Strawberry zosiyanasiyana "Gigantella"

Olima wamaluwa chaka chilichonse amayesetsa kusinthasintha zomera zawo, zomwe "zimakhala" pa ziwembu zawo. Choncho, anthu awa akuyang'ana mitundu yatsopano ya mbewu zomwe zingathe kupereka zokolola zabwino, komanso, zipatso zabwino kwambiri.

Koma strawberries, woyenera kwambiri kuimira mabulosi awa ndi zosiyanasiyana "Gigantella". Kwa nthawi yaitali wakhala "akukhazikika" m'dziko lathu, ndipo sikuti chovuta chathu sichitha nyengo yozizira.

Komabe, wamaluwa amalumikiza mabedi awiri a maluwa chifukwa cha mabulosiwa, ndipo kuchokera kumalo ochepa a malowa amatha kudzaza zipatso za dzinja ndi nthawi yochepa ya fruiting ya "Gigantella".

Kodi zingatheke bwanji kukula zipatso zambiri m'deralo? Inde, zosavuta, chifukwa "Gigantella" - zosiyana kwambiri.

"Zozizwitsa" zonse za m'kalasiyi zikufotokozedwa pansipa.

Strawberry "Gigantella" ndi zotsatira za ntchito ya obereketsa Dutch. Zomerazi zimakhala ndi dzina chifukwa cha kukula kwakukulu kwa zipatso zoyambirira - iwo akhoza kupeza pafupifupi magalamu 100 kulemera kwake.

Zomera za zosiyanasiyanazi ndizamphamvu kwambiri ndipo zimatha kukula kufika pa 0.35 - 0,5m m'litali ndi mamita 0.5 m'lifupi, ngakhale kuti ndi chitsamba.

Komabe, zimapezeka mofanana, zomwe zimakulolani kukwapula mbande mwakuya. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, sitiroberi imakula mofulumira, ndipo imapanga ndevu zambiri, zomwe zimayenera kuchotsedwa pakutha. Masamba pa tchire ndi obiriwira, ndi owala. Peduncles wamphamvu, wakuda.

Ponena za kucha, "Gigantella" ndi sing'anga-mochedwa sitiroberi, imalowa fruiting kumapeto kwa July.

Zipatso zoyambira kukolola ndizokulu kwambiri (mpaka 100 g), zipatso zam'tsogolo zimakhala zolemera pafupifupi 50 - 60 g. Zipatso zokha ndizokongola, zofiira, ndi mawonekedwe okongola ndi mbewu zowonongeka.

Kukoma kwa sitiroberi ndibwino kwambiri, kokoma kwambiri, ndi zokometsera zokometsera komanso zongomveka za chinanazi. Mnofu ndi wambiri wambiri komanso wovuta, womwe umatheka kusunga zipatsozi kwa nthawi yaitali ndikuwatsitsa.

Mitengo imeneyi imatha kukhala yozizira kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira, ndipo kukoma ndi maonekedwe sikusintha. Zokolola zimakhala zapamwamba kwambiri, zokolola kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi ndi pafupifupi 3 makilogalamu a zipatso zopsa.

Gigantella ilibe vuto, ngakhale kwa anthu ena kukoma kwa zipatso zimenezi kungawoneke kukhala kosafunika. Imodzi mwa ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana izi ndi chisanu kukana, koma tchire akufunabe malo m'nyengo yozizira, popeza strawberries ndi chopanda nzeru chomera.

Pazochitika za kubzala mitundu

Malo a tchire la sitiroberi ayenera kulowera dzuwa ndikugona kumbali yakum'mwera-kumadzulo, ndi malo otsetsereka a malo. Malo pansi pa bedi sayenera kupezeka kumadera otsetsereka, komanso kumalo omwe ali ndi chinyezi chachikulu.

Kuzama kwa madzi akuyenera kukhala osachepera 0.8 - 1 mamita. Kukonzekera kwa nthaka kubzala strawberries ndibwinobwino, ndiko kuti, kuyenera kubwezeretsedwa, kudulidwa ndi rake, komanso kuberekedwanso.

Kuwaza mbande kungakhale 2 pa chaka - kumayambiriro kwa kugwa kapena kumayambiriro kwa masika. Chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti kutentha kwa dziko lapansi sikugwera pansi pa 15 ° C, mwinamwake mbewu sizidzakhazikika.

Mbande zingakhale zonse zogula ndi wamkulu payekha. Kukula mbande za sitiroberi sikungakhale ntchito yaikulu kwa inu ngati mutakhalapo ndi mbande zomwe zikukula.

Ndikofunika kupanga malo abwino a chilengedwe, kutanthauza kutentha kokwanira, kutentha kwakukulu (+ 20 + 25 ° C), komanso kuwala kwambiri (nyali zapadera zingagwiritsidwe ntchito). Mbande ziyenera kuonekera 20-25 patapita masiku kufesa mbeu.

