Mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya mphesa zoyambirira

Kodi zabwino mphesa zoyambirira ndi ziti?

Amapsa mofulumira kuti matenda opatsirana samayendera limodzi ndi kukula kwake.

Ndipo, ndithudi, mudzatha kusangalala ndi mabulosi a dzuwa, pamene ena angoyang'ana kukolola.

Mitengo yamphesa yoyamba "Purple"

Mitundu ya mphesa "Violet" imatanthauza mitundu yoyambirira. Iye ali wokwanira kukana ndi frosts kwambiri ndipo ali ndi digiri yapamwamba yotsutsa matenda osiyanasiyana. Korona wa mphukira zachinyamata ndi utoto wobiriwira. Masambawa ndi obiriwira ndi owala, akuluakulu, nthawi zina amphongo. Tsamba la tsamba likuwonekera.

Mapesi a "Purple" zosiyanasiyana amagawidwa m'mapesi ndi mfulu kapena yotseguka. Mphesa imamasuka ndi maluwa okwatirana. Mwa awa, gulu limapangidwa, kutalika kwake kuli masentimita 17 ndipo m'lifupi ndi pafupifupi 12 cm. Msola wa magulu a mphesa ndi wautali, utoto wobiriwira.

Unyinji wa gulu limodzi ukufikira magalamu 150. Zipatsozo zimakhala zokhazikika, zofiira, zofiirira, nthawi zina ndi mithunzi ya imvi ndi ubweya wabuluu. The zamkati za zipatso ndi yowutsa mudyo ndi wandiweyani. Ali ndi kukoma kwa mtedza, madzi opanda mtundu, nthawi zina pali mafupa.

Makhalidwe apamwamba a zosiyanasiyana "Violet" ndi awa:

  • Masango amawongolera ndi osasunthika;
  • masamba ali ovala katatu, akuwomba;
  • zipatso zochepa zazing'ono ndi zokoma;
  • mwendo wautali wambiri

Mphukira ya mphesa "Purple" yoonda, masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira. Mabala osasunthika amatsitsimutsa mano owoneka pamphepete.

Mitundu yambiri "Purple" imatibweretsera zipatso zabwino komanso zosasinthasintha. Ndizonde kwambiri, mphukira zopatsa zipatso zimapanga mphukira zambiri.

Mphesa zimayamba kucha pambuyo masiku 134 kuchokera kumayambiriro kwa koyamba. Ikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kale ndi kufika kwa autumn, m'masiku oyambirira a September, komanso kupanga vinyo omwe amayamba kumaliza kumapeto kwa mweziwo.

Kuti ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana "Purple" ikuphatikizapo:

  • zipatsozo zimakhala zowutsa mudyo, chifukwa ndi 84% madzi;
  • Zipatso ndi zokoma, zowawasa pang'ono;
  • kutsutsana ndi mildew;
  • chisanu chopanda mantha, ngakhale -27!

Monga mitundu yonse ili ndizing'ono zofooka:

  • kusakhazikika kwa khansa ya bakiteriya, phylloxera ndi mphesa varicella.

Kubzala mbande kuti musankhe malowa ndi malo otsetsereka kapena m'mapiri, monga zosiyanasiyana "Violet" oyambirira ayamba kuimba. Amakula pa nthaka yolemetsa. Kudula, kusiya maonekedwe abwino, ndi kuonongeka - kuchotsedwa. Atachotsa mpesa kalasiyo yasinthidwa bwino.

Phokoso, feteleza musanadzalemo ndi humus, imakumba mozama ndi theka la mita (panthaka yamchenga), ndi 20 cm (pa clayey). Mphesa yamphesa imayikidwa mu dzenje ndipo ili ndi nthaka, imakhala yochepa. Ndikoyenera kuthirira madzi okha otentha.

Mphesa yomwe ili ndi mizu yotsekedwa imabzalidwa m'chaka, ndipo ndi lotseguka - kubzala kwachangu kukulimbikitsidwa.

Kalasi "Purple" akusowa garter. Atangobzalidwa, chithandizo chimayikidwa pansi pafupi ndi iye, kumene mpesa ukukula udzamangidwa. Chisamaliro cha mphesa chimamasula nthaka, kuthirira nthawi zonse, kuchotsa namsongole. M'nyengo yozizira simungathe kuphimba mphesa. Mpesa umatulutsidwa ndi njira ya mkuwa sulphate.

Anniversary of Kherson "Wogona Chilimwe"

Zikondwerero zosiyanasiyana za Kherson "Chilimwe wokhalamo" ndi wosakanizidwa kalasi ya mphesa. Masango ake ndi aakulu, magalamu 600 aliyense. Iwo ndi owopsya, okongoletsera mawonekedwe. Mphesa zipatso zimakhala zofiira, zowona, zimakhala zosangalatsa zokometsera, pinki mtundu. Maluwa ndi azimayi, kotero amafunikira pollinator. Mzuwu ndi wamphamvu, nthawi zambiri bunk. Chitsamba chirichonse chiri ndi maso pafupifupi 445.

Zokolola mphesa ndizopakatilira ndi nthawi zonse.

