Chifukwa chiyani atsekwe amadwala: mndandanda wa matenda ndi njira za chithandizo chawo

Matenda a atsekwe ndi vuto lalikulu kwa alimi.

Matenda osiyanasiyana samakhudza kwambiri chiwerengero cha atsekwe, ndipo amachititsa kuti zinthu zonse zisawonongeke. Alimi onse odziwa amadziwa kuti ndi bwino kuteteza matenda kusiyana ndi kuwerengera ndalama.

Poyerekeza ndi nkhuku zina, atsekwe amakhala ndi matenda osiyanasiyana.

Pafupifupi alimi onse a nkhuku amatenga zodziteteza pofuna kuteteza matenda.

Pa mutu uwu, tidzakhudzidwa ndi matenda ambiri a atsekwe, afotokozereni, ndikuuzeni za mankhwala ndi njira zothandizira. Chinthu chachikulu ndichokonda nkhuku zanu, kudziwa zonse zokhudza ziweto zanu.

Matenda a chiwindi ndi owopsa kwa atsekwe. Mbalame zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kutentha kwapanyumba ndi kulemba. Chomwe chimadalira atsekwe amatha kuzizira ndi kuzizira.

Komanso, kudya koyipa ndi kosayembekezereka, madzi onyenga, dampine m'nyumba, kumene amasungidwa, kukhalapo kwa mbalame za mibadwo yonse m'nyumba imodzi ndi zina zambiri zimakhudza mbalame zakuweta.

Pofuna kupewa matenda, m'pofunika kudyetsa atsekwe ndi zakudya zabwino, zomwe zili ndi mavitamini ndikuwunika zinthu zomwe zimayenera thupi lawo.

Palibe zowononga zovulaza kapena chakudya chamtendere chomwe chiyenera kuloledwa mwa odyetsa mbalame, monga matenda a m'mimba angathere.

Njira yotulutsa mpweya wabwino imayenera kugwira ntchito bwino m'nyumba kuti isakhale yowonongeka kapena yozizira chipinda.

Zakudya zoperewera komanso khalidwe labwino la zakudya zimakhudza zokolola za mbalame.

Tsiku lililonse ndikofunika kumasula atsekwe pamsewu. Dzuŵa limathandiza kwambiri thupi lawo.

Kufunika kwa zosiyana za zaka zosiyana za mbalameyi. Izi ndi chimodzi mwa njira zothandizira atsekwe.

Matenda osapatsirana

Beriberi. Matendawa amadziwika ndi kusowa mavitamini.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi kubereka kwa atsekwe, msinkhu, kufa kwa mbalame zazing'ono, kusowa kwa kudya, kuchepetsa dzira.

Chithandizo ndi njira zothandizira matendawa ndi izi: Muyenera kugula zakudya zabwino ndi mavitamini, kuwonjezera masamba, nsomba, udzu komanso zakudya zambiri.

Miyeso. Matendawa amapezeka pamene vitamini D, kuphatikizapo kakang'ono kamene kamagunda pa dzuwa.

Zizindikiro za matenda: Kukula kosauka, kufooka, kuchepa kwa mafupa, zipolopolo zochepa mu mazira, kuchepa kwa mlomo.

Monga chithandizo ndi kupewa matendawa, m'pofunika kuwonjezera mafuta a nsomba, yisiti, kukonzekera ndi vitamini D zokhudzana ndi mbalame, kumasula atsekwe kunja kwa nyengo.

Kutsekula m'mimba. Chifukwa cha matendawa ndi kusowa kwa vitamini B.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kupumphuka kwa khosi, kufooka, kukula kwa nthenga, nthenga zowonongeka.

Pofuna kuchiza ndi kupewa matenda, m'pofunika kuonjezera vitamini B, tirigu wobzalidwa, masamba atsopano, chimanga cha tirigu ndi zinthu zina zowonjezera kudya zakudya za atsekwe.

Cloacitis kapena dzina lina kutupa kwa mucous membrane ya cloaca. Chifukwa cha matendawa ndi kusowa kwa ma vitamini A, D, E ndi mchere.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kutuluka kwa mucous membrane ya cloaca, pomwe ming'alu ndi zilonda zingayambe kuwoneka.

Pofuna kuchiza ndi kupewa matenda, m'pofunika kuonjezera kudya mavitamini tsiku ndi tsiku, kuwonjezera kaloti, zitsamba zatsopano, fupa la fupa ndi zakudya. Kutulutsa atsekwe pamsewu, komanso kupereka mwayi wosamba madzi.

