Mitundu ya tomato yotseguka pansi

Ngati mbatata wakhala akutchedwa mkate wachiwiri ku Russia, ndiye wachitatu, moyenera, ukhoza kutchedwa tomato.

N'zovuta kukumana lero ndi hostess, yemwe sangakumbukire angapo ake maphikidwe osati kungomanga, komanso kukula masamba.

Komanso, palibe chiwembu cha munda chomwe chingalepheretsedwe ndi oimira, okoma, omwe akuimira dzuwa la banja la nightshade.

Malo otseguka ali ndi ubwino wake wambiri.

Choyamba, chimapulumutsa: dzuwa, madzi amvula, kuwomba - kwaulere.

Chachiwiri, ntchito ya pa mlengalenga imabweretsa chisangalalo.

Chinthu chachikulu - kusankha mitundu yabwino, ndiyeno mbeu idzakwaniritsa zomwe mukuyembekezera.

Mafotokozedwe a "White filling"

"Kudzaza koyera" kwa nthawi yaitali ndipo kumagwiritsidwa ntchito mosiyanasiyana monga zosiyana zomwe zimatsatiridwa mwangwiro pansi pa thambo lotseguka.

Zosiyanazi sizingatchedwe kuti zosowa, koma zowona zimapindula pa chiwembu chilichonse chamunda, chifukwa zonse zimakhala zokoma komanso zokongola, ndipo, makamaka, zimapindulitsa kwambiri.

Mitundu imeneyi inalengedwa ndi obereketsa m'madera a Kazakhstan, koma, ngakhale izi, "Kudzaza" ndikwanira chisanu chopinga. Mitundu imeneyi imatha kutchedwa chilengedwe chonse chifukwa zili bwino mu mawonekedwe a zamzitini kapena zofukiza, kotero zofiira.

Kunja, ndi chomera chokha chimene sichiposa mamita 55-60 cm. Mfupi yochepa amachititsa chitsamba kukhala wosadzichepetsa, popeza sikoyenera kumanga kapena kulenga zothandizira. Komanso mu chisamaliro sichiyenera kuchotsa mbali zimayambira zomwe sizibala zipatso.

Agronomists amasankha zosiyanasiyana mofulumira kucha, nthawizina imatchedwanso ultra-kuthamanga.

Kawirikawiri, zimatengera masiku 100 kuchokera ku mphukira yoyamba kukakolola. Ndipo ngati mbande imakula kale mu wowonjezera kutentha, ndiyeno ikabzala pamalo otseguka, ndiye kuti kukolola kudzatha masiku 85-90. Inde, ndipo ndi zokolola zokha zosiyana siyana sizingakhale zovuta, chifukwa ma kilogalamu 3 kuchokera ku sing'anga kabulu ndi chisamaliro chotsimikizika.

Mitundu imeneyi idatchulidwa chifukwa cha maonekedwe a chipatso chimodzimodzi ndi zipatso za apulo. Kumayambiriro kwa kucha, ndizoyera, kapena zooneka ngati mkaka wokongola, wofanana kwambiri ndi maapulo okoma.

Matimati woyera "kutsanulira woyera" wofiira, wozungulira, wosachepera pang'ono. Pamwamba pa peel wa tomato ndi yosalala, pang'ono nkhwangwa chabe mu dera la tsinde. Zipatso zili mbali ya sing'anga yaikulu ndi yayikulu, yomwe imakhala yolemera pakati pa 80 ndi 130 magalamu.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi imasungidwa bwino ngati mawonekedwe odulidwa, ochepa, omwe ndi ofunika pamene akutha. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti tomato zipse pomwepo, kuphwanya pamodzi pabedi la munda.

Matenda ndi tizirombo zingakhudze zonse zipatso ndi tchire. Zovuta zakutali, zovunda zoyera, slugs - uwu ndiwo mndandanda wa matenda omwe tomato angathe kuvutika nawo. Koma ndi mavutowa angathe kuthana ndi mankhwala ochiritsira omwe ali ozolowereka kwa aliyense wogwira ntchitoyo. Komanso, zomera zikabzalidwa palimodzi, zomera zambiri zimathandizana kuthana ndi tizirombo ndi matenda ambiri.

