Strawberry zosiyanasiyana "Mfumukazi Elizabeth"

Strawberry ndi imodzi mwa zakudya zokondedwa za ana ndi akulu.

Kuoneka kwa zipatso zofiira kukuimira kuyamba kwa chilimwe, maholide ndi maulendo.

Ngakhale kuti m'masitolo ena mankhwalawa angagulidwe nthawi iliyonse ya chaka, anthu ambiri amadziwa kuti si sitiroberi, koma zotsatira za ntchito ya mankhwala.

Choncho, alimi akuyesa kulima tchire lawo kuti apeze zokolola zazikulu, kuti afungitse zipatso zina, ndi m'nyengo yozizira kuti adzipereke okha ndi dumplings kapena mapeyala a sitiroberi.

Mitundu yambiri ya strawberries (strawberries) ndi Queen Elizabeth zosiyanasiyana.

Kawirikawiri, izi "Korolev" ziwiri - "Mfumukazi Elizabeth I" ndi "Queen Elizabeth II". Kalasi yachiwiri ili pafupi mofanana ndi yoyamba, koma pakati pawo pali kusiyana koyamba. Wachiwiri "Mfumukazi" ndi sitiroberi ya remontnaya, ndiko kuti, tchire zake zimabereka zipatso nthawi zonse, kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa kasupe ndi kumapeto kwa nthawi yophukira. Koma "Mfumukazi" yoyamba imafuna kutalika kwa masana kwa fruiting, ndiko kuti, zomera zidzapanga zipatso mpaka mphindi inayake mpaka utali wa usana ukudutsa chinthu chofunika kwambiri.

"Mfumukazi Elizabeti" woyamba adakali wotchuka kwambiri, ngakhale atakhala ndi moyo wabwino. Mitengo imakhala yamphamvu kwambiri, monga strawberries, masamba ndi aakulu, kuwala kobiriwira.

Mu tchire la fruiting sitepe pamene kutalika kwa tsiku kufika kwa maola 8, ndipo kutalika kwa njirayi pafupifupi mwezi. Zomera apange ndevu zambiriyomwe sitiroberi imapitirira, mapesiwo amapanga maimidwe, amakhala pafupi ndi masamba omwewo.

Zipatso ndi zazikulu kwambiri komanso zokongola, zokhala ndi zowonongeka, zakuya komanso zowoneka ngati sitiroberi. Zipatso zambiri zimakhala zofanana ndi maonekedwe ndi kulemera.

Ngati mutasamalira bwino tchire, ndiye kuti akhoza kupereka mbewu, mabulosi onse omwe amatha kufika mpaka 40 g!

Ngati kutentha kwa chilimwe sikutsika kwambiri, ndiye kuti zipatso zimakula mochuluka kwambiri ndipo zimatha kugwira apulo muyezo wolemera - izi ndi pafupifupi 100 g. Kulawa, ndiye kuti ndi zokoma kwambiri.

Thupi limakhala ndi fungo lokoma, lofiira kwambiri, lofiira kwambiri komanso lofiira. Kulima ndi kotsika kwambiriM'chaka, mukhoza kusonkhanitsa 1 makilogalamu a zipatso kuchokera ku chomera chimodzi.

Zipatso zoyamba zikhoza kuchotsedwa m'munda kumayambiriro kwa June, ndipo ngati nyengo ili yabwino, ngakhale kale.

Kutentha kwachisanu kwa mitunduyi ndi kutalika, koma tchire m'nyengo yozizira idzafunikanso kuphimbidwa kuti m'dzinja maluwa mapesi asafe pansi pa kutentha.

Ndikoyenera kukumbukira kuti kuika kwa tchire kuyenera kuchitidwa makamaka chaka, chifukwa ubwino wa chipatso umadalira zaka za mbeu: patapita nthawi chitsamba chimakhala m'munda, zokolola zimakhala zovuta kwambiri.

Chokhacho chosavuta cha zosiyanasiyanazi ndi chakuti chimatayika kwa wotsatira wake - "Mfumukazi" yachiwiri. Mbewu yachiwiri "Mfumukazi" 2 - 3, chifukwa cha ichi, zokolola zidzakhala zapamwamba kwambiri.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za kulima ndi kusamalira strawberries.

Pazochitika za kubzala mitundu

Pali nthawi yambiri yobzala sitiroberi mbande. Ndibwino kuti mbande zowonongeka zikhazikitsidwe kuyambira July mpaka August, kotero kuti zomera zitha kuzika mizu. Ngati sizingatheke kuti prikopat strawberries nthawiyi, ndiye izi zikhoza kuchitika kumayambiriro kwa masika ndi autumn, pafupi masiku 15 - 20 isanayambe chisanu.