Pofuna kuchiza, m'pofunikira kuchotsa mucous memacane ya cloaca kuchokera pus, mafilimu ndi ayodini njira, ndiyeno smear ndi zinc mafuta. N'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta opangira maantibayotiki: streptomycin ndi penicillin.

Kugonana. Choyambitsa matendawa ndi kuunika kowala, kuthamanga kwakukulu pakati pa atsekwe, kusowa kwa mapuloteni m'thupi la nkhuku, mchere ndi mavitamini, pamwamba kapena kutsika kwa chinyezi mu chipinda, kutaya mpweya wokwanira.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: nthenga zopunduka, zomwe mbalame zimayamba kuyeretsa, mafuta ndiyeno, nthenga zimaphwanya ndi kumbuyo komanso magazi amawoneka.

Pofuna kuchiza ndi kupewa matenda, m'pofunikira kupereka mbalamezo mlingo wokwanira wa mapuloteni, mavitamini ndi mchere, kupereka mbalame mwatsopano.

Sizingatheke kuti mbalamezi zikhale zolimba kwambiri, kuti zisawononge dampness kapena kuuma m'nyumba, kuti zikhale ndi mwayi wopita kumadzi osambira. Ngati mbalame yowonongeka imazindikira, iyenera kukhala yosiyana ndi zonse. Nkofunikira kuti tipeze chifukwa chodyera pakati pa mbalame ndikuchotseratu.

Esophagus occlusion. Matendawa amapezeka kwambiri atsekwe aang'ono. Chifukwa chake ndi kudyetsa nkhuku ndi chakudya chouma, kusowa kwathunthu kwa chakudya chamadzimadzi mu zakudya, kuchepetsa madzi, komanso nthawi zina njala.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: mbalame zimachita mopanda phokoso, kupuma kwafupipafupi kumawoneka, pakamwa nthawi zonse, pofooka komanso mosakhazikika. Nthawi zina atsekwe amafa chifukwa chokha.

Kuchiza ndi kupewa matenda, m'pofunika kuwonjezera zakudya zowonongeka ku chakudya cha tsiku ndi tsiku, kupereka mbalameyo ndi madzi.

Simungathe kudyetsa atsekwe ndi chakudya chouma nthawi zonse. Kuti asalole mbalameyo kufa, imayambira mu 50 gm ya mafuta a masamba, kenako zomwe zili m'mimbayi zimalowedweramo pakamwa.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za matenda a nkhuku.

Stomatitis kapena "lilime lolephera". Atsekwe omwe ali ndi subcutaneous fold ali otengeka kwambiri. Matendawa si aakulu.

Matendawa amatchulidwa kwambiri mu mbalame zomwe zimapezeka m'mabwalo a nyumba, kumene atsekwe ali ndi mavitamini ndi ma microelements. Chimake cha matendawa chimapezeka masika kapena autumn.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kutupa kwa ntchentche, kutayika kwa lilime pakati pa nsagwada, kupanga diverticulum. Matendawa amakula kwambiri ndipo ndi aakulu.

Choyamba, pali ubweya wochepa m'kamwa, kathupi kakang'ono ndi kosauka, maonekedwe a mawanga ambiri ndi ntchentche. Zosafunika kudya zakudya ndi nkhuku zowonongeka, kuchepa kwa dzira.

Pofuna kupewa ndi kuchiza matendawa ndikofunikira kuyang'anira zakudya zoyenera komanso zogwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi yake. Ndikofunika kupereka atsekwe okwanira ndi mavitamini ndi mchere.

Ngati mukudwala, m'pofunikira kuti muzitha kumwa mankhwala odziteteza pakamwa ndi potassium permanganate. Koma zimakhalanso kuti mlimi wamkuku amadulidwa ndi ziweto.

Qatar goiter. Matendawa amapezeka kwambiri atsekwe akale. Zimapezeka chifukwa chodyetsa atsekwe zowonongeka chakudya.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kutupa kwa goiter, atsekwe akhala akudandaula.

Chithandizo ndi kuteteza matendawa ndi kupaka minofu ya goiter, ndikofunikira kupereka mbalame magawo asanu peresenti ya hydrochloric acid. Musadyetse atsekwe ndi chakudya chosokonezeka.

Enteritis. Kawirikawiri matendawa amadziwika ndi atsekwe aang'ono. Zikuwonekera pamene chakudya choyipa ndi madzi onyenga.

Zizindikiro za matenda: kutupa kwa m'mimba.

Pa mankhwala, m'pofunika kupereka goslings madzi ndi hydrochloric acid biomycin, komanso njira yothetsera potassium permanganate.

Pa nthawiyi, nkofunika kuyang'anira kudyetsa mbalame.

