Mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya tsabola ku Siberia

Oyamba kumene ndi odziwa bwino wamaluwa amadziwa kuti tsabola ndi chikhalidwe chokonda chikondi komanso chachikondi.

Chomerachi sichimagwiritsidwa ntchito kokha kukonzekera, komanso mchikhalidwe ndi mankhwala.

Tsabola ali ndi zakudya zambiri komanso mavitamini, kuposa mbewu za citrus.

Alimi onse ali ndi zinsinsi zawo za kukula kwa zomera, zomwe zimawathandiza kuti apindule bwino, kuthana ndi nyengo ya ku Siberia.

Pepper ndi mbewu yosatha m'madera otentha, komanso chaka chilichonse ku Siberia.

Koma ngakhale izi sizinalepheretse okonda tsabola kuti asamalime m'munda wawo.

Ngakhale chiyambi cha Mexico cha tsabola, masambawa akhoza kukula mdziko la Siberia. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kudziwa zonse zokhudza chisamaliro ndi kubzala kwa chikhalidwe. Agrotechnical njira zowunikira mwatsatanetsatane, mwinamwake mungakhumudwe chifukwa chokolola.

Musanagule mbewu za tsabola, muyenera kumvetsera zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • Pa phukusi ayenera kulembedwa "Zosiyanasiyana za Siberia."
  • Muyeneranso kumvetsera ku salofu moyo wa mbewu.
  • Pa "tsiku lonyamula" liyeneranso kumvetsera, liyenera kukhala losaposa zaka ziwiri.

Chokoma tsabola "California chozizwitsa": makhalidwe ake, ubwino ndi kuipa

California chozizwitsa ndi chimodzi mwa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya tsabola wokoma.

Nthawi yake yakucha ndi pakatikati pa nyengo.

Nthaŵi yayitali kuchokera mukubzala mpaka zipatso zosakanizidwa ndi masiku oposa 120.

Zitsamba zimakula kukula kwapakati, nayenso, kwinakwake pafupi 65-75 masentimita. Pa shrub imodzi, zipatso khumi zimatha kukula panthawi. Chomera ndi determinant.

Pepper zipatso ndi zazikulu, zolemera kufika 150 magalamu. Mnofu ndi wathanzi komanso wamadzi wambiri. Kutalika kwa khoma ndi 8 mm. Maonekedwe a chipatso ndi cuboid, ndi kusankha bwino.

Ili ndi khungu lakuda, lowala komanso losalala. Pa nthawi yakucha, imatulutsa mtundu wobiriwira, ndipo pa msinkhu wathunthu, chophimba chofiira.

Ndikufuna kunena za kukoma kwake kwa tsabola ndi kukoma kwake ndi juiciness. Chifukwa cha makhalidwe awa, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yabwino kwa zokondweretsa zilizonse zophikira ndi kukongoletsa bwino tebulo lanu.

Kalasi iyi wodzichepetsa kwathunthu ndipo amapereka mwayi wabwino kwambiri wopeza zokolola zabwino, ngakhale nyengo yosakhazikika. Zokolola za mbeu zimakwana makilogalamu khumi pa mita imodzi iliyonse.

Ena makhalidwe abwino California Chozizwitsa:

  • Chikhalidwe chimatanthawuza mitundu ya pakati pa nyengo.
  • Zokolola zabwino zimakhudza mbiri yake.
  • Amatsutsa matenda osiyanasiyana omwe amachititsa zimenezi.
  • Pepper ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazomwe zimadyera.
  • Sitifunikira kusamalira mosamala kwambiri.
  • Zipatso zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kukula kwake.
  • Lili ndi maonekedwe okoma kwambiri.
  • Mbewu 100 kumera.
  • California chozizwitsa ndi chimodzi mwa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri.
  • Zimalekerera kusintha kwa nyengo.

Pa mbali yoipa ya tsabola uyu sangathe kunena chilichonse.

Tsabola wokoma "Belozerka"

STAM chikhalidwe. Nthawi yotchedwa tsabola pakatikati. Nthaŵi ya kubzala ndi zipatso zosabala ndizochepera miyezi inayi.

Zitsamba zimakula msinkhu wa pafupi 45-70 masentimita, zomwe zimasonyeza kukula kwa mbewu.

M'mphepete mwa masamba. Pepper "Belozerka" ikhoza kukula ponseponse komanso kutentha.

