Matenda a nkhuku ndi njira zothandizira ndi kupewa

Masiku ano, kubereka nkhuku ndi bizinesi yopindulitsa kwambiri.

Koma, monga ziweto zonse, nkhuku zimayambanso matenda osiyanasiyana.

Vuto lalikulu komanso lofunika kwambiri pakukula kwa nkhuku ndi matenda a nkhuku.

Nthawi zina zimachitika kuti pali matenda akuluakulu opatsirana, omwe muyenera kudula ziweto zonse.

Alimi aliwonse, ngakhale oyamba, ayenera kudziwa matenda osiyanasiyana ndi momwe angachitire.

M'nkhaniyi mudzaphunzira zambiri zokhudza matenda a nkhuku, zizindikiro zawo, kupewa matenda ndi mankhwala.

Ndi matenda ati a mbalame omwe alipo?

Mbalame zimatha kukhala ndi matenda osiyanasiyana. Ambiri mwa iwo ndi awa: matenda opatsirana, osapatsirana, komanso osapatsirana.

Mbalame zingathe kulimbana ndi majeremusi osiyanasiyana. Mbalame zimatha kukhala zotentha, hypothermia, kutupa kosiyanasiyana kapena kusowa mavitamini.

Pofuna kupewa matenda a nkhuku, muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa ndi kuzifufuza.

Nkhuku zachilendo ndi zathanzi zimayambitsa moyo wokhutira kwambiri, ali ndi chilakolako chabwino. Nthenga ziyenera kukhala zowala ndi zosalala. Amayendanso ndikuima molimba.

Poyang'ana mbalame, tcheru tiyenera kulipira pazifukwa izi:

  • Pa khungu la mbalameyo.
  • Pa mpweya wa mbalame.
  • Pa kuyenda kwa miyendo, khosi, mapiko.
  • Ziwalo za m'mimba.
  • Pamapazi a mbalameyi.

Ngati zinachitika kuti mwapeza nkhuku mu nkhuku iliyonse, ndiye kuti choyamba muyenera kuyamwa kuchokera kwa ena onse. Izi zimachitika pofuna kupewa matenda a anthu onse.

Ndiye mumayenera kupeza chithandizo choyenera ndi chithandizo chake. Njira yabwino ikanakhala tengani mbalame kwa dokotala, koma ngati palibe kuthekera kotero, chitani zonse nokha.

Matenda a mbalame akhoza kukhala opatsirana komanso osati. Zopatsirana zingayambitse imfa ya gulu lonselo. Ndipo matenda omwe sali othandizira si owopsa, koma amafunikanso kuchiritsidwa.

Matenda opatsirana komanso omwe siwowonjezereka amagawidwa m'magulu osiyanasiyana, omwe tiwafotokozera pansipa.

Kodi zimagwira ntchito bwanji ku matenda opatsirana?

Matenda opatsirana ndi owopsa kwambiri. Chifukwa chakuti akhoza kuwononga ziweto zanu zonse.

Pali zambiri mitundu ya matenda opatsirana:

  • Matenda omwe ali ndi matenda ambiri.
  • Matenda a fungal.
  • Matenda a Helminthic.
  • Ndi matenda omwe amayamba ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana.

Tidzakambirana za aliyense m'munsimu.

Ndi matenda otani omwe ali opatsirana?

Pseudochuma kapena dzina lina la matendawa ndi Newcastle

Matendawa amafalitsidwa ndi madontho amadzimadzi.

Zizindikiro za matendawa zikuphatikizapo: mkhalidwe wovuta wa mbalame, kuyenda kosauka, kupuma kolemetsa, zitosi zamadzi, mbalame imatembenuka mimba.

Mmene mungachitire ndi mbalame? Ndi matendawa, mankhwala sungatheke ndipo motero sichedwa kwambiri, muyenera kusiyanitsa mbalame kuchokera ku gulu lonse ndikuipha.

Pofuna kukonza mankhwala, ukhondo uyenera kuwonetsedwa mu nkhuku coop chipinda, chabwino choyenera chakudya chiyenera kuperekedwa, katemera mbalame.

Pulloz (Typhus)

Pankhaniyi, nkhuku zimadwala m'mimba. Komanso imafalitsidwa ndi madontho a m'madzi. Makamaka mbalame zazikulu zimavutika.

Zizindikiro za matendawa zikuphatikizapo: nyamakazi ya mbalameyi, kusayenda bwino, kusowa kudya, kupuma nthawi zambiri. Nkhuku imamwa madzi ambiri. Amapanga mimba yokhala ndi chibwibwi komanso amadziwa kutsika.

