Timakula nkhaka pawindo: malangizo othandiza

Ziri zovuta tsopano kupeza nyumba kumene sipadzakhala maluwa-pazenera pazenera.

Amawonjezera chitonthozo ku nyumbayo, komanso amapanga chisangalalo chabwino. Koma kuti ukhale pakhomo simungakhoze kokha dragon, violets kapena dieffenbachia.

Pakuti monga kuswana amakwanira ngakhale nkhaka. Iyi si njira yovuta, makamaka ngati mukubzala zomera zokongoletsera kwa zaka zambiri.

Nkhaka pawindo sizingokhala zokongola zokha, komanso zimapereka bwino kukolola bwino.

Mutha kudabwitsanso abwenzi anu ndi nthambi yotereyi pabwalo lanu. Komanso tomato amatha kugwirizana ndi nkhaka, ndipo onse pamodzi adzakusangalatsani ndi mitundu yawo yowala.

Chabwino, tiyeni tiyambe?

Mwina muyenera kuyamba ndi ubwino ndi kuipa kwa njira iyi yakukula chikhalidwe cha nkhaka. Mankhwalawa makamaka omwe amagwirizana ndi cholinga cha kulima - amatenga nkhaka zatsopano kumayambiriro a masika, ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira. Ndibwino kuti mutenge nkhaka zatsopano kuchokera kumunda wanu waung'ono ndipo onetsetsani kuti palibe amene watengera chitsamba ichi ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Palinso ubwino wokhazikika, komanso kuwonjezeka kwa oksijeni mu nyumbayo. M'mamasamba ndi mphukira za nkhaka, monga mumtundu wina uliwonse wobiriwira, zimapanga njira ya photosynthesis, yomwe ikuphatikiza ndi kutulutsa oksijeni. Ndiponso tchire zazikuluzi zidzakhala zokongola kwambiri za nyumba, chifukwa mungathe kusonyeza mlingo wa luso lanu kwa achibale anu ndi abwenzi, makamaka ngati mmodzi wa iwo ali ndi chizoloŵezi chofanana.

Zowononga ndi izi: zovuta popanga chilengedwe chothandiza monga nkhaka kwambiri fastidious chikhalidwe. Ndi kusowa kwa kuwala kapena kutentha tchire basi sichidzapanga maluwa, choncho kubereka zipatso. Koma vuto lirilonse liri losasunthika, kotero mafunsowa angathetsedwenso.

Malo abwino kwambiri okhala ndi miphika ndi mbande, ndipo kale okhwima tchire adzakhala kum'mwera kapena kummawa mapiko a nyumbayo. Ngati izi sizingatheke, ndipo muyenera kuika zomera kumadzulo kapena kumpoto, ndiye kuti mukufunikira kuwapatsa zina zowunikira.

Ndibwino kuyamba kuyambira baka kuyambira pakati pa mwezi wa Januwale, popeza nthawi yomwe dzuwa limakhala limakhala lalitali, ndipo dzuwa limadutsa mumtambo.

Koma ngati mwasankha kuyambitsa izi kumapeto kwa autumn, khalani okonzekera kutenga bilikulu zamagetsi, chifukwa panthawi imeneyi tchire liyenera kupereka chithandizo chowonjezera pafupi maola 15 pa tsiku!

Kuyambira kumapeto kwa January, chiwerengero cha maola kuunikira kwina akhoza kuchepetsedwa kufika 3-4, ndipo izi ndizofunikira makamaka nyengo yamvula. Kuti muunikire, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono, zomwe zimatchedwa phytolamps, koma ngati sizipezeka, mungagwiritsenso ntchito mankhwala omwe amadziwika bwino.

Chinyezi ndi chinthu china chofunika kwambiri pakukonzekera ndikukula tchika. Mabatire omwe ali m'nyumba kapena m'nyumba zimatha kuwuma kwambiri. Kuti nkhaka ikhale yabwino, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito zida zapadera, mutha kuika batiri ndi nsalu yonyowa ndi kuyika matayala ndi miyala yowonongeka pansi pa miphika.

Kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa chinyezi m'nyumba sikungapindulitse mbewu zokha, komanso zomera zina, komanso koposa zonse. Ponena za kutentha kwa mpweya, chirichonse chimakhala chachizolowezi. Masana, iyenera kukhala pa 21 + +24 ° С, ndipo usiku masewera a thermometer ayenera kufika + 18 ... +19 ° С.

Kutentha kotere kumasungidwa m'nyumba zamakono, koma mizu sinali yozizira pawindo, pansi pa miphika muyenera kuyikapo zinthu zowonjezera kutentha. Mitundu ya polymer kapena matabwa a matabwa angagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati chinthucho. Musanayambe kuika mbande, ndikofunikira kupanga choyala chabwino m'mphika kumene shrub imakula kufikira fruiting.

