Zagorysky Nsomba za Zalmon

Makolo athu anali anthu abwino kwenikweni pamene amaphunzitsa nkhuku pabwalo!

Kuyambira kumbali yachizolowezi yamudzi, m'madera onse akulima, adzakuwonetsani kuti iyi ndi bizinesi yopindulitsa kwambiri.

Nkhuku sizingowonjezera pachaka nyama zopanda mtundu wa GMO ku tebulo, komanso mazira.

Ngati mukufuna kuyamba kubereka nkhuku, ndipo simudziwa mtundu uti umene mungasankhe, ndiye nkhuku Zagorsky ndizo zomwe mukufunikira.

Iwo ndi: choosy kwa chakudya, ngati kuli kofunikira, iwo amakhoza kupeza chakudya pansi pa mapazi awo, olimba, ndi chitetezo champhamvu, olimba, amtendere, wabwino.

Koma, zinthu zoyamba poyamba. Kenaka, tidzalemba ndi kuwononga zonse zofunika kwambiri zokhudza Zagorsk nsomba.

Zonse zomwe mukufunikira kudziwa zokhudza Zagorsk nsomba zamasamba kapena kufotokozera mtundu

Nkhuku za nkhuku izi zinamera pa maziko a hybrids a mitundu inayi. Rhode Island ndi Jurlov, New Hampshire ndi Whites achi Russia anawoloka. Kenaka F1 mtanda unawoloka ndi zitsulo za Jurlov ndi Rhode Island.

Mbalame zamitundu yoyambirira zomwe zinkagwiritsidwa ntchito popita zinali zosiyana ndi zowonjezereka ndi zokolola. Poyamba, kuswana kwa mtundu uwu kunkachitika malinga ndi mtundu wotsekedwa.

Asanayambe kuswana nkhuku Zagorian, ntchitoyi inali kupeza mbalame zomwe zikanakhala: mphamvu yapamwamba, kupanga mazira abwino, nyama zabwino ndi mikhalidwe ya chakudya, zomwe zikanakhoza kugwiritsa ntchito chakudya chokwanira. Ntchitoyi idakwaniritsidwa kwathunthu.

Pamutu mwawo, nkhuku iyi limatanthawuza mtundu wodya nyama-mtundu.

Nkhuku za Zagorsky zamasamba zimakhala ndi kukula kokongola.

Kenaka, timapereka maonekedwe a zagorsky nsomba za nkhuku, zomwe zidzakuthandizani kuti muyang'ane pazitsamba zoyenera ndikuwongolera bwino mtunduwu:

  • Mutu wa nkhuku zamasamba zimakhala zozungulira, zochepa, zazikulu;
  • Mlomowu umapindika pang'ono, wodzala wachikasu;
  • Maso ali ofiira achikasu;
  • Chisacho chimakhala chowoneka ngati chowoneka ngati masamba kapena cha masamba, cha kukula kwapakati;
  • Khosi liri la sing'anga kutalika, pang'ono litakhuthala;
  • Makutu ali makamaka kutalika kwapakati, wofiira;
  • Zovala zamkati ndi zofiira;
  • Chifuwacho ndi chakuya, chokwanira, chowonekera;
  • Kumbuyo kuli kwakukulu ndi kathyathyathya;
  • Thupi liri lonse, lakuya, lalitali;
  • Minofu ya pectoral imakula bwino;
  • Mimba siikhala pansi, zotsekemera;
  • Khungu limadzala ndi chikasu;
  • Mchira uli waung'ono, osati fluffy;
  • Mapikowa amayenera kugwedezeka kwa thupi;
  • Miyendo ndi yachikasu, ya kutalika kwapakati, mulibe mafunde.

Mitundu iwiri ingathe kusiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu wa mphukira: salmonids, yomwe imakhala ndi mawonekedwe ofanana ndi masamba ndi oyera - chowoneka ngati duwa.

Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti mtundu uwu wa nkhuku umadziwika ndi kusiyana kosiyana pakati pa kugonana ndi mtundu wa mvula. Ndipo amatha kuwona pafupifupi nthawi yomweyo chitetezo cha nthenga chikuoneka: kayendetsedwe ka ndege, komanso nthenga za ndege zimakhala ndi mtundu wofiira, komanso zinyumba - pafupi ndi wakuda.

Kumbuyo, mapiko, khosi la nkhuku ndi pinki, ndipo chifuwa ndi nsomba kapena zoyera. M'mphepete mwa nsana: kumbuyo kumakhala nthenga zambiri za mdima wakuda ndi wakuda, mapikowa ali ndi nthenga zofiira. Mchira, chifuwa, mimba - wakuda.

Salmon ya Zagorsky imasiyana chifukwa chogonana osati zizindikiro zakunja chabe, koma ndi zizindikiro. Tambala tating'onoting'ono timakhala 3 mpaka 3, 6 kilograms, ndi nkhuku - kuyambira 2, 5 mpaka 2, 7 kilograms.. Pakadali pano, nkhuku izi, zimabadwira komanso zimasonkhanitsidwa kuti zikhale ndi mafupa, komanso m'minda.

Zopindulitsa kwambiri za nkhuku izi

Zagorskaya mchere wamchere amadziwika ndi zinthu zambiri. Izi zikhoza kunenedwa motsutsana ndi minda yodalirika, komanso poyerekeza ndi minda yaikulu ya mbalame. Ubwino wa mtunduwu ndi:

  • Chitetezo champhamvu kwambiri: poyerekeza ndi mitundu yambiri, ichi chimatchulidwa kuti sichitha;
  • Kudzichepetsa: "Kumene ndinapitako, nditha kupeza apo" ndi mawu otere omwe nthawi zambiri amatha kupanga mtundu wa nsomba ya Zagori;
  • Kupilira: zosankha pa nkhani zokhutira, zimakhala ndi nkhuku wamba.
  • Kusapsa mtima, khalidwe labwino, ngakhale khalidwe;
  • Mbalame ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito monga nkhuku, siinatayike konse chibadwa cha kubereka;
  • Kupanga dzira lapamwamba ndi lolimba.

Chinthu chinanso chofunikira chokula Zagorsk nkhuku nkhuku ndi mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osakanizidwa a nyama pofuna kupanga mawonekedwe. Zindikirani kuti mungagwiritse ntchito komanso mazira ndi nkhuku.

Zimapindulitsa bwanji kubereka broilers, mwinamwake, palibe chofunikira cha tsatanetsatane. Mabililers mu nthawi yochepa (mpaka masiku 80) amafika kulemera kwakukulu (mpaka 1, 5 kilogalamu) ndipo amakhala ndi khalidwe labwino kwambiri la nyama.

Kotero ochepa zitsanzo za kulenga hybrids - zazikulu zazikulu zopangira nyama, chifukwa cha kulowera bwino:

  • Ngati bambo amasankha woimira mtundu wa Jubilee wa Kuchinsky kapena Cornish, ndipo maziko a amayi ndi Zagorskaya saumoni;
  • Bambo wochokera ku Zagorsky, ndi amayi ochokera ku New Hampshire kapena kuchokera ku mtundu wa Plymurt;
  • Bambo wochokera ku saumon Zagorsky, mayi - Chikuda cha siliva cha Adeleri.

Zotsatira zidzasangalatsa ndi kukoma kwabwino komanso nyama yodabwitsa. Mapindu a ntchito imeneyi ndi owonekera.

Ngati tikulankhula za zofooka za kusamba nsomba za Zagorsky, ndiye kuti sizinatero. Ndi chidwi chodzikuza, nthawi zonse amakhala ndi nthawi komanso amatha kulawa munda wanu.

Nchiyani chinasiyanitsa mtundu wa nkhuku ku Zagorsky nsomba?