Kodi mungachiritse motani matenda? Pankhaniyi, matendawa amachiritsidwa ndi ma antibayotiki apadera. Maantibayotiki amaperekedwa ndi jekeseni kapena kutsanulira pammero.

Pofuna kupewa, zotsatirazi zimatengedwa: kuti muchite izi, chotsani mbalame kuchokera ku gulu la nkhuku, mu nyumba ya nkhuku kuti muchite mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Salmonellosis (Paratyphoid)

Matendawa amayamba chifukwa cha mabakiteriya oopsa a Salmonella. Amatchula matenda owopsa omwe amawononga ziwalo zonse za mkati mwa mbalameyi.

Matenda amafalitsidwa ndi mpweya. Mazira ochokera ku nkhuku zodwala sangadye, monga momwe mungadzipezere.

Mabakiteriya owopsawa amamwalira pokhapokha atalandira chithandizo cha kutentha.

Zizindikiro za matendawa zikuphatikizapo: pali mbalame yofooka, matenda opuma, mbalame imamwa madzi nthawi zonse, maso amadzi, alibe njala.

Kodi mungachize bwanji matendawa? Kuchiza mankhwala osokoneza bongo monga furazolidol kapena streptomycin.

Monga njira yowonetsera, mbalame yodwalayo imakhala ndekha. Onetsetsani ukhondo wa nyumbayo. Ndikofunika kupereka madzi a mbalame ndi potaziyamu permanganate. Ayeneranso katemera.

Streptococcosis

Matendawa amayambitsa ziwalo zonse za mkati mwa nkhuku.

Zizindikiro mu matendawa ndi izi: Kutaya mwamsanga msanga chifukwa cha kusoŵa kwa njala, kufooka, kutentha kwa thupi, kumakhala kuthamanga ndi ziwalo zimakhala zowonongeka, ndipo palinso matenda ochepa.

Chithandizo cha nkhuku chimakhala ndi maantibayotiki.

Kupewa kumaphatikizapo: kudzipatula kwa nkhuku zowonongeka ndi zowonongeka.

Chifuwa chachikulu

Kwenikweni, mapapu okha amakhudzidwa, ndipo nthawi zina ziwalo zonse zamkati. Matendawa amawoneka chifukwa cha umoyo wabwino waukhondo. Kutumiza kwa matendawa kumadutsa mumlengalenga.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndizo: Kusayenda bwino ndi kulemera. Kupanda mazira. Mbalameyo imatha ndipo ndolo zimasowa.

Ndizosatheka kuchiza matenda, kotero mbalame yodwalayo imaphedwa.

Pofuna kupewa matendawa, amatsuka nkhumba.

Nthomba (Diphtherit)

Ichi ndi matenda aakulu kwambiri. Koma izo zikhoza kuchitika mu mawonekedwe osatha. Kutumizira kumangokhala kukumana kwa mbalame, kapena kuchokera ku makoswe ang'onoang'ono.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi izi: Kutaya thupi ndi kuoneka kofooka, zimakhala zovuta kumeza chakudya, maonekedwe a ofiira ofiira pa khungu.

Chitani, mwinamwake, kokha pamayambiriro oyambirira a chiwonetsero cha matendawa. Mawanga ayenera kuthiridwa ndi mankhwala a furatsilina komanso amathandizidwa ndi maantibayotiki.

Monga njira yothandizira, ukhondo wa nkhuku ndi woyenera, komanso kuphunzitsidwa kwa mbalame.

Ornithosis kapena parrot matenda

Matendawa ndi owopsa kwambiri, amachititsa kupuma, ziwalo za m'mimba, komanso dongosolo la manjenje la mbalameyi.

Kutenga kumapezeka kudzera mlengalenga kapena zitosi.

Mawonetseredwe a matendawa amatha kuwona mu zizindikiro zotsatirazi: palibe chilakolako mu mbalame, ndipo, motero, kutaya thupi. Kupuma kwakukulu. Zosowetsa zamadzi, ntchentche zamphongo.

Maantibayotiki ndi kuwonjezera kwa potanganamu permanganate m'madzi ndizoyenera kuchiza. Ndipo mu chakudya muyenera kuwonjezera mavitamini ambiri.

Monga njira yowonetsera, ukhondo ndi woyenera. Ngati mbalame zodwala zimakhudzana ndi thanzi labwino, ndiye kuti wathanzi amafunikanso maantibayotiki kwa masiku awiri. Ndikofunika kuti mugwiritse ntchito zonse zogwirira ntchito.

