Zosiyanasiyana za strawberries "Albion"

Ziri zovuta masiku ano kupeza munthu amene sangayese strawberries m'moyo wake.

Dzina lachiwiri la zokoma izi ndi munda wa strawberries. Ziribe kanthu momwe zimakhalira zovuta kukula izi kapena mtundu umenewo wa mabulosi awa, anthu chaka chilichonse amawombera tchire lomwe likupezekapo, kapena amasiya zitsamba zatsopano.

Zotchuka kwambiri ndi mitundu imeneyo, zipatso zomwe zimafika kukula kwakukulu ndipo zimakhala zokoma. Mmodzi mwa mitundu ya sitiroberi ndi mtundu wa Albion.

Kuti mupeze zipatso zabwino, simukusowa kukhala ndi maphunziro apadera kapena zaka zambiri mukuswana chikhalidwe chino. Inde, pali malangizo apadera a chisamaliro cha mitundu iyi, koma zokololazo zidzakhala zapamwamba pafupifupi kulikonse.

Malo obadwira a sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana "Albion" ndi yunivesite ya California, yomwe inalembedwa mu 2006.

"Albion" - zosiyana siyana, ndiko kuti, sichimachitika panthawi ya tsiku lowala ndikubala chipatso m'mafunde ambiri.

Zomera zimakhala zamphamvu, zamphamvu, mphukira zamphamvu, ndipo peduncles imapangidwa pamalo owongoka, kotero ngakhale zipatso zazikulu sizigwa pansi. Masamba a mitundu iyi ndi okondweretsa - ali ndi mafuta obiriwira, omwe amawoneka bwino kwambiri motsutsana ndi mdima wobiriwira.

Zipatso ndi zazikulu, pafupifupi phindu la 40 - 60 g, lakuda mdima wofiira ndi wofiira kunja, pinki mkati, ndi chodabwitsa uchi kukoma. Maonekedwe a zipatso ndi ochepa, osakaniza.

Mnofu ndi wambiri ndipo umakhala wolimba kwambiri, uli ndi fungo losangalatsa. Ndi chifukwa cha zizindikiro zake kuti zosiyanasiyanazi zimatengedwa bwino, ndipo zipatso sizikuwonongeka kapena kupunduka. Ngati mutasamalira bwino zomera, ndiye kuti mumtunda umodzi mukhoza kusonkhanitsa pafupifupi 2 kg ya zipatso zabwino.

Ubwino umaphatikizansopo mkulu kulekerera kwa chilala. Mwamwayi, kuthamanga kwa chimfine kumakhala kosavuta, kotero ngati mukukula m'madera omwe muli kutali ndi malo otentha kapena otentha, muyenera kuphimba zomera m'nyengo yozizira.

Mitengo ya zipatso zambiri "Albion" imapereka maulendo 4 pa nyengo - kumapeto kwa May, kumayambiriro kwa July, kumapeto kwa August ndi pakati pa mwezi wa September. Komanso, zosiyanasiyanazi sizimakhudzidwa ndi anthracosis ndi nkhungu yakuda.

Pazochitika za kubzala mitundu

Kuti strawberries apereke bwino, muyenera kusankha malo abwino kwa munda.

Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kugawa gawo la gawolo, lomwe liri kumwera-kumadzulo, ndipo zikanakhala bwino ngati malowa ali pamtunda.

Simungathe kugwetsa mbeu m'malo mwachisokonezo kapena chigwa, chifukwa padzakhala mvula yambiri komanso kutentha.

Musanabzala, nthaka iyenera kukonzekera, yomwe ndi yofunika kukumba, kumbali ndikugwiritsa ntchito feteleza yonse, komanso kufunikira kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zofunikira.

Ponena za nthawi yobzala, mbande ingakhoze kuziika kumayambiriro kwa September kapena kumayambiriro kwa kasupe chitatha chisanu. M'madera otentha, mitundu yosiyanasiyana imatha kukula pang'onopang'ono, koma kawirikawiri amalimbikitsidwa kukula Albion m'malo obiriwira.

Mbande sizidzakula ndikukula pansi, kutentha kwake kuli pansipa + 15 + 16 ̊С. Mbande imatha kukula ndi manja awo, koma mukhoza kugula.

Musanabzala pa mbande zabwino muyenera kuoneka masamba 5-6 ndi mizu yabwino, yomwe idzawonetsedwa ngati ma lobe.

Kusankha kwa sitiroberi mbande kumachitika panthawi imene masamba 1 mpaka 2 apangidwa kale pa mmera uliwonse.