Chikhalidwe cha mbalame za Zagorsk nsomba zamasamba ndi polyformism kuyambira ali aang'ono. Nkhuku zowononga tsiku ndi tsiku zimatha kusiyanitsa nkhuku ndi makoko: "Atsikana" kumbuyo amakhala ndi "khalidwe lachiwerewere" - zofiira zofiira kapena zofiira, "anyamata" mtunduwo ndi wonyezimira popanda kuwala.

Pa tsiku lachitatu, mtundu wambiri umayamba kupanga nkhuku: nthenga zowoneka-imdima zimawoneka mwa anyamata, komanso pinki. Pa tsiku la khumi, kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi kumakhala kovuta kupanga cholakwika pozindikira kugonana.

Izi ndi zosangalatsa! Mtundu womwewo, womwe umatchulidwa pa dzina la mtunduwo, uli wa "mkazi" wokha - ali ndi mtundu wa salmon m'mimba. Mphuno ya nkhuni ndi yamdima wakuda kapena yofiira.

Zagorsky Salmoni ali ndi chinthu china chofunika kwambiri: iwo kukula mofulumira ndi kulemera mofulumira. Ndipo malo okhala ndi zolemba zambiri, kwa miyezi itatu akhoza kulemera kwa 1,7 - 2 kilogalamu.

Kodi nkhuku za Zagorsky zimayenera kuti zikhale nkhuku? Kodi nambala ya zokolola za mtundu uwu ndi yotani?

Kulemera kwa moyo ndi chikhalidwe cha nkhuku zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, izi zimakhalanso ndi zizindikiro za nsomba Zagorsky. Kuonjezera apo, amatha kukhala ndi mphamvu, mazira (zosiyana ndi nkhuku zomwe zimakhala ndi dzira-thrusting direction), mazira akuluakulu, mikhalidwe yapamwamba komanso chakudya chokwanira.

Pakafukufuku pa Research Institute of Nkhuku, mazira ambiri anali mazira 165 pamutu. Ngati zotsatira zatengedwa kuchokera ku zisala ndi magulu, ndiye kuti mazira ambiri pa mutu anali mazira 172.5-180.4.

Nyerere zoyera zowonongeka zinali ndi mazira 227. Nkhuku zowonongeka zojambula mu nsomba zinkanyamula mazira 216.

Dzira la eggshell liri ndi mtundu wofiirira ndi unyinji waukulu. Kulemera kwa dzira limodzi pa magawo oyambirira a dzira-atagona (pafupifupi masabata 34) ndilofanana ndi 45-47 g, ndipo pa masabata 52 a moyo ndi 60-62 magalamu.

Mu dzira wamba la nkhuku lolemera makilogalamu 50, liri ndi mayina 40 a zinthu zofunika kwambiri zomwe zili zofunika kwa thupi la munthu. Ngati mutabala nkhuku izi, mukhoza kuganizira za "bizinesi ya nkhuku" ndi ndalama.

Nkhuku za Zagorsky zimakonda nthawi zonse ndipo zimakhala zofunikira kwambiri pakati pa anthu. Izi zikhoza kufotokozedwa ndi makhalidwe apamwamba obala, komanso zokolola zabwino.

Feteleza mazira ndi osachepera 91%, ndipo ziphuphu ndi zosachepera 75% -80%. Kuteteza nyama zazing'ono - 93%, pakati pa nkhuku zazikulu - 92%. Gulu ili la nkhuku silimalola kuti gulu lawo lisakhale lopindulitsa kapena lokhala ndi khalidwe.

Mu nkhuku zakubadwa ndi miyezi isanu ndi iwiri, kulemera kwa moyo kumatha kufika 0.85 kilograms, mu mphepo yomweyo - mpaka 1 kilogalamu. Kulemera kwake kwa nkhuku zazikulu ndi 2.7 kilograms, pamene pazitali ndi 3.7 kilogalamu. Kukula msinkhu nkhuku kumayamba masiku 150-180. Chidule cha mazira amapezeka pa masabata 29-32 a moyo.

