Malamulo osankha munda pruner

Pa zida zambiri zogwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza munda wamaluwa, pruner ndi imodzi mwa otchuka kwambiri mwakuti ngakhale anthu ochepa omwe ali ndi chidwi ndi munda amadziwa dzina la chida cha zomwe adalinga.

Mukudziwa? Makampani oyambirira omwe anawonekera kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la 19 anali ofanana ndi mkasi wamakono ndipo adagwiritsidwa ntchito kudula mpesa.

Garden pruner - msonkhano

Kuwongolera bwino nthambi ndi kukula kwina kwa mitengo, tchire, maluwa ndi munda wamaluwa kumera m'munda sizingatheke popanda mitsuko yabwino yamunda (mwina osaposa). Pachifukwa ichi, kulondola kumatanthauzira kalata yeniyeni ya ntchito zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokwaniritsa zomwe zikuchitika. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, kuti mumvetsetse momwe mungasankhire piritsi yoyenera, muyenera kudziwa pasadakhale ndendende zomwe zimayembekezeredwa ku ntchito yake. Ngati mwafotokozera mwachidule zotsatira zake, mutenge chithunzichi:

  1. Kukonzekera kwa kukula kwa mbeu kumalonda awo omasuka bwino.
  2. Zonjezerani zokolola ndi chitonthozo cha kukolola kucha zipatso chifukwa cha momwe mungapangidwire ndi kuchuluka kwa korona.
  3. Kutaya kwa anthu akale komanso odwala omwe amalepheretsa kukula kwa mbewu.
  4. Kupititsa patsogolo kutuluka ndi kukula bwino kwa mphukira zazing'ono.
  5. Kupanga mtundu wodabwitsa kwambiri wa mbewu mmalo mwa zizindikiro zake payekha ndi kuphatikiza ndi zinthu zina za m'munda.
  6. Kudula mizu ndikudula cuttings kwa kubzala mbewu.

Mitundu yodula mitengo

Mitundu yambiri yamaluwa omwe amapangidwa m'munda wamakono imaperekedwa lero pambali yowonjezera yankho la funso la momwe mungasankhire njira yokha yomwe ikufunika. Panjira yopeza zabwino pa munda wanu pruner muyenera kulingalira mosamala malingaliro a opanga. Izi ndi izi:

  • prust (yapamwamba) pruner yomwe ili ndi masamba awiri, umodzi wa iwo ndi kudula ndipo umodzi ndi wosagwira (wosakonzedwa). Maonekedwe a crescent apangidwa kuti athandize nthambi kuti zisawonongeke panthawi yodulira mitengo. Zotsatira zake ndizoyera, ngakhale kudula ndi mbali yotsalira yopanda chirema. Mbalamezi zimagwira ntchito bwino ndi nthambi zazing'ono, zomwe zimakhala zosapitirira 13-20 mm, popanda kugwiritsa ntchito mphukira zazikulu komanso zouma zomwe zatha kale kuuma;
  • Miphika ya maluwa yokhala ndi nthawi yaitali, monga lamulo, ndi mtundu wa shears awiri. Iwo, nawonso, amagawidwa m'magulu awiri a subspecies. Mphesa zowonongeka zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kukula kwa nthambi kumadutsa masentimita awiri. Zowonongeka zoterozo zikhoza kukhala ndi makina amphamvu opanikizika. Mphesa, monga mchenga wa zitsamba, zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mphukira ya 1.5 mpaka 2 masentimita, osayesa kuthetsa nthambi zawo zowuma kapena zowuma. Makamaka coniferous ndi kukwera yokongoletsa zomera, lumo masamba amapangidwa wavy kapena serrated. Ngati anthu ambiri amaganiza kuti pangakhale mafakitale ambiri, ndiye kuti magetsi, magetsi, kapena mapepala amatha kukhala abwino kwambiri. Palinso zitsulo zamagetsi zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito m'munda, chifukwa zimadula makatoni, zingwe, waya ndi pulasitiki bwino;
Mukudziwa? Liwu lachifalansa lakuti "pruner" limangotanthauzidwa ngati mzere wa munda.