Maluso:

  • chisanu kukana
  • chisamaliro chodzichepetsa
  • kukula msinkhu
  • zabwino zokolola

Kuipa:

  • zikhoza kukhudza matenda

Mbande zabwino ndizofunika kuti mukolole bwino. M'pofunika kudzala mbewu pafupifupi 2, № - 3 months asanadzalemo. Ndi nthawi ino yomwe imakhala chitsamba cholimba ndi kutalika kwa 20-25 cm ndi 5-7 masamba. Ngati mbande zili pafupi, sizikwanitsa kuthetsa ndi kukolola.

Mbeu yobzala imagwiritsa ntchito nthaka yapadera. Kawirikawiri ndi nthaka, utuchi ndi peat mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 0.5: 7.

Monga feteleza, mungagwiritse ntchito feteleza feteleza. Ngati n'kotheka, muyenera kukonzekera dothi la mbande pasadakhale. Kenaka gwiritsani ntchito mchenga, peat ndi mtsinje mu chiŵerengero cha 3: 7: 1. Kusakaniza kumeneku kumawonekera kuti chisanu chikhale chisanu, ndipo m'chakachi chimaphatikizidwanso ku zitsamba za kukula mbande.

Izi ziyenera kuzindikiranso kuti n'zosatheka kubzala mbewu mochuluka komanso mofulumira kwambiri. Pano mwambi uli woyenera: zabwino ndizochepa, inde ndi bwino. Gulu lirilonse liyenera kumasuka lozunguliridwa ndi achibale awo ndi kukhala ndi gawo lawo. Ndiye ubwino wa mbande zako zidzakhala bwino, zomwe zimakhudza mwachindunji ubwino wa tomato.

Ndikofunika kuti nyali yabwino ya nyali kwa maola 14-16, koma osati nthawi yozungulira. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kukula mbande musanayambe ndi 20-25 ° C pa masiku a dzuwa ndi 18-20 ° C pa mitambo.

Mukasankha, kutentha kumasungidwa pa 20-22 ° C kwa sabata. Kwa ulimi wothirira, monga lamulo, madzi ofunda. Pang'onopang'ono, madzi ayenera kufika kutentha. Zimathandizira kuti zikhale bwino kuzimitsa zomera.

Mphukira imatha kuthamanga pamene chomera chiri ndi masamba awiri enieni (ali ndi zaka 18-20)

Ngati mukufuna kukwera mbande mu masiku khumi ndi awiri, ndiye kuti ndi nthawi yokweza mbewu. Njirayi ikuphatikizapo kuchepetsa kuthirira, mbande zosasunthika dzuwa. Kuti mbande zisamwalire, muyenera kuzitsatira Bordeaux madzi (1%) ndi manyowa ndi potaziyamu mchere kukonzekera kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe. Ndizomveka kuwonjezera phosphorous ndi nitrojeni (1 lita imodzi ya madzi ndi 4 g ya superphosphate 7 g wa potaziyamu mchere kapena sulfate ya potassiamu pa lita imodzi ya madzi).

Kudyetsa tomato mwachindunji pansi ayenera kukhala kumayambiriro kwa masika, pamene palibe chisanu ndi dziko lapansi.

Mukamabzala mbande bwino muyenera kukumba mabowo, kumasula pansi mwa iwo, kuti chomera chikhazikike mofulumira. Ndipotu, pamene mizu ikukula, bwino zomera zimasintha ndipo zimachotsa chinyezi pansi. Kuonjezera apo, kuchepa kochepa kumakhala kotheka, ndipo kuthekera kwa phwetekere kumachepetsedwa mwachangu pouma panthaka.

3-5 zitsamba za mbande zibzalidwa mu dzenje, mutaphatikizapo ochepa ochepa a humus ku dzenje lokha ndi kuthirira ilo mochuluka. Kenaka zomerazi ziyenera kugwedezeka pang'ono kuti zisagwe ndi mphepo. Pochita izi, amayi ena amamera kwambiri, amawaika pafupi ndi dzenje ndikusiya madzi okwanira. Izi zidzatetezanso mitengo yosalala, yomwe imakhala yovuta kwambiri kuchokera ku chilengedwe choopsa.