Ngati mutasankha mazira pa masisitanti kapena pamsika, mosakayika, mazira a nkhuku zamasamba a Zagorsky adzazindikiridwa. Iwo ndi aakulu poyerekeza ndi mazira ena. Ndipo, ndithudi, mtundu wawo wofiira wofiira udzakambiraninso kuwonetsa chizindikiro ichi.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji nsomba Zagorsk? Pezani zinsinsi zonse za kudula

Mu nyumba ya nkhuku

Kaya ndiwe wobadwa bwino, kapena wochita masewera, timasangalala kukukondweretsani: palibe zinsinsi zina zomwe zili mu mtundu uwu! Mwamtheradi! Zagorsky nsomba wodzichepetsa kwathunthu, kulekerera kolimba chisanu, ngakhale kukhala mu chisanu, akhoza kumva bwino, pafupifupi ngati udzu wa masika.

Koma, monga mbalame iliyonse, osachepera osachepera, inde imatero. Choncho, sitikulimbikitsanso kulipira zofunikira pa kusunga mtunduwu. Inde, ayenera kuperekedwa ndi nkhuku yochezeka, nkhuku, chakudya, kuyenda nthawi zonse. Chipinda chiyenera kusungidwa.

Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti nsomba ya Zagorsky imatha kuchoka pamwamba, choncho ndi zofunika kuti makoma a nkhuku apamwamba. Chosowa cha banal ndicho kusunga malamulo okhondo komanso aukhondo.

Pansi m'nyumba ya nkhuku iyenera kudzazidwa ndi mchenga woyera kapena utuchi. Nthawi zonse ayenera kumumenya. Pamene imakhala yonyansa, yesani. Amafunika nthawi ndi nthawi Chitani zowononga: mankhwala osokoneza bongo, disinfection, deratization.

Ndikoyenera kuzindikira kuti ngakhale "thanthwe" lovutali ndi kusowa chisamaliro limayendetsedwa ndi kuchepa kwa msinkhu wa zokolola. Kukonzekera kawirikawiri miyezo yaukhondo ndi ukhondo ndikofunikira, mwina, kuti mazira akhale oyera.

Mbali yofunikira pa chitukuko cha chitetezo, ndi mawonekedwe a thupi, ndi kupititsa patsogolo kagayidwe ka maselo - kuyenda. Kuyenda kwa nkhuku izi ndi zofunika kwambiri. Kuwasunga iwo mu khola kulibechabechabe.

Zomwe zinachitikira razvodchiki zimati, ndipo popanda chifukwa, nkhuku, nthawi zonse zimakhala padzuwa, mpweya wabwino, zimapereka mankhwala apamwamba. Mwachitsanzo, mu nkhuku zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito kuyenda, mazirawa amadzaza ndi mavitamini ochulukirapo kwambiri komanso luso lawo lokwanira ndilopamwamba.

Mitundu ya nkhukuyi ndi mafoni kwambiri, imatha kupeza malo osungira kuti alowe m'munda, munda. Kupha kwawo sikungapeweke. Makamaka izi zimachitika pamene kulibe chakudya komanso odziimira okha kufunafuna chakudya. Ndichifukwa chake nthawi zambiri pakati pa eni ake pali malingaliro onena za chilango cha nsomba Zagorsky mwachitsulo cha ufulu.

Ngati mukufuna kupeza phindu lalikulu pozisunga mbalamezi - zikhale ndi "moyo wabwino".

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za nkhuku ndi nkhuku za nkhuku.

Kudyetsa nkhuku, sankhani zakudya zoyenera

Oimira Zalmorsky nsomba zimakonda kudya mosadzichepetsa. Ngakhale zokopa kuchokera pa tebulo, iwo adzakhala okondwa. Kawirikawiri m'midzi, nkhuku zingathe kuchitidwa kuti zophika mbatata mankhusu, zotsalira za kabichi msuzi - nkhuku izi zidzakondwera ndi zakudya zomwe zimakonzedwera ndipo zidzasangalala kudya zonsezi.

