kukula kwakukulu kwa mphesa ndi zipatso.

Zosiyana za masango a mphesa "Libya"

Masango a mphesa "Libya" nthawi zambiri ndi yaikulu komanso yotalika. Ndi awo kulemera kwa 600 magalamu kufika 1 kilogalamu, kutalika kwa gulu limodzi kungakhale pafupifupi 25 masentimita ndi zina. Zokongola, masango a mphesa iyi ndizitsulo, ngakhale kawirikawiri zimakhala zopanda pake komanso zowonongeka. Sikuti zipatso zamtunduwu zimakhala zosakanikirana. Komabe, zizindikiro zonsezi sizichepetsa kukongola kwa kunja kwa masango a mphesa "Libya".

Mabulosi a mphesayi ali ndi kukula kwakukulu. Ndi mawonekedwe ake ovunda kapena ovoid, kutalika kwa mabulosi kumakhala pafupifupi masentimita awiri, ndipo m'lifupi mwake ndi 1.8-2 masentimita. Kuchuluka kwa mphesa "Libya" ndi 11-13 magalamuchomwe chiri chochuluka kwambiri chomera ichi. Malingana ndi mtundu wa khungu, mitundu iyi ya mphesa ndi pinki. Chinthu chosiyana kwambiri ndi khungu ndikuti ndifefewa modabwitsa ndi mphesa iyi ndipo pamene kudyetsedwa kwake kumamveka.

Pakati pa mabulosi, ndi mphesa "Libya" ili ndi minofu. Mapirawa ali ndi madzi ochulukirapo, omwe mphesayi ndiyamika. Makhalidwe abwino a mphesa ndi abwino kwambiri: amagwirizanitsa zokoma zokoma za mphesa ndi zonunkhira za muscat.

Kulawa ndi kukoma kumasungidwa m'mphesa kusinthika mwezi wonse wa yosungirako.

Ponena za mankhwala opangidwa ndi zamkati, zili ndi shuga yapamwamba - pafupifupi 17-18%. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, acidity ya madzi amodzi a madzi a mphesa omwe amafotokozedwa mosiyanasiyana ndi amtundu wa 5 mpaka 9 okha. Mbeu mu mabulosi ndi 1-3 okha, chifukwa chosavuta kupatukana ndi zamkati, iwo samapangitsa kuti asamakhale mphesa.

Cholinga chachikulu cha mphesayi ndidi tebulo. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri mu mawonekedwe a gome, popeza zosiyanasiyana sizingatheke. Panthaŵi yomweyi, imakula ngakhale m'minda yamphesa yamaluwa ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga mphesa. Zogulitsa zosiyanasiyana zimakhalanso zokongola chifukwa cha maonekedwe ake okongola, komabe, chifukwa cha maulendo ang'onoting'ono, moyowu sungakhale wodalirika.

Mawu ochepa ponena za maonekedwe a kucha ndi magawo a zokolola mphesa "Libya"

Mtengo wa mphesa zosiyanasiyana umatulanso. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, magulu oyambirira a mphesa amawonekera kuthengo "Libya" m'chaka chachitatu chitatha kumalo osatha. Kuphuka kwa mphesa kumakhala kotetezeka kwambiri chifukwa chimafika Patatha masiku 105-110 mutangofika ku chitsamba panthawi yokolola. Kukolola kukolola kumadziwika ndi katundu wamphumphu pamphesa. Ngati chitsamba chimadzazidwa - 70 peresenti ya chiwerengero cha mbewu zonse zingathe kukula.

Zokolola zoterezi za zoterezi ndizotheka chifukwa cha chitsamba chachikulu ndi champhamvu, chomwe chingadzitamande. Makamaka, ikhoza kutulutsidwa pamwamba kwambiri ngati siidulidwe. Kukula kumtunda mwamsanga. Tiyenera kuzindikiranso ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana, zomwe zimatha kukhala ndi mungu wochokera pansi pamtima. Choncho, mphesa "Libya" ndizoyenera kubzala limodzi.

