Kodi zimayambitsa imfa ya broilers?

Kawirikawiri nkhuku za nkhuku zimakulira mu minda ya nkhuku.

Anthu ogwira ntchito amapeza hatching mazira a broiler kuswana.

Nthawi zina eni ake amagula nkhuku pawokha, koma tsiku lotsatira amapeza imodzi kapena yambiri yakufa.

Kodi chifukwa cha zotsatira zoterezi, tidzayesa kumvetsa nkhaniyi?

Anthu ambiri amafunsa funso ili. Ndipotu, mtundu wa mbalame umatengedwa kuti ndi wamphamvu komanso wathanzi.

Tiyeni tiyankhule za zomwe zimayambitsa imfa ya broilers

Nkhuku zazikulu za nkhuku za nkhuku ndizo chifukwa chachikulu cha kukana alimi ambiri a nkhuku kumabereka.

Ambiri mwa iwo amakwiya kuti pogula nkhuku zingapo, ambiri amatha, ndipo owerengeka owerengeka amakhalabe amoyo.

Ndipotu, ali amphamvu kwambiri Zomwe zilipo ziyenera kuyang'aniridwa bwino ndikuzipereka zofunika kwambiri. Ndi malamulo onse oyenera kuti akule ndi kukula, nkhuku zidzakula ndi ziphuphu.

Mukagula nkhuku za broiler muyenera kumvetsera zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • Maonekedwe a nkhuku.
  • Samalani ntchito ndi kuyenda kwa nkhuku.
  • Maso a anapiye ayenera kukhala otseguka, sayenera kuwona kutopa kapena kupweteka.

Odwala omwe ali ndi nkhuku zowakomera atha kubadwa nthawi yomweyo. Ndipo ogulitsa nthawi yomweyo amawachotsa ku gulu lonse. Komabe, pamene mukugula nkhuku muyenera kuwayang'ana.

Lembani zonse zifukwa za imfa yawo:

  • Nthaŵi zina chifukwa cha imfa ya nkhuku za nkhuku zingakhale zotsika kutentha kwa mpweya m'chipindamo, chifukwa cha izi akhoza kuzizira.

    Nthawi yabwino yogula nkhuku za broiler ndi nyengo yamasika, mwezi wabwino ndi April. Ngati simunathe kukhala ndi moyo wabwino musanagule nkhuku, ndibwino kuti musagule nkhuku, chifukwa nkhuku sizidzatha.

    Kutentha kwa mpweya woyenera kwa zomwe zilipo ndi 29-30 digiri Celsius. Koma pakakula, kutentha kumayenera kuchepetsedwa kufika madigiri 24 Celsius.

  • Ngati mumagula nkhuku m'nyengo ya chilimwe, mwachitsanzo, mu July, ndiye kutentha kungakhalenso nkhuku kwa nkhuku. Choncho, ngati amasungidwa m'nyengo ya chilimwe, m'pofunika kuyendetsa chipinda chomwe amasungiramo.
  • Ngati pangakhale kuunikira kochepa, nkhuku zingathe kuvutika kapena ngakhale kufa kwa iwo. Masiku asanu ndi awiri oyambirira m'chipinda cha nkhuni ndikofunikira kuchoka magetsi tsiku lonse, chifukwa nkhuku imamwa madzi ndikudya tirigu nthawi zonse.
  • Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti masiku oyambirira a moyo ndi ofunikira kwambiri pakukula kwa nkhuku za broiler. Pa nthawiyi, ayenera kupatsidwa ma vitamini ovuta kuti akule. Ndipo nthawi zina amafunika kupatsidwa mankhwala opha tizilombo.
  • Chifukwa china chofunikira cha imfa ya nkhuku za broiler ndi coccidiosis. Mabakiteriya a matendawa angakhudze pafupifupi kuyambira kubadwa kwawo, koma simudzazindikira izi mwamsanga, matendawa amapezeka patatha miyezi ingapo.

    Monga njira zothandizira matendawa, muyenera kuwonjezera ma gramu angapo a furazolidone ku zakudya zawo, kuchuluka kwa mankhwala ayenera kuwerengedwa kuchokera ku nambala ya nkhuku. Koma nthawi zina zimachitika kuti n'zosatheka kupeza mankhwala oterewa ndipo akhoza kuthandizidwa ndi mankhwala monga norsulfazole, etazole kapena sulfadimezin.

    Pofuna kuteteza mabakiteriyawa mu mkaka, amafunika kuwonjezera mphamvu yowonjezera potassium permanganate. Kuti musayambe mabakiteriyawa, muyenera kuyesetsa nthawi zonse kuyeretsa m'chipinda cha nkhuku, komanso nthawi ndi nthawi kuti mukhale ndi laimu.

  • Mbalame za mbalame zimakhala ndi matenda ambiri, chimodzi mwa izo ndi escherichiosis. Matendawa ndi chimodzi mwazimene zimayambitsa imfa ya broilers. Nkhuku zofooka kwambiri zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi matendawa.

    Matendawa ndi chimodzi mwa ziopsezo zakufa kwa mbalame padziko lonse lapansi, zomwe zimatayika kwambiri. Zifukwa za matendawa ndizosauka bwino, zofooka za makolo, osati madzi oyera ndi chakudya chosauka, mpweya wabwino wa chipinda komanso zifukwa zina.