Komabe, ndi zofunika kugwiritsa ntchito tirigu monga chakudya chachikulu, chamtundu uliwonse, kuphatikizapo chimanga, popeza izi ndi mbalame zochokera ku mtundu waukulu. Mbewu iyenera kuperekedwa osati kale kuposa miyezi iwiri yokha.

Mungathe onjezerani chakudya chilichonse cha avian, zimadziwika bwino, kuphatikizapo, zili ndi zothandizira zonse zofunika kuti kukula ndi thanzi likhale bwino. Chinthu chachikulu ndikulinganiza bwino momwe chakudyacho chikuyendera.

Ngati kuyenda sikungatheke, ndiye kuti nsomba ikhale yoyenera kudya, ndipo mchenga uyenera kuwonjezedwa ku chakudya. Amapanga chimbudzi.

Nkhuku ziyenera kudyetsedwa tirigu poyamba zidathyoledwa. Pang'onopang'ono, perekani mandimu, masamba, ndi masamba osiyanasiyana mu zakudya. Mukhoza kuwonjezera mafupa odulidwa, yisiti kuti idye chakudya. Kuchuluka kwa kuwala mu moyo wa Zagorsk saumoni mtundu

Ziri kwa iwe kusankha pa kuchuluka kwa kuwala mu moyo wa Zagorsk saumoni mtundu, ife tizisonyeza ubwino ndi kupweteka kwa kupitiriza masana.

Ndipo kotero, ngati mukudyetsa nkhuku inu kuphatikizapo kuunikira kwinaIzi mosakayikira zifulumizitsa ndondomeko yowika dzira. Koma, ubwino wa mazirawa udzakhala wotsikirapo, kuchokera kwa iwo omwe adzatulukanso ku kuwala kwa tsiku. Dzira silikhala lalikulu ngati nkhuku inabweretsedwera mtsogolo. Choncho, kupatulapo nthawi yoyamba kuyala.

Kuwala kumawathandiza kwambiri nkhuku zazikulu. Zina ndi mawindo a nkhuku coops. Dzuwa ndilo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pachifukwa ichi, kuwala kwa dzuwa kumalowa mkati mwa nkhuku zinyama, ndiyeno zikuluzikulu.

Mawindo sayenera kukwera pamwamba - pamtunda wa masentimita 50-60. Choncho, kuwala komwe pansi pa mawindo kudzakwanira. Ndi zofunika kuti mawindo anali aakulu. Mukhoza kuwerengera malo awo onse motere: pafupifupi 8 m2 pansi pa malo ayenera kulingalira pafupifupi 1 m2 magalasi. M'nyengo ya chilimwe, mafelemu amenewa ndi galasi angalowe m'malo mwachitsulo chabwino kwambiri chachitsulo. Motero, kuyendetsa ndege kudzakhazikitsidwa.

Kutentha, ndikofunika bwanji?

Nkhuku za Zagorsky zimatulutsidwa kuyenda. Mosasamala kanthu kuti pali chivundikiro cha zomera kapena ayi. Chilengedwe choyendayenda chiyenera kukhala chikhalidwe chachilengedwe, ndi masiku ambiri komanso apakati pa nyengo ya kutentha, nyengo, mpweya, chinyezi, dzuwa, ndi zina.

Mkhalidwe wotere, womwe ndi kutentha, ndiwothandiza makamaka pa mtundu uwu wa mbalame. Zagorsky nsomba nkhuku ndi yogurt yowala dzira, iwo osati kwambiri ndi kusintha kwa kutentha, poyerekezera ndi ziweto zazikulu ndi zazikulu ndi mazira.

Ngati nyumbayi imakhala yosungirako bwino nthawi yozizira, ndipo mu chilimwe imakhala bwino mpweya wabwino, ndiye kuti nkhuku zanu zidzakondwera ndi zokolola za dzira komanso makhalidwe apamwamba, ngakhale kuti kutentha kwa bwalo kumapiri.