Amayamba kuphuka kumayambiriro, masiku 100 chiyambireni nyengo yokula. Kutentha kwathunthu pamtambo wosachepera 21 ° C.

Zowonjezera za mphesa Yophika Kherson "Wokhala Chilimwe" ndi:

  • zipatso zosangalatsa komanso zokoma kwambiri;
  • khalidwe lapamwamba;
  • kuphuka koyamba kwa mphukira pachaka;
  • Oyenera kukula m'madera akummwera:
  • kukana chisanu;
  • oidium sakhudzidwa.

Zoipazo zikuphatikizapo pang'ono thinish zamkati, impso kudzuka pambuyo pa nthawi yozizira si nthawi yomweyo.

Khirisimasi yosiyanasiyana ya Kherson "Wogona Chilimwe" akhoza kukula ndi kubereka zipatso pa nthaka iliyonse, ngakhale yolemetsa. Mphesa cuttings mosamala amayendera, kuchotsa zouma mizu ndi mphukira. Mizu yayikidwa mu boltyanka ndi ndowe yamphongo yothira dongo. Nthawi zina anthu odziwa bwino vinyo amathira pamwamba pa mphukira mu sera yosungunuka.

Koma sitepe yoyamba ndiyo kukumba dzenje lakuya masentimita 50. Mizere yotseguka imafalikira, pang'onopang'ono nthaka imatsanuliridwa pa iyo ndikutsanulira ndi zidebe zamadzi zitatu, ndipo zimadzazidwa ndi nthaka. Kuthirira kumakhala koyenera. Kukumba sikuyenera kuloledwa.

Chikumbutso cha Kherson "Wokhala ku Chilimwe" chodzala mu September.

Chisamaliro cha kalasi ndi chophweka. Ndikoyenera kudyetsa mphesa ndi phosphorous-feteleza feteleza mu nthawi yake, ndipo zotsatira zake sizitali nthawi yobwera. Kuonjezera zokolola zimagwiritsa ntchito ntchito zofala kwambiri:

  • Kuwombera kozama pamaso pa maluwa;
  • foliar feteleza ndi boron ndi nthaka;
  • kuchotsedwa kwa masamba angapo kumalo kumene chipatso cha inflorescences chikuchulukira, ndipo chifukwa chake masango amakhala ndi khalidwe lapamwamba la zamalonda.

Mphesa wamphesa "White Delight"

Mmodzi mwa mphesa zabwino kwambiri za tebulo amawonedwa kuti ndi Wokongola. Ndiwotchuka kwa masango akuluakulu, omwe kulemera kwake kufika pa magalamu 600, koma pali masango olemera pafupifupi 2 kg! Iwo amakhala amodzi, osachepera kwenikweni. Mtundu wa zipatso ndi wachikasu. Iwo ndi aakulu, mawonekedwe ophimba mazira, obiriwira kwambiri ndi minofu. Kukoma kwa zipatsozo ndi kokoma kwambiri, koma sikumatchera.

Mbewu ndizochepa, m'malo mwake.

Amayamba kuphuka kumayambiriro kwa masiku 110 okha.

Zowonjezera zazikulu zowonjezereka za White Delight zimalingaliridwa kuthekera kwa kusunga maonekedwe a masango kwa pafupifupi miyezi iwiri, popanda kutaya kukoma ndi kuwonetsera.

  • Mukhoza kuwonjezera pano ndi chipatso cha mphukira, pafupifupi 85%.
  • Oyenera kuti akule olima oyamba.

Zosiyanasiyana Kusangalala woyera kuli ndizing'ono zofooka:

  • Amafunika dzuwa ndi kuwala nthawi zonse, chifukwa mthunzi mulibe nthawi yoimba, ndipo amamva kukoma kwa kulawa;
  • zofooka rooting cuttings;
  • zosiyana ndi zosakhazikika kwa phylloxera ndi oidium;
  • sakonda kuzizira kwakukulu

Kubzala mphesa kuli ndi magawo akulu awa:

  1. Kukonzekera cuttings ndi mbande.
  2. Kukonzekera malo a tsogolo la mphesa.
  3. Kutentha kwa mpweya kumayenera kukhala osachepera 10 mkati mwa masiku asanu.
  4. Anabzala cuttings okha ndi mizu yabwino, kutalika kwake komwe kuli pafupifupi masentimita atatu.
  5. Chidebe cha madzi otentha chimatsanuliridwa mu dzenje lakutsetsereka, choncho mbande idzakhala yabwino.

"Kondwerani woyera" wobzalidwa kumapeto kwa April.

Popeza mphesa ya White Delight imakhala ndi maso otsika kwambiri m'munsi mwa mphukira, imadulidwa m'maso awiri.

Nthaka imayendetsedwa pogwiritsa ntchito utuchi, udzu. Ndipo chinthu china chofunikira pa chisamalirocho ndi feteleza 2-3 pa nthawi yokula, milungu itatu iliyonse. Onetsetsani kuchotsa namsongole, kumangiriza chomera ndi madzi.