Zipatso za tsabola ndi zazikulu zedi, polemera kufika 100 magalamu. Mnofu ndi wathanzi komanso wamadzi wambiri. Kutalika kwa khoma ndi 6 mm.

Maonekedwe a chipatsocho ndi mawonekedwe a nkhono yaikulu, okhala ndi nthiti zazing'ono komanso nsonga yakuthwa. Ili ndi khungu lowala komanso losalala. Nthawi yakucha, imakhala yoyera ndi golide, ndipo pakakula imapeza mtundu wofiira.

Zipatso pa thunthu ziri mu dziko lopachikidwa. Pepper yakucha kwambiri amicably.

Ndikufuna kunena za kukoma kwa tsabola wokhala ndi zotsekemera komanso juiciness, komanso chikhalidwe chiri ndi chidwi cha tsabola. Chifukwa cha zizindikiro izi, msinkhu zoyenera zokondweretsa zirizonse zophikira ndipo azikongoletsa bwino zovala zonse zophika.

Komabe zipatso zimasiyana ndi zomwe zili ndi vitamini C, zofunika kwambiri kwa munthuyo.

Zokolola za mbeu ndi makilogalamu asanu ndi atatu pa mita imodzi.

Makhalidwe abwino khalidwe la zosiyanasiyana:

  • Chikhalidwe chimatanthawuza kwa sing'anga zoyambirira mitundu.
  • Kukolola kwakukulu ndi chizindikiro chabwino.
  • Zimatsutsidwa bwino ndi matenda monga: pamwamba, wet ndi ouma, Alternaria, Verticillia.
  • Chikhalidwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kumadera onse okonzekera ndi atsopano.
  • Pepper "Belozerka" ikhoza kutengedwa pamtunda wautali, chifukwa uli ndi zipatso zabwino kwambiri.
  • Zipatso zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kusungirako kwa nthawi yaitali panthawi imodzimodzi, musataye kukoma kwawo.
  • Lili ndi maonekedwe okoma kwambiri.
  • Zipatso zabwino zimabala zipatso.
  • Tsabola amatha kukhala wamkulu pamalo otseguka komanso otetezedwa.
  • Wolemekezeka ndi fruiting yake yaitali.

Palibe zofooka zazikulu mu tsabola uwu. Koma nkofunikira kutsata kuunika kwabwino kwa chikhalidwe, mwinamwake, mulimonsemo, chomeracho chimatulutsidwa, ndipo maluwa ndi mazira oyamba amatha kugwa konse.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za mitundu ya tsabola ku Moscow

Tsabola wokoma "Korenovsky" mbali zosiyanasiyana za zosiyanasiyana

Chikhalidwe ndi chimodzimodzi. Nthawi yotulutsa tsabola pakatikati. Nthaŵi yobzala ndi kuchotsa tsabola wofiira ndi pafupi masiku 120.

Tsabola za pepper zimakula pang'ono, pafupifupi masentimita 55-65 mu msinkhu, zomwe zimasonyeza kuti chomeracho n'chokwanira.

Masamba a mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi aakulu ndipo amakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira. Pepper "Korenovsky" ikulimbikitsidwa kuti ikule zonse m'malo otetezedwa ndi malo otseguka.

Pepper wa zosiyanasiyana zosiyanasiyana ali ndi zipatso zazikulu, misa omwe akhoza 165 magalamu. Mofanana ndi mitundu yambiri, tsabola imakhala ndi nyama yowutsa mudyo.

Kutalika kwa khoma ndi 4.5 mm. Maonekedwe a chipatsocho ndi mawonekedwe a kondomu yaikulu kapena mawonekedwe a prism, okhala ndi mafunde otchuka.

Ili ndi khungu lofewa. Pa kusasitsa kumapeza mtundu wobiriwira, ndipo pa nthawi yachilengedwe kusasitsa kumapeza mtundu wofiira. Zipatso pa thunthu ziri m'mwazi.

Ali ndi chizolowezi chodziwika bwino cha tsabola ndipo ali ndi fungo lokoma. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwake kulikonse.

Zokolola za mbeu ndi makilogalamu anai pa mita imodzi.