Matenda opatsirana

Yolk peritonitis. Matendawa amapezeka mwa akazi okhaokha. Zifukwa za matendawa zimakhala zovuta kuchitapo kanthu, mantha, zomwe zili ndi chakudya cha mapuloteni ambiri.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kutupa kwa peritoneum ndi matumbo a m'mimba. Matendawa ndi ovuta kwambiri kuchiza, ndipo nthawi zina samachiritsidwa chifukwa chodziwa bwino matendawa. Njira zothandizira sizinapangidwe.

Kupewa matendawa kumaphatikizapo kuchiza ndi kuyeretsa malo, mu zakudya zoyenera za atsekwe, ndikusunga kuchuluka kwa atseti kudera linalake.

Oviduct prolapse. Matendawa amapezeka chifukwa chonyamula mazira akulu, kapena mazira omwe amapanga mazira awiri.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi kutupa kwa oviduct, kutsegula m'mimba kapena kudzimbidwa.

Chithandizo cha matendawa ndi kutsuka oviduct ndi madzi ozizira, kenaka mu njira yothetsera alum kapena potassium permanganate, ndiyeno, mosamala, mpaka mu cloaca.

Ndiye mumayenera kuika katsamba kakang'ono. Nthawi zina mkazi sangathe kunyamula dzira kwa masiku angapo, chifukwa ndi kofunika kuti dzira likhale lokha ndi manja opangidwa ndi mafuta odzola.

Kapena, choyamba alowetsa mafuta mu oviduct, kenaka muswetse chipolopolo cha dzira ndikuchotseratu zonse kuchokera ku oviduct.

Matenda opatsirana

Aspergillosis. Chifukwa cha matendawa ndi ingress ya nkhungu za nkhungu mu kapu. Bowa uwu uli m'nthaka, manyowa, zoponyera zonyansa, mu zinyalala.

Zizindikiro za matendawa: bowa, omwe amagwidwa ndi matenda opuma, amayamba kukula. Pakukula, imayamba kutulutsa zinthu zoopsa zomwe zimaipitsa thupi. Nthawi zina matendawa amakula, ndipo nthawi zina amaonekera mofulumira kwambiri.

Atsekwe amalema kulemera ndi njala yosauka, amakhala lethargic, mpweya woipa, maonekedwe a ludzu. Nthawi zina atsekwe achichepere amadwala ndikukhala otengera bowa. Zimapezeka kuti atsekwe akufera mofulumira.

Kuteteza atsekwe ndi kovuta kwambiri ndipo nthawi zina sizingatheke.

Kupewa matenda ndi kugwiritsa ntchito chakudya chopanda nkhungu, kugwiritsa ntchito zofunda zovunda. Ventilate chipinda, musalole chinyezi chokwanira, kuyeretsa chipinda, musalole kuti kuphwima kwa atsekwe.

Kutsekula m'mimba motsutsana ndi nkhungu mapangidwe akhoza kuchitidwa ndi formalin ndi mkuwa sulphate njira. Nthawi zina njira yothetsera chloramine ikhoza kuwonjezeredwa ku madzi akumwa a mbalame masiku khumi.

Salmonellosis kapena paratyphoid. Matendawa ndi owopsa kwambiri, amayamba chifukwa cha Salmonella. Matendawa amawonekera m'magulu aang'ono kwambiri.

Kutenga kumapezeka ndi mpweya ndi m'mimba. Zomwe zimayambitsa matendawa ndi beriberi, kutenthedwa kwambiri, mbalame zochepa, kuchuluka kwa mbalame.

Zisonyezero za matendawa ndi: kuthamanga, kusagwira ntchito, mapiko otsika, kusala kudya, ludzu, conjunctivitis, ndi misonzi. Nthawi zina pamakhala kutaya thupi komanso msinkhu.

Mu mbalame zazikulu, matendawa ndi achilendo, ndi mbalame zazing'ono kwambiri mofulumira komanso momveka bwino. Ngati mbalame imachokera ku matendawa, Salmonella imakhalabe m'thupi lake.

Chithandizo cha matendawa chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mankhwala a furazalidone, komanso antibiotics biomycin, tetracycline, oxycytracycline.

Popewera matenda ndi njira zotsatirazi zodzipatula kwa mbalame zodwalayo, nkofunikanso kuyang'anitsitsa ukhondo ndi ukhondo wa chipinda, kuphunzitsidwa kwa mbalame.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenganso za zomwe zimayambitsa imfa ya broilers.