Omphalite

Matendawa amadziwika ndi kutupa pamphuno. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndi mbalame zabwino.

Zizindikiro zikuphatikizapo: maonekedwe a zofooka, maphunziro aliwonse pafupi ndi nsalu. Mbalame zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi matendawa, zikhalebe mulu.

Maantibayotiki amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuchipatala, ndipo phokoso lopweteka limachitidwa ndi njira yapadera.

Pofuna kupewa, muyenera kusunga nyumba ndikuyeretsa.

Neurolymphomatosis

Matendawa amawonongeka ku mitsempha ya mbalame, ndipo nthawi zina amawononga ziwalo zina.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo kusala kudya ndi kulemera, khungu. Kufa ziwalo

Chithandizo cha matendawa sichingatheke.

Monga njira yowonetsera, nkhuku zimayenera kuperekedwa. Ndipo ndi matendawa muyenera kuchotsa mbalame yodwala kuchokera kwa aliyense.

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Colisepticemia kapena Coliinfection

Matendawa amadziwika kudzera mwa mapangidwe a Escherichia coli. Zimakhudza pafupifupi ziwalo zonse za mkati mwa mbalameyi.

Matendawa ndi owopsa kwambiri. Chifukwa chowonekera chifukwa cha chakudya chosowa komanso mbalame zosafunika.

Zizindikiro zikuphatikizapo: kusowa kwa njala, kutaya thupi, kutentha kwa thupi, kupuma kosavuta kungatheke ngakhale kutuluka, ndi kuoneka ndi ludzu lalikulu.

Kusunga mbalame ku imfa kungagwiritse ntchito maantibayotiki okha.

Monga njira zothandizira zogwiritsira ntchito zakudya zowakomera nkhuku, komanso kutsatira malamulo a ukhondo ndi kukonza nkhuku.

Coccidiosis

Matendawa amakhudza impso za mbalameyi. Kutenga kumapezeka kokha kupyolera mu chakudya.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo zinthu zotsatirazi: kusowa kwa kudya ndi kuwonongeka kwa thupi, chifuwa chamagazi, kuuma, chisa ndi mphete zoyera ndikukula, mapiko.

Ndikofunika kuchiza mbalame yodwala ndi antibiotic, ndi kuwonjezera mafuta a nsomba ku chakudya.

Monga chiyero chochitetezera, nkofunika kuyeretsa nyumba, kudyetsa chakudya chatsopano, komanso kuti palibe dampness m'nyumba ya nkhuku.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za mbatata kulima pogwiritsa ntchito luso la Dutch.

Encephalomyelitis

Matenda opatsiranawa ndi oipa kwa dongosolo la manjenje.

Ndizoopsa kwambiri ndipo zimatsogolera ku imfa ya mbalameyi. Kutumiza kumachitika mumlengalenga, kupyolera mu chakudya, komanso kudzera mu zinyalala.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kusagwira ntchito ndi chitukuko cha ziwalo, kusokonezeka kwa minofu ndi ziwalo zolema.

Tsoka ilo, n'zosatheka kuchiza matenda.

Kupewa matendawa muyenera kuyang'anira ukhondo, zakudya ndi nkhuku.

Sinusitis

Mu matendawa, mlengalenga amavutika, matendawa amafalitsidwa kudzera mlengalenga.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo kupuma koipa ndi kupuma, ntchentche yosungidwa m'mphuno, nthawi zina zimakhala zowawa.

Pochiza matendawa, terramycin imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Koma musataye antibiotics.

Monga njira yoteteza, chakudya chobiriwira ndi kuwonjezera mavitamini.

Laryngotracheitis

Matendawa amawonetseredwa ndi zilonda za m'mwamba pamtunda. Amapatsirana ndi mpweya.

Zizindikirozo ndi izi: mpweya woipa ndi kupuma, chifuwa cha magazi, nthawi zonse yotsegula milomo, nthawi zina kuwonetseka kwa kusokonezeka ndi mantha a kuwala.

Monga mankhwala, mankhwala opha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi abwino, komanso yankho la potassium permanganate.

Monga njira yothandizira, ndikofunika katemera mbalame.

Hemophilia kapena mphuno yothamanga mu mbalame

Matendawa amadziwika ndi zotupa zapamwamba pamapiritsi, mapangidwe a otchedwa rhinitis.