Makhalidwe Korenovsky tsabola, zomwe ndiyenera kunena:

  • Tsamba la Korenovsky ndipakati-kucha mitundu yakucha.
  • Chosiyana ndi zokolola zambiri za chikhalidwe.
  • Zimatsutsana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana, makamaka monga: fodya.
  • Chikhalidwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kumadera onse okonzekera ndi atsopano.
  • Pepper "Korenovsky" ali ndi khalidwe labwino kwambiri.
  • Lili ndi maonekedwe okoma kwambiri.
  • Tsabola amatha kukhala wamkulu pamalo otseguka komanso otetezedwa.
  • Kusiyana makamaka zipatso zazikulu.
  • Kuphatikizanso ndi kugwirizana kwa mbewu.
  • Nkofunikanso kwa nthawi yaitali yopezeka.
  • Tsabola ali ndi mavitamini monga C, B, E.

Kuti zovuta Tsabola zosiyanasiyanazi zikuphatikizapo izi:

  1. Mbewu yochepa imamera.
  2. Zimakhudzidwanso ndi kusowa kwa zochitika m'nthaka.

Tsabola wokoma "Triton": makhalidwe ake, makhalidwe abwino ndi oipa

Pepper "Triton" imatanthawuza mtundu wa mbewu zoyambirira kucha. Nthawi yotsalira yobzala ndikudumpha ndi miyezi iwiri ndi theka kapena itatu.

Zitsamba zimakula kukula pang'ono pang'onopang'ono 35-55 masentimita. Mbalame ngati mawonekedwe a masamba salola kuti chipatso chiwotche dzuŵa. Kuchokera ku chitsamba china cha tsabola kwa nthawi yonse ya fruiting chikhalidwe, mukhoza kusonkhanitsa pafupifupi zipatso makumi asanu.

Pepper Zingathe kukhala wamkulu m'madera otseguka ndi otsekedwa.

Zipatso za pepper zikuluzikulu, ndi kupitirira phindu lolemera la 150 magalamu. Mnofu ndi wathanzi komanso wamadzi wambiri.

Kutalika kwa khoma sikuli wandiweyani ndipo ndi 5 mm. Maonekedwe a chipatso ndi cone yolondola, ndi mafunde ochepa. Ili ndi khungu lolemera kwambiri.

Panthawi yokolola imapeza mtundu wachikasu, ndipo pa nthawi yokhwima kotheratu muli chofiira chofiira. Pepper wa zosiyanasiyanazi amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pokonza kapena kumangiriza zosiyanasiyana.

Pepper "Triton" ndi yopanda ulemu ndipo imapereka mpata wokwanira wokolola bwino, ngakhale pansi pa nyengo yabwino. Zokolola za mbeu ndi 10,5 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse.

Zosangalatsa Tsabola wokoma "Triton":

  • Chikhalidwe chimatanthawuza mitundu yambiri yosasitsa, nthawiyi ndi miyezi 2.5-3.
  • Kwambiri kwambiri zokolola ndi zosiyana za izi zosiyanasiyana.
  • Amalimbana bwino ndi matenda osiyanasiyana omwe ali nawo m'zinthu zosiyanasiyanazi.
  • Chikhalidwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zonse zophikira, koma nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalongeza.
  • Sichifuna kusamala kwambiri.
  • Zipatso za chikhalidwe zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kukula kwake.
  • Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yodzichepetsa nyengo, yomwe siimakhudza zokolola zake.
  • Pepper "Triton" yakula pa malo otseguka ndi otsekedwa

Ndi makhalidwe ambiri abwino, pali chikhalidwe chimodzi chomwe chiyenera kuwerengedwa. Mukamabzala mbande pa tchire, onetsetsani kuti muchotse ovary yoyamba. Ngati muiwala za izi, zotsatira zake zidzakhala zovuta, kapena kuti, mbewu idzakula bwino ndikupereka zochepa.

Ndipo mapepala otsekemera otsiriza, omwe tikambirane m'nkhani ino ndi - "Merchant"

Zosiyanasiyanazi ndizochepa. Pepper "Wogulitsa" komanso "Triton" amatanthauza mbeu ya mbewu zoyamba kucha.

Nthaŵi yayitali kuchokera kubzala mpaka kudula zipatso imatenga miyezi itatu yokha. Mitengo imakula mpaka pafupifupi kutalika kwa pafupifupi 75-85 masentimita.

Chitsamba chomera, pang'ono pang'onopang'ono. Masamba amakhala ochepa, ochepa, obiriwira. Tsabola amatha kukhala wamkulu panja komanso mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Chikhalidwe ichi chili ndi zipatso zapakatikati, zolemera zake ndi magalamu 70. Zipatso ndi zonunkhira kwambiri. Chiwerengero cha zisa ndi 2-3. Nyama ndi nyama yamadzi.