Mbande zikhoza kugulidwa, mukhoza kumakula nokha kuchokera ku mbewu kapena masharubu. Momwemo, ndondomeko ya kukula mbande ndi yofanana ndi mbewu zina. Strawberry mbande amafunika kuwala, kutentha ndi chinyezi mlengalenga, kotero muyenera kusamalira izi pasadakhale.

Mufunika nthawi zonse kusunga madzi okwanira mu nthaka kuti mizu ya tchire yaying'ono isamveke kusowa kwa madzi. Pambuyo masiku 20-25, mphukira zoyamba ziyenera kuoneka mabokosi ndi mbewu zomwe anabzala.

Pambuyo pa kutuluka kwa chitsulo chowombera ndi iwo kuvala kumwera kapena kummawa kwa nyumbayo. Ngati izi sizingatheke, ndiye kuti kuyatsa kwapadera ndi fitolamps wapadera ndi koyenera.

Kutentha kwa mpweya kuzungulira mbande ziyenera kukhala pa 20 + 25 ̊С. Zigawo ziyenera kuchitika pambuyo polemba mapepala oyambirira akukula pa tsinde. Kuonjezera apo, mbande ziyenera kuikidwa mu chidebe kuti pakati pa kukula kwawiri ndi pafupifupi 2-3 masentimita.

Pambuyo tsamba lachisanu likamapangidwa, ndizotheka kusiya mbeu. Mphindi uwu uyenera kugwirizana pafupifupi masiku otsiriza a Meyi. Ndikofunika kuika mkati mwazinthu izi: 60 masentimita - mtunda wa pakati pa mabedi ozungulira, masentimita 15 - mtunda wa pakati pa tchire lapafupi.

Mukhozanso kuyesa strawberries mosiyana, mwa 2 okondwa baka pabedi lomwelo.

Izi zikutanthauza kuti bedi lidzakhala ndi mizere iwiri, yomwe ili pakati pa 30 cm, mtunda wa pakati pa 15 - 20 masentimita, ndipo mizere yoyandikana iyenera kukhala yosiyana wina ndi mzake ndi masentimita 60.

Mukamabzala m'chaka kapena autumn tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tigwiritse ntchito kachiwiri. Ngati mukufuna kukwera mbande m'chilimwe, ndiye kuti muyenera kuchita izi, potsatira ndondomeko yoyamba.

Malangizo othandizira Mfumukazi Elizabeth

Kwa strawberries, udzu wa nthaka ndi wofunika kwambiri, choncho m'chilimwe, nyengo yotentha, kuthirira kumachitika tsiku ndi tsiku. Zomera zisanayambe kuphulika, mungagwiritse ntchito njira yamvula yothirira.

Pambuyo pa kuyamba kwa maluwa, madzi amafunika kuthiridwa m'mitsempha kuti madontho asagwere pa zipatso ndi mphukira. Ndibwino kuti mulch ndi nthaka ndi utuchi kuti kuchepetsa kukula kwa namsongole.

Pakapita masiku khumi ndi khumi ndi awiri, muyenera kuyang'ana mabedi kuti apulumuke. Mbande zimenezo zomwe sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito kumunda ziyenera kuchotsedwa, ndipo pamalo awo kudzala zatsopano.

Manyowa akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito panthawi yobzala komanso nthawi yonse ya kukula kwa chitsamba. Pachiyambi choyamba chaka sichingakhale chofunikira kudyetsa tchire. Ngati sichoncho, ndiye kuti m'zaka zamasika zidzafunika kudzaza dziko lonse ndi feteleza mchere, zomwe ndi nitrogen, phosphorous ndi potaziyamu.

Mutatha kukolola ku tchire, njira yokonzekera ikuyamba. Izi muyenera kuzichita chakudya madzulo nystrofoskoy, ndipo kenako kubisala ku nyengo yoipa ndi kutentha.

Ambiri matenda a sitiroberi ndi mochedwa choipitsa ndi powdery mildew. Ngati simukuchitapo nthawi, ndiye kuti pangakhale zovuta kuti zokolola zivutike kwambiri, ndipo simudzapeza zotsatira.

Pofuna kupewa matenda a powdery mildew kapena kuchiza tchire, ziyenera kuchitira zomera ndi colloidal yankho la sulfure kapena fungicides.

Kuwonongeka kochedwa kumapezeka pakakhala chinyezi m'nthaka, komanso pamene chodzala chinali choyipa. Choncho, ngati muwona masamba otukuka anu pa strawberries, mudzafunika nthawi yomweyo kukhetsa nthaka pogwiritsa ntchito ngalande.

Ndi njira yokhazikika yopangira strawberries, palibe vuto lomwe liyenera kuchitika.

Mukamagwira ntchito kwambiri ndi zomera zimenezi, mudzakhala ndi zambiri. Choncho musadwale ndi kulima molimba mtima tchire la mabulosi okongola kwambiri pa tsamba lanu.