Zokoma za mphesa "Libya" - zomwe zosiyanasiyana zimatamandidwa

Mosakayikira, chinthu chachikulu chimene amasankhidwa ndi ambiri chifukwa chodzala pamtunda pawo ndi masango osakwanira komanso zipatso zabwino kwambiri. Koma palinso madalitso ena angapo:

  • Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yotentha kwambiri ya chisanu. Mitengo ya mpesa siidapweteke ngakhale kutentha kumadutsa mpaka -21ºС, koma nyengo yozizira, mpesa uyenera kuphimbidwa m'nyengo yozizira.
  • Mphesa "Libiya" imatsutsa kwambiri matenda otere a mpesa monga mildew.
  • Kuchita bwino kwambiri ku chisamaliro choyenera ndi kudyetsa, kukondwera ndi mbewu zazikulu.
  • Super oyambirira yakucha mphesa.

Zochita ndi zosokoneza mitundu "Libya"

Ngakhale kuti, mitundu yonseyi imakhala ndi maonekedwe okongola kwambiri chifukwa cha mitundu yobiriwira ya pinki, sikuti nthawi zonse imakhala ndi mtundu wofiira. Kuwonjezera apo Kusakaniza mphesa "Livia" isanafike mamewazomwe zimafuna chithandizo chamakono ndi kukonzekera kopadera.

Kulima mphesa "Libya" - Kodi mungakonde bwanji shrub yabwino ndi yochuluka?

Pa nkhani za kubzala, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mphesayi ilibe kusiyana ndi zofunikira, zomwe zimasiyana mosiyana ndi omwe amavomerezedwa. Komabe, kuti mphesa zikhale zabwino komanso zopindulitsa, pali maunthu ambiri oyenera kuganizira.

Momwe mungamere mphesa "Libya" - kuponyera kapena kukulumikiza?

Ndipotu, mtundu wa malo otere ulibe kanthu. Ngakhale, pambali iliyonse pali ubwino:

  • Zikomo kubzala mphesa pambali yawo Mukhoza kukwaniritsa bwino zotsatira za chitsamba cha mphesa. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, nthawi zambiri, kubzala kotereku kumakhala kosavuta kulawa mphesa.
  • Ndi Ankalumikiza mphesa "Libya" pamtengo wa munda wamphesa wakale mungathe kukwaniritsa mwamsanga kulowa kwa mpesa mu fruiting. Komanso, zaka zoyamba za fruiting zidzakhala zosiyana ndi zokolola zazikulu, poyerekeza ndi mbewu zomwe zinabzalidwa chaka chomwecho.

Mulimonsemo, chofunikira kwambiri pakuyandikira nkhani yokonzekera zipangizo za kubzala. Apo ayi, kudula sikungakhale ndi mizu konse ndipo mudzasiyidwa opanda mphesa. Makamaka, monga kudula chifukwa chodzala mizu yake, ndi katemera, ayenera kukhala ndi 2-3. Pofuna kubzala mphesa ndi sapling, kudula kumakhala ndi mizu yabwino nthawi yobzala.

Kusamala kwambiri mizu ziyenera kukhala pamene mutenga mmera. Ayenera kukhala oyera, opanda chisanu, kuwonongeka komanso osayanika. Komanso, kudula kwa nyemba kumakhala kobiriwira, komwe kumasonyezanso kuti ali ndi mphamvu zowakhazikika pamalo otsetsereka. Musanadzalemo, nyemba ziyenera kumizidwa bwino m'madzi.

Mizu yake imatha kuchiritsidwa ndi chida chapadera chimene chingalimbikitse mizu kukula. Musanapite molunjika Malingaliro a mizu ya mphesa mmera imalimbikitsidwa kudula pang'onopogwiritsa ntchito mpeni wamphamvu (pruner).

Kukonzekera kwa kusindikiza kwa kumtengowo kumakhala nthawi yambiri. Chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndikuchidula bwino. Mbali yake yochepa yokha ndiyochepetsedwa, pansipa pansipa. Ndikofunika kudula ndi mphete kumbali zonse ziwiri. Kuchokera kumbali zina ziwiri zosadulidwa, chomwe chimatchedwa "malaya wansalu" chiyenera kukhala. Mbali yam'mwamba, osati yokonzedweratu ikulimbikitsidwa kuti sera.