Kutalika kwa khoma sikuli wandiweyani ndipo ndi 5-7 mm. Tsabola ali ndi pyramidal mawonekedwe, ndi kumasulidwa kofooka kwa mafunde. Khungu la mwanayo ndi losalala komanso losalala.

Pa nthawi yakucha, imatulutsa mtundu wobiriwira, ndipo pa msinkhu wokwanira, mtundu wofiira. Mitunduyi imakhala ndi ascorbic acid 169 mg pa 100 magalamu a zinthu zopanda pake. Tsabola ya kalasiyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'njira zosiyanasiyana.

Zokolola za mbeu ndi 1.2-2.3 kilogalamu pa mita imodzi.

Merchant's Sweet Pepper amadziwika ndi zotsatirazi makhalidwe abwino:

  • Mtengo wolimba wa zosiyanasiyanazi ndi khalidwe labwino.
  • Zipatso za tsabola zimakhala ndi mauthenga apamwamba.
  • Chikhalidwe chimatanthawuza mitundu yambiri yosasitsa, nthawiyi ndi miyezi itatu.
  • Chofunika kwambiri ndi zokolola zabwino za mbeu.
  • Amalimbana bwino ndi matenda osiyanasiyana omwe ali nawo m'zinthu zosiyanasiyanazi.
  • Pepper ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazomwe zimadyera.
  • Pepper ali ndi shuga wambiri.
  • Zipatso za chikhalidwe zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kukula kwake.
  • Tsabola wokoma "Wogulitsa" akhoza kukula m'madera otseguka ndi otsekedwa.

Chosowa chochepa cha chikhalidwe ichi ndi chakuti mizu ya mbewu omvera kusowa kwa mpweyaChoncho nkofunika kuti mutsitsire mofatsa kapena kumasula nthaka.

Kodi ndi njira ziti zobzala ndi kusamalira mbewu?

Mu chidebe chimodzi cha nthaka yokonzedwa, yikani chikho chimodzi cha phulusa kapena laimu, kenaka kanizani bwino.

Mbeu za pepper sizilekerera kuziyika bwino, kotero muyenera nthawi yomweyo kutenga galasi ndi mbeu ziwiri kuya masentimita atatu kuti mubzalidwe pamenepo. Koma musanayambe kubzala mbewu, ayenera kuyendetsedwa.

M'dera la Siberia, ntchito yofesa tsabola yachitika mu March. Kutentha kwa dziko lapansi kuyenera kukhala + 25 ° C. Kenaka muyenera kutsanulira makapu a mbewu, kuwaphimba ndi filimu ndikuyika pamalo a dzuwa.

Kwa yochepa chilimwe cha Siberia, ndi bwino kusankha oyambirira yakucha mitundu.

Dyetsa mbande akhoza feteleza zamadzimadzi kwa maluwa amkati. Chotsani zigawo zonse zofunika.

Mbande ziyenera kubzalidwa pansi ndi kutentha pafupifupi 20 ° C. Mtunda wa pakati pa mizera yoyandikana uyenera kukhala masentimita 85, ndi pakati pa mabowo 60 cm.

Mu dimple aliyense kutsanulira supuni imodzi ya fetashi fetereza, popanda chlorine, ndiye tsanulirani ndi madzi. Pambuyo pa madzi, m'pofunika kudzala mbewu.

Chomera mbande sayenera kuthiriridwa masiku asanu ndi awiri otsatira mpaka mbewuyo isagwiritsidwe ntchito. Atatha, kuthirira kumafunika ndi madzi ofunda tsiku lililonse.

Chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndicho kusuntha mosamala kwa nthaka, ngati n'zotheka kuwononga mizu ya mbewu.

Pepper sakonda mineral feteleza, choncho amafunika kupangidwa mochepa. Manyowa ndi bwino kuti asafote.

Malo oti mubzala tsabola ayenera kusankhidwa pa msinkhu ndi zomwe zili bwino.

Ndikofunikira kupanga mankhwala opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito matenda osiyanasiyana omwe amapezeka mu chikhalidwe chino.

Zipatso ziyenera kuchotsedwa nthawi, zomwe zidzalola kukula kwa zipatso zina zatsopano.