Pofuna kuchepetsa kutayika kwa chinyezi ndi kuteteza mizu kuchokera kutenthedwa, mukhoza kukwera pamwamba pa mbande zokha kuti mulch zabwino udzu, utuchi, masamba. Idzakhalanso mtundu wokhala ndi mbeu zoweta pansi, zomwe zimaphwanya nthaka pafupi ndi mizu ya mbande, koma mizu yawo siipweteka.

Pambuyo pake, pamene zomera zikukula, ziyenera kutero tizimangirirakutalika kwa 1-1.3 mamita. Ngati tomato amangiridwa, ndiye kuti ana opeza sangathe kuwonongedwa, ndipo padzakhala malo okwanira kuti akule bwino ndikukula mpaka ovary ndi zipatso zikuwoneka.

Kumanga zomera osati kungowoneka mochititsa chidwi kwambiri, komanso kuwasamalira mosavuta: onetsetsani ndi kukoka namsongole pakapita nthawi, madzi kapena kuwasamba, ndipo, makamaka, kukolola. Kuwonjezera apo, mudzatha kusunga mbewu kuchokera ku powdery mildew, yomwe imakhudza zipatso zomwe ziri pansi.

Kutentha tomato ndi kubzala kotero sikofunikira, popeza feteleza zonse zinawonjezeka panthawi yokonza maenje okha.

Kuonjezera zokolola za tomato ziyenera kukhala stepon - chotsani mbali yomwe ikuwombera yomwe imakula kuchokera ku tsamba axil. Kuchotsa koyamba kumachitika pamene kutalika kwake ndi masentimita asanu ndi awiri (7-7 cm). Kenaka, kunyoza kuyenera kuchitidwa ngati mukufunikira ndikudalira mtundu wa phwetekere.

Ngati tomato ndi wamtali, ayenera kuchotsedwa ndi mfundo yakukula, kuti mphamvu ya mbewuyo isakhale mu tsinde, koma mu chipatso. Kuti tomato zipse msanga, mufunikanso siyani kuthirira , kumapeto kwa mwezi wa Julayi kuti athetse maluwa atsopano monga maluwa ndi masamba, zomwe zimangoteteza zipatso kuti zitsanulire.

Ngati kutentha kwa mlengalenga ndi kotsika kwambiri, ndiye kuti zomera, ngati n'kotheka, zingagwiritsidwe ntchito popachika minofu yoyera pa mbande. Nthawi zina mbewu zazikulu monga chimanga kapena mpendadzuwa zimabzalidwa pafupi ndi cholinga ichi.

Sungani "Chikumbutso cha Pink"

Zomerazi zadziwonetsera bwino m'madera a wamaluwa amene akufuna kupeza zokolola zambiri m'deralo. Imeneyi ndiyambiri yokolola, yomwe imayambira fruiting masiku 70-80 mutabzala. Izi zosiyanasiyana ndi kuvala saladi.

Chipinda chokhazikika, chotsika (50 - 65 cm). Masamba ndi a sing'anga, kuwala kobiriwira. Inflorescence yoyamba yayikidwa pamwamba pa masamba 6-7, lotsatira - pambuyo pa masamba 1-2. Mu burashi ya chomera 5-7 zipatso. Zipatsozo ndizozungulira, zosalala, zowirira. Misa ya tomato pafupifupi 70-80 g. Pereka magawo 8 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse.

Zosiyanasiyanazi zimakhala ndi kutentha kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kupirira kwake. Zabwino kwambiri kwa saladi ndi kumalongeza. Ali ndi kukoma kwapadera pa nayonso mphamvu, chifukwa nthawi ya nayonso mphamvu, phwetekereyo imakhalabe yosakwanira ndipo sichiphulika.

Maluso:

  • zokolola zazikulu
  • kupirira ku mavuto

Zofooka sizikupezeka.

Gawo lachiwiri la mwezi wa March ndi nthawi yabwino yofesa mbeu za mitundu ya Pink Souvenir. Pamene June abwera, mbande zikhoza kubzalidwa kale. Kubzala ziyenera kukhala molingana ndi chiwembu 50x40 masentimita. Kudyetsa ndi kusamalira mbande kumachitika molingana ndi ndondomeko yoyenera.

Kusamalira izi zosiyanasiyana sikuli ndi zolakwika zina zomwe zimakhalapo.