Pansi pa thanki adzafunika kuika udongo, womwe ukhoza kugona. Miphika pawokha ikhale yaikulu kuti tchire tisakhale tcheru, ndipo palibe chinyezi chokhazikika. Apo ayi, mizu idzayamba kufa ngati kutentha kotentha ndi dothi labwino kwambiri chinyezi sizinasungidwe. Miphika sikisi kapena eyiti-liter ndizofunikira kwambiri nkhaka zitsamba.

Pofuna kubzala, zikhoza kuchitika nthawi yomweyo m'miphika yayikulu, ndikukula mbande.

Poyamba, mbeu zomwe mudagula kale, mukufunika kufesa miphika ya 2 - 3 zidutswa. Pankhani ya mbande imayenera kuyika mbewu za prikopat mu maselo a kaseti kapena makapu apulasitiki.

Njira yabwino yomwe ingakhale yogwiritsira ntchito miphika ya peat, yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ndi mbande. Kenaka nthawi ina mutatha kuziika mbande sizingakhale feteleza.

Asanafike, onetsetsani kuti sanitize mbewu kuti achotse spores zonse za bowa. Nthaka ikhoza kugulitsidwa, ndipo inu mukhoza kukonzekera nokha.

Mukhoza kukonzekera mwamsanga chisakanizo cha dziko lapansi, chomwe poyamba chidzakhala chonde. Zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchitozi zimaphatikizapo nthaka wamba, utuchi, masamba owuma, komanso nthaka kuchokera ku sitolo. Chilichonse chiyenera kusakanizidwa ndi chiwerengero cha 2: 1: 1: 1, kuwonjezera pa 100 g ya phulusa ndi chokopera, komanso 200 g ya manyowa wouma.

Ndi nthaka yamtundu uwu, nkhaka siidzafunika konse. Chotsaliracho chikusakaniza chiyenera kugona mu miphika, ndi kupiritsa mankhwala ndi mankhwala amphamvu a potaziyamu permanganate. Pambuyo pa kuphuka kwa mbande muzochitika zonse ziwiri za mbeu, ziyenera kusungira kutentha pa 22% + 24 ° С, ndipo usiku n'zotheka kuchepa kufika ku 17 ... + 18 ° С.

Mufunikira 2 mpaka 3 pa tsiku zimamera ndi nthakapowapopera iwo ndi madzi otentha kuchokera mu botolo lazitsulo.

Mbewu zikamaonekera pa masamba 3 mpaka 4, masambawa amatha kuikidwa m'miphika yayikulu. Simungathe kugwedeza tchire kuchotsa nthaka ku mizu. Mwamsanga mutabzala, nkhaka iyenera kuthiriridwa ndi kusiya kuti ipumule masiku angapo, mpaka potsirizira pake ikhale mizu.

Ngati simunapange dothi labwino, ndiye kuti mumasowa sabata iliyonse gwiritsani ntchito feteleza wapadera pansi. Pamene tchire kulowa mkati yogwira masamba, muyenera kudyetsa nitrophoska (pafupifupi 4 g pa madzi okwanira 1 litre).

Pamene tchire chikukula, masamba amatha kusungidwa pang'ono kapena kutaya mtundu. Ichi ndi chizindikiro chotsimikizirika kuti mukuyenera kuvala zovala za foliar, ndiko kuti, madzulo kukonza tchire ndi njira yothetsera calcium nitrate kapena urea.

Si mitundu yonse yomwe ingayambe mizu mu nyengo, choncho muyenera kusamala kwambiri posankha mbewu, makamaka ngati simunayambe kuchita ndi njira yakukula tchire.

Ndikondweretsanso kuwerenga za mtengo wa nkhaka.

Kalasi "Gribovchanka"

Parthenocarpic wosakanizidwa. Mtundu wa maluwa ndiwo makamaka wamkazi.

Mitengo zipatso bwino, ngakhale muzichepetsa kuwala zinthu. Zomera zimataya mphukira zazing'ono.

Zipatsozo ndizitali (pafupifupi 22 mpaka 25 masentimita), polemera zimakwana 250 - 260 g, pamwamba pake ndizosalala, spikes ndi zoyera, kukoma kwa Zelentsi ndibwino kwambiri.

Mtundu uwu sungakhudzidwe ndi mizu yovunda, malo a azitona ndi askohitoza. Kukonzekera ndi kotsika kwambiri - pafupifupi makilogalamu 28 makilogalamu. Zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi kusintha kwa kutentha.

Kalasi "Stella"

Zophatikiza ndi mkulu parthenocarpy ndipo makamaka maluwa aakazi.