Izi zachitidwa kuti kudula mphesa kusunge chinyezi bwino kwambiri komanso kukhala kotetezeka ku zinthu zina zowononga. Izi zimachitidwa mofulumira kwambiri, pokhapokha pokhapokha kutsika kwa parafini kusungunuka m'madzi. Pambuyo pake, phesi limathamanga mofulumira m'madzi.

Gawo lochepa la kudula, pofuna kulimbikitsa rooting, zimalimbikitsidwa kuyika musanayambe kumadziphatika m'madzi. Komanso, imatha kuchiritsidwa ndi njira yothetsera kukula kwa mizu ya mankhwala, komanso imachitidwa ndi mmera.

Kusankha malo, nthaka ndi nthawi yoyenera ya kubzala mphesa

  • Malo oti chodzala mphesa ziyenera kuyatsa bwino ndi dzuwa. Choncho, powapatsa kufunika kokweza mphesa "Libiya" pang'onopang'ono, ndi bwino kuwakhazikitsa kumbali ya kumwera kwa nyumba. Kuwonjezera pa madzi a kumbuyo, iwo adzakhala otetezedwa ku mphepo yozizira ya kumpoto.
  • Sankhani zabwino nthaka ya mphesa "Libya" osati zovuta, chifukwa mphesa iyi si yopanda phindu. Komanso, kufooka kwa nthaka kungapangidwe ndi zakudya zowonjezera zowonjezera. Chabwino loamy nthaka ndi chernozem, ndi zabwino drainage mphamvu ndi madzi akuya pansi bwino.
  • Chomera mphesa bwino masika. Komabe, pokonzekera kumtengowo wa zipatso za mphesa, nyengo yachisanu imakhalanso yangwiro.

Kubzala Mphesa - Nsonga Zapamwamba

Mbeu zokonzeka ziyenera kubzalidwa mu dzenje lokonzekera. Makamaka, pochimba kangapo kuposa mizu ya mmera, zoposa theka la malo ake ziyenera kudzazidwa ndi humus. Ndibwino kwambiri kusakaniza humus ndi dothi lachonde, ndipo mutadzazaza chisakanizocho m'dzenje, kuti muphimbe feteleza ndi nthaka ina koma popanda feteleza (mwinamwake pamakhala zoopsa zowotcha mizu ya mphesa).

Kenaka, tenga nyembayo ndikuiponya m'dzenjemo, ndikusiya khosi lazu pamutu. Ikani izo mosamala kwambiri chifukwa cha kupunduka kwa mizu. Pambuyo pake, pafupi ndi sapling, yabwino kuchokera kumbali yake ya kumpoto, tikulimbikitsidwa kukumba motsimikiza, yomwe idzapuma pa kukula. Komanso, mutabzala, mphesa yamphesa imakhala ndi madzi ambiri.

Chimene mukufunikira kudziwa potsatanetsatane kwa mphesa "Libya"

Pambuyo pokonzekera kudula mitengo, muyenera kuyamba kukonzekera. Choyamba, muyenera kuchotsa chitsamba cha mphesa chakale, ndikusiya penechek 8-10 sentimenti pamwamba pa nthaka pamwamba. Chachiwiri, mdulidwe umalimbikitsidwa kuti musamatsuke mosamala kwambiri ndi zina zosalepheretsa kupewa matenda.

Malo osalala ndi ofewetsa m'munda wamphesa akupukuta amachotsedwa ku zowonongeka ndi nswala yonyowa pokhala ndi kuphwanya kwambiri pakati. Kugawanika sikuyenera kukhala kozama, zimangoyenera kudula (bwino, kapena zidutswa zingapo, ngati kukula kwa chitsa kumaloleza).

Komanso, phesi liyenera kutsetsereka kumalo a kugawanika kwa thunthu ndi gawo lochepetsedwa ndipo mwamphamvu kwambiri amachotsedwa pa tsinde. Pofuna kumangiriza ndi kukulunga bobbin, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito nsalu yolimba yomwe imatha kuwonongeka pakapita nthawi. Komanso, malo opatsirana amathandizidwa kuti azikhala ndi dothi, zomwe zidzathandiza kusungira chinyezi m'thumba.

