Timakula m'njira yatsopano: nkhaka mu mbiya

Posakhalitsa, mlimi aliyense akukumana ndi vuto la kusowa kwa malo. Izi zimachitika pamene mukufuna kukula mitundu yatsopano kapena mitundu yambiri ya masamba kapena zipatso pa tsamba lanu, ndipo tchire kapena mitengo sizingakhale ndi malo okwanira. Ndipo izi ndizofunika makamaka pa chikhalidwe chotere monga nkhaka, zomwe zimafuna malo ochulukirapo.

Pankhani iyi, pali njira ina yomwe idzakondweretse ngakhale munthu yemwe ali ndi minda yodziwa bwino ngati alibe kale.

Nkhaka zitha kukulira mu barre, ndipo zinthu zomwe zimapangidwira zingakhale chirichonse. Mitundu yambiri ya kuswana kwa nkhaka imapulumutsa malo ambiri omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito kukula mbewu zochepa. Koma pali ziwerengero zingapo mumalima awa, omwe sayenera kuiwalika.

Kukula nkhaka mu barre, monga njira ina iliyonse yokolola, ili ndi ubwino wake.

Kuti zoyenera Mukhoza kukhala ndi mwayi wopulumutsa malo ena, kusamalira tchire, makamaka udzu wochotsa udzu ndi kuthamanga sikufuna mphamvu ndi khama zambiri, komanso nkhaka mu baru zimawoneka bwino kwambiri, choncho mukhoza kusintha chiwembu chanu chamunda.

Minuses Zinthu monga kuyanika mwamphamvu kuchokera kunthaka zimaganiziridwa, ndiko kuti, zitsamba zomwe zimakula mofanana (pansi) zimakhala ndi mwayi wopita pansi, ndipo zomera zomwe "zimakhala" mu nkhokwe sizingakhoze kulandira chinyezi choonjezera pakagwa chilala.

Izi zingathe kufotokozedwa motere: Mvula ikadutsa, madzi amalowa pansi, choncho nthaka imakhala yautali kwa nthawi yayitali, ndipo pambali ya mbiya, madzi amvula amachoka mwamsanga ndikugwera pansi. Koma nkhaka za nkhaka sizitali mizu yaitali, ndiko kuti, mwina sangafikire ndikufa chisanafike chinyezi.

Pakali pano funsoli likubuka: "Koma momwe mungakonzere mbiya njira yofanana yokula?" Yankho la funso ili liripo, ndi lokwanira. Kukonzekera kwa malo otchedwa munda kumayambira kumayambiriro kwa masika, pamene chisanu chasungunuka.

Tiyenera kutenga mafupa a mbiya, kuti "palibe pansi kapena tayala." Ndibwino kuti mutenge mtengo wokhala ndi matabwa chifukwa ndi zinthu zakuthupi zomwe zimapuma koma chitsulo chimagwiranso ntchito.

Choyamba muyenera kulemba mipiringidzo ya zowonongeka, udzu (akhoza kukhala wokalamba), komanso manyowa ovunda ndi nthaka. Kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, komanso kuonjezera kuchuluka kwa chiberekero, m'pofunika kutsanulira chigawo chilichonse chokwanira ndi zokonzekera zomwe zingagulitsidwe m'masitolo apadera.

Kenaka, mbiya yodzazidwa kale iyenera kujambulidwa ndi filimu ndipo yosakhudzidwa kwa sabata. Pambuyo pa nthawiyi, mlingo wa osakanizawo ukhale wochepa, kotero muyenera kuwonjezera manyowa ndi masamba a organic matter kumeneko. Muyenera kupitiliza njirayi mpaka chiwerengero choyamba cha May.

Pakati pa May mu mbiya muyenera kudzaza nthaka ndi masentimita 10 ndi mbeu za prikopat. Nkhumba 6 - 8 zimayenera kupita, ndipo musanafese nthaka muyenera kupewa matenda opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito njira ya potassium permanganate ndi madzi otentha.

Njira yokhala ndi njira yotere yokomera nkhaka siyingagwiritsidwe ntchito, koma ndi kwa inu kukonzekera mbande pasadakhale kapena ayi.

M'kati mwa nyemba ziyenera kufalitsidwa mofanana, pamtunda wa masentimita 15 kuchokera kwa mzake. Pambuyo pofesa, "bedi" lirilonse liyenera kukhala lopangidwa ndi polyethylene, makamaka mdima, kuti mbewu ziphuke mofulumira.

Ndikofunika kuchoka pakatikati ndikuikapo chidebe chaching'ono ndi madzi omwe angasunthike pansi pa filimuyo, ndipo apange microclimate yabwino kwambiri. Pazifukwa izi, kubzala zimamera mofulumira kuposa mbande zomwe mumakula mu nyumba.

Madzi m'thanete adzafunika kutsanulira nthawi zonse, komanso kutsegula mwachidule filimuyo, kotero kuti mbeu sizitentha. Zimadziwika kuti tchika zamasamba zimasokonezeka kwambiri, choncho akalowa mu siteji yogwira ntchito, chitukuko chidzafuna chithandizo choonjezera, chomwe zimayambira. Thandizo ili lidzatumikira waya mawonekedwekuikidwa pamwamba pa mbiya yokha, kuika mapeto a nthambi kunthaka.

Njira ina ingakhale kukhazikitsa mphete pamwamba pa mbiya, koma pa izi, zingwe zingapo zing'onozing'ono ziyenera kusungunulidwa ku chimango chomwecho, kenako, ndodo zozungulira ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa.

Chofunika kwambiri ndi chakuti thandizo liyenera kupirira kulemera kwa mphukira pamodzi ndi zipatso, kotero muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti chimango sichiphwanya. Ngati ndi kotheka, lifunika kulimbikitsidwa.

Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa June, pamene nyengo yayamba kale, filimuyi ikhoza kuchotsedwa ndikutsanulira mu mbiya ya dziko lapansi. Kubwereza ndondomeko yotsiriza kudzakhala kosalekeza, pamene nthaka idzathera.

Kusamalira nkhaka ndi njira yolimayi idzakhala yosavuta kusiyana ndi kutentha kapena dothi. Palibe chifukwa chokhalira, kapena namsongole, namsongole mu mbiya sudzapangidwe. Chinthu chokha chimene sichiyenera kuiwalika ndi kuthirira ndi kuvala nthawi zonse, chifukwa ngati simungalandire zokolola zomwe mukuyembekezera.

Njira yobereketsera nkhaka idzakhala godsend kwa omwe alimi wamaluwa omwe akufuna kupeza nthawi yokolola. Ndipotu, mbiya zoterezi zimangowonjezera kutentha, zomwe zimakonzedwera, zimabzala mbewu zoyambirira komanso zosasamala, ndipo patapita nthawi yochepa zimapeza zokolola zabwino.

Ngakhale kuti nkhaka zotentha zimakhala zochepa mu kulawa kwa nthaka, ndi kulima bwino ndi kusamalira bwino, simungapeze nkhaka zapamwamba kwambiri kuposa zomwe mumakula m'nthaka. Musaope kuyesa, ndipo mudzapambana!