Mmera uwu akufunika kuti ayambe kuyendakotero kuti mbande zikhale ndi mizu yabwino.

Poika mbande pamtunda wa masentimita asanu kuchokera mzake, zomera zonse zidzakhala bwino. Mbeu yowyala bwino iyenera kukhala ndi masamba 5-6 enieni, komanso mizu yowonongeka, yomwe imayenera kudulidwa mpaka 6-7 masentimita musanadzalemo.

Ngati pamakhala kutentha kwapamwamba komanso kutsika kwachinyezi, m'pofunika kusiya mapepala 1 - 2 kuti muchepetse dera la madzi.

Kuwombera mbande kuyenera kukhala patali pa masentimita 15 mpaka 20 kuchokera mzake, ndipo nthawi yomwe ili pakati pa mzere wa tchire iyenera kukhala masentimita 70. Nthawi yabwino yopalesera tchire pansi ndi nyengo yamvula, koma popanda dzuwa.

Madzi ang'onoang'ono amadzi ayenera kukhala mwamsanga, ndipo mochuluka, amadya 0,5 - 0,6 malita a madzi pa chitsamba. Kuphatikizana pakati pa mizere iyenera kutsatiridwa pambuyo kuthirira. Pambuyo pa masiku khumi ndi asanu ndi limodzi (10-15) m'pofunika kuwona ngati mbande zonse zazika mizu. Ngati ena afa, ndiye kuti ayenera kuchotsedwa, prikopav pambuyo pa tchire latsopano.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga malamulo a kubzala strawberries.

Malamulo a chisamaliro cha "Gigantella"

"Gigantella" ndi mitundu yovuta kwambiri pa chisamaliro, choncho ndikofunikira kusamalira zomera izi nthawi zonse.

Kawirikawiri, sitiroberi chikhalidwe chimasowa kwambiri ulimi wothirira, chifukwa madzi apansi sangathe kupereka tchire mokwanira. Ngati chinyezi chiri chapakati, ndiye kuyamba kwa ulimi wothirira kumagwirizana ndi mapeto a mwezi wa April. Madzi atatu mu May, June ndi July ndi okwanira kuti tchire timve bwino.

Zidzakwanira 10 - 12 malita a madzi pa mita iliyonse. m. mabedi. Pamene tchire timayamba kuphulika, izi zikuwonetsa kuyamba kwa gawo lotchuka la chitukuko cha zomera. Ndi nthawi ino imene strawberries imafuna chinyezi.

Choncho, tiyenera kukhala osamala kwambiri kuyang'anira chinyezi cha nthaka. Panthawiyi, kuchuluka kwa madzi kuyenera kuwonjezeka mpaka 20 - 25 malita pa mita imodzi iliyonse. Madzi wokha sayenera kukhala ozizira, chifukwa kuthirira kotere kumapweteka masamba ndi mizu ya tchire.

Dothi la mulching pa sitiroberi bedi limagwira ntchito yofunikira. Popeza zipatso za "Gigantella" ndi zazikulu kwambiri, zimatha kugwa pansi, zomwe zimalola kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena bowa "tikhazikike" pa zipatso.

Choncho, nthaka yoyandikana ndi mabedi imayenera kukhala ndi udzu, womwe udzateteza strawberries kumsongole kapena kukula kwa zowola.

Kwa nthawi yoyamba mulch ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kumayambiriro kwa masika, kutsegulidwa kwa tchire. Muyenera kubwereza ndondomekoyi panthawi yomwe zipatso zokha zimangirizidwa. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, utuchi kapena timadontho ta singwe timakhala bwino ngati zinthu zofunika, zomwe bedi liyenera kudzazidwa, koma osati tchire ndikudzisiya okha.

Dyetsani strawberries amathandiza kwambiri pakulima, makamaka mu nthaka yochepetsetsa. Kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, muyenera kupanga feteleza.

Pamene masamba ayamba kupanga, ndipo pambuyo - zipatso, zomera zimasowa potaziyamu, kotero muyenera kupanga potaziyamu mchere. Kuonjezera zokolola sizitsutsana ndi kukonza tchire ndi njira ya boric acid. Mbewu ikakolola, m'pofunika kufota nthaka ndi feteleza zonse kuti zomera zisamve njala nthawi yachisanu.

Tsopano inu mukhoza kupanga lingaliro lokwanira kuti mitundu ya strawberries "Gigantella" idzakhala yowonjezera kwambiri pa webusaiti iliyonse. Chifukwa chake, mutabzala mitengo yambiri yosiyanasiyana, simudzakhutira ndi zokolola zokha, komanso musankhe angapo masentimita masitala atsopano. Kupambana.