Zimakhalanso zosangalatsa kuwerenga za chisamaliro cha mphesa mu kugwa.

Kusamalira chitsamba cha mphesa "Libiya": njira zowonjezera zokolola

Kuti zokolola zikhale zosalekeza, mphesa monga "Libiya" monga chikhalidwe chokhazikitsidwa bwino zimakhala zofunikira komanso zosamalidwa nthawi zonse. Chinthu chosiyana kwambiri ndi izi ndikuti mphesa zimapangidwa m'munsi mwa chitsamba champhesa. Pa nthawi yomweyi, nthawi yokolola ya masango, sikufunika kuthetsa masamba pamwamba pawo, ngakhale kulimbikitsidwa kuti achite izi kwa mitundu ina. Taonani zina mwa chisamaliro.

  • Mphesa zimakula bwino pa dothi losakanizidwa bwino, ngakhale kuti ndizoopsa kuti zitha kuwonjezera pa madzi okwanira. Makamaka madzi mphesa kawiri pokha pa nyengo.: isanafike ndi pambuyo pake maluwa a mpesa. Kuthirira kumawonjezeka pokhapokha ngati kuli chilala. Ndikofunika kuti tizindikire kuti mwadzidzidzi madontho a chinyontho m'nthaka amatha.
  • Dothi lozungulira munda wamphesa ndi lofunika kwambiri kuti lizitha kugwira ntchito. Ndipotu, mulch sungakhoze kusunga chinyezi m'nthaka ndikupanga chitetezo m'nyengo yozizira ndi yozizira, koma ikhozanso kumadyetsa mphesa. Ndipotu, minda yamphesa imagwiritsidwa ntchito movutikira kwambiri, yomwe imayikidwa pa nthaka yomwe ili ndi masentimita atatu. Ndibwino kuti mulch mu nthaka kokha masika ndi autumn.
  • Kuwonjezera pa kudyetsa mphesa ndi organic feteleza zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ku nthaka ndi mulching, Chomerachi chimayankanso bwino kwa feteleza mchere.. Makamaka, mphesa zimafunikira kwambiri feteleza, zomwe ziri ndi potaziyamu ndi phosphorous. Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza kumapeto kwa nthawi yophukira, nthawi imene chitsamba chikugona kale ndipo nthaka silingathe kuwapereka ku mizu kale kusiyana ndi masika.
  • Kuti mphesa zigonjetse bwino komanso zisamawonongeke ndi chisanu, m'pofunika kuziphimba m'nyengo yozizira. Izi ndi zowona makamaka kwa mitundu yosiyana "Livia", kuyambira pamwamba pake, pomwe mphesa iyi sinawonongeke, ndi -21ºє yokha. Kuphimba chitsamba kwathunthu, chiyenera kukhala chodulidwa bwino ndi kugwetsedwa pansi. Mukhoza kuphimba ndi dothi, udzu ndi filimu. Ndikofunikira kubisala mphesa zokha. Kwa poto wamkulu kapena kapu, yomwe pansiyi ikusowa, idzatumikira bwino kwambiri. Kuziika pafupi ndi nyembazo ndizotidwa ndi dothi, mukhoza kuziziteteza ku chisanu.
  • Kudulira mphesa ndi mwambo wofunikira kwambiri wofunika ndi mphesa zabwino fruiting. Kwa Livia, kuchepa kwafupipafupi kwa maso a 2-6 okha kumakhala kovomerezeka. Mukamapanga chitsamba, ndikofunikira kusiya masamba 3-4, omwe amafunikanso kufupikitsidwa nthawi yophukira. Komanso, ndikofunikira kuti muyambe kukolola zokolola pochotsa mazira ambiri. Ndiponsotu, podzaza katundu m'tchire, mphesa sizidzatha bwino.
  • Zosiyanasiyana "Livia" nthawi zambiri zimakhudzidwa ndi matenda monga mame a ufa. Pofuna kuthana nazo, amalima odziwa bwino amalangiza wokhazikika mankhwala opopera mankhwala a chitsamba champhesa. Nambala yowonjezera ya sprays pa nyengo imodzi - 2: imodzi imachitika musanayambe maluwa, yachiwiri - pambuyo. Mphesa yosakaniza fungicides.