Colibacteriosis. Matendawa ndi opatsirana ndi maonekedwe a toxicosis. Kawiri kawirikawiri amameta mbalame zazing'ono. Zomwe zimayambitsa matendawa ndizozembera m'nyumba, kutenthetsa mpweya wabwino, kusowa zakudya zabwino, kutentha kwambiri, kumwa madzi osakwanira.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: malungo, ludzu, kusowa kwa njala, nyansi zofiira za mtundu wobiriwira.

Chithandizo ndi njira zothandizira matendawa ndizo kugwiritsa ntchito njira yothetsera vutoli. Nyama yodwala yonse iyenera kuphedwa. Chipinda chiyenera kukhala chodziwika kwambiri cha disinfection.

Pasteurlosis kapena kolera. Matendawa ndi opatsirana, opangidwa ndi mabakiteriya a pasteurella. Zomwe zimayambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi mbalame zodwala, makoswe ang'onoting'ono, zovuta zakumangidwa, nyengo yovuta. Atsekwe ambiri aang'ono ali odwala.

Matendawa amafalikira ndi madontho amadzimadzi, kudzera mu chakudya ndi madzi akumwa. Matendawa makamaka amadziwonetsera m'dzinja kapena kumapeto kwa nyengo.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: mbalame imasunga mutu wake pansi pa phiko, mbalameyo imakhala mopusa, kupsinjika maganizo, kufooketsa, kusowa chakudya, ludzu, kuphulika kwachisomo kuchokera pamlomo, kupuma panthawi yopuma, kutsekula m'magazi ndi magazi, malungo, ziphuphu, nthawi zambiri mbalame imamwalira.

Pofuna kuchiza matendawa muyenera mankhwala osokoneza bongo ndi sulfa.

Monga kupewa matenda, mbalame ziyenera katemera. Oyeretsani ndi kupiritsa mankhwala m'chipinda.

Matenda oyambitsa matenda

Echinostimatosis. Chifukwa cha matendawa ndizochitika pamtundu wa trematodes ndi ma chinostomathode m'mimba mwa mbalame. Zimapezeka m'mimba nthawi yomwe imadya timapu, timagulu ndi achule.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndizo: mavuto osauka, atsekula m'mimba, kufooka, kusowa kwa njala.

Mankhwalawa amachitika ndi phenosalm ndi bithionol.

Kupewa matenda ndi ntchito ya madzi oyera kwa mbalame. Pambuyo pa chithandizo, kusungika kwaokha kumakonzedwa kwa masiku atatu.

Tizilonda toyambitsa matenda. Chifukwa cha matendawa ndi kukhalapo kwonyansa.

Zizindikiro za matendawa ndi: kuchepa kwa dzira ndi chitukuko chokukuta.

Mankhwalawa ndi odwala tizilombo.

Kupewa kumatulutsa khungu la mbalame ndi mafuta onunkhira.

Nyongolotsi. Zomwe zimayambitsa matenda ndi madzi osadetsedwa komanso chakudya.

Zizindikiro za matenda: kuchepa kwa mbalame kumatetezeka, komanso kulemera kolemera.

Kuchiza kwa matenda ndi kovuta kwambiri, ndibwino kuti musalole

Kupewa matendawa kumaphatikizapo zinthu monga kuyeretsa ndi kupiritsa mankhwala m'nyumba.

Mbalame poizoni

Chimene chimayambitsa poizoni wa mbalame ndi ntchito ya poizoni, udzu wokhala ndi nkhungu, ntchito yoopsa ya poizoni ndi feteleza.

Ikhoza kuyenda mofulumira kapena mwakuya. Zimapezeka kuti mbalame yochokera poizoni ifa mwamsanga.

Zizindikiro ndi kutsegula m'mimba, kupweteka, kusanza, ludzu komanso nkhawa.

Kuopsa kwa poizoni kumachitika chifukwa chosamalidwa bwino. Mankhwalawa, vinyo wosasa amawonjezera madzi ndipo mbalame imathiriridwa. Ndipo maso amasambitsidwa ndi madzi.

Pali poizoni wa zakudya. Ndi poizoni wotere, pamakhala mpweya wamatope, kupuma mobwerezabwereza, kukwapula ndi kuphulika.

N'zotheka kuchitira mbalame mothandizidwa ndi zakudya za masamba, mafuta a masamba, vodka, ndi nthawi zina zokwanira kuthira madzi ozizira pa atsekwe.

Popewera, muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti mbalameyo siidya njuchi, mbatata.

Fusariotoxicosis ndi poizoni pakudya chakudya cha nyama zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi majeremusi. Mukamapereka, perekani atsekwe ndi mafuta otayira komanso vodka.