Zifukwa za kusowa kwa mavitamini mu zakudya.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo kulemera kwa thupi, mphuno yamphongo, ndi kupuma pang'ono.

Pochiza matenda, mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amawonjezera madzi.

Pofuna kuteteza, muyenera kutentha nkhuku, ikani yoyera komanso yodyetsa mbalameyi.

Chikuku cha nkhuku

Matendawa amakhudza ziwalo za kupuma komanso matumbo.

Matendawa ndi owopsa ndipo amatsogolera ku imfa. Matendawa amafalitsidwa ndi mpweya.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo: nkhuku zofooka ndi kuthamanga, kutsegula m'mimba, kutentha kwa malungo, kupuma ndi kupuma, kulibe dzira, chisa ndi ndolo zozungulira buluu.

Chithandizo cha matendawa n'chotheka.

Muzitsulo, ukhondo ndi dongosolo mu nyumba nkhuku ziyenera kusungidwa. Dyetsani bwino mbalameyi. Nkhumba yodwala imadzipatula kwa ena.

Matenda a Anaerobic

Nkhuku zimatha kutenga matendawa.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: Kutsegula m'mimba kwa nthawi yaitali. Maonekedwe a kugwidwa. Nkhuku zodwala zili kuzizira.

Mwatsoka, palibe chithandizo cha matendawa.

Pofuna kupewa matendawa, nkhuku imatchedwa disinfection. Ndipo nkhuku zimathiriridwa ndi njira yofooka ya potaziyamu permanganate.

Trichomoniasis

Matendawa ndi owopsa kwambiri. Kutengera kwa mbalame kumachitika kudzera mu chakudya ndi madzi.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo zizindikiro zotsatirazi: kusagwira ntchito ndi kudandaula kwa mbalame, mlomo umatseguka nthawi zonse, mapiko akugwa, nthenga zimamangirirana pamodzi.

Pofuna kulandira njira yothetsera tricholop. Mbalame zimafuna kuti amwe.

Kuti muteteze muyenera kusunga mbalameyo bwinobwino. Ndiponso kugula chakudya chabwino chotsimikiziridwa.

Ndi matenda ati omwe ali ndi matenda a fungal?

Matenda a fungal si oopsa monga opatsirana, koma amayenera kuthandizidwa.

Zimayambitsa matenda ndipo kachilombo ka HIV kamapezeka kulumikizana kwa mbalame. Matenda owopsa kwambiri a fungal kungachititse imfa.

Matenda ambiri opweteka amachokera ku zipinda zonyansa. Tizilombo timafalikira mofulumira kwambiri. M'munsimu tipereka mndandanda wa matenda oterewa.

Sungani nyongolotsi

Ndi imodzi mwa matenda oopsa kwambiri a fungus, omwe amafa. Makamaka nkhuku akulu amadwala.

Khungu, nthenga ndi ziwalo za thupi zimakhudzidwa.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: maonekedwe a chikasu amapezeka pamtunda ndi mphete.

Mbalame zimapuma kwambiri. Nthenga zimagwa. Kutaya thupi ndi zotayirira.

Kuchiza mbalame sizingatheke.

Kupewa kumakhala ndi zakudya zabwino komanso zoyenera.

Aspergillosis

Matendawa amakhudza kapupa.

Zizindikiro za matendawa zikuphatikizapo: kulephera ndi kufooka kwa mbalame. Mlomo ndi misomali imatembenuza buluu. Nthenga zimagwa.

Mbalame imawomba, ikupuma pamene ikupuma. Zosowetsa zamadzi ndi magazi. Kuwonekera kwa ntchentche kuchokera kumphuno.

Pochizira, njira yothetsera vitriol ya buluu imagwiritsidwa ntchito masiku awiri.

Monga njira yowonetsetsa, muyenera kuyeretsa chipinda ndikuwonjezera mavitamini ku chakudya.

Kodi nkhawa helminthic matenda a mbalame?

Matendawa amayamba chifukwa cha majeremusi. Akulandira. Tidzawuza za ena mwa iwo.

Amidostomosis. Matendawa amadziwonetsera pakugonjetsa m'mimba. Sizowopsa ngati mutayamba mankhwala panthawiyo.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo: mkhalidwe wodalirika wa mbalame, yopanda phindu, wopanda njala.

Pofuna kuchiza, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito carbon tetrachloride kapena piperazine.

Monga kupewa, muyenera kuyeretsa nkhuku nkhuku komanso kutsatira zakudya.