Zipatso zimakhala zowonongeka, zimakula mpaka 15 - 25 cm m'litali, ndi khungu losalala, lowala, popanda kuwawa.

Anagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga saladi chifukwa cha kukoma kwake kwakukulu. Zitsamba nthambi zikufooka, kotero kudzichepetsa mu chisamaliro. Zelentsy yakucha pafupifupi nthawi imodzi, ndipo iliyonse imakula bwino.

Sitikufuna kuchuluka kwa nayitrojeni m'nthaka, chifukwa sangathe kukalamba kwa nthawi yaitali ndikukula bwino. Mu haibridiyi anatsutsa ku downy mildew ndi askohitoza.

Zosiyanasiyana "Mfumu"

Zophatikiza. Partenokarpik saladi malo.

Panthawi yokolola imagwera pansi pa gulu lamasamba (57 - 67 masiku). Mitengo imakhala yaying'ono, nthambi ilibe malire, zolembera zimakhala zofiira.

Zipatso zimakhala zozungulira, ndi zochepa zosawerengeka ndi za pubescence zoyera. Mtundu wa nkhaka ndi wamba, koma palinso mikwingwirima yachikasu.

Kukula kufika pa 20 - 22 cm m'litali, ndipo phindu lolemera 145 - 195 g. Mtengo wambiri ndi 18 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi. Wosakanizidwa ali ndi mitundu yonse ya powdery mildew.

Sungani "Mtetezi"

Parthenokarpik wosakanizidwa kwambiri.

Zomera zimafunika masiku 50 - 55 kuti alowe mu fruiting.

Madzu ndi amphamvu kwambiri, ndi masamba ambiri.

Zipatso zazikulu (18-20 masentimita, 180-200 g), ndi zazikulu zazikulu zamatenda, ziboliboli zofiira, singano zoyera.

Kukonzekera kumangodabwitsa - 30 - 35 makilogalamu pa sq.m.

Nkhaka Care Zokuthandizani

  • Mapangidwe
  • Pamene tsamba lachisanu kapena lachisanu ndi chimodzi likuwoneka pa tsinde, ndi nthawi yomanga tchire.

    Izi mukuzifuna mapulogalamu a prikopat mkatikati mwa tanki ndi kumangiriza mphukira kwa izo, ndipo iwe uyenera kumangiriza izo ndi zofewa zofewa za minofu kuti zisayambe kuwononga makina ku mphukira.

    Tsinde lokwanira lingathe kuikidwa pazenera palokha, koma chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa kuti chisawonongeke.

    Pankhani ya kudulira, palinso mavuto. Nthambi zoyenera ziyenera kudulidwa pamtunda wa tsamba loyamba, kotero kuti ovary imodzi yokha imatsalira.

    Mphukira yomwe idzapangidwe pazatsopano, iyenera kudulidwa mofanana. Pamene woyendetsa sitima ayamba kutambasula kutalika kwawindo, mudzafunika kutsitsa mfundo za kuthawa.

  • Kuthirira
  • Ndikofunika kubwezeretsanso madzi osungira pansi tsiku ndi tsiku ndi madzi, omwe kwa nthawi ndithu amayima ndi kutentha mpaka 27 ° С. Ngati nyengo ili kunja kunja, ndiye kuti nthaka ikufunika chinyezi, kotero kuti madzi akuyenera kuwonjezeka. Ndikofunika kuti musapitirire pa nkhaniyi, mwinamwake mizu idzayamba kuvunda.

  • Kupaka pamwamba
  • Kudyetsa nkhaka ndi nkhani yovuta kwambiri. Njirayi ikuchitika ngati n'koyenera. Ngati nthaka idakolola chonde, ndiye kuti feteleza sikofunikira. Ngati tchire ndifooka, ndipo masamba ataya, ndiye kuti muyenera kutengapo kanthu mwamsanga.

    Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito maofesi a mineral kapena feteleza omwe alibe fungo lapadera.

    Nthawi yoyamba njira ya feteleza ndi tchire yomwe imafika miyezi isanu ndi theka, ndipo nthawiyi iyenera kuwerengedwa kuchokera pamene mphukira yoyamba ikuwoneka pansi.

    Pakati pa mapiritsi awiri ndi masiku 25 mpaka 30.

Kukolola n'kofunika pakadutsa zaka 6 mpaka 7, ndipo izi ziyenera kuchitika kawirikawiri, kuti pakhale mapulani a nkhaka zatsopano.

Tsopano zikuonekeratu zomwe kulima nkhaka pawindo, momwe mungayendetsere ndondomekoyi, ndipo pambuyo pake - dzipatseni nokha nkhaka pakati pa March.