  • Olima amaluwa okonda kudulira mipesa, nthambi zakuda, zowuma ndi zowuma pa mitengo ndi tchire zimaperekedwa zodzikongoletsera limodzi ndi chitsulo chaching'ono kapena mapulasitiki omwe ali ndi chivundikiro. Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala sikulola kuti nthambi izikwawa pakudulira;
  • Mbalame yokhala ndi munda pamtunda wautali kwambiri ukhoza kutchedwa kuti delimber, ngakhale iyi siyi yokhayo yokha kudulira nthambi zautali kwambiri, kunena, pa mitengo yayitali. Katswiri wodziwa ntchito amatsogoleredwa ndi manja awiri, ndi mkono wautali wa mamita 0.9, izi sizingatheke. Kuyeretsa kwadulidwa, ndipo zina zowonjezera ndizoti pamene mukupanga tchire palibe chifukwa chogwira ntchito pamtunda. Kuphatikiza pa operekera manja, pali kusankha kugwiritsira ntchito magetsi (maunyolo ndi batri) ndi mafuta;
  • Zomwe zimapangidwira zitsamba zopangira zitsamba zapangidwa ndi kugulitsidwa kwambiri. Ndi yani mwa secators awa amene angasankhe, muyenera kusankha mogwirizana ndi zosowa zenizeni. Monga lamulo, iwo atalika nthawi yayitali ndikuwongolera mabala. Zoona, pali zipangizo zomwe zili ndi tsamba limodzi komanso limodzi. Mothandizidwa ndi omalizawa, n'zotheka kuchotsa nthambi zosayenera zomwe zili zowonongeka mpaka masentimita asanu;
Ndikofunikira! Kutalika kwa khama kumadalira kutalika kwa zothandizira, kotero kuti ndi ntchito yaikulu zimakhala bwino kukhala ndi nthawi yayitali.

  • mbola ya pruner ndi yodalirika pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti kudula mtundu uliwonse wa nthambi kumadulidwa. Ndi zocheperapo motsatizana, kupuma kwakukulu kwa mdulidwe kumatheka ndi mphamvu yochepa yofunikira;
  • Msika wamtengo wapatali, monga pruner wodula kuchokera ku gulu lodyera ndi losavuta, limapangidwa kuti likhalitse zitsamba zazikulu ndi mitengo. Zotsatira zake zimaperekedwa ndi ndodo (kapena chipangizo choonerapo). Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, kutalika kwa kapangidwe kameneku kumasinthidwa ndi kupukuta zigawo kapena kumatheka ndi kuthandizidwa ndi ndodo yowonjezera. Zowonongeka zoterezi zimapangidwanso poganizira momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mafuta kapena magetsi;
  • makamaka kudulidwa koyera pamtengo kapena kumtengowo, wopangidwa ndi mpeni wapadera womwe umagwirizana ndi kukhetsa kukameta, umagwirizananso ndichindunji. Chifukwa cha chikondi cha wamaluwa kuti akwaniritse zosiyana siyana pazowonongeka, tingathe kulangiza bwino pruner wabwino kwambiri, kuchepetsa kwambiri nthawi ya ntchito, kuti tigwiritse ntchito nthawi zonse.

Zomwe muyenera kuyang'ana posankha pruner m'munda: zowonekera

Nanga bwanji, kuphunzira zipangizo zosiyanasiyana zoperekedwa ndi malonda, mumasankha bwino maluwa omwe mukufunikira? Kuti muchite izi, popanda mwamsanga, ganizirani mozama zinthu zingapo.

  1. Kuti mudziwe mtundu (s) wa ntchito zomwe secators azigwiritsiridwa ntchito.
  2. Onetsetsani kuti kasupe wa pruner akugwirizana ndi mphamvu zanu kuti mugwiritse ntchito bwino. Kuti muchite izi, musanagule nkofunikira kulingalira pa zothandizira, panthawi yomweyi kuti muwone ngati zikugwirizana ndi kukula kwa manja anu ndi zala zanu komanso ngati chida chomwecho chimakulemetsani (kapena achibale anu).
  3. Ndi bwino kupeza secator yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi dzanja lamanja ndi lamanzere.
  4. Onetsetsani kuti mitengo ikhale yochepetsera chithandizo chapadera kuti muteteze mchere wa masamba panthawi yodulira.
  5. Kupereka, kukumbukira kugwiritsa ntchito mosungika ndi kusungidwa kwa secateurs, kuti ili ndi lolo la kulumikiza masamba.
  6. Blades secateurs sakhala kosatha. Onetsetsani kuti chitsanzo chomwe mumasankha chiri ndi mwayi wolowa m'malo mwawo - mwinamwake, patapita nthawi (yochepa, ngati pali ntchito zambiri), mungafunikire kuyang'ana zovuta zowonjezera, kapena kutaya chida chonsecho.
  7. Chitetezo pamene amagwiritsa ntchito odulira amaganiza kuti iye anali wolimba kwambiri ndi manja a wolima minda ndipo sanazengereze, kumapweteka ndi kusokonezeka. Gulani secator pogwiritsira ntchito rubberized handles kapena ndi yokutidwa ndi silicone.
  8. Musamangogwiritsa ntchito malangizo omwe akugwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo musadalire mtengo wapatali - sizitsimikizo zowonjezera zapamwamba kwambiri. Musanyalanyaze malingaliro a akatswiri ndi anthu odziwa bwino ntchito - adzakuthandizani kulinganitsa bwino mtengo umene waperekedwa ndi luso lamakono la chinthu chomwe chikugulidwa komanso ndi ndalama zanu.
Chotsatira cha kulingalira mitu yapamwambayi idzakhala yankho lanu lokhazikika ku funso, omwe secators ndi abwino kwambiri.