    Matendawa amadziwika mu sabata yoyamba ya moyo wa nkhuku za broiler. Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: zakudya zoperewera, komanso chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa msanga; nkhuku zimayenda; pamene kupuma mu nkhuku, kuwomba kumveka. Malingana ndi deta zonse zomwe asayansi amasonkhanitsa, nkhuku za nkhuku zakufa m'mapiri ena a nkhuku zimafika mpaka 31 peresenti.

  • Chifukwa china chophera nkhuku za nkhuku ndi nkhuku zosafunikira. Pachifukwa ichi, wochimwa ndiye nkhuku ya nkhuku yomwe idagulitsani nkhuku.
  • Kudyetsa nkhuku zolakwika ndi chifukwa cha imfa. Choncho, ayenera kupatsidwa chakudya chabwino.
  • Matenda osiyanasiyana opatsirana ndiwo amachititsa kuti nkhuku zisafe.
  • Chifukwa china chofunika ndi - peck. Rasklev ali m'mawu anu omwe, avian adynalism. Chifukwa chachikulu cha matendawa ndi kuunika kwambiri mu nkhuku, komanso kusowa kwa miyala mu chakudya, pang'ono puloteni mu chakudya, komanso ngati nkhuku zimasungidwa mu malo osasamala omwe mvula imakhala yochuluka kwambiri.

    Pamene chochitikachi chikuchitika pakati pa nkhuku, ayenera kupatsidwa madzi akumwa, momwe m'pofunika kuwonjezera citric acid.

  • Pofuna kukhazikitsa chifukwa cha imfa ya nkhuku, muyenera kumvetsera zizindikiro.
  • Chifukwa china chophera nkhuku za nkhuku komanso mbalame zazikulu ndikutetezeka kwawo. Kotero ngakhale mphaka wanu wamphongo akhoza kuwonjezera kufa kwawo. Choncho, kuwasiya iwo osasamala sikoyenera.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za nkhuku ndi nkhuku za nkhuku.

Kufunika Kwambiri Kupewa Matenda a Edzi

Kotero, ife timalembera mndandanda wa mawonekedwe akulu onse njira zothandizira:

  • Choyamba, nkofunika kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Musanayambe kuyambitsa ma broilers m'nyumba, chirichonse chiyenera kutsukidwa bwino, kusungidwa, kutsukidwa, kutsukidwa, pansi ayenera kuchitidwa.
  • Chinthu chachiwiri kuti muziyang'ana ndi kutentha kwa mpweya mu chipinda cha nkhuku. Ndifunikanso kuonetsetsa kuti tizilombo ta tizilombo ta tizilombo ta tizilombo ta nkhuku timakhala tcheru.

    Kwa nkhuku zing'onozing'ono, kutentha kwa mpweya kumapangidwe awo kudzakhala madigiri 29, koma pamene akukula, m'pofunika kuti pang'onopang'ono pang'onopang'ono mufike madigiri 23. Ali ndi mbalame zolimba zomwe zimakhala zofunikira kuti nthawi ndi nthawi azizimitsa nyumbayo, koma chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti pasakhale mphepo mu chipinda.

  • Pofuna kupereka chitetezo cha nkhuku kwa ma broilers masiku oyambirira a moyo, amafunikira kupatsidwa vitamini zovuta, ndipo masiku makumi awiri aliwonse akhoza kubwerezedwa.
  • Kawirikawiri palinso vuto lomwe nkhuku zimagwada. Chochititsa chachikulu cha matendawa ndi ziphuphu. Pofuna kupeŵa matenda ngati amenewa mu nkhuku mu zakudya ayenera kuwonjezera mafuta a nsomba.

    Ngakhale kuti izi sizichitika, nkofunika kuyang'anira nkhuku zikuyenda, siziyenera kumasulidwa kwa nthawi yaitali. Pakuti anapiye aang'ono nthawi zonse amafunika kuyang'anitsitsa, kotero kuti palibe chimene chimawachitikira.

    Ndizosatheka nthawi zambiri kuyeretsa malo omwe nkhuku zilipo, chifukwa nthawi zina owala amadzipangira okha zinthu zowonongeka. Koma ngati zidachitika kuti zonsezi sizinawathandize ndipo nkhuku zinayamba kugwada, amafunika kusiya mowa wamphamvu m'kamwa mwawo pogwiritsa ntchito pipette.

  • Zakudya za nkhuku ziyenera kusintha nthawi zonse, zimafuna zakudya zosiyanasiyana. Simungathe kuzidyetsa ndi chakudya chomwecho kwa milungu iwiri, ngati simutsatira lamulo ili, ndiye kuti thanzi likhoza kukhala loipa kwambiri.
  • Podyetsa nkhuku, munthu sangathe kuchita zinthu mopitirira muyeso, pamene kudyetsa iwo sungakhoze kuwonjezera mbatata yophika nthawi zambiri kuti idye chakudya, chifukwa zingakhudzire kwambiri thanzi lawo, ndipo nthawi zina zingayambitse nkhuku zakufa.
  • Nthawi zina kuwonjezera mbewu kumadya kungapangitsenso nkhuku zakufa, ndi bwino kuwonjezera zakudya zosiyanasiyana, koma osati zotsika mtengo, koma zapamwamba kwambiri. Mwina ndalama zanu sizingathe kugula chakudya chotero, ndiye mukhoza kuchita nokha.
  • Ngati kuwala kosakwanira, nkhuku za broiler zimatha kuyenda. Choncho, m'pofunika kuyang'anitsitsa kuyatsa.
  • Nyali m'nyumbayo ziyenera kukhala zofiira kapena zofiira kapena zobiriwira, koma osati buluu.