Kuwombera miphika yatsopano ayenera kukhala wochuluka mokwanira, pakatikati pa masentimita 5-7, kotero kuti tchire tating'ono tisakhale wodzaza. Kukonzekera kukonzekera kwa sitiroberi mbande kumaphatikizapo kuchepetsa chiwerengero cha masamba 1 mpaka 2, komanso kudulira mizu mpaka kutalika kwa 6 - 7 cm.

Pamunda, pafupi ndi tchire tiyenera kukhala patali pafupifupi masentimita 15, ndipo mabedi oyandikana nawo ayenera kukhala opitirira masentimita 70. Ndibwino kusankha tsiku lachitsamba chodzala kuti dzuwa lisawonongeke.

Kuthira kwa mmera kumera kwa mbande kuyenera kukhala ndi mphamvu ya 0,5 malita ndi zambiri pa mbewu. Pambuyo masiku 10-15, muyenera kuyang'ana mbande zonse kuti mupulumuke. Ngati ena a tchire awo afa, ndiye kuti adzafunika kudulidwa pazu, ndipo pamalo awo atsopano adzaikidwa m'manda.

Pazochitika za kusamalira zosiyanasiyana

Kuti mupeze bwino kukolola kwa strawberries "Albion", simukusowa kukhala katswiri wamaphunziro a agronomist, koma muyenera kusamalira nthawi zonse tchire.

Kuthirira kumaseŵera mbali yofunika kwambiri pa njira yonse yosamalira sitroberi.

Ndi chifukwa cha mkhalidwe wokonda kwambiri chinyezi wa mabulosi awa omwe zomera zidzayenera kuthiriridwa nthawi zambiri. Mu mikhalidwe ya kutentha strawberries adzakhala madzi tsiku ndi tsiku, ndi kuthirira ayenera kuthothoka, kuti zomera zikhale ndi chinyezi chokwanira.

Mukhoza kuthirira madzi, kutanthauza kuti nthawi zitatu kuthirira mabedi mu May, April ndi July 10 - 12 malita a madzi, ndipo sipadzakhala kusowa kwa kuthirira madzi. Mu nthawi ya maluwa kapena mapangidwe a zipatso, zidzakhala zofunikira kuthirira tchire ndi madzi ambiri, chifukwa nthawi yomwe strawberries idzasowa chinyezi kwambiri.

Magazi a madzi ayenera kukhala 20-25 malita pa mita imodzi iliyonse. Madzi ayenera kukhala kutentha, 20 ̊C. Madzi ozizira angathe kuvulaza masamba osakanikirana ndi masamba a sitiroberi. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana "Albion" imakhala ndi kulekerera mthunzi wochepa kwambiri, kotero muyenera kubisa tchire kuchokera ku dzuwa lotentha.

Ngati kutentha kwa mpweya kukuposa mlingo wa 30 ̊C, ndiye fruiting idzaima palimodzi.

Ndi kusowa kwa masamba obiriwira adzafota, ndipo ndi zochulukira - zipatso ndi madzi komanso ndi zoipa.

Onetsetsani kuti mukuphimba pansi ndi mulch, kuti zipatso, makamaka okhwima, zisakhudze pansi.

Zopindulitsa kwambiri zingakhale udzu, utuchi kapena zidutswa za singwe. Ngati bedi la sitiroberi liri lalikulu, ndiye kuti mukhoza kutsekemera mapeyala a black polyethylene, omwe sungateteze zipatso zokhazokha kuti zitha kuyanjana ndi nthaka, koma zidzasonkhanitsanso kutentha m'nthaka.

Koma feteleza, chirichonse ndichizolowezi. Pokonzekera nthaka ya nyengo yatsopano, muyenera kubweretsa chirichonse - zinthu zakuthupi, potaziyamu, phosphorous ndi nayitrogeni.

Mavitamini a potaziyamu ndi ofunika makamaka kwa strawberries pa mapangidwe a masamba ndi zipatso, kotero muyenera kuzidyetsa ndi feteleza zoyenera pa nthawi yoyenera.

Mankhwala a boric adzawonjezera kuchuluka kwa mbeu, choncho mabedi amatha kuchiritsidwa ndi yankho la mankhwalawa.

Musanayambe kuphimba strawberries, mufunikanso kupanga mndandanda wa feteleza, kuti tchire sichifere m'nyengo yozizira.

Strawberry "Albion" idzakhala yokongoletsa kwambiri munda wanu ndi tebulo lanu.

Chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake, kutchuka kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ikukulirakulira ndi nyengo iliyonse.

Choncho, mwamsanga mutabzala tchire tambiri za sitiroberi pa chiwembu chanu, mwamsanga mudzatha kusangalala ndi zipatso zokongolazi.