Ndizosangalatsanso kuwerenga za mphesa yabwino ku dera la Moscow

Kalasi ya mphesa "Kodryanka"

Mitundu yodzichepetsa kwambiri imatchedwa "Codrean". Iyi ndi mphesa yamatabwa, yakucha kwambiri, ikukula ngakhale ku dothi losauka kwambiri.

Zomera zazikulu, masango akuluakulu (nthawi zina kulemera kwawo kufika 1.5 makilogalamu), lalikulu zipatso ndi wandiweyani thupi ndi zazikulu makhalidwe a Codreanka zosiyanasiyana. Zipatsozo ndi zakuda, zofiirira, zachizolowezi kukoma.

Nthawi zambiri fruiting.

Mukhoza kukolola zipatso zopitirira 110, nthawizina masiku 118.

Kuti zoyenera kuphatikizapo:

  • bwino;
  • kufotokoza kosatheka;
  • zokolola zazikulu;
  • kukana matenda ndi chisanu;
  • kusungidwa kwa maonekedwe pa kayendedwe.

Zina mwa zolephera za zosiyanasiyana "Codreanka" zikhoza kudziwika chizoloƔezi cha nthenda. Koma ngati mukukonzekera bwino, mwachitsanzo, spray gibberellin, ndiye mutha kupeza zipatso zazikulu popanda mbewu.

Mphesa zosiyanasiyana "Kodryanka" anabzala pamalo otseguka ndi dzuwa. M'chaka chodzala chimapezeka musanayambe mavitamini pa cuttings. Monga chodzala chogwiritsa ntchito cuttings kuchokera ku mpesa wa pachaka kapena pachaka. Nthaka musanadzalemo ndi feteleza ndi zonse feteleza ndi mchere.

Zomera zosiyanasiyana "Kodryanka" m'chaka, musanaphuke.

Kusamalidwa kumakhala kosavuta: kuthirira nthawi zonse, kusinthanitsa, feteleza ndi feteleza, kuphimba nthawi yozizira. Fruiting makamaka amayamba ndi chaka chachitatu. Koma, mosamala, "Kodryanka" idzatikondweretsa ndi mphesa zokoma m'chaka chachiwiri.

  • M'chaka chamvula, zosiyanasiyana zimapangidwa ndi gibberellin.
  • Pakatha zaka ziwiri zilizonse, kompositi kapena humus imayambira mu nthaka.
  • M'pofunika kuchita njira yopopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi Mikosan.

Kalasi ya mphesa "Muscat pinki oyambirira"

Mphesa zosiyanasiyana "Muscat pinki" amadziwika ndi kukhalapo kwa mphukira zofiira, masamba ake ndi obiriwira. Pa mphukira yooneka pamwamba ndi pansi. Maluwa okwatirana, am. sichifuna zina zowonjezera mungu.

Maonekedwe a magulu ndi yaitali, ofanana ndi chitsulo. Magulu aang'ono, kukula kwa magalamu 200. Zipatsozo ndizozungulira, zofiira, khungu ndi lolimba. Kukoma kwa thupi ndi kofewa, kosangalatsa, ndi kukoma kwa nutmeg. Tsinde ndi lamphamvu. Mphukira pachaka yakucha bwino.

Zosiyanasiyana "Muscat pinki oyambirira" amabweretsa zokolola zambiri.

"Muscat pinki" imayamba kuphuka masiku 140. Nthawi yokolola ndi sabata yatha ya September.

Makhalidwe:

  • kucha;
  • chisanu kukana;

Kuipa:

  • Zinyama sizozizira, zimatha kufa ngakhale kuzizizira, zimakhala zovuta kwambiri za nyengo.
  • Kusatetezeka kochepa kwa mildew ndi oidium.
  • Ndi osakhazikika kwa grazd leafworm ndi phylloxera.
  • Mazirawa amatsanuliridwa, ndipo zipatso zimapulidwa.
  • Zowonongeka ndi nthata za kangaude.
  • Kawirikawiri pali kuvunda.

Kubzala mphesa kumaphatikizapo:

  • kusankha malo abwino;
  • kukumba dzenje lodzera;
  • Kudzaza dzenje ndi nthaka yachonde yothira manyowa ndi mchere;
  • kondomeko kakang'ono kamapangidwa pakati pa dzenje ndipo kudula kumayikidwa mmenemo;
  • dzenje lamaphimbidwa ndi dziko lisanayambe kukula;
  • Ndibwino kuti muphimbe sapling, mwachitsanzo, ndi kuchotsa botolo la pulasitiki;
  • madzi ambiri mphesa.

Mphesa amafesedwa m'chaka, kuyambira m'ma April kufika kumapeto kwa May. Kudyetsa kwachangu kwapangidwa kuyambira September mpaka October, mpaka chisanu choyamba chimayamba.

M'zaka zingapo zoyambirira za kukula kwa mphesa, nthaka pafupi ndi tchire imasulidwa ndi namsongole. Pakubwera kasupe, mizu yochepa imachotsedwe yomwe imaletsa kukula kwa mizu. Kuthirira ndi kulima "Muscat pinki oyambirira" kumafunika 4 pachaka, m'pofunika kudyetsa mchere ndi organic fertilizer.