Capillariasis

Mliriwu, m'matumbo mumakhudzidwa ndipo izi zimachitika chifukwa cha chakudya chosafunikira.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo: kugona ndi kusasamala, kusowa chilakolako, kumwa mowa kwambiri, kutopa.

Chithandizo chiyenera kuchitika kumayambiriro, kapena kenako chidzachedwa. Mankhwalawa amagwiritsire ntchito mankhwalawa phenothiazine, komanso zakudya zabwino.

Monga prophylaxis, kuchotsedwa ku gulu la mbalame zokhudzidwa zikuchitika. Disinfection mu nyumba ya nkhuku. Komanso kuti muteteze kuchitika kwa matendawa muyenera kudya mbalame bwino ndikuwunika ukhondo wa chipinda.

Syngamosis

Kuwonetsetsa kwa matendawa kumakhudza kapupa, mapapo ndi mitsempha.

Matendawa ali ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi: chifukwa chosowa kudya, kulemera kwake kumachitika, ndipo nthawi zina kumapuma panthawi yopuma.

Kugwiritsira ntchito ayodini n'koyenera ngati mankhwala.

Pofuna kupewa, muyenera kutsatira miyezo yonse ya nkhuku. Kuyeretsa nyumbayo.

Ascariasis

Pamene matendawa amapezeka, nyongolotsi zimawoneka m'matumbo a mbalameyi. Koma amachiritsidwa mosavuta.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo: kusala kudya, kutaya thupi, kuchepa kwa mbalame. Kuika mazira kumasiya. Kutsekera m'mimba. Ndipo nthawizina mawonetseredwe a kugwidwa.

Pa mankhwala, m'pofunika kugwiritsa ntchito hygromycin B, carbon tetrachloride ndi finothiazine.

Monga njira yothandizira, m'pofunikira kuyeretsa chipinda, kuyang'ana zakudya zabwino ndi nkhuku.

Cestadose

Wodziwika ndi maonekedwe a tapeworms.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kusala kudya, kulemera kwa thupi, ziphuphu.

Monga chithandizo chogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala a felixan.

Ndipo pofuna kupewa matendawa muyenera kutsatira zakudya zoyenera.

Drepanidoteniasis

Matendawa amawonetsedwa mu maonekedwe a tapeworms mu mbalame.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo: indigestion, kutsegula m'mimba. Kuwaza mbalame pamchira. Nthawi zina ziwalo zimachitika.

Pofuna kuchiza matendawa, mankhwalawa akugwiritsidwa ntchito monga opusa, microsal. Garlic ndi yothandiza kwambiri, mukhoza kudyetsa mbewu za dzungu ku mbalameyi.

Pofuna kupewa, muyenera kumadya chakudya choyenera cha mbalameyo. Ngati ifa, thupi liyenera kutenthedwa.

Histomoniasis

Chiwindi ndi chiwindi zimakhudzidwa.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo vuto la mbalame, palibe njala, mutu wa buluu ndi nthenga zopota.

Chithandizo chiyenera kupangidwa ndi furazolidone. Komanso onjezerani mavitamini ku chakudya.

Monga kupewa, muyenera kuwonjezera vitamini A.

Hymenolepiasis

Matendawa amabisa matumbo.

Zizindikiro zikuphatikizapo izi: maonekedwe a madzi akumwa, kudzikuza. Nthaŵi zina pali ziphuphu.

Mankhwalawa amapangidwa ndi mankhwala monga ngatila, frilixan kapena arecoline.

Pofuna kupewa matenda, ndi bwino kudya mbalame moyenera ndikugwiritsa ntchito zofunikira zoyang'anira.

Matenda omwe mazira amathawa popanda chipolopolo

Matendawa amawopsa, amawonetseredwa chifukwa cha matenda a trematode mu thupi la mbalameyi.

Zizindikiro zimaphatikizapo zinthu zotsatirazi: mbalameyi ndiulesi komanso yosayima, imabala mazira popanda chipolopolo. Nthenga zaphwanyidwa. Mphungu yamoto imatentha.

Ndikofunika kuchiza ndi carbon tetrachloride, ndipo hexachloroethane ingagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Kupewa kumafuna malo abwino a nkhuku ndi kuyeretsa.

Nyama za tizilombo

Pali tizilombo tating'ono ting'onoting'ono padziko lonse lapansi monga odya nthenga omwe angasokoneze nkhuku zanu.

Они живут на коже птиц и питаются отмершими частями кожного покрова. Заражаются птицы при контакте друг с другом.