Kodi mungatani kuti mukhalebe wosungulumwa?

Siyense amene angakwanitse kugula pruner onse okhala ndi makhalidwe abwino ndi mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito popanga ntchito iliyonse. Inde ndi ayi, chida ichi ndi chofunika nthawi zambiri. Osatchula kuti kukhala ndi pruner kwa nthambi pa famu sikukutanthauza kuti pruner amafunikanso kwa maluwa. Choncho, pogwiritsa ntchito pruner yovomerezeka kapena yodalirika, muyenera kusamalira kudalirika kwake ndi kupirira kwa nthawi yaitali. Palibe malamulo ambiri, ndipo ndi awa:

  • Kudulira masamba opangidwa ndi zinthu zakuthupi ku zotsatira zowonongeka ziyenera kupukutidwa zowuma pambuyo pa ntchito;
  • kuchotsedwa kwa madzi a masamba kuchokera pamwamba pa masamba akupangidwa ndi mzimu woyera, mafuta a mafuta kapena zina zotsekemera za chiyambi;
  • Pakatha kumaliza kukonza mapepala, kuphulika kwazitsulo ndi kudulira zitsime, zimaphimbidwa ndi mafuta osakaniza (madontho pang'ono ndi okwanira) kapena amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi chipangizo chapadera chogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamaluwa (litholo, graphite mafuta);
  • Zowonongeka zowonongeka zimayenera kutsukidwa mudziko losasokonezeka;
  • Mitengo yosasinthika ikhoza kubwezeretsedwa (ngati yosamveka bwino), pogwiritsa ntchito kapamwamba kofiira katatu kapena fayilo ya diamondi. Njira zotsatirazi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito: Kuchokera kumbali ya kumapeto, kukulitsa kumayamba kuyendetsa kayendetsedwe kazitsulo, kenaka, kukakamira pamsana kumbuyo kwa tsamba, amachotseratu.
Ndikofunikira! Mazira osinthika omwe akhala osagwiritsidwa ntchito ayenera kusinthidwa popanda atsopano popanda kuganiza.
  • m'nyengo yozizira, pamene chidacho sichigwiritsidwe ntchito, chiyenera kusungidwa, choyamba, m'chipinda momwe kulibe kutentha kwakukulu komwe kumapangitsa kupanga mapuloteni ndi mawonekedwe a dzimbiri; Kachiwiri, poyera, kuti kasupe sichizoloŵera kukhala wolemera kwambiri ndipo akhoza kukwanitsa kwathunthu (ndibwino kuchotsa kasupe kosachoka kwa kanthaŵi).

Zida zam'munda: momwe mungasinthire pruner

Zojambula zamakono zamakina ndi mtundu uliwonse wa secateurs zakhazikika kotero kuti funso loti lilowe m'malo mwa zipangizo zina, monga lamulo, silikuwuka konse. Chinthu china ndi chakuti ntchito yokongoletsa ndi yochepa kwambiri kuti ingagwiritsidwe ntchito pokhapokha ngati palibe secator. Pankhaniyi, mungagwiritse ntchito zipangizo zina zodula. Mwachitsanzo, pruner yachitsulo idzabwezedwa bwino ndi mpeni wapadera wotsamira. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mipeni, malingana ndi kuwongola kwake, kukula kwake ndi mphamvu zake, zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kudula nthambi ndi zomera. Nthaŵi zina, n'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito mkasi mokwanira ndi cholinga chofanana (zowamba zapanyumba komanso zapadera, mwachitsanzo, kudula chitsulo). Mizu ndi cuttings akhoza kudula ndi nkhwangwa kapena lakuthwa sharpon bay. Pochotsa zokolola zina zamasamba, wodula waya wamba amayenerera bwino. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito macheka ochepa thupi, koma muyenera kuganizira kuti chodulidwacho sichingakhale choyera monga momwe tingafunire.

Ntchito ya kumunda nthawi yambiri imakhala yosakanikirana. Zowonjezereka, zipangizo zamakono zimawoneka kuti zimalola mbewu za m'munda ndi munda kuti zisinthidwe mofulumira komanso ndi khalidwe lapamwamba, zomwe zimabweretsa kukolola kwawo koyamba komanso zokolola. Secators ndi gawo lochititsa chidwi mu zipangizo zamaluwa zambiri, ndipo gawo ili sayenera kunyalanyazidwa.