Zosiyanasiyana "Nkhonya"

Zosiyanasiyana zoyambirira zoyambirira, ovomerezeka bwino pamtunda. Kutalika kwa chitsamba kufika 80 - 100 masentimita, kukolola 3 - 5 makilogalamu pa mita iliyonse.

Nkhumba zosiyanasiyana za phwetekere zomwe zimatchedwa mtundu wosazolowereka - zipatsozo ndi zofiira ndi mikwingwirima yachikasu.

Tomato ndi osakaniza kukula, kosalala, kuzungulira, ndi kukoma kokoma.

Zipatso zoyamba zimaonekera masiku 105 mpaka 110 zitatha.

Zipatso zimapsa pamodzi, pafupifupi masabata 1-1.5.

Matatowa ndi saladi abwino, komanso amapanga zonunkhira ndi ketchup.

Maluso:

  • maonekedwe ndi kukoma kwa chipatso
  • zokolola zazikulu
  • ntchito zosiyanasiyana

Kuipa:

  • amafunika garter yomwe ingakhale nthawi yowonongeka

Bookmark mbande zopangidwa kumapeto kwa February - oyambirira March. Kubzala mbewu mmunda kungayambike kumayambiriro kwa June. Kuyimira kachitidwe kumakhala kovuta (40x50 cm).

Zitsamba ziyenera akufunika kumangirirana ndi mwana wamwamuna wobadwa naye, chifukwa izi zimakhala zapamwamba.

Zosiyanasiyana "Zosavuta"

Mitundu imeneyi ndi yabwino kubzala pamalo otseguka.

Ndi wosakanizidwa.

Small chitsamba, chokhazikika, chimakula kufika pa 1, "- 1.5 mamita.

Tomato ndi ofiira, okongola kwambiri, mawonekedwe okoma, olemera 150 g pafupipafupi.

Monga wosakanizidwa, zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda.

Chipatsocho chimakhala ndi antioxidant lycopene yambiri, yomwe imathandizira zosiyanasiyana.

Maluso:

  • matenda otsutsa
  • chipatso chamtengo wapatali

Zofooka zosadziwika.

Mbande sayenera kubzalidwa mowonjezereka, kotero chiwembu chabwino kwambiri chidzadzala 40x60 masentimita 50 cm. Kukonzekera kwakukulu kwa tchire kudzakhudza zipatso zamtsogolo.

Mitengo akusowa garter.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za mitundu ya tomato kwa wowonjezera kutentha

Kalasi "Royal De Barao"

Mitunduyi ndi ya mtundu wosakwanira, womwe kutalika kwake kumafika mamita atatu ndi pamwamba, pa tsinde ndipo amawombera masamba ambiri.

Kutulutsa masiku 120 -130. Zipatso zimakhala zozungulira, zazikulu, zoyenera kugwiritsiridwa ntchito mwatsopano, komanso zomangiriza.

Chinthu chabwino cha zosiyanasiyanazi ndi chakuti pang'ono okhudzidwa ndi zovuta zochedwa, amasinthidwa kuti azizizira komanso azidzichepetsa ku dzuwa.

Zipatso za pinki, zowonjezera 120 - 150 g. Zokolola zazikulu - pafupifupi 10 kg ya zipatso akhoza kuchotsedwa ku chitsamba chimodzi. Chabwino amayendetsa kayendedwe. Kutalika sikusokoneza mutatha kuchotsedwa ku tchire. Zitsamba zimabereka zipatso mpaka chisanu. Kulimbana ndi vuto lochedwa.

Maluso:

  • Zipatso zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kwambiri
  • high quality tomato
  • nthawi yaitali ya fruiting
  • kukana phytophthora

Zomwe sizinapezeke

Pakati pa March ndi nthawi yoika mbewu. Mbande za zosiyanasiyanazi zimakula bwino mu makaseti. Pakatikati pa mwezi wa May, mbande zikhoza kuchepetsedwa.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti musapitirire ndi madzi okwanira. Mulching ndi garter akumanga.

Ngakhale kuti zimakhala zovuta zogulitsa mbewu zosiyana pa webusaitiyi, mutha kusangalala ndi zotsatira za ntchito yanu.

Zimakhala zovuta kutchula kuti ntchito ya wolima minda ndi yosavuta, koma imatha nthawi yomwe musakolole komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito tomato wokoma onunkhira m